Japanese ironclad Kōtetsu
Kōtetsu renamed Azuma, was the first ironclad warship of the Imperial Japanese Navy. Built in Bordeaux, France in 1864 for the Confederate States Navy as CSS Stonewall, acquired from the United States in February 1869, she was an ironclad ram warship, she had a decisive role in the Naval Battle of Hakodate Bay in May 1869, which marked the end of the Boshin War, the complete establishment of the Meiji Restoration. Her sister ship Cheops was sold to the Prussian Navy. Named Sphynx, the ship was built for the Confederate States Navy during the American Civil War. In June 1863 John Slidell, the Confederate commissioner to France, asked Emperor Napoleon III in a private audience if it would be possible for the Confederate government to build ironclad warships in France. Arming ships of war for a recognized belligerent like the Confederate States would have been illegal under French law, but Slidell and Confederate agent James D. Bulloch were confident that the French emperor would be able to circumvent his own laws more than could the British government.
Napoleon III agreed to the building of ironclads in France on the condition that their destination remain a secret. The following month Bulloch entered a contract with Lucien Arman, an important French shipbuilder and a personal confidant of Napoleon III, to build a pair of ironclad rams capable of breaking the Union blockade. To avoid suspicion, the ships' guns were manufactured separately in England and the ships were named Cheops and Sphynx to encourage rumors that they were intended for the Egyptian Navy. Prior to delivery, however, a shipyard clerk walked into the U. S. Minister's office in Paris and produced documents which revealed that Arman had fraudulently obtained authorization to arm the ships and was in contact with Confederate agents; the French government blocked the sale under pressure from the United States, but Arman was able to sell the ships illegally to Denmark and Prussia, which were fighting on opposite sides of the Second Schleswig War. Cheops was sold to Prussia as Prinz Adalbert, while Sphynx was sold to Denmark under the name Stærkodder.
Manned by a Danish crew, the ship left Bordeaux for its shakedown cruise on June 21, 1864. The crew tested the vessel while final negotiations were being conducted between the Danish Naval Ministry and L'Arman. Intense haggling over the final price and a disagreement over compensation from Arman for cited problems and late delivery led to negotiations breaking down on October 30; the Danish government refused to relinquish the vessel, claiming confusion in regards to the negotiations. On January 6, 1865 the vessel took on a Confederate crew at Copenhagen under the command of Captain Thomas Jefferson Page, CSN and was recommissioned CSS Stonewall while still at sea; the arrival of the "formidable" Stonewall in America was dreaded by the Union, several ships tried to intercept her, among them USS Kearsarge and USS Sacramento. Stonewall sprang a leak, after picking up supplies and additional crew at Quiberon and Captain Page made for Spain in order to undertake repairs. In February and March, USS Niagara and Sacramento kept watch from a distance as Stonewall lay anchored off A Coruña during February 1865.
On March 24 Captain Page put out to sea, challenging the U. S. Navy vessels, which turned and fled, fearful of engaging the ironclad. Finding that the enemy had run, Captain Page steamed for Lisbon, intending to cross the Atlantic Ocean from there and attack at Port Royal, South Carolina, the base of Major General Sherman's attack on South Carolina. Stonewall reached Nassau on May 6, sailed on to Havana, where Captain Page learned of the war's end. There he decided to turn her over to the Spanish Captain General of Cuba for the sum of $16,000; the vessel was turned over to United States authorities in return for reimbursement of the same amount. She was temporarily de-commissioned, stationed at a U. S. Navy dock. Kōtetsu was supposed to be delivered to the Tokugawa shogunate in 1868, in order to reinforce the ongoing modernization of its army and navy. US$30,000 had been paid, the remaining US$10,000 were to be paid on delivery; when the Boshin War between the shogunate and pro-Imperial forces broke out however, Western powers took a neutral stance, retrieved any military advisors they had in Japan, stopped the delivery of military material, including the delivery of Kōtetsu to the shogunate.
The ship arrived under Japanese flag, but US Resident-Minister Robert B. Van Valkenburg ordered her put back under American flag on arrival in Japan under a caretaker crew of the US naval squadron stationed there. Kōtetsu was delivered to the new Meiji government in February 1869, she was put to use and dispatched with seven other steam warships to the northern island of Hokkaidō, to fight the remnant of the Tokugawa forces, who were trying to form an independent Ezo Republic there, with the help of ex-French military advisors. On March 25, 1869, in the Naval Battle of Miyako Bay, Kōtetsu repulsed a surprise night attempt at boarding by the rebel Kaiten thanks to the presence of a Gatling gun on board, she participated in the invasion of Hokkaidō and various naval engagements in the Naval Battle of Hakodate Bay. Following the end of the Boshin War, Kōtetsu was renamed Azuma on 7 December 1872, she participated in the suppression of the Saga rebellion and in the Taiwan Expedition in 1874. On 19 August 1874, she ran aground at Kagoshima during a typhoon, but was refloated and repaired at the Yokosuka Naval Arsenal.
