Bruno Ganz was a Swiss actor whose career in German-language film and television productions lasted for more than fifty years. He was known for his collaborations with the directors Werner Herzog, Éric Rohmer, Francis Ford Coppola, Wim Wenders, earning widespread recognition with his roles as Jonathan Zimmerman in The American Friend, Jonathan Harker in Nosferatu the Vampyre and Damiel the Angel in Wings of Desire. Ganz received international acclaim for his portrayal of Adolf Hitler in the Oscar-nominated film Downfall, he had roles in several English-language films, including The Boys from Brazil, The Manchurian Candidate. The Reader and Remember. On stage, Ganz portrayed Dr. Heinrich Faust in Peter Stein's staging of Faust, Part One and Faust, Part Two in 2000. From 1996 until his death in 2019, Ganz held the Republic of Austria's Iffland-Ring, which passes from actor to actor — each bequeathing the ring to the next holder, judging that actor to be the "most significant and most worthy actor of the German-speaking theatre".
Ganz was honored with the Order of Merit of Germany and was made a knight of the French Légion d'honneur. Ganz was born on 22 March 1941, in Zürich to a Swiss factory worker father and a northern Italian mother, he had decided to pursue an acting career by the time. He was drawn to stage and screen but enjoyed greater success on the stage. Ganz made his theatrical debut in 1961 and devoted himself to the stage for the next two decades. In 1970, he helped found the Berliner Schaubühne ensemble and two years performed in the Salzburg Festival premiere of Thomas Bernhard's Der Ignorant und der Wahnsinnige, under the direction of Claus Peymann; the German magazine Theater heute solidified Ganz's reputation as a stage actor by pronouncing him Schauspieler des Jahres in 1973. One of Ganz's most physically demanding stage portrayals was the title character in Peter Stein’s 2000 production of Goethe's Faust, he served as a speaker in classical music works, including a 1993 recording of Luigi Nono's Il canto sospeso with the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra.
In 1960 Ganz landed his first film role, in Der Herr mit der schwarzen Melone. Despite the support of lead actor Gustav Knuth, Ganz's cinematic debut was not successful and it was only many years that his career in film got off the ground. Ganz made his film breakthrough in a major part in the 1976 film Sommergäste, launching a recognized film career in Europe and the United States, he worked with several directors of the New German Cinema like Werner Herzog and Wim Wenders, with international directors like Éric Rohmer and Francis Ford Coppola, among others. In 1977, he co-starred with Dennis Hopper in Wenders' American Friend, an adaptation of Patricia Highsmith's novel Ripley's Game, playing a terminally ill father who gets hired as a professional killer. In 1979, he starred opposite Klaus Kinski in Herzog’s Nosferatu: Phantom der Nacht. Ganz played a professor opposite Sir Laurence Olivier in the thriller The Boys from Brazil, about Nazi fugitives. In 1987 Ganz first played the role of the angel Damiel in Wim Wenders's Wings of Desire.
He reprised the role in Faraway, So Close! in 1993. Ganz appeared in The Reader as a Holocaust survivor and as police officer Horst Herold in The Baader Meinhof Complex, which were both nominated for the 81st Academy Awards. In 2011, he appeared as a former Stasi operator opposite Liam Neeson in Unknown. Among Ganz's roles were the Grandfather in the literary adaptation Heidi, a pseudo-scientific healer in Sally Potter's The Party and a Vergil-like figure in Lars von Trier's The House that Jack Built. Ganz portrayed Adolf Hitler in Der Untergang. After four months of researching the role, his performance was acclaimed by critics. His performance inspired many parodies on YouTube, using video and audio from the film with humorous subtitles. In 2014, popular culture website WatchMojo.com named his performance as the best portrayal of a real-life'bad guy' of all time, beating competition from Oscar-winning portrayals of Idi Amin by Forest Whitaker, serial murderer Aileen Wuornos by Charlize Theron.
