Josephine Lawrence was an American novelist and journalist. Her works chronicled the lives of common people, with stories filled with a large cast of bustling characters, emphasizing the everyday lives of children and the elderly. Lawrence was among the many authors who ghost wrote series books for the Stratemeyer Literary Syndicate of children's books, she had interviewed Edward Stratemeyer in 1917, he invited her to write for his organization. She wrote 51 such volumes between 1920 and 1935, for series including Betty Gordon, Honey Bunch and the Riddle Club. After writing for the Syndicate, she began writing her own series and stand-alone stories for children, including a radio series for children, ‘‘Man in the Moon,’’ which began broadcasting in October of 1921, was the first book of stories read to children over the radio, she wrote novels for adults, including Glenna, Head of the Family, Years Are So Long —, made into a movie Make Way for Tomorrow — If I Have Four Apples, Sound of Running Feet and Bow Down to Wood and Stone.
Her novels covered the troubles of middle class people during the depression and were both critically praised and sold well at the time they came out, but have been less well known by 21st century readers. The New York Times noted that her novels detailed "money troubles and those family problems and relationships that in the 30's were most felt." Two of her novels were Book-of-the-Month-Club selections: Years Are So Long and If I Have Four Apples. Her last published novel, Under One Roof, came out in 1975. Years Are So Long has been examined among a set of film topics from two eras in the 20th century that reflect cultural conflicts around aging and femininity that helped to reinforce elder advocacy in American social policy and legislation; the novel, described as “one of her more enduring works,” was treated to an annotated edition in 2012, A Critical Edition of Josephine Lawrence's "Years Are So Long": A Novelistic Portrayal of Adult Children with Their Elderly Parents during the American Great Depression.
In 1965, papers relating to her adult fiction were gathered in the Josephine Lawrence Collection at Boston University, in an archive containing letters, manuscripts of novels and related materials. Correspondence concerning her juvenile fiction for Stratemeyer is held in the Stratemeyer Syndicate Records at the New York Public Library. Lawrence was born in Newark, New Jersey on March 12, 1889. By 1915, she was the editor of the children's page of the Newark Sunday Call, a weekly independent newspaper, published from 1872 to 1946. By the 1920s, she was the editor of the Household Page of that paper. In 1940 she moved to Manhattan; when the Newark Sunday Call closed down, she took a job at the Newark News where she wrote book reviews as well as a column titled “Book Marks.” Lawrence died at home in New York City on February 22, 1978. Works by Josephine Lawrence at Project Gutenberg Works by or about Josephine Lawrence at Internet Archive readseries.com/joslaw
Simon & Schuster
Simon & Schuster, Inc. a subsidiary of CBS Corporation, is an American publishing company founded in New York City in 1924 by Richard Simon and Max Schuster. As of 2016, Simon & Schuster was publishing 2,000 titles annually under 35 different imprints. In 1924, Richard Simon's aunt, a crossword puzzle enthusiast, asked whether there was a book of New York World crossword puzzles, which were popular at the time. After discovering that none had been published and Max Schuster decided to launch a company to exploit the opportunity. At the time, Simon was a piano salesman and Schuster was editor of an automotive trade magazine, they pooled US$8,000, equivalent to $117 thousand today, to start a company that published crossword puzzles. The new publishing house used "fad" publishing to publish books that exploited current fads and trends. Simon called this "planned publishing". Instead of signing authors with a planned manuscript, they came up with their own ideas, hired writers to carry them out. In the 1930s, the publisher moved to what has been referred to as "Publisher's Row" on Park Avenue in Manhattan, New York.
In 1939, Simon & Schuster financially backed Robert Fair de Graff to found Pocket Books, America's first paperback publisher. In 1942, Simon & Schuster and Western Printing launched the Little Golden Books series in cooperation with the Artists and Writers Guild. In 1944, Marshall Field III, owner of the Chicago Sun, purchased Pocket Books; the company was sold back to Schuster following his death. In the 1950s and 1960s, many publishers including Simon & Schuster turned toward educational publishing due to the baby boom market. Pocket Books focused on paperbacks for the educational market instead of textbooks and started the Washington Square Press imprint in 1959. By 1964 it had published over 200 titles and was expected to put out another 400 by the end of that year. Books published under the imprint included classic reprints such as Lorna Doone, Tom Sawyer, Huckleberry Finn, Robinson Crusoe. In 1966, Max Schuster sold his half of Simon & Schuster to Leon Shimkin. Shimkin merged Simon & Schuster with Pocket Books under the name of Simon & Schuster.
