click links in text for more info

Stratford, Connecticut

Stratford is a town in Fairfield County, United States. It is situated on Long Island Sound along Connecticut's "Gold Coast" at the mouth of the Housatonic River. Stratford is in the Bridgeport–Stamford–Norwalk Metropolitan Statistical Area, it was founded by Puritans in 1639. The population was 51,384 as of the 2010 census, it is bordered on the west by Bridgeport, to the north by Trumbull and Shelton, on the east by Milford. Stratford has a historical legacy in aviation, the military, theater. Stratford was founded in 1639 by Puritan leader Reverend Adam Blakeman, William Beardsley, either 16 families or 35 families who had arrived in Connecticut from England seeking religious freedom. In 1639 the General Court in Hartford made reference to the town as the "new plantation at Pequannock". In 1640 the community was known as Cupheag, a Native American Paugussett word meaning "at the enclosed place" or "place of shelter". By April 13, 1643, the growing town was known as Stratford, changed to honor William Shakespeare's birthplace of Stratford-upon-Avon in England.

Stratford is one of many towns in the northeastern American colonies founded as part of the Great Migration in the 1630s when Puritan families fled an polarized England in the decade before the civil war between Charles I and Parliament. Some of the Stratford settlers were from families who had first moved from England to the Netherlands to seek religious freedom, like their predecessors on the Mayflower, decided to come to the New World when their children began to adopt the Dutch culture and language. Like other Puritan or Pilgrim towns founded during this time, early Stratford was a place where church leadership and town leadership were united under the pastor of the church, in this case Reverend Blakeman; the goal of these communities was to create perfect outposts of religious idealism where the wilderness would separate them from the interference of kings, parliaments, or any other secular authority. Blakeman ruled Stratford until his death in 1665, but as the second generation of Stratford grew up, many of the children rejected what they perceived as the exceptional austerity of the town's founders.

This and generations sought to change the religious dictums of their elders, the utopian nature of Stratford and similar communities was replaced with more standard colonial administration. By the late 17th century, the Connecticut government had assumed political control over Stratford. Many descendants of the original founding Puritan families remain in Stratford today after over 350 years. Despite its Puritan origins, Stratford was the site of the first Anglican church in Connecticut, founded in 1707 and ministered by the Rev. Dr. Samuel Johnson. Settlers from Stratford went on to found other American cities and towns, including Newark, New Jersey, established in 1666 by members of the Stratford founding families who believed the town's religious purity had been compromised by the changes after Blakeman's death. Other towns such as Cambria, New York were founded or expanded around new churches by Stratford descendants taking part in the westward migration. U. S. President Gerald Ford was a descendant of one of the Stratford founding families, led by William Judson.

Stratford was one of the two principal settlements in southwestern Connecticut, the other being Fairfield. Over time it gave rise to several new towns that incorporated separately; the following towns were created from parts of Stratford: Shelton in 1789. In 1789 Ripton Parish became the Town of Huntington. Monroe created from Huntington in 1823Nichols Long Hill, North Stratford separated from Stratford and became the town of Trumbull in 1797Bridgeport in 1821 According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 19.9 square miles, of which 17.6 square miles is land and 2.3 square miles, or 11.52%, is water. Stratford has a minimum elevation of zero feet above sea level along its coastline, with a maximum altitude of 295 feet near its northern border, an average elevation of 23 feet; the town contains all in the Housatonic River. These are Carting Island, Long Island, Peacock Island, Pope's Flat north of Interstate 95, as well as Goose Island. None of these islands are habitable because of their low elevations.

A sixth island known as Brinsmade Island washed away prior to 1964. Long Beach – Approximately 1.5 miles long, the eastern end of the beach is open to the public and has parking and lifeguards. The central part of the beach is a nature preserve whose land is set aside for wildlife nesting seabirds, such as kestrels and ospreys; the western end of the beach was once the site of about 40 cottages, which were abandoned because of the town's discontinuation of the lease to the land. The cottages were demolished in fall 2010. Russian Beach – Located between Long and Short beaches, Russian Beach has parking and the Point-No-Point walkway. Fishing is allowed. Short Beach – Short Beach Park is 30 acres in size and sits at the mouth of the Housatonic River, it has three picnic pavilions, basketball courts, tennis courts, volleyball courts, a handicapped-accessible playground, a skateboard park, a lighted softball field, a soccer field, two baseball fields and a lacrosse field. The beac

Cumberland (disambiguation)

