U.S. Route 206
U. S. Route 206 is a 130.23-mile-long north–south United States highway in New Jersey and Pennsylvania, United States. Only about a half a mile of its length is in Pennsylvania; the highway's northern terminus is near Milford, Pennsylvania at an intersection with US 209. Its southern terminus is in Hammonton, New Jersey at an intersection with Route 54 and US 30. For much of its length, US 206 is a rural two-lane undivided road that passes through the Pine Barrens, agricultural areas, the Appalachian Mountains of northwestern New Jersey, with some urban and suburban areas; the route connects several cities and towns, including Bordentown, Princeton, Somerville and Newton. The road is known as the Disabled American Veterans Highway for much of its length. What is now US 206 in New Jersey was designated as part of several state routes prior to 1927, including Pre-1927 Route 2 between Bordentown and Trenton in 1916, pre-1927 Route 13 between Trenton and Princeton in 1917, pre-1927 Route 16 between Princeton and Bedminster Township in 1921.
The current routing along pre-1927 Route 2 became a part of US 130 in 1926. In 1927, current US 206 became Route 39 between Hammonton and White Horse, Route 37 between White Horse and Trenton, Route 27 between Trenton and Princeton, Route 31 between Princeton and Newton, Route S31 between Newton and the Delaware River. In the 1930s, US 206 was designated to connect US 30 in Hammonton north to US 6 and US 209 in Milford; the state highways running concurrent with US 206 in New Jersey were removed in 1953. In the 1960s, two separate freeways were never built; the first freeway was to connect Hammonton south along the Route 54 corridor toward Route 55 and the planned Route 60 in Vineland and Millville. The other US 206 freeway was planned in northwestern New Jersey, connecting I-80 in Netcong north to Montague Township. Construction has begun for a bypass of US 206 around Hillsborough in 2010 after being planned since 1974; the NJDOT widened the route in Byram Township to alleviate congestion, with completion in 2013.
US 206 begins at US 30 in the town of Hammonton in Atlantic County, New Jersey, heading north-northeast on the two-lane, undivided Disabled American Veterans Highway. South of this intersection, the road continues as Route 54. From its southern terminus, US 206 runs through farmland, which gives way to the forested Pine Barrens. Within this area, the route continues through the Wharton State Forest. Here, the road comes to the eastern terminus of CR 536. US 206 continues into Burlington County, passing through more of the Pine Barrens. In Shamong Township, the road passes by Atsion Lake. After running northwest, CR 541 splits to the left. After this intersection, US 206 heads north out of the Wharton State Forest and into more agricultural areas. At the intersection with CR 648, the route widens into a four-lane undivided road before narrowing back to two lanes. Upon intersecting CR 622, US 206 enters Tabernacle Township. Here, CR 532 crosses the route at a signalized intersection. Following CR 532, residential development increases along the route as it continues into Southampton Township.
US 206 becomes a three-lane road with one northbound lane and two southbound lanes as it comes to the Red Lion Circle with Route 70. Past the Red Lion Circle, the route becomes two lanes again and passes more rural surroundings with some development. US 206 comes to a junction with the eastern terminus of Route 38 and the western terminus of CR 530. A short distance after the Route 38/CR 530 intersection, the route becomes the border between Eastampton Township to the west and Southampton Township to the east before running between Eastampton Township and Pemberton Township. Along this portion, it passes through Ewansville. Continuing into Springfield Township, the route crosses CR 537. Past this intersection, US 206 widens into a four-lane undivided road; the route gains a wide painted median before crossing the Assicunk Creek into Mansfield Township In Mansfield Township, US 206 becomes a divided highway as it bypasses the community of Columbus to the west, with CR 690 continuing through Columbus.
On the bypass of Columbus, the route has an interchange with CR 543. Past Columbus, US 206 becomes undivided again, with residential development increasing, it becomes a divided highway again and merges with Route 68, the main access road to the Fort Dix entity of Joint Base McGuire-Dix-Lakehurst, at a directional intersection. After this intersection, US 206 enters Bordentown Township and reaches an interchange with the New Jersey Turnpike in a commercial area. Following this interchange, the route crosses over CR 545. A short distance US 206 merges into US 130 at a directional interchange to form a concurrency; the two roads continue north on a six-lane divided highway entering the eastern edge of Bordentown at the intersection with CR 528. Back in Bordentown Township, US 130 and US 206 split at another directional interchange. Past US 130, US 206 crosses under Conrail Shared Assets Operations' Robbinsville Industrial Track railroad line and heads through development as a four-lane divided highway, making a slight northwest bend before resuming north.