In 1968, editor-in-chief Robert Gottlieb, who worked at Simon & Schuster since 1955 and edited several bestsellers including Joseph Heller's Catch-22, left abruptly to work at competitor Knopf, taking other influential S&S employees, Nina Bourne, Tony Schulte. In 1979, Richard Snyder was named CEO of the company. Over the next several years he would help grow the company substantially. After the 1983 death of Charles Bluhdorn, head of Gulf+Western who acquired Simon in Schuster in 1976, the company made the decision to diversify. Bluhdorn's successor Martin Davis told The New York Times, "Society was undergoing dramatic changes, so that there was a greater need for textbooks and educational information. We saw the opportunity to diversify into those areas, which are more stable and more profitable than trade publishing."In 1984, Simon & Schuster with CEO Richard E. Snyder acquired Esquire Corporation, buying everything but the magazine for $180 million. Prentice Hall was brought into the company fold in 1985 for over $700 million and was viewed by some executives to be a catalyst for change for the company as a whole.
This acquisition was followed by Silver Burdett in 1986, mapmaker Gousha in 1987 and Charles E. Simon in 1988. Part of the acquisition included educational publisher Allyn & Bacon which, according to editor and chief Michael Korda, became the "nucleus of S&S's educational and informational business." Three California educational companies were purchased between 1988 and 1990—Quercus, Fearon Education and Janus Book Publishers. In all, Simon & Schuster spent more than $1 billion in acquisitions between 1983 and 1991. In the 1980s, Snyder made an unsuccessful bid toward video publishing, believed to have led to the company's success in the audio book business. Snyder was dismayed to realize that Simon & Schuster did not own the video rights to Jane Fonda's Workout Book, a huge bestseller at the time, that the video company producing the VHS was making more money on the video; this prompted Snyder to ask editors to obtain video rights for every new book. Agents were reluctant to give these up—which meant the S&S Video division never took off.
According to Korda, the audio rights expanded into the audio division which by the 1990s would be a major business for Simon & Schuster. In 1989, Gulf and Western Inc. owner of Simon & Schuster, changed its name to Paramount Communications Inc. In 1990, The New York Times described Simon & Schuster as the largest book publisher in the United States with sales of $1.3 billion the previous year. That same year, Schuster acquired the children's publisher Green Tiger Press. In 1994, was fired from S&S and was replaced by the company's president and chief operating officer Jonathan Newcomb; that year, Paramount was sold to Viacom. In 1998, Viacom sold Simon & Schuster's educational operations, including Prentice Hall and Macmillan, to Pearson PLC, the global publisher and owner of Penguin and the Financial Times; the professional and reference operations were sold to Hicks Muse Furst. In 2002, Simon & Schuster acquired its Canadian distributor Distican. Simon & Schuster began publishing in Canada in 2013.
At the end of 2005, Viacom split into two companies: CBS Corporation, the other retaining the Viacom name. In 2005, Simon & Schuster acquired Strebor Books International, founded in 1999 by author Kristina Laferne Roberts, who has written under the pseudonym "Zane." A year in 2006, Simon & Schuster launched the conservative imprint Threshold Editions. In 2009, Simon & Schuster
Howard R. Garis
Howard Roger Garis was an American author, best known for a series of books that featured the character of Uncle Wiggily Longears, an engaging elderly rabbit. Many of his books were illustrated by Lansing Campbell. Garis and his wife, Lilian Garis, were the most prolific children's authors of the early 20th century. Garis was born in New York, he and his spouse Lilian Garis both worked as reporters for the Newark Evening News. He did some work on the side for WNJR in Newark; the first Uncle Wiggily story appeared January 1910, in the Newark News. For four decades the newspaper published an Uncle Wiggily story by Garis every day except Sunday, the series was nationally syndicated. By the time Garis retired from the newspaper in 1947, he had written more than 15,000 Uncle Wiggily stories. By virtue of his accessible characters and engaging plots, Garis was one of the most influential children's authors of his day. Many of his books the Uncle Wiggily books, are still read and are available over the internet.