Cumberland is one of the historic counties of England. Cumberland may refer to: Cumberland River Cumberland, Queensland, a ghost town west of Georgetown Cumberland County, New South Wales, containing most of the Sydney metropolitan area Cumberland Council, New South Wales Cumberland Islands Cumberland Park, South Australia, a suburb south of Adelaide Cumberland, Alberta, a neighbourhood Cumberland Federal electoral district Cumberland Cumberland Cumberland Cumberland, British Columbia Cumberland, three locations within the Canadian province of Ontario Cumberland County, Nova Scotia Cumberland House, Saskatchewan The Cumberland Mine in Nova Scotia Cumberland Sound, an inlet into Baffin Island Cumberland Bay Cumberland, one of the ancient divisions of the county of Cumberland Cumberland, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Cumberland, Georgia, an edge city, business district, neighborhood Cumberland, Indiana Cumberland, Iowa Cumberland, Kentucky Cumberland, Maine Cumberland, Maryland Cumberland, New Jersey Cumberland, Ohio Cumberland, Oklahoma Cumberland, Rhode Island Cumberland, Virginia Cumberland, Washington Cumberland, Wisconsin, a city Cumberland, Barron County, Wisconsin, a town Cumberland Township, Adams County, Pennsylvania Cumberland Township, Greene County, Pennsylvania Cumberland Bone Cave, a fossil-filled cave, Wills Mountain, Allegany County, Maryland Cumberland Center, Maine Cumberland City, Tennessee Cumberland County, in the United States, in Canada, in Australia.

Cumberland Gap, a pass through the Appalachian Mountains Cumberland Gap, Tennessee, a geographical feature and a town Cumberland Head, New York Cumberland Hill, Rhode Island Cumberland Island, in Eastern Georgia, a geographical feature and a town The Cumberland Mountains in Tennessee and Kentucky Cumberland Narrows in Maryland The Cumberland Plateau in Tennessee and Kentucky The Cumberland River in Tennessee and Kentucky Cumberland Falls Lake Cumberland, an artificial lake on the Cumberland River Cumberland Road, a historical road called the Great National Pike and the National Road, the first United States federal highway Cumberland Valley, in Pennsylvania and Maryland Cumberland Valley AVA, wine region Cumberland Duke of Cumberland, a former and suspended peerage of England, Great Britain and the United Kingdom Earl of Cumberland, a former peerage of England Cumberland a defunct chain of pharmacies located in Quebec and eastern Ontario Cumberland Farms a chain of convenience stores found in the northeastern United States Cumberland Records, a record label Cumberland sauce, a fruit-based sauce Cumberland sausage, a traditional sausage recipe in Britain Cumberland Infirmary, a hospital in Carlisle West Cumberland Hospital, a hospital in Whitehaven Cumberland School of Law, in Birmingham, Alabama Cumberland University, in Lebanon, Tennessee University of the Cumberlands in Williamsburg, Kentucky Cumberland, former East Indiaman that became the Chilean navy ship San Martín, beached off 1821.

HMS Cumberland, ships in the Royal Navy USS Cumberland, various ships in the United States Navy Cumberland, a team in the inaugural New South Wales Rugby League competition Cumberland United, an Association Football club in Adelaide, Australia Cumberland station, stations of the name 1964 Cumberland B-52 crash, an accident involving a nuclear bomber Army of the Cumberland, part of the Union Army in the American Civil War Cumberland Building Society, a building society Cumberland Presbyterian Church, a Presbyterian denomination in Protestant Christianity


WGAG-FM was a high school radio station at Oak Ridge High School in Orlando, Florida. The station operated on 89.3 MHz between 1977 and 1981. On September 29, 1975, Oak Ridge applied for a construction permit for a new 10-watt noncommercial radio station to serve Orlando; the application, backed by faculty adviser and station manager Jack Howard, was approved in October 1976. WGAG-FM "FM 89" known as "Green and Gold Radio" for the school's colors, began regular programming on November 3, 1977, its regular programming included rock, beautiful music and easy listening programs, along with military-sponsored programs and political commentaries by the school's student body president as well as local and school news. Broadcasting from 6:30 a.m. to 6:30 p.m. its broadcast day was extended to 9 p.m. by 1979. WGAG-FM operated with an array of equipment donated by seven local radio and television stations, as well as donated records and lumber for construction, its transmitter had been manufactured in 1947, the age of the donated equipment presented issues at times for staff.

