Strathclyde was one of nine former local government regions of Scotland created by the Local Government Act 1973 and abolished in 1996 by the Local Government etc. Act 1994; the Strathclyde region had 19 districts. The area was on the west coast of Scotland and stretched from the Highlands in the north to the Southern Uplands in the south; as a local government region, its population, in excess of 2.5 million, was the largest of the regions. The Region was responsible for education; the regional administrative headquarters was in the City of Glasgow and politics were by and large dominated by the Labour Party. The first regional council convener was the Reverend Geoff Shaw, who died in 1978, it was due to his leadership that the Region forged its innovative strategy on multiple deprivation, which remained its central commitment to the end of the Region's life through "Social Strategy for the Eighties" and "SS for the 90s". Until April 2013, the area was used as a police force area, covered by Strathclyde Police and a fire service area, covered by Strathclyde Fire and Rescue Service.
Both have now been replaced by single services. The name is still in use as a transport area, covered by Strathclyde Partnership for Transport; the area covered by SPT however is smaller than the region, as most of Argyll and Bute lies outside its remit. The region was formed from the county of the City of Glasgow, the counties of Ayr, Dunbarton and Renfrew, parts of the counties of Argyll, the county of Stirling. Since 1996 the area of the region has been divided between 12 council areas: Argyll and Bute, East Ayrshire, East Dunbartonshire, East Renfrewshire, Glasgow City, North Ayrshire, North Lanarkshire, South Ayrshire, South Lanarkshire, West Dunbartonshire, all created to be within the area of the region. Except for Argyll and Bute and the City of Glasgow, the 19 districts were grouped to form'sub-regions' or'divisions', each named after a historic county; the Argyll and Bute district and the City of Glasgow district were sub-regions in their own right, Argyll and Bute was named after two counties.
The region was named after the ancient Brythonic Damnonii Kingdom of Strathclyde. The kingdom broadly covered the northern end of the region, except an area now covered by the Scottish Argyll and Bute council area and the Isle of Arran, now within the Scottish North Ayrshire council area, plus the Scottish Dumfries and Galloway council area and part of the English county of Cumbria. University of Strathclyde, in Glasgow
Strathclyde Fire and Rescue Service
Strathclyde Fire & Rescue was, between 1975 and 2013, the statutory fire and rescue service for the area of Strathclyde, Scotland. It was the largest fire and rescue service in Scotland, one of the largest in Europe, its territory ranged from the densely populated Glasgow to remote rural and island communities. It was amalgamated into the single Scottish Fire and Rescue Service in April 2013. Strathclyde Fire Brigade was formed in 1975 when control of fire services was passed from local authorities to the new Strathclyde Regional Council; when Strathclyde Regional Council was abolished in 1996 the twelve new unitary authorities that replaced it agreed to keep the fire service as it was. In 2005, the name was changed to Strathclyde Fire & Rescue to reflect the change in the operations that the modern fire and rescue service undertook; that year a book called "Everyday Heroes" was launched detailing the work of Strathclyde Fire & Rescue over the past 30 years. Strathclyde Fire & Rescue, along with the other seven fire and rescue services across Scotland, was amalgamated into a single, new Scottish Fire and Rescue Service on 1 April 2013.
This replaced the previous system of eight regional fire and rescue services across Scotland which had existed since 1975. The Scottish Fire and Rescue Service has its headquarters in Perth. Strathclyde Fire & Rescue had over 200 Appliances which includes Rescue Pumps, Aerial Rescue Pumps, Heavy Rescue Vehicle, Technical Support Unit, Major Incident Units and Water Rescue Units; the Volunteer Stations had Volunteer Support Units. The service operated 111 fire stations; the following eight regional fire and rescue services were merged on 1 April 2013, creating the Scottish Fire and Rescue Service: Central Scotland Fire and Rescue Service Dumfries and Galloway Fire and Rescue Service Fife Fire and Rescue Service Grampian Fire and Rescue Service Highlands and Islands Fire and Rescue Service Lothian and Borders Fire and Rescue Service Strathclyde Fire and Rescue Service Tayside Fire and Rescue ServiceThe same boundaries were used for the eight territorial police forces, which were amalgamated into Police Scotland on 1 April 2013.