Milton Bradley produced an Uncle Wiggily board game in 1916, again in 1967, again in 1988. The game remained popular until the 1970s. Garis wrote many books for the Stratemeyer Syndicate under various pseudonyms; as Victor Appleton, he wrote about the enterprising Tom Swift. The couple's children wrote for Stratemeyer. After Edward Stratemeyer's death in May 1930, his two daughters, Harriet Stratemeyer Adams and Edna C. Squier, ran the company, with the result that Garis stopped writing for the Syndicate in 1933 after several disagreements. Garis moved to Amherst, Massachusetts in 1950, died there in 1962. Garis' son, Roger Garis, penned a biography of the writing Garis family My Father Was Uncle Wiggily, as well as writing several books under his own name and pseudonyms, including a four-volume series of children's adventures/mysteries for A. L. Burt, his daughter, Cleo F. wrote a three-volume series of children's mysteries, published by A. L. Burt, his granddaughter, Leslie Garis, wrote a more revealing Garis family memoir, The House of Happy Endings.
With Force and Arms, J. S. Ogilvie Publishing Company, 1902 The King of Unadilla, J. S. Ogilvie Publishing Company, 1903 The White Crystals, Little and Company, 1904 Isle of Black Fire, J. B. Lippincott Company, 1904 Tam of the Fire Cave, D. Appleton and Company, 1927 Tuftoo the Clown, D. Appleton and Company, 1928 Chad of Knob Hill, Little and Company, 1929 Written under Howard R. Garis, published by Bradley Mystery Boys in Ghost Canyon, 1930 Mystery Boys at Round Lake, 1931Written under the pen name Van Powell, first published by A. L. Burt The Mystery Boys and the Inca Gold, 1931 The Mystery Boys and Captain Kidd's Message, 1931 The Mystery Boys and the Secret of the Golden Sun, 1931 The Mystery Boys and the Chinese Jewels, 1931 The Mystery Boys and the Hindu Treasure, 1931 Daddy Takes Us Camping, 1914 Daddy Takes Us Fishing, 1914 Daddy Takes Us to the Circus, 1914 Daddy Takes Us Skating, 1914 Daddy Takes Us Coasting, 1914 Daddy Takes Us to the Farm, 1918 Daddy Takes Us to the Garden, 1914 Daddy Takes Us Hunting Flowers, 1915 Daddy Takes Us Hunting Birds, 1916 Daddy Takes Us to the Woods, 1917 Written under the pen name Lester Chadwick Baseball Joe of the Silver Stars Baseball Joe on the School Nine Baseball Joe at Yale Baseball Joe in the Central League Baseball Joe in the Big League Baseball Joe on the Giants Baseball Joe in the World Series Baseball Joe Around the World Baseball Joe: Home Run King Baseball Joe Saving the League Baseball Joe Captain of the Team Baseball Joe Champion of the League Baseball Joe Club Owner Baseball Joe Pitching Wizard Originally released as Two Wild Cherries.
Volumes 1 through 6 issued by Dunlap. Volumes 6 and 7 issued by Garden City Publishing Volume 1 through 6 retitled and issued by George Sully as the Young Reporter Series circa 1918; the Young Reporter at the Big Flood The Young Reporter and the Land Swindlers The Young Reporter and the Missing Millionaire The Young Reporter and the Bank Mystery The Young Reporter and the Stolen Boy The Young Reporter at the Battle Front as Howard R. Garis. Published by Graham & Matlack, New York. Compilations of stories
The Secret at Shadow Ranch
The Secret at Shadow Ranch is the fifth volume in the Nancy Drew Mystery Stories series. It was first published in 1931 under the pseudonym Carolyn Keene, was ghostwritten by Mildred Wirt Benson; this book, as of 2001, ranks 50 on the list of All-Time Bestselling Children's Books, according to Publishers Weekly, with 2,347,750 sales since 1931. In this book, you are introduced to Nancy's best friends, Elizabeth "Bess" Marvin and George Fayne, complete opposites. George is a brave, sporty tomboy, while Bess is a girly, scaredycat. One of Bess and George's cousins, Alice Regor, travel with Nancy to their Aunt and Uncle's ranch in Arizona where the cousins' aunt attempts to keep up a ranch she received as payment of a debt. Nancy reunites Alice with her long-lost artist father, suffering from amnesia, she uncovers the mystery behind why an old mountain woman is guardian of a beautiful young girl, all the while enjoying mountain life, including horseback riding, a flash flood, being lost in the mountains overnight, a dangerous mountain lion.