During the Satsuma Rebellion, she
USS Stonewall Jackson (SSBN-634)
USS Stonewall Jackson, a James Madison-class fleet ballistic missile submarine, was the third ship of the United States Navy to be named for Confederate States Army General Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson.a The contract to build Stonewall Jackson was awarded to Mare Island Naval Shipyard at Vallejo, California, on 21 July 1961 and her keel was laid down there on 4 July 1962. She was launched on 30 November 1963, sponsored by Miss Julia Christian McAfee, commissioned on 26 August 1964, with Commander John H. Nicholson in command of the Blue Crew and Commander Richard A. Frost in command of the Gold Crew. Stonewall Jackson departed Vallejo on 3 September 1964 for her shakedown cruise to Cape Kennedy, Florida; the Blue Crew completed training with a successful Polaris ballistic missile firing on 2 December 1964 and was relieved by the Gold Crew. Following the Gold Crew's successful Polaris missile launch on 16 December 1964, Stonewall Jackson returned to the Pacific Ocean to complete shakedown operations.
She began post-shakedown alterations and repairs on 13 February 1965 made final preparations at Bangor, Washington for an overseas deployment. In April 1965, she began her first strategic deterrent patrol. In June 1965, the Gold Crew relieved the Blue Crew at Guam. For the next five years Stonewall Jackson conducted deterrent patrols from Apra Harbor. In the spring of 1970, Stonewall Jackson was reassigned to the United States Atlantic Fleet. On 23 April 1970, she got underway from Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, to conduct a special operation, before continuing on to the Panama Canal, she transited the canal on 7 May 1970 and changed operational control from Submarine Flotilla 5 to Submarine Flotilla 6 joining the Atlantic Fleet. On 15 May 1970, she put into Connecticut. Stonewall Jackson spent the second half of May 1970 in upkeep at New London headed south on 1 June 1970, she stopped at the United States Naval Academy at Annapolis, from 7 June to 10 June 1970 for midshipman indoctrination tours put to sea for special operations.
She entered Charleston, South Carolina, to off-load ballistic missiles during the first week in July 1970 shaped a course for New London, arriving on 10 July 1970. On 15 July she entered the shipyard of the Electric Boat Division of General Dynamics at Groton, for conversion to carry the Poseidon C-3 ballistic missile system; the installation of the new missile system was completed by 29 October 1971, when the Blue Crew began preparations to put to sea. Between October 1971 and March 1972, both the Blue Crew and the Gold Crew conducted their shakedown cruises off the southeastern coast of the United States. Stonewall Jackson returned to Groton on 4 March 1971 and, on 8 March, commenced post-shakedown repairs and alterations at the General Dynamics shipyard. On 7 April 1971, Stonewall Jackson got underway for Charleston for ballistic missile loading in preparation for her first post-conversion and first Atlantic deterrent patrol. Stonewall Jackson was based at Holy Loch, for patrol duties until mid-1978.
She returned to the United States for an extensive overhaul at Portsmouth, New Hampshire Shipyard and was fitted with the Trident C-4 missile system at Pier side Port Canaveral, Florida in late 1988. 1988-1990 in Charleston, SC is. She operated out of Naval Submarine Base Kings Bay, until her final patrol in 1994. Stonewall Jackson was decommissioned on 9 February 1995 and stricken from the Naval Vessel Register, her scrapping via the Nuclear-Powered Ship and Submarine Recycling Program at Bremerton, was completed on 13 October 1995. ^a The earlier two were known as USS Stonewall. This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships; the entry can be found here. This article includes information collected from the Naval Vessel Register, which, as a U. S. government publication, is in the public domain. The entry can be found here. Photo gallery of USS Stonewall Jackson at NavSource Naval History – Keel Laying - Launching Photo gallery of USS Stonewall Jackson at NavSource Naval History – Commissioning Photo gallery of USS Stonewall Jackson at NavSource Naval History – Active Service - Final Disposition
Stonewall County, Texas
Stonewall County is a county located in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 1,490, its county seat is Aspermont. The county was created in 1876 and organized in 1888, it is named for a general of the Confederate States Army. Republican Drew Springer, Jr. a businessman from Muenster in Cooke County, has since January 2013 represented Stonewall County in the Texas House of Representatives. Stonewall County was formed in 1876 from portions of Young County, it was named after a general of the Confederate Army. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 920 square miles, of which 916 square miles is land and 3.9 square miles is covered by water. Double Mountain (county high point and most topographically prominent point for 160 miles The Brazos River begins in Stonewall County at the confluence of the Double Mountain Fork and Salt Fork Brazos River, about 3 miles west of Jud, now a ghost town. U. S. Highway 83 U. S. Highway 380 State Highway 283 King County Haskell County Jones County Fisher County Kent County As of the census of 2010, 1,490 people, 642 households, 426 families resided in the county.