Ganz was married to Sabine from 1965 until his death. In February 2018, doctors in Salzburg found that Ganz was suffering from intestinal cancer, he began chemotherapy. Ganz died on 16 February 2019 at his home in the village of Au, in Wädenswil, Switzerland, at the age of 77. 1973: "Actor of the Year" in German magazine Theater heute 1991: Hans-Reinhart-Ring, given by the Swiss Society for Theatre Culture 1996: Iffland-Ring 1998: Officier of the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres 2000: Swiss Film Prize 2000: David di Donatello Award for Bread and Tulips 2004: European Film Award 2005: Austrian Decoration for Science and Art 2006: Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany 2010: Star on the Boulevard of the Stars in Berlin 2011: Pardo alla Carriera at Locarno International Film Festival 2012: Asteroid 199900 Brunoganz, discovered by Silvano Casulli in 2
The White Crow
The White Crow is a 2018 British film written by David Hare and directed by Ralph Fiennes starring Oleg Ivenko as the ballet dancer Rudolf Nureyev and Ukrainian dancer Sergei Polunin as his roommate Yuri Soloviev. It is inspired by the book Rudolf Nureyev: The Life by Julie Kavanagh.. Principal photography was completed in October 2017, it premiered at the 2018 Telluride Film Festival. The White Crow at the British Film Institute The White Crow on IMDb
A strapless dress or top is a garment that stays put around the upper body without shoulder straps or other visible means of support. It is supported by an internal corset and/or brassiere, with the tightness of the bodice preventing the dress from slipping out of position. According to Richard Martin and Harold Koda, the modern strapless dress first appeared in the 1930s, where it was popularised by designers such as Mainbocher, from the late 1940s, Christian Dior; the July 18, 1938, issue of Life claimed that the "absolutely strapless, sleeveless evening dress" was a 1937–38 invention. However, predated in 1930 by the actress Libby Holman, photographed in an strapless dress that year. Holman became associated with the strapless dress and is credited with inventing it, or at least being one of its first high-profile wearers. In 1934, Mainbocher produced his first strapless gown, a black satin design, described as the first strapless evening dress. Along with Holman and Mainbocher, the heiress Brenda Frazier is credited with popularising the style when she wore a strapless débutante dress for her debut and famously appeared in it on the November 14, 1938, cover of Life.
Strapless dresses remained popular after the Second World War, with the style sometimes being described as the "naked look". One of the most famous strapless dresses of this period was the black satin gown worn by Rita Hayworth for a song and dance routine in Gilda. Hayworth's performance demonstrated to viewers that strapless dresses could be secure enough to move around and dance in without risk of indecent exposure. Despite this, more conservative customers might add shoulder straps to their new strapless dresses; the style was problematic for those who objected to its perceived immodesty. During the 1940s and 1950s, Catholic campaigners in the United States protested against "immodest" clothing, including two-piece and strapless swimsuits and dresses. In 1954, the United States Army tried to ban Army wives and daughters in Germany from wearing shorts and strapless dresses, "except at appropriate social functions."During the 1950s, notable strapless dress designers included Madame Grès, whose flowing Grecian dresses were mounted upon custom-designed interior corsets by Alice Cadolle.
In the 1970s, Halston designed an unstructured strapless dress. The knitted tube top was worn as a casual strapless option, by the 1980s, strapless dresses were made in stretchy, elastic fabrics which did not require boning or interior structure. In 2012, the strapless dress was described as the most requested style for Western wedding dresses. Vera Wang is sometimes credited with introducing this style of bridal dress in the first decade of the 21st century, although strapless dresses were an valid option from the 1990s onwards with the growing popularity of formal civil weddings from the 1990s. However, for religious weddings and shoulder-baring styles are controversial, despite the popularity of the strapless wedding dress it is considered by some to be a "rejection of the virginal ideal"; the strapless dress is a popular style for red carpet fashion. Since their introduction, strapless garments have proved problematic in many contexts. In the early 21st century, many schools and workplaces forbid strapless garments as part of their dress code.