US 206 enters Hamilton Township, Mercer County. After the Crosswicks Creek, there is an interchange with I-195. Past I-195, the route reaches the White Horse Circle, where it inte
New Jersey is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States. It is located on a peninsula, bordered on the north and east by the state of New York along the extent of the length of New York City on its western edge. New Jersey is the fourth-smallest state by area but the 11th-most populous, with 9 million residents as of 2017, the most densely populated of the 50 U. S. states. New Jersey lies within the combined statistical areas of New York City and Philadelphia. New Jersey was the second-wealthiest U. S. state by median household income as of 2017. New Jersey was inhabited by Native Americans for more than 2,800 years, with historical tribes such as the Lenape along the coast. In the early 17th century, the Dutch and the Swedes founded the first European settlements in the state; the English seized control of the region, naming it the Province of New Jersey after the largest of the Channel Islands and granting it as a colony to Sir George Carteret and John Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley of Stratton.
New Jersey was the site of several decisive battles during the American Revolutionary War in the 18th century. In the 19th century, factories in cities, Paterson, Trenton, Jersey City, Elizabeth helped to drive the Industrial Revolution. New Jersey's geographic location at the center of the Northeast megalopolis, between Boston and New York City to the northeast, Philadelphia and Washington, D. C. to the southwest, fueled its rapid growth through the process of suburbanization in the second half of the 20th century. In the first decades of the 21st century, this suburbanization began reverting with the consolidation of New Jersey's culturally diverse populace toward more urban settings within the state, with towns home to commuter rail stations outpacing the population growth of more automobile-oriented suburbs since 2008. Around 180 million years ago, during the Jurassic Period, New Jersey bordered North Africa; the pressure of the collision between North America and Africa gave rise to the Appalachian Mountains.
Around 18,000 years ago, the Ice Age resulted in glaciers. As the glaciers retreated, they left behind Lake Passaic, as well as many rivers and gorges. New Jersey was settled by Native Americans, with the Lenni-Lenape being dominant at the time of contact. Scheyichbi is the Lenape name for the land, now New Jersey; the Lenape were several autonomous groups that practiced maize agriculture in order to supplement their hunting and gathering in the region surrounding the Delaware River, the lower Hudson River, western Long Island Sound. The Lenape society was divided into matrilinear clans; these clans were organized into three distinct phratries identified by their animal sign: Turtle and Wolf. They first encountered the Dutch in the early 17th century, their primary relationship with the Europeans was through fur trade; the Dutch became the first Europeans to lay claim to lands in New Jersey. The Dutch colony of New Netherland consisted of parts of modern Middle Atlantic states. Although the European principle of land ownership was not recognized by the Lenape, Dutch West India Company policy required its colonists to purchase the land that they settled.
The first to do so was Michiel Pauw who established a patronship called Pavonia in 1630 along the North River which became the Bergen. Peter Minuit's purchase of lands along the Delaware River established the colony of New Sweden; the entire region became a territory of England on June 24, 1664, after an English fleet under the command of Colonel Richard Nicolls sailed into what is now New York Harbor and took control of Fort Amsterdam, annexing the entire province. During the English Civil War, the Channel Island of Jersey remained loyal to the British Crown and gave sanctuary to the King, it was from the Royal Square in Saint Helier that Charles II of England was proclaimed King in 1649, following the execution of his father, Charles I. The North American lands were divided by Charles II, who gave his brother, the Duke of York, the region between New England and Maryland as a proprietary colony. James granted the land between the Hudson River and the Delaware River to two friends who had remained loyal through the English Civil War: Sir George Carteret and Lord Berkeley of Stratton.