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Strathclyde Partnership for Transport
The Strathclyde Partnership for Transport is a passenger transport executive responsible for planning and coordinating regional transport the public transport system, in the Strathclyde area of western Scotland. This includes responsibility for operating the third oldest in the world; the principal predecessor to SPT was the Greater Glasgow Passenger Transport Executive set up in 1972 to take over the Glasgow Corporation's public transport functions and to co-ordinate public transport in the Clyde Valley. In the 1980s it was replaced by the Strathclyde Passenger Transport Executive, under the overall direction of Strathclyde Regional Council. Section 40 of the Local Government etc. Act 1994 created a new statutory corporation, the Strathclyde Passenger Transport Authority, which took over "all of the functions, property, rights and obligations of Strathclyde Regional Council as Passenger Transport Authority" on 1 April 1996; the Executive was reincorporated as a body consisting of councillors drawn from the 12 Council Areas which succeeded Strathclyde Region:- Argyll and Bute West Dunbartonshire East Dunbartonshire North Lanarkshire South Lanarkshire City of Glasgow South Ayrshire East Ayrshire North Ayrshire Inverclyde Renfrewshire East Renfrewshireand nine transport experts appointed by the Scottish Executive: On 1 April 2006 - following the passing of the Transport Act 2005 - Strathclyde Passenger Transport Executive, along with the WESTRANS voluntary regional transport partnership, were replaced by the Strathclyde Partnership for Transport.
The new national agency Transport Scotland was created at the same time. At this latest reorganisation SPT gained responsibility for planning for all regional transport though it lost a number of specific powers relating to rail franchising and concessionary fares. There will be no change in its major operational functions. SPT has the following main responsibilities: Developing a regional transport strategy for west central Scotland Planning of public transport investment Operation of the Glasgow Subway Operation and maintenance of bus stations, bus stops, travel centres and other support infrastructure Provision of some subsidised bus services, where no commercial services exists Provision of dial-a-bus and ring'n'ride services Issuing ZoneCard tickets, dividing the revenue between participating transport providers Until 1986 SPT was directly responsible for running the municipal bus services in Glasgow, owned both the buses and the necessary supporting infrastructure; the Transport Act 1985 deregulated the bus industry and SPT was subsequently forced to sell off its bus operations.
The main bus operator in Glasgow is now First Glasgow, although SPT owns the city's Buchanan Bus Station, the largest bus station in Scotland. The Greater Glasgow Passenger Transport Executive, the forerunner of SPTE, started operations in 1973, taking over the entire municipal owned and operated bus, Underground railway, services of Glasgow Corporation Transport, in existence from 1894 to 1973, they used a new livery, a variation of the previous GCT colours of green and cream. The new livery had Verona green on the lower panels, yellow between decks, white was used for window surrounds, the roof. A stylised "GG" logo was applied to the forward yellow side panels. At bus stops, pennents had GG branding along with Scottish Bus Group branding on bus stops that were used by the SBG; the orange and black colour scheme used on in the 1980s to 1990s was a special livery for a small fleet of cut down single deck Leyland Atlanteans that operated the Glasgow Central to Queen Street rail link service.
As GCT had done, the GGPTE continued to buy large numbers of Leyland Atlantean double-decker buses, they were by far the most numerous type of bus in service, but GGPTE introduced new bus types such as the Scania-MCW Metropolitan, the front-engined, Scottish-built, Volvo Ailsa. At the start of the 1980s GGPTE was replaced by SPTE. Revised liveries were introduced, with the green and yellow replacing most of the white on some buses, matt black lower deck window surrounds applied to many others, the latter became the livery applied to new buses. Logos changed, stylised "Trans-Clyde" lettering was displayed below the "GG" logo, which SPTE was using on rail services and the Underground at the time; the "GG" logo was discontinued, "Trans-Clyde" was used alone although a Volvo Citybus prototype was branded in the same livery with "Strathclyde" instead. Bus Stop pennents was replaced with "Trans-Clyde" branding. In the "Trans-Clyde" era Coach & Tour stock was painted white with a two tone brown stripe pattern and single deck buses was painted white with a verona green skirt and yellow painted above the green.