An Adecco survey published in The Wall Street Journal in 2012 indicated that 72% of Americans thought strapless tops were inappropriate office wear. Strapless garments may be singled out for particular censure by clerics. In 2005, a Muslim cleric declared strapless garments "satanic", along with other revealing garments such as miniskirts and see-through clothing. Spencer W. Kimball, the 12th President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, declared that strapless gowns were neither righteous nor approved, that no Latter-day Saint woman should wear one at any time, whilst another Latter-day Saints declared them an "abomination in the sight of the Lord"; such views may not reflect those of the majority of their associated religion, although a rule of thumb is that strapless garments are only acceptable in religious contexts, such as Catholic churches or Jewish bat mitzvahs if the shoulders and arms are covered
The Judas Kiss (play)
The Judas Kiss is a 1998 British play by David Hare, about Oscar Wilde's scandal and disgrace at the hands of his young lover Bosie. Act 1: London, 1895 Oscar Wilde's spoiled and impetuous young lover Bosie has succeeded in instigating Wilde to sue Bosie's father in court for insulting him as a "sodomite"; the loss of the suit opens the way for Wilde being criminally indicted for gross indecency. Wilde has tacit government permission to flee the country to avoid arrest and imprisonment, but the childish Bosie insists that he stay and defend their honour. Act 2: Italy, 1897 Wilde is doing the one thing his friends wanted him to avoid, namely reuniting with the unbelievably selfish Bosie after his difficult two-year incarceration. Wilde, a broken man, is holed up in exile from the UK in a rat-infested hotel in Naples. Oscar Wilde Lord Alfred "Bosie" Douglas Robert "Robbie" Ross Sandy Moffatt, a hotel manager, implied to be a homosexual Arthur Wellesley, a member of the hotel staff Phoebe Cane, a hired maid and love interest of Arthur Wellesley Galileo Masconi, an Italian fisherman with whom Bosie has an affair Oscar Wilde – Liam Neeson Bosie Douglas – Tom Hollander Robbie Ross – Peter Capaldi Sandy Moffatt – Richard Clarke Arthur Wellesley – Alex Walkinshaw Phoebe Cane – Stina Nielsen Galileo Masconi – Daniel Serafini-Sauli Oscar Wilde – Rupert Everett Bosie Douglas – Freddie Fox Robbie Ross – Cal MacAninch Sandy Moffatt – Alister Cameron Arthur Wellesley – Ben Hardy Phoebe Cane – Kirsty Oswald Galileo Masconi – Tom Colley The play was produced by the Almeida Theatre Company and premiered in London's Playhouse Theatre in the West End, where it ran from 12 March to 18 April 1998.
It transferred to Broadway in New York at the Broadhurst Theatre, where it ran from 23 April through 1 August 1998. The play was rushed into production in London; the run starred Liam Neeson as Wilde and Tom Hollander as Bosie, was directed by Richard Eyre. The Judas Kiss was revived at London's Hampstead Theatre beginning 6 September 2012, starring Rupert Everett as Wilde and Freddie Fox as Bosie, directed by Neil Armfield; the play ran at the Hampstead through 13 October 2012, toured the UK and Dublin, transferred to the West End at the Duke of York's Theatre on 9 January 2013 in a limited run through 6 April 2013. Everett won the WhatsOnStage Award for Best Actor in a Play, was nominated for the Olivier Award for Best Actor. In 2016 the production, still starring Everett and with Charlie Rowe as Bosie, ran in North America for seven weeks in Toronto and five weeks at BAM in New York City; the play had its Australian premiere in 1999 at Sydney's Belvoir St Theatre. It was directed by Neil Armfield, who directed the 2012 London revival, featured Bille Brown in the role of Oscar Wilde.