The area was named the Province of New Jersey. Since the state's inception, New Jersey has been characterized by religious diversity. New England Congregationalists settled alongside Scots Presbyterians and Dutch Reformed migrants. While the majority of residents lived in towns with individual landholdings of 100 acres, a few rich proprietors owned vast estates. English Quakers and Anglicans owned large landholdings. Unlike Plymouth Colony and other colonies, New Jersey was populated by a secondary wave of immigrants who came from other colonies instead of those who migrated directly from Europe. New Jersey remained agrarian and rural throughout the colonial era, commercial farming developed sporadically; some townships, such as Burlington on the Delaware River and Perth Amboy, emerged as important ports for shipping to New York City and Philadelphia. The colony's fertile lands and tolerant religious policy drew more settlers, New Jersey's population had increased to 120,000 by 1775. Settlement for the first 10 years of English rule took place along Hackensack River and Arthur Kill –
Rocky Brook is a tributary of the Millstone River in Monmouth and Mercer counties, New Jersey in the United States. Rocky Brook starts at 40°13′8″N 74°24′37″W, near Perrineville, it flows parallel to CR-1 before draining into Perrineville Lake. It continues flowing west into the northern areas of Perrineville Lake Park, it turns northwest and crosses Perrineville Road and flows through the Etra Road Open Space area. It crosses Disbrow Hill Road and drains into the Etra Lake at 40°15′13″N 74°29′59″W, it crosses the New Jersey Turnpike. It flows into Peddie Lake in the heart of Hightstown, it crosses Route 33 and flows past the Town Center Plaza and Shopping Center before crossing Route 130 and the Hightstown Bypass. It flows alongside the East Windsor Open Space Acquisition before draining into the Millstone River at 40°17′18″N 74°32′23″W. Timber Run Beden Brook Bear Brook Cranbury Brook Devils Brook Shallow Brook Harrys Brook Heathcote Brook Indian Run Brook Little Bear Brook Millstone Brook Peace Brook Royce Brook Simonson Brook Six Mile Run Stony Brook Ten Mile Run Van Horn Brook List of rivers of New Jersey USGS Coordinates in Google Maps
Woodsville Brook is a tributary of the Stony Brook in Mercer County, New Jersey in the United States. Woodsville Brook starts at 40°22′8″N 74°50′27″W, it flows northeast, crossing Marshalls Corner Woodsville Road. It crosses Route 31 and Route 518 near to their intersection before joining the Stony Brook at 40°23′2″N 74°48′55″W. Baldwins Creek Duck Pond Run Honey Branch Lewis Brook Peters Brook Stony Brook Branch List of rivers of New Jersey USGS Coordinates in Google Maps
Simonson Brook (New Jersey)
Simonson Brook known as Sunonson Brook, is a tributary of the Millstone River in southern Franklin Park, Somerset County, New Jersey in the United States. Simonson Brook starts at 40°24′58″N 74°35′29″W, in southwestern Franklin Park near Route 27, it has several tributaries draining the area near Route 27. It runs through two housing developments runs into the woods and flows near Bunker Hill Road, passing through the Bunker Hill Environmental Center and the Griggstown Native Grassland Preserve, it crosses Canal Road and drains into the Millstone River at 40°26′21″N 74°37′3″W. Simonson Brook is smaller than the Ten Mile Run and the Six Mile Run. Many of its stream beds are dry in summer. Simonson Brook can be accessed by trails in the Griggstown Native Grassland Preserve, part of the Ten Mile Run Greenway, it crosses several roads, such as Barbieri Court and Ridings Parkway. It is accessible at Canal Road. Simonson Brook has several slow spots, it is characterized by deep pools in some tributaries.
This stream is rocky near its mouth, with broken slate covering the streambed. Occasional deep pools exist on the streambed, it is fed by periodic springs, making it dry up easily when it is not raining. Fish have a difficult time living in the stream. Beden Brook Bear Brook Cranbury Brook Devils Brook Harrys Brook Heathcote Brook Indian Run Brook Little Bear Brook Millstone Brook Peace Brook Rocky Brook Royce Brook Six Mile Run Stony Brook Ten Mile Run Van Horn Brook List of rivers of New Jersey USGS Coordinates in Google Maps
A tributary or affluent is a stream or river that flows into a larger stream or main stem river or a lake. A tributary does not flow directly into a ocean. Tributaries and the main stem river drain the surrounding drainage basin of its surface water and groundwater, leading the water out into an ocean. A confluence, where two or more bodies of water meet together refers to the joining of tributaries; the opposite to a tributary is a distributary, a river or stream that branches off from and flows away from the main stream. Distributaries are most found in river deltas. "Right tributary" and "left tributary" are terms stating the orientation of the tributary relative to the flow of the main stem river. These terms are defined from the perspective of looking downstream. In the United States, where tributaries sometimes have the same name as the river into which they feed, they are called forks; these are designated by compass direction. For example, the American River receives flow from its North and South forks.