Nancy travels with George to Shadow Ranch, near Phoenix, Arizona. The ranch is in danger of being shut down, is threatened by a phantom horse that seems to bring destruction with it each time it appears; the girls soon become friends with the young ranch hands. The discovery of a pocket watch with a hidden message about a green bottle and a pastel painting are her clues to find the lost treasure of Dirk Valentine; these clues lead her to an ancient Indian dwelling, a prisoner, a chest of gold hearts, a gang of thieves, a lot of danger. The revised book had the title changed to "of" instead of "at," and doesn't expand the biographies of the cousins significantly. Whereas the ranch is depicted as somewhat slow, a young doctor is interested in Nancy, the revision sees them involved in resort-town activities with men near their age. Russell H. Tandy illustrated the original dust jacket and internal illustrations, the frontispiece. In 1950, Bill Gillies revised the cover art; the art was revised for the new story in 1965, this time by Rudy Nappi, featuring the phantom horse.
Though Ned Nickerson is mentioned in passing in this book as being in Europe, Nancy doesn't meet Ned until two books The Clue in the Diary, #7. The mistake was made. In the revised text, Nancy is said to be knitting a sweater for Ned, identified as her boyfriend, in the first chapter. George references Ned again in the final chapter. Since Nancy has not yet met Ned in the series, this error was corrected in subsequent printings in the first chapter substituting Ned with her father, Carson Drew; the last chapter still mentioned Ned as the one. Many printings George's remark in the last chapter was changed from "Ned" to "your dad" when she mentions the sweater Nancy is knitting. However, Ned is still mentioned in this book as being in Europe, but the reader isn't given any explanation about who Ned is since the opening and closing chapters no longer mention his name. Sometime in early 2011, interactive entertainment developer, Her Interactive, released an app called Shadow Ranch under their new subseries of Nancy Drew games entitled Mobile Mysteries.
Shadow Ranch is a story-based gamebook app with the book aspect of it being the actual text of the Shadow Ranch novel and the game aspect of it has minigames within the story and shows the voices and screenshots of characters and locations from the actual The Secret of Shadow Ranch. Shadow Ranch is available only for the iPad, iPhone, iPod Touch, priced at $4.99 for the iPad and $1.99 for the iPhone and iPod Touch
Walter Karig was a prolific author, who served as a US naval captain. Karig wrote a number of works on Allied naval operations during World War II, he wrote scripts for the television series Victory at Sea. Besides his works on naval history, Karig was a novelist, publishing under his own name, a journalist. Walter Karig was born in New York, New York on 13 November 1898, he was the son of Elsie Karig. He received his early education in schools of New York City, studied art at the New York School of Fine Arts and Ecole Julien in Paris, France. For the Stratemeyer Syndicate, Karig wrote volumes in the Perry Pierce series, Doris Force series, Nancy Drew series. Karig did not seem to enjoy writing with the trio formula used by regular series ghostwriters, he brought back the chum Helen Corning from the earliest Nancy Drew books and featured her prolifically, while diminishing the roles of George Fayne and Bess Marvin. While one of the volumes features a detailed account of college football, his contributions to the series place a large emphasis on Nancy choosing clothing and describing articles she owns or purchases.
