Culzean Castle is a Castle overlooking the Firth of Clyde, near Maybole, Carrick, on the Ayrshire coast of Scotland. It is the home of the Marquess of Ailsa, the chief of Clan Kennedy. The clifftop castle lies within the Culzean Castle Country Park and is opened to the public, since 1987, an illustration of the castle has featured on the reverse side of five pound notes issued by the Royal Bank of Scotland. Culzean Castle was constructed as an L-plan castle by order of the 10th Earl of Cassilis and he instructed the architect Robert Adam to rebuild a previous, but more basic, structure into a fine country house to be the seat of his earldom. The castle was built in stages between 1777 and 1792 and it incorporates a large drum tower with a circular saloon inside, a grand oval staircase and a suite of well-appointed apartments. In 1945, the Kennedy family gave the castle and its grounds to the National Trust for Scotland, the General first visited Culzean Castle in 1946 and stayed there four times, including once while President of the United States.
The Ayrshire Yeomanry, a British Yeomanry cavalry regiment, was formed by The Earl of Cassillis at Culzean Castle in about 1794. On 24 June 1961, the regiment returned to the castle to be presented with its first guidon by General Sir Horatius Murray, KBE, CB, DSO. The castle re-opened in April 2011 after a refurbishment funded by a gift in the will of American millionaire William Lindsay to the National Trust for Scotland, who had never visited Scotland, requested that a significant portion of his $4 million go towards Culzean. Lindsay was reportedly interested in Eisenhowers holidays at the castle, Culzean Castle received 220,000 visitors in 2013, making it the National Trust for Scotlands second-most popular property. The armoury contains a propellor from a plane flown by Leefe Robinson when he shot down a German airship north of London in 1916, to the north of the castle is a bay containing the Gas House, which provided town gas for the castle up until 1940. This group of buildings consists of the gas house, the Retort House.
There are sea caves beneath the castle which are not open generally. The castle grounds include a garden, which is built on the site of the home of a former slave owned by the Kennedy family. The Castle is reputed to be home to at least seven ghosts, including a piper, Culzean Castle is used as the castle of Lord Summerisle in the 1973 cult film The Wicker Man. The scenes here were filmed between October and November 1972, Culzean Castle featured in the PBS documentary series Castles of Scotland in 1997. The BBC TV Coast programme visited in series 2 episode 3 first shown in November 2009, the castle is used for accommodation and wedding ceremonies. Culzean Castle - visitor information at the NTS website, papers of the National Trust of Scotland, Dwight D
Glenapp Castle, formerly the family seat of the Earl of Inchcape, is now a luxury hotel and restaurant located about 1.5 miles south east of Ballantrae, South Ayrshire, Scotland. The castle was built for the Deputy Lord Lieutenant of the County, designed by the famous Scottish architect David Bryce the Deputy Lord Lieutenant of Ayrshire at the time, the Castle was finished in 1870. It is an example of the Scottish Baronial style of architecture The Inchcape family owned the castle from 1917 until the early 1980s. Pioneering aviator Elsie Mackay, daughter of the first Earl of Inchcape, the Castle opened as a hotel in 2000, entry to the castle and its grounds is only for guests with a room or restaurant reservation. Glenapp Castle is near Ballantrae and overlooks several islands, Ailsa Craig, the site is close to Galloway Forest Park, Mull of Galloway, Culzean Castle and several botanical gardens such as Logan Gardens, Castle Kennedy Gardens. The actual castle and its buildings are almost a mile from the gated entrance.
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Clan Kennedy is a Scottish clan of the Scottish Lowlands. These settlements spread down the west coast as far as Wales, cunedda is rendered as Cinneidgh in the Celtic language, meaning ugly or grim-headed. The name became associated with the district of Carrick, during the early part of the reign of William the Lion, Gilbert Mac Kenedi witnessed a charter to Melrose Abbey granting lands in Carrick. During the reign of Alexander II of Scotland Gillespie Kennedy is named in charters as the senechal of Carrick, the Kennedys claimed a blood kinship with the Earl of Carrick and supported Robert the Bruce during the Wars of Scottish Independence. In 1372, Robert II of Scotland rewarded John Kennedy of Dunure as chief of his name, in about 1457 Johns direct descendant, was created Lord Kennedy. He was a regent to the infant James III of Scotland, James Kennedy, brother of the first Lord Kennedy, was one of Scotlands best loved bishops. James served briefly as High Chancellor of Scotland and was Bishop of Dunkeld, in 1455 he founded St Salvators College.
Hugh Kennedy of Ardstinchar was a Scots mercenary who fought at the Siege of Orléans for Joan of Arc, as a result, Joan figures on the arms of Kennedy of Bargany. In 1509, Sir David Kennedy, the third Lord Kennedy was created Earl of Cassillis and he was killed at the Battle of Flodden in 1513. The second Earl of Cassillis was murdered in 1527, Gillbert Kennedy, the third Earl, was one of four Scottish commissioners who were poisoned on their return from the marriage of Mary, Queen of Scots to the Dauphin of France in 1558. The third Earl had inherited his title at the age of twelve and one of his first acts was to sign the warrant of Patrick Hamilton. The Moray Kennedys became a sept of the Clan Cameron, in 1601 the Kennedy Earls of Cassilis were involved in a feud against their relations, the Kennedy Lairds of Bargany. The Earls of Cassillis were supported by the Clan Fergusson and the Laird of Bargany was killed, from 1649 to 1651, John Kennedy, 6th Earl of Cassilis was Lord Justice General of Scotland and a zealous Protestant.