The population density was 2.0 people per square mile. The 928 housing units averaged 1 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 87.7% White, 2.6% Black or African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 6.3% from other races, 1.9% from two or more races. About 14.0% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race. Of the 642 households, 24% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.6% were not families. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.83. In the county, the population was distributed as 22.80% under the age of 18, 6.20% from 18 to 24, 22.60% from 25 to 44, 24.50% from 45 to 64, 24.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.10 males. The median income for a household in the county was $27,935, for a family was $35,571.
Males had a median income of $27,083 versus $15,000 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,094. About 14.80% of families and 19.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.50% of those under age 18 and 14.50% of those age 65 or over. Aspermont Old Glory Peacock Swenson Rath City Whereas the counties to its north in the Panhandle proper became overwhelmingly Republican at the presidential level with Dwight D. Eisenhower in the 1950s, Stonewall County continued to favor the Democratic Party for another four decades being narrowly won by Walter Mondale in 1984 when he came within 3,819 votes of losing all fifty states. During the twentieth century the only Republican to carry Stonewall County was Richard Nixon in 1972 – it was one of the few Baptist Bible Belt counties that stayed loyal to the anti-Prohibition Catholic Al Smith in 1928 when Texas voted Republican for the first time in its history. Like the rest of the Bible Belt, due to opposition to the Democratic Party’s liberal positions on social issues Stonewall County has trended powerfully Republican and in the last five elections the Republican nominee has won more than 62 percent of the vote – more than Nixon won in his 3,000-plus-county landslide in 1972.
Stonewall County from the Handbook of Texas Online Stonewall County extension profile at Texas A&M University Stonewall County Profile from the Texas Association of Counties
Before Stonewall: The Making of a Gay and Lesbian Community is a 1984 American documentary film about the LGBT community prior to the 1969 Stonewall riots. It was narrated by author Rita Mae Brown, directed by Greta Schiller, co-directed by Robert Rosenberg, co-produced by John Scagliotti and Rosenberg, Schiller, it premiered at the 1984 Toronto Festival of Festivals and was released in the United States on June 27, 1985. In 1999, producer Scagliotti directed a companion piece, After Stonewall. To celebrate the 30th anniversary of the Teddy Awards, the film has been selected to be shown at the 66th Berlin International Film Festival in February 2016. Before Stonewall was nominated for the Grand Jury Prize at the 1985 Sundance Film Festival, it won the Best Film Award at the Houston International Film Festival, Best Documentary Feature at Filmex, First Place at the National Educational Film Festival, Honorable Mention at the Global Village Documentary Festival. In 1987, the film won Emmy Awards for Best Research.
In 1989, it won the Festival's Plate at the Torino International Lesbian Film Festival. Before Stonewall on IMDb Before Stonewall at AllMovie
Stonewall is a light rail station for the LYNX Blue Line in Center City Charlotte, North Carolina, United States. The station, which features side platforms that sit on either side of the tracks, is located on top of the parking structure for the Westin Charlotte, which it is adjacent too. Access directly to Stonewall Street is by nearby stairs and elevator. Notable places nearby the station include Bank of America Stadium, Duke Energy Center, Harvey B. Gantt Center, Mint Museum Uptown and the NASCAR Hall of Fame; the station first opened for service on August 30, 1996, for the historic Charlotte Trolley, with one track and one wooden platform. In 2001, during construction of the Westin Charlotte, the original wooden platform was removed and the bridge over the John Belk Freeway was refurbished. In mid-2002, the station reopened with a temporary wooden platform at the end of the bridge over the John Belk Freeway. In 2003, the station was renamed the Westin Station after completion of the Westin Charlotte.