The station, operated by the school's radio club, ran on a shoestring budget: $200 a year, brought in by selling doughnuts and clearing lawns. Oak Ridge's radio station, however found an insurmountable obstacle: a major change in Federal Communications Commission regulations relating to Class D 10-watt radio stations. In 1978, the FCC announced it would cease licensing new Class D stations and encouraged as many as possible to upgrade to "full-service" Class A operation, with an effective radiated power of at least 100 watts; the power increase was a financial impossibility for Oak Ridge High School, resulting in the closure of WGAG-FM in 1981 and the school instead pursuing the idea of creating a television production studio to be operated by students. FCC History Cards for WGAG

Edith O'Shaughnessy

Edith O'Shaughnessy was a journalist, film screenwriter and, as the wife of United States Chargé de Affairs in Mexico, Nelson O'Shaughnessy, during the early years of the Mexican Revolution she was both a witness and a participant in Mexican political affairs during the presidency of Francisco I. Madero and Victoriano Huerta, she was born Edith Louise Coues on January 31, 1876 in South Carolina. Her parents were from an upper-class Roman Catholic family, she was tutored before being sent to a convent school in Maryland. After a convent education she was sent to Europe both for the experience, in the hope of finding a suitable husband, she married Oxford-educated diplomat and lawyer Nelson O’Shaughnessy in 1901. From 1901 to 1915, Edith O’Shaughnessy was a diplomatic wife, serving her country as a proper diplomatic hostess in Copenhagen, Berlin, St. Petersburg, Bucharest and Rio de Janeiro, her fame as a writer rests on her experiences in Mexico City during the Madero and Huerta Presidencies. During Nelson O'Shaughnessy's diplomatic service in Mexico.

Edith wrote A Diplomat's Wife in Diplomatic Days. Both consist of a series of letters written to the author's mother. Diplomatic Days covers the fall of the long regime headed by Porfirio Diaz and the revolution which brought the "democratic" government of Francisco Madero to power. A Diplomat's Wife in Mexico covers events in 1913 and 1914, when Madero was overthrown in a violent coup by Victoriano Huerta on February 13, 1913 and murdered by the new regime. In A Diplomat's Wife, O’Shaughnessy has no illusions about Huerta's alcoholism and bloody-mindedness, sometimes displaying a condescending attitude based on the racial background of the indigenous Huerta. However, she defends him as "a iron-fisted leader, doing his best to control an unruly populace." A third book, Intimate Pages of Mexican History, a "Social Life in Mexico City Since the Brief and Tragic Glory of Maximilian and Carlota" was published in 1920. Because of their too close personal relationship with Huerta, the O'Shaughnessys fled Mexico City with the fall of the dictator in July 1914.

Nelson O'Shaughnessy was posted to several embassies in Europe, providing Edith with material for travel books on northern France. She wrote a biography of Marie Adelaide, the Grand Duchess of Luxembourg, a novel, Viennese Medley, based on her screenplay The Greater Glory which tells the story of former aristocrats at loose ends in Vienna after the end of the First World War and the dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. O'Shaughnessy contributed articles to many periodicals, including Harper's Magazine and Review of Reviews, she died on February 1939 in New York City. Works by Edith O'Shaughnessy at Project Gutenberg Works by or about Edith O'Shaughnessy at Internet Archive

1982 Trans America Athletic Conference Baseball Tournament

The 1982 Trans America Athletic Conference Baseball Tournament was held at Luther Williams Field on the campus of Mercer University in Macon, Georgia from April 29 through May 1. This was the fourth tournament championship held by the Trans America Athletic Conference, in its fourth year of existence. Hardin–Simmons won their first tournament championship and advanced to the 1982 NCAA Division I Baseball Tournament; the TAAC brought the two division winners and second place team from each division to the tournament. Each division winner played the opposite division runner up in the first round in the four team double elimination tournament. Hardin-Simmons and Northeast Louisiana claimed the West's first and second seeds by tiebreaker; the following players were named to the All-Tournament Team. No MVP was named until 1985

Wesley Batista

Wesley Batista is a Brazilian billionaire businessman, founder of JBS S. A.. Batista was the president of the JBS group and was responsible for the implementation of JBS operations in the US since the acquisition of Swift in 2007. Wesley Batista and his brother Joesley Batista were listed in 2016 among the top 70 billionaires of Brazil by Forbes magazine. In July 2016, Wesley Batista became a suspect in the investigations of Operation Car Wash; the Brazilian Federal Police charged him with alleged bribes made by his company, JBS S. A. to former president of the Brazilian parliament Eduardo Cunha, intended to help JBS free up resources from the Fundo de Investimento do Fundo de Garantia do Tempo de Serviço. On May 17, 2017, the Batista brothers admitted to the Brazilian Federal Police that they had bribed several Brazilian officers and politicians over the previous 12 years; as a result of these bribes, he and his company JBS obtained funding from the BNDES of over R$10 billion at below market rates, used the funds to bribe politicians.

In return for their cooperation, the Brazilian Federal Police set Batista, his brother and other directors of JBS S. A. free of with a fine of R$225 million. Prior to the release of the recordings and his brother Joesley Batista sold several shares of JBS S. A. and bought over USD 1 billion. The release of the recordings caused a sharp drop in the stock price of JBS S. A. in the value in the Brazilian Real. The Brazilian Securities Commission is investigating the Batista brothers for insider trading. Batista decided to move to the US. Batista is married, with three children, lives in Sao Paulo, Brazil