In 2014, a new production directed by Jason Cavanagh and produced by the Mockingbird Theatre Company was staged at Theatreworks in the Melbourne suburb of St Kilda, featuring Chris Baldock as Wilde and Nigel Langley as Bosie. The initial 1998 run of The Judas Kiss proved popular with audiences but less so with critics; the 2012 London revival however was both critically and popularly acclaimed. Michael Billington in The Guardian observed of the revival: Other critics concurred with Billington's sentiment; the Judas Kiss at the Internet Broadway Database The Judas Kiss on GoogleBooks
Bridget Jane Fonda is a retired American actress. She is known for her roles in The Godfather Part III, Single White Female, Point of No Return, It Could Happen to You, Jackie Brown, she is niece of Jane Fonda and granddaughter of Henry Fonda. Fonda was nominated for a Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress for playing Mandy Rice-Davies in the 1989 film Scandal and provided the voice for Jenna in the 1995 animated feature film Balto, she received an Emmy Award nomination for the 1997 TV film In the Gloaming, a second Golden Globe Award nomination for the 2001 TV film No Ordinary Baby. Fonda was born in Los Angeles, California, to a family of actors, including her grandfather Henry Fonda, father Peter Fonda, her aunt Jane Fonda, her mother, Susan Jane Brewer, is an artist. She is named after actress Margaret Sullavan's daughter Bridget Hayward, her maternal grandmother, Mary Sweet, married businessman Noah Dietrich. Bridget's parents divorced and Peter remarried Portia Rebecca Crockett. Peter and Portia raised Bridget, her brother Justin, older stepbrother Thomas McGuane Jr. in the Coldwater Canyon section of Los Angeles, as well as in Paradise Valley, south of Livingston, Montana.
Fonda attended Westlake School for Girls in Los Angeles. Fonda became involved with the theatre, she studied method acting at the Lee Strasberg Theatre Institute as part of New York University's Tisch School of the Arts acting program and graduated from NYU in 1986. Earlier, she had made her film debut at the age of five in the 1969 movie Easy Rider as a child in the hippie commune that Peter Fonda and Dennis Hopper visit on their trek across the United States, her second part was in the 1982 comedy Partners. In 1988, she got her first substantial film role in Scandal; that same year she appeared in You Can't Hurry Shag. Her breakthrough role was as a journalist in The Godfather Part III. After gaining additional work experience in a few theater productions she was cast in the lead in Barbet Schroeder's Single White Female, followed by a role in Cameron Crowe's ensemble comedy Singles, she starred in 1993's Point of an American remake of the 1990 French film Nikita. A review in The New Yorker cited her "provocative, taunting assertiveness".
In 1997, she was on the same flight as Quentin Tarantino when he offered her the part of Melanie in Jackie Brown, which she undertook. She was reportedly offered the lead, eponymous role in the television series Ally McBeal but turned it down to concentrate on her film career, she starred with Jet Li in the action thriller film Kiss of the Dragon in 2001, played the title role in the TV movie Snow Queen in 2002 and has not appeared in films since then. In 1986, Bridget met Eric Stoltz and, in 1990, they began dating; the relationship ended after eight years. On February 27, 2003, she suffered a serious car crash in Los Angeles that caused a fracture in her vertebra. In March of the same year, she became engaged to soundtrack composer and former Oingo Boingo frontman Danny Elfman, they married in November, they have a son named Oliver. 1990: Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress in a Motion Picture for Scandal 1997: Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Miniseries or a Movie for In the Gloaming 2002: Golden Globe Award for Best Performance by an Actress In A Mini-series or Motion Picture Made for Television for No Ordinary Baby Collier, Peter.
The Fondas: A Hollywood Dynasty. Putnam. ISBN 0-399-13592-8. Bridget Fonda on IMDb Bridget Fonda at TVGuide.com Bridget Fonda at Emmys.com
David Hare (playwright)
Sir David Hare is an English playwright and theatre and film director. Best known for his stage work, Hare has enjoyed great success with films, receiving two Academy Award nominations for Best Adapted Screenplay for writing The Hours in 2002, based on the novel written by Michael Cunningham, The Reader in 2008, based on the novel of the same name written by Bernhard Schlink. In the West End, he had his greatest success with the plays Plenty, which he adapted into a film starring Meryl Streep in 1985, Racing Demon and Amy's View; the four plays ran on Broadway in 1982–83, 1996, 1998 and 1999 earning Hare three Tony Award nominations for Best Play for the first three and two Laurence Olivier Award for Best New Play. Other notable projects on stage include A Map of the World, Murmuring Judges, The Absence of War and The Vertical Hour, he wrote screenplays for films including The Hours and The Reader and the BBC dramas Page Eight and Collateral. As at 2013, Hare has received two Academy Award nominations, three Golden Globe Award nominations, three Tony Award nominations and has won a BAFTA Award, a Writers Guild of America Award for Best Adapted Screenplay and two Laurence Olivier Awards.