Karig revealed to catalogers at the Library of Congress he authored three Nancy Drew volumes, numbers 8, 9, 10, under the pseudonym of Carolyn Keene. This admission angered the series' "packager", the Stratemeyer Syndicate, who hid their ghostwriters behind syndicate-owned pen names; the publisher had no desire to reveal the true authorship of volumes in the various series. Stratemeyer's attorney threatened legal action against Karig for claiming authorship. Karig never again worked for the Stratemeyer Syndicate. Karig wrote detective fiction under the name Keats Partick. Among Karig's many novels is Zotz!, a satirical story dealing with an archaeologist and linguist, Dr. John Jones. After deciphering an inscription on an ancient disk, Jones is imbued with deadly powers: Jones can point at an animal or human and they faint. If he utters the word "Zotz" while pointing his finger, the person or animal will die; because the novel is set during World War II, there is a patriotic flavor to it. Much of the plot revolves around Jones' efforts to obtain an appointment to see President Franklin Roosevelt, with the hope that he can convince the President that the Allies can use his supernatural abilities to help the war effort.
Karig wrote himself into the novel as a beleaguered naval officer working at a US Navy public information office, where dozens of people paraded by his desk daily trying to obtain appointments to meet with the "highest authority" in the United States government. Although Karig's novel is set the present, he manages to point out that humans have not changed much in millennia. Technology may have improved, thus Karig manages to blend a satire on wartime Washington D. C. bureaucracy with ethical questions related to the advent of the nuclear war. The novel's name was inspired by Karig's meeting with a member of the Zotz family: Some years back I met a man whose last name was Zotz; the strange name was from Bavaria where his ancestors came from. After hearing this name, it seemed a magic spell had been cast. I felt "Zotz!" Possesses magic power, thus the title of my novel was born. The meaning of this strange name was a mystery the bearer could not solve. I tried to find more information on this. One noted family of the name was from Peoria, one member of which, Alois Zotz, went on to found the "Deutsche Zeitung" Newspaper in America.
When I learned that "Zotz" was the name of a Mayan bat god, I thought the proposed title of the book was perfect. After Karig's death, director William Castle released a film version of Zotz! in 1962. The cast includes actors Tom Poston, Jim Backus, Margaret Dumont, Cecil Kellaway, Louis Nye; the film becomes a vehicle for clever special effects. Walter Karig died in Bethesda, Maryland, on 30 September 1956. Battle Report - Pearl Harbor to Coral Sea Battle Report - The Atlantic War Battle Report - Pacific War: Middle Phase Battle Report - The End of an Empire Battle Report - Victory in the Pacific Battle Report - The war in Korea Nancy's Mysterious Letter The Sign of the Twisted Candles The Password to Larkspur Lane Doris Force at Raven Rock Doris Force at Barry Manor Who Opened the Safe? Who Hid the Key? Who Took the Papers? Asia's Good Neighbor War in the Atomic Age? The Fortunate Islands: A Pacific Interlude Battle Submerged: Submarine Fighters of World War II in collaboration with Rear Admiral Harley Cope USN.
Death is a Tory The Pool of Death Lower Than Angels Zotz! Caroline Hicks Neely Don't Tread On Me Nancy's Mysterious Letter Walter Karig on IMDb U. S. Navy History and Heritage Command page on Walter Karig Page on Nancy Drew series and Karig's involvement in writing for the series Photograph of Walter Karig at the Truman Presidential Library Page describing Library of Congress catalogers' confusion over authorship of Nancy Drew novels and Walter Karig's involvement Review of Lower Than Angels book at Kirkus Review Review of Zotz! movie at the New York Times Listing in Worldcat.org of Karig's books and links to libraries that have copies of them Walter Karig at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database Walter Karig Arlington National Cemetery
The Rover Boys, or The Rover Boys Series for Young Americans, was a popular juvenile series authored by Arthur M. Winfield, a pseudonym for Edward Stratemeyer, published by Stratemeyer Syndicate. Thirty titles were published between 1899 and 1926 and the books remained in print for years afterward; the original Rover Boys were brothers Tom and Dick Rover. Their children became the main characters of the "second series" that began with Volume 21, The Rover Boys at Colby Hall, published in 1917; the elder Rovers continued making appearances in the second series. Additionally, there was a related Putnam Hall series of six books that featured other characters from the first Rovers series although the Rovers themselves do not appear; the Rovers were students at a military boarding school: adventurous, prank-playing and unchaperoned adolescents who were causing mischief for authorities as well as criminals. The series incorporated novel technology of the era, such as the automobile and news events, such as World War I.