On February 6, 2006, the station was closed again for reconstruction for the LYNX Blue Line. The station reopened for service on Saturday, November 24, 2007, as part of its opening celebration fares were not collected. Regular service with fare collection commenced on Monday, November 26, 2007. Charlotte Trolley service resumed on April 20, 2008, but was scaled back to weekend and special events in 2009. In 2010, the Charlotte Trolley service to the station was discontinued. In 2015, the side platforms were lengthened to allow three-car trains at the station. In 1991 when the South College site was chosen as the location for the new Charlotte Convention Center, the demolition of the original rail span built in the 1950s was imminent, its demolition became necessary as it would not properly align with the proposed design of the new convention center. As a result, it was demolished in 1991 though it was a known route for a future light rail or trolley line into Uptown; the construction of the replacement span began in spring 1999 and was complete by summer 2001.
As part of the CATS Art in Transit program, Stonewall features several pieces intended to provide a better overall aesthetic for the station. The works include bas-reliefs entitled Gingko by Alice Adams, drinking fountain basins designed to look like dogwoods, the North Carolina state flower, by Nancy Blum, leaf motifs on both the pavers and shelters by Leticia Huerta and track fencing featuring maple leaves by Shaun Cassidy. Media related to Stonewall station at Wikimedia Commons Stonewall Street entrance from Google Maps Street View
Stonewall (2015 film)
Stonewall is a 2015 American drama film directed by Roland Emmerich, written by Jon Robin Baitz, starring Jeremy Irvine, Jonny Beauchamp, Ron Perlman, Jonathan Rhys Meyers, Joey King, Caleb Landry Jones, Matt Craven, Atticus Mitchell, Mark Camacho. It was released on September 2015, by Roadside Attractions; the drama is set in and around the 1969 Stonewall riots, a violent clash with police that sparked the gay liberation movement in New York City. The drama is a coming-of-age genre film, centers on fictional Danny Winters, a gay white teenage boy from Indiana, who flees the conservative countryside in the late 1960s and moves to New York City. Shortly before leaving, he is discovered by friends, his father is upset, while his mother is ambivalent as she feels for her son, she does not stand up to her husband either. His father refuses to sign the scholarship application for Columbia University where Danny is supposed to attend. Danny leaves for New York anyway. After reaching Christopher Street in Greenwich Village, he is befriended by a multiracial group of young and genderfluid street kids and drag queens, witnesses police violence against them.
Danny goes into the Stonewall Inn accompanied by his friends and is asked for a dance by an older man Trevor, a member of the Mattachine Society. That night, the police raid the bar and arrest some customers. Danny, who did not get arrested because he was not cross-dressing, picks up his friend Ray at the police station next day. Danny, destitute turns to prostitution and is seen disgraced while being fellated by a middle-aged man. Danny goes to a meeting of the Mattachine Society, which purports to attain gay rights through conforming to society rather than radicalism. There he finds Trevor, though they differ in opinion, they end up spending the night together. Danny soon finds Trevor with another young man, heartbroken, he decides to leave the Village, but after, he is abducted and forcibly sent out to a high-class prostitution business, at the direction of Ed Murphy, who runs the Stonewall Inn. Murphy has exploited homeless gay youth to his own advantage. Danny escapes with the help of Ray and the two go to the bar to confront Murphy.
The police raid the bar and arrest some customers again. Danny is thrown onto the street as well as the rest of the customers, despite Trevor's dissuasion, hurls a brick into one of the bar's windows, screaming "Gay power!" This instigates the crowd to attack the police. One year after finishing the first year at the university, Danny returns home and tells his sister that he is going to attend the gay liberation march on Christopher Street; the film ends on the day of the parade where he is marching in the street after reuniting with his friends and discovers his mother and sister on the sidewalk. In April 2013, Emmerich spoke about the film, saying: "I may want to do a little movie—about $12–14 million—about the Stonewall riots in New York. It's about these crazy kids in New York, a country bumpkin who gets into their gang, at the end they start this riot and change the world." On March 31, 2014, the producers announced. On April 9, 2014, Irvine joined the cast of the film. On June 3, 2014, Rhys Meyers and King joined the cast.