He and his son, the seventh Earl, were firm supporters of Parliament during the Civil War. The Justice General sat in Oliver Cromwells House of Lords, the Kennedys suffered for their beliefs but their estates remained largely intact. The Kennedy of Kermuck branch of the clan were hereditary constables of Aberdeen from at least 1413, the Kennedys of Kermuck were outlawed when in 1652 the father and son of the family mortally wounded John Forbes of Watertown. When the Eighth Earl of Cassillis died there was a dispute lasting three years to determine the succession. In January 1762, the House of Lords found in favour of Thomas, on November 30,1775, Thomas died unmarried, and was succeeded by his brother David, who commissioned Robert Adam to build Culzean Castle, and died unmarried on December 18,1792
Ailsa Craig is an island of 99 hectares in the outer Firth of Clyde,16 kilometres from mainland Scotland, upon which blue hone granite was quarried to make curling stones. The now uninhabited island is formed from the plug of an extinct volcano. The island is owned by David, Marquess of Ailsa, by March 2013 the asking price was for offers over £1,500,000, down from the original asking price of £2,500,000. An early reference to the rock is made by Sir Donald Monro, the modern name of the island is an anglicisation of the Gaelic, Aillse Creag meaning fairy rock. An alternative Gaelic name is Creag Ealasaid meaning Elizabeths rock, the first element, Aillse may represent Allt Shasann, cliff of the English, mentioned in the Book of Leinster as Aldasain. The Bass Rock is sometimes nicknamed the Ailsa Craig of the East, a number of features and places on the island have acquired names, Gaelic in most cases, such as Craignaan, Balvar and Ashydoo. Some names seem self-explanatory and indeed even the Swine Cave may refer to a time when the Earl of Cassilis received part of his rent in hogs from the island.
The island, which is located approximately 16 kilometres west of Girvan, is 4 km in circumference, geologically Ailsa Craig is the remains of a volcanic plug from an extinct volcano. It stands out because all younger sedimentary rocks covering Southwest Scotland have long since eroded away. But the island survived erosion because it is composed of much harder igneous rocks from the Palaeogene period, the plug, which is composed of granite, is all that remains from the massive volcanic activity caused by the formation of the Atlantic Ocean. Dykes of similar age can be found in Scotland through other older rocks such as the extensive Cleveland, though only a few metres across, these volcanic dykes can be traced all the way from northern England back to an ancient supervolcano on the Isle of Mull. Research has shown that the granite on Ailsa Craig has a crystalline composition that has a distinctive appearance. These properties have made the rock a favourite material for curling stones. The island is part of the district of South Ayrshire.
The island has a fresh-water spring but no electricity, apart from 2 hectares sold to the Northern Lighthouse board in 1883, the island currently belongs to The 9th Marquess of Ailsa. In May 2011 it was announced that the island was for sale, originally given a price of £2,500,000, as of March 2013. Reports in December 2013 claimed an unnamed environmental trust had placed a formal bid, the chief well on the island lies above the Loups and this was used by the Northern Lighthouse Board who built a cistern there and piped the water to the lighthouse complex. The Horse Well was located behind the gasworks, the Castle Well stands above Ailsa Castle and finally the Garry Loch sits higher up and once supplied water to the tenants cottage
Kirkoswald, South Ayrshire
Kirkoswald is a village and parish in the Carrick district of Ayrshire, Scotland, 1¾ miles from the coast and four miles southwest of Maybole. It takes its name from its kirk, dedicated to Oswald of Northumbria, who is said to have won a battle here in the 7th century. The old church, which was built in 1244 and houses the baptismal font of Robert the Bruce, is now a ruin in the grounds of the modern church, which was built in 1777 to a design by Robert Adam. Kirkoswald is noted for its connection with Robert Burns, whose maternal ancestors, Burns attended school here, and would base the characters Tam o Shanter, Kirkton Jean and Souter Johnnie on village locals Douglas Graham, John Davidson and Jean Aird. Kirkoswald village had a population of 194 in 1991, Kirkoswald parish is 23.3 square miles, and contains the coastal village of Maidens. Landmarks include Turnberry Castle, the ancient seat of the Earls of Carrick, Culzean Castle, Thomaston Castle, the Gazetteer for Scotland - Kirkoswald Kirkoswald Parish Profile The geographic coordinates are from the Ordnance Survey
Greenan Castle is a 16th-century tower house, possibly on the site of an ancient fort, around 2.5 miles south-west of Ayr in South Ayrshire, Scotland. The lands of Greenan were forfeited by John, Earl of Ross, in 1493 James IV granted the Lands of Greenan to William Douglas, son of Archibald, Earl of Angus. Beside the tower are traces of a courtyard and outbuildings -- probably stables. Sir Thomas was murdered in retaliation for the death of the young Laird of Bargany in December,1601 at the Battle of Brockloch, years later, the Muirs of Auchindrain were executed for their art and part in this murder. The story inspired Sir Walter Scott to write a short play, video with commentary and annotation on the history of Greenan Castle Media related to Greenan Castle at Wikimedia Commons