He has been awarded several critics' awards such as the New York Drama Critics Circle Award, received the Golden Bear in 1985. He was knighted in 1998. David Hare was born and raised – first in a flat in a semi-detached house – in St Leonards-on-Sea, Sussex, the son of Agnes Cockburn and Clifford Theodore Rippon Hare, a passenger ship's purser in the Merchant Navy; the Hare family claimed descent from the Earls of Bristol. Hare was educated at Lancing College, an independent school in Sussex, at Jesus College, Cambridge. While at Cambridge, he was the Hiring Manager on the Cambridge University Amateur Dramatic Club Committee in 1968. Hare worked with the Portable Theatre Company from 1968 to 1971, his first play, was produced in 1970, the same year in which he married his first wife, Margaret Matheson. He was Resident Dramatist at the Royal Court Theatre, from 1970 to 1971, in 1973 became resident dramatist at the Nottingham Playhouse, he co-founded the Joint Stock Theatre Company with David Aukin and Max Stafford-Clark in 1975.
Hare's play Plenty was produced at the National Theatre in 1978, followed by A Map of the World in 1983, Pravda in 1985, co-written with Howard Brenton. Hare became the Associate Director of the National Theatre in 1984, has since seen many of his plays produced, such as his trilogy of plays about major British institutions Racing Demon, Murmuring Judges, The Absence of War, he has directed many other plays aside from his own works, such as The Pleasure Principle by Snoo Wilson, Weapons of Happiness by Howard Brenton, King Lear by William Shakespeare for the National Theatre. He is the author of a collection of lectures on the arts and politics called Obedience and Revolt. Hare founded a film company called Greenpoint Films in 1982, has written screenplays such as Plenty, Wetherby and Paris by Night. In December 2011, it was announced that his monologue Wall about the Israeli West Bank barrier is being adapted as a live-action/animated documentary by the National Film Board of Canada, directed by Cam Christiansen, to be completed in 2014.
Aside from films he has written teleplays for the BBC such as Licking Hitler, Saigon: Year of the Cat. In November 2012, The New School for Drama selected Hare as temporary Artist-in-residence in which he met with student playwrights about his experience in varying mediums, his career is examined in the Reputations strand on TheatreVoice. He is well known for incisive commentary on the problems of public institutions. Raymond Williams once said, that the public services are managed by the nation's "upper servants". Hare addresses this group, providing an analysis of the workings of the institutions: he is, he has said, interested in the struggle to make procedures work better - right now - not in waiting until some revolution, sometime, comes about to raze the current system altogether, to replace it with perfection. In 1993, he donated his archive to the Harry Ransom Center at the University of Texas at Austin; the archive consists of typescript drafts, rehearsal scripts, production notes, theatre programs, resumes and published texts associated with Hare's plays, teleplays and essays, as well as foreign-language translations of Hare's works.
Additions were made in 1996 and 2014. Hare's awards include the John Llewellyn Rhys Prize, BAFTA Award, the New York Drama Critics Circle Award, the Berlin Film Festival Golden Bear, the Olivier Award, the London Theatre Critics' Award. In 1997, he was a member of the jury at the 47th Berlin International Film Festival, he was knighted in 1998. He is married to the French fashion designer Nicole Farhi. Slag The Great Exhibition Brassneck Knuckle Fanshen. Based on William H. Hinton, Fanshen: Documentary of Revolution in a Chinese Village Teeth'n' Smiles Plenty A Map of the World Pravda The Bay at Nice, Wrecked Eggs The Knife The Secret Rapture Racing Demon Murmuring Judges The Absence of War Skylight (1995.
Plenty is a 1985 drama film directed by Fred Schepisi and starring Meryl Streep. It was adapted from David Hare's play of the same name. Spanning nearly 20 years from the early 1940s to the 1960s, the plot focuses on Susan Traherne, an Englishwoman, irreparably changed by her experiences as a fighter for the French Resistance during World War II when she has a one-night stand with a British intelligence agent. After the war ends, Susan returns to England and becomes determined to make a life for herself by achieving what she wishes in the post-war world which, after her time away, she finds trivial and inadequate, while acting with complete disregard for everybody around her. In 1943 in German-occupied France during World War II, 18-year-old British courier Susan Traherne waits in the woods for a message to be dropped by parachute from a British plane. After experiencing airplane trouble, a fellow British operative named Lazar parachutes down, Susan explains how things are run at her post; when they are nearly caught by German troops, Susan's tough exterior cracks, she cries on Lazar's shoulder.