While there are better-known and longer-running juvenile series such as The Hardy Boys, Nancy Drew, Tom Swift, the Rovers were successful and influential. They established the template for all Stratemeyer Syndicate series, it was Stratemeyer's first series, one of his favorites. Stratemeyer did all of the writing himself, rather than hiring ghostwriters; the Rover Boys were parodied in a 1942 Warner Brothers Merrie Melodies cartoon as The Dover Boys, subtitled "The Rivals of Roquefort Hall". The cartoon was directed by Chuck Jones; the characters from this Rovers parody would appear in an Animaniacs episode and in the 1996 movie Space Jam. In the 1950s a vocal group named after the Rover Boys had a Top 20 single with the school-themed "Graduation Day". In the 1955 MGM musical It's Always Fair Weather, there are two references to The Rover Boys; the first is in the beginning of the movie when a bartender exclaims, "Well if it isn't the Rover Boys" as the three main characters walk into his bar. The second is toward the end of the movie.
While trying to evade thugs, the character played by Gene Kelly borrows a jacket which has "The Rover Boys" embroidered on the back. The Rover Boys books were mentioned in the supernatural soap opera Dark Shadows where the governess Victoria Winters was searching for the books in the basement of the old mansion for her charge David Collins. More than a million Rover Boys books were sold, the titles remained in print by Grosset & Dunlap and Whitman for years after the final title was published; the most encountered are the green and brown cover editions published by Grosset & Dunlap during the 1910s and 1920s. The names Tom and Dick Rover are mentioned by Scout in Harper Lee's novel To Kill a Mockingbird in reference to a game of pretend in which Dill and Scout all had good parts; the 18th episode of the first season of The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet is titled "Rover Boys" and features a narrative driven by a disagreement between Ozzie and his neighbor Thorny concerning the plot of a Rover Boys story.
In the eighth season of the Andy Griffith Show, in an episode titled "The Tape Recorder," the bank robber character Eddie Blake complains that his luck was he had to run into the "Rover Boys" when Opie and Arnold ask him to confess of his crime because they secretly recorded him in his cell reveal the location of the stolen money. In an episode of I Spy called "Carry Me Back To Old Tsing-Tao," Scotty referred to the three money-hungry sons-in-law of an aged Chinese criminal mastermind as "The Rover Boys" by saying, "... Now can the Rover Boys be far behind?" Some of these books are available for download free at Project Gutenberg. The Rover Boys public domain audiobook at LibriVox
Ted Scott Flying Stories
The Ted Scott Flying Stories was a series of juvenile aviation adventures created by the Stratemeyer Syndicate using the pseudonym of Franklin W. Dixon and published exclusively by Grosset & Dunlap; the novels were produced between 1927 and 1943. The principal author was John W. Duffield, who contributed to the Don Sturdy and Bomba the Jungle Boy series; as "Richard H. Stone" he launched a second Stratemeyer aviation series, the Slim Tyler Air stories. Duffield was a conscientious student of aeronautical technology, long passages in the Ted Scott books can be traced to such sources as Aviation, the New York Times, Aero Digest, Science; the series featured Ted Scott, a public aviation hero rather than an amateur aviator. In the first book in the series, Over the Ocean to Paris published in 1927, Ted Scott achieved fame for being the first pilot to fly over the Atlantic Ocean to Paris, a feat first accomplished in the real world by Charles Lindbergh in May of that year. One book from the Ted Scott series appears to be the first Stratemeyer Syndicate book to be reprinted in a foreign country and language, in the first half of the 1930s.
Cover and interior art are different from the D editions. Over the Ocean to Paris First Stop Honolulu Rescued in the Clouds Over the Rockies with the Air Mail The Search for the Lost Flyers South of the Rio Grande Across the Pacific The Lone Eagle of the Border Flying Against Time Over The Jungle Trails Lost at the South Pole Through the Air to Alaska Flying to the Rescue Danger Trails of the Sky Following the Sun Shadow Battling the Wind Brushing the Mountain Top Castaways of the Stratosphere Hunting the Sky Spies The Pursuit Patrol Hunting the Sky Spies The Pursuit Patrol Across the Pacific at Faded Page