Principal photography began on June 2014, in Montreal. Emmerich wanted to shoot in New York. On March 25, 2015, Roadside Attractions acquired distribution rights to the film. In July 2015, Roadside Attractions scheduled the film for a September 2015, release; the film opened to $112,414 with 127 locations, for an "abysmal" per-theater average of $871. Critical response has been negative. On review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, the film holds a 10% rating based on 71 critics with an average score of 3.6/10. The site's consensus states: "As an ordinary coming-of-age drama, Stonewall is dull and scattered—but as an attempt to depict a pivotal moment in American history, it's offensively bad." Metacritic reports that, based on 27 critics, the film has a normalized score of 30 out of 100, indicating "generally unfavorable reviews". Writing for Vanity Fair, Richard Lawson described the film as "maddeningly, stultifyingly bungled", the script as "alarmingly clunky" and featuring "production design that makes late 1960s Christopher Street look like Sesame Street".
Lawson faults the director for taking "one of the most politically charged periods of the last century" and making it into "a bland, facile coming-of-age story", says that the role of Marsha P. Johnson was "played as comic relief, flatly". According to Lawson, the treatment of Johnson is part of a wider lack of respect for non-white and "non-butch" characters in the movie. In The New York Times, Stephen Holden wrote that the film "does a reasonably good job of evoking the heady mixture of wildness and dread that permeated Greenwich Village street life" but that "its invention of a generic white knight who prompted the riots by hurling the first brick into a window is tantamount to stealing history from the people who made it". Writing for Gawker in a piece entitled "There Aren't Enough Bricks in the World to Throw at Roland Emmerich's Appalling Stonewall", Rich Juzwiak wrote that the film is "formally inconsistent" and "teaches you about as much about being gay as the Aristocats taught you about being an aristocrat."
Michael Phillips of the Chicago Tribune wrote that
Stonewall & Riot: The Ultimate Orgasm
Stonewall & Riot: The Ultimate Orgasm is a superhero-pornographic 3D animated film created by Joe Phillips, released in 2006. It was nominated for a GayVN Award; the film follows the adventures of Stonewall and Riot, two gay superheroes living in Eros City who have to investigate a crime and identify the guilty party by "interrogating" every male supervillain in the city. This is Joe Phillips' second DVD movie and AVA's third film, following the GayVN Award-winning The House of Morecock; the main characters names are in reference to the Stonewall riots, a series of historical riots by the gay citizens of New York City in 1969. The film contains lots of advertising, worked into the visuals. Billboards feature art from Joe Phillips' pinup book Cali Boys; some characters are parodies of famous comic book characters. Stonewall and Riot themselves give more subtle nods to Batman and Robin, with the opening and ending credits and the flashback origin sequence being homages to the 1960s Batman TV series.
Joe Phillips and his brother Lex Wolcraft taught themselves 3D animation techniques in order to produce the film. The film opens on the lab of mad scientist Dr. VonFockingcock, testing his new invention, The Ultimate Orgasmarator, via a sex romp with his twink assistant. An aircraft attacks the lab, the scientist and his creation are captured. In futuristic yet gothic Eros City, the local superhero Stonewall and his young sidekick Riot are introduced while chasing down and catching the villain Doctor Cocktopus. Afterward, the city's police chief informs the pair of the attack on VonFockingcock, they determine to find the culprit, foil what they reason must be a grand plan to wreak havoc on the city with the scientist's invention. Riot suspects master criminal Polecat, who's been released from prison on a legal technicality, they raid his gay strip joint, the Kit Kat Club; the ensuing battle and sex scene with the flamboyant villain reveals that Polecat is guilty... of a different robbery, knows nothing of VonFockingcock and his Orgasmarator.
Stonewall suggests local rogues gallery The Masters of Doom, he and Riot depart for the Masters' headquarters. There, the team are brainstorming plans for "the total sexual domination of Eros City" when the heroes crash in an orgy breaks out; the experience is enjoyable for all. They return to their base, after a flashback details Stonewall's origin story, the pair split up and a montage sequence follows, detailing their investigations of and romps with Webmaster, Chicken Hawk, Polar Bear, Size Queen, the only female Vulva whom they choose not to investigate... exhausting all of the remaining suspects, except for the insane crime boss French Tickler. Attacking his base, they find that the Tickler is holding VonFockingcock, planning to use the Orgazmarator to cure his sexual dysfunction and plunge the city into climax and chaos. Stonewall brings the villain to his knees, while Riot engages the henchmen, the doctor is rescued and the plot foiled; the film ends when Riot flys to the reporting citing of Cockmander and Arse Lick.
After the credits, the talking dildo scold the viewer for exposing their genitals while watching the credits. The dildo attempts to call the viewer's mother, before realizing. Characters that appear in the movie: 2007 GayVN Awards nomination - Best Alternative Video Official website Stonewall & Riot: The Ultimate Orgasm on IMDb TLA Movie Review