Soon after, the couple make love. Lazar leaves the next morning, without saying goodbye to Susan. However, he leaves behind his cuff-links for her as a gift which Susan carries around with her for the remainder of the film. Two years after the war ends in 1945, while travelling through Europe with Susan, a man named Tony Radley drops dead of a heart attack in a hotel lobby in Brussels. Raymond Brock from the British Embassy arrives to oversee Radley's funeral, consoles his widow, Susan. Sometime at the embassy, Susan confesses to Raymond that she and Radley were not married. After returning to London for the first time in two years and Raymond begin a relationship, he travels from his post in Belgium to visit her in England every weekend. Susan takes a job as a clerk in a small shipping firm in the East End. Susan's friend and colleague, the spunky 18-year-old Alice Park, moves in with her, they engage in a bohemian lifestyle, visiting nightclubs together. Susan is restless in her post-war life, expresses frustration with her job at the shipping office.
During the winter of 1945-1946, she quarrels with Raymond, suggests they separate for the winter. Skipping forward to 1953, Susan is now working as a member of Queen Elizabeth's coronation committee, she has moved into a larger apartment, Alice is still her roommate. One day, Susan asks one of Alice's former boyfriends and a fellow working-class lover, Mick, to father her child, he reluctantly agrees to conceive a child with her, but is discouraged that she would want to raise the baby without him. When her job in the coronation committee is done, Susan begins working in advertising, but leaves within months, finding the work unsatisfying. Over time, Mick tries to court Susan, but she refuses to consider having a real relationship with him. After 18 months of trying and failing to become pregnant, Susan ends their involvement which leads to a confrontation on New Year's Day in 1955 between her and Mick in her apartment which ends with Susan firing a gun above Mick's head to make him leave. Alice telephones Susan's former boyfriend, Raymond, to report that Susan has suffered a nervous breakdown.
He arrives to visit her in the hospital, in time and Susan get married. In a jump-forward to November 1956, Susan remains frustrated with her life despite that she is married and now living in a fancy rowhouse in the West End. Susan's unstable mental state becomes apparent to everyone, including Alice, when Susan is moody and is insulting to Raymond and their friends during a party attended by Sir Leonard Darwin, which prompts him to walk out and announce to everyone that he has resigned from his position due to Great Britain's involvement in the Suez Crisis. Skipping forward three or four years Susan and Raymond have moved to Jordan, where Raymond has been assigned a diplomatic post. Alice pays them a visit, is alarmed by Susan's subdued demeanor. Although Susan claims to be happy, Alice questions her and Raymond about their sedate lifestyle, worries how her friend could stay in Jordan for another two years; when word travels of the death of Raymond's colleague, Sir Leonard Darwin, Susan uses the excuse to return to England for the funeral, Raymond blames Alice for putting the idea in Susan's head.
Back in England, Susan insists they not return to Jordan. Sometime in 1962, Susan meets Raymond's employer, Sir Andrew Charleson, questions him about her husband's stagnant career; the meeting soon turns ugly when Susan threatens to commit suicide if Raymond does not receive a promotion within six days, which prompts Charleson to have Susan removed from the building. Charleson informs Raymond of his wife's visit and threats in which he dismisses Raymond from all of his posts and forces him into early retirement; when the distraught and sombre Raymond returns home, he finds Susan decorating the house oblivious to her actions earlier that day. Raymond insists Susan see a mental health practitioner, but she refuses and claims to have no idea what he means by that; as the couple argue, Susan slams a door in his face, Raymond is knocked unconscious. She nurses his bloodied face before leaving. Soon after, Susan rekindles her wartime love affair with Lazar, meeting him at a seaside hotel, after he had tracked her down after seeing her being interviewed on a TV program weeks earlier about her involvement in the war.