The Chicago River's North Branch has the East and Middle Fork. Forks are sometimes left. Here, the "handedness" is from the point of view of an observer facing upstream. For instance, Steer Creek has a left tributary, called Right Fork Steer Creek. Tributaries are sometimes listed starting with those nearest to the source of the river and ending with those nearest to the mouth of the river; the Strahler Stream Order examines the arrangement of tributaries in a hierarchy of first, second and higher orders, with the first-order tributary being the least in size. For example, a second-order tributary would be the result of two or more first-order tributaries combining to form the second-order tributary. Another method is to list tributaries from mouth to source, in the form of a tree structure, stored as a tree data structure. A gallery of major river basins with tributaries Estuary
Hopewell Township, Mercer County, New Jersey
Not be confused with the Borough of Hopewell, New Jersey, Hopewell Township, Cumberland County, New Jersey, or Hopewell, Sussex County, New Jersey. Hopewell Township is a township in New Jersey, United States; the township is within the New York metropolitan area as defined by the United States Census Bureau, but directly borders the Philadelphia metropolitan area and is part of the Federal Communications Commission's Philadelphia Designated Market Area. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 17,304, reflecting an increase of 1,199 from the 16,105 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 4,515 from the 11,590 counted in the 1990 Census; the township dates back to February 1700, when the area was still part of Burlington County. One of the earliest settlers before 1710 was George Woolsey of Jamaica, whose father was one of the earliest pre-1650 settlers of what was New Amsterdam, his descendants maintained the family farm for over 200 years. The township was the name for one of two portions of 800 acres of land purchased in 1714 by William Trent, was formally set off to Hunterdon County, when that county was created on March 11, 1714.
Trenton Township was formed out of this estate on June 3, 1719 to become the City of Trenton. Hopewell Township was incorporated by Royal charter on March 1, 1755, was re-incorporated by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 21, 1798, as one of the state's initial group of 104 townships. Hopewell Township became part of Mercer County at its creation on February 22, 1838. Portions of the township were taken to form Marion Township, the Borough of Pennington and Hopewell Borough, with additional portions of the township transferred to both Pennington and Hopewell Borough in 1915. Hopewell Township includes the location along the east side of the Delaware River to which George Washington and the Continental Army crossed from Pennsylvania. Once in Hopewell Township, the army marched to Trenton on December 26, 1776; the Battle of Trenton followed. Today, Washington Crossing State Park commemorates this important milestone in American history. Hopewell Township was the location where -- two months after being abducted from his home in neighboring East Amwell -- the body of Charles Lindbergh Jr. was discovered on May 12, 1932.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 58.911 square miles, including 58.031 square miles of it is land and 0.880 square miles of water is water. The township surrounds Hopewell Borough and Pennington, making it part of two of the 21 pairs of "doughnut towns" in the state, where one municipality surrounds another, the only municipality that surrounds two others; the township borders Ewing Lawrence Township and Princeton in Mercer County. Akers Corner, Baldwins Corner, Bear Tavern, Coopers Corner, Federal City, Harbourton, Harts Corner, Marshalls Corner, Mount Rose, Pleasant Valley, Titusville, Washington Crossing and Woodsville are unincorporated communities and place names located within Hopewell Township; some neighborhoods in the township include Hopewell Brandon Farms and Elm Ridge. Washington Crossing State Park is located in the western part of the township; as of the 2010 United States Census, there were 17,304 people, 6,282 households, 4,925.088 families residing in the township.
The population density was 298.2 per square mile. There were 6,551 housing units at an average density of 112.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the township was 86.74% White, 2.10% Black or African American, 0.07% Native American, 8.89% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.52% from other races, 1.66% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.31% of the population. There were 6,282 households out of which 39.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 69.1% were married couples living together, 6.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 21.6% were non-families. 17.8% of all households were made up of individuals, 7.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.14. In the township, the population was spread out with 26.4% under the age of 18, 5.0% from 18 to 24, 19.8% from 25 to 44, 34.6% from 45 to 64, 14.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44.4 years. For every 100 females there were 96.7 males.
For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 93.4 males. The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that median household income was $132,813 and the median family income was $151,394. Males had a median income of $106,431 versus $66,285 for females; the per capita income for the borough was $55,219. About 0.6% of families and 1.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.9% of those under age 18 and 1.3% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2000 United States Census there were 16,105 people, 5,498 households, 4,431 families residing in the township; the population density was 277.1 people per square mile. There were 5,629 housing units at an average density of 96.9 per s