In 1983 SPTE changed their colours to orange and black, the "Trans-Clyde" name was dropped and replaced with "Strathclyde Transport" branding with the Strathclyde Regional Council Scotland map logo, the typeface used on the former "Trans-Clyde" brand name was used. Bus stop pennents were given "Strathclyde Transport" branding by having a sticker placed on top of the old "Trans-Clyde" name; the name lasted until 1986 due to deregulation of the bus industry, The orange and black colour scheme was kept and "Strathclyde's Buses" branding was used. New bus stop pennents were given with Strathclyde Transport branding but without Scottish Bus Group branding; the Regional Council logo was retained on "Strathclyde's Buses" was used alone. In May 1992 a f
Strathclyde Business School
The Strathclyde Business School is one of four faculties forming the University of Strathclyde in Glasgow, Scotland. Founded in 1948, the school is located on Cathedral Street within the John Anderson campus of the University, it offers courses for management development. Strathclyde Business School has around 200 academic staff and more than 4500 students, with 11 subject departments and specialist units providing more specialist and cross-disciplinary postgraduate courses, it has been granted Triple Accreditation. Strathclyde is the first triple accredited business school in Scotland. In November 2016, it was awarded THE Business School of the Year in UK; the Economist and Financial Times ranked the Strathclyde Business School's Master of Business Administration 76th and 63rd worldwide in 2016, while its Executive MBA and Master's program in Finance was ranked 41st and 33rd worldwide by Financial Times in 2016. The school has international centres in seven countries: Switzerland, Singapore, Abu Dhabi and Dubai and Malaysia There are seven academic departments within the school: Accounting and Finance Economics Human Resource Management Hunter Centre for Entrepreneurship Strategy and Organisation Management Science MarketingEach department offers postgraduate and research programmes.
The business school offers faculty-wide programmes, both research and taught – the Master of Business Administration, Executive Masters in Hospitality and Tourism Leadership, the Doctor of Business Administration, Research Methodology in Business & Management. The business school has several research units: Strathclyde Institute for Operations Management. SBS was criticized for discrimination against Indian students; as of 2016 the school has eight international centres across seven countries: Switzerland, Singapore and Malaysia, Abu Dhabi and Dubai. Strathclyde is the first triple accredited business school in Scotland, one of a small percentage worldwide to be triple accredited, holding accreditation from the international bodies, AMBA, AACSB and EQUIS. Strathclyde Business School offers several postgraduate programmes recognised by the CFA Institute for including a significant portion of the CFA Program Candidate Body of Knowledge and the Code of Ethics and Standards of Professional Conduct.
The programmes recognised are the MSc Finance, MSc International Accounting and Finance, MSc Investment and Finance and the MSc International Banking and Finance. Strathclyde has a reputation for research excellence. In the most recent 2014 Research Excellence Framework, Strathclyde Business School was rated in the top 10 in the UK for its research, number one in Scotland on GPA, 3rd in the UK for the impact of their research and achieved the highest possible rating for their research environment. There are a number of discipline-specific accreditations held by departments: Accounting is accredited for entry to the Institute of Chartered Accountants of Scotland as well as offering exemptions to other professional bodies, e.g. Association of Chartered Certified Accountants and Chartered Institute of Management Accountants The Department of Accounting and Finance has all four of its MSc programmes accredited by the Chartered Institute of Management Accountants Strathclyde MSc EMP is the first programme to be formally Recommended by the UK Government Economic Service The Department of Marketing is accredited by The Institute of Export, the Market Research Society, the Chartered Institute of Marketing CIPD is the professional association for HR professionals in the UK, with a membership of around 150,000.
The Department of Human Resource Management is recognised by the Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development The Strathclyde MBA is accredited by the UAE government In November 2016, Strathclyde Business School was awarded THE Business School of the Year in the Times Higher Education Awards. In November 2012 the University was shortlisted for 4 categories in the Times Higher Education Awards and won the UK’s University of the Year award. In the Times Higher Education 2013 Awards, the University won the "UK Entrepreneurial University of the Year 2013" award, making Strathclyde the first Scottish university to hold the title. 2013 Ranked 29th in Europe 2014 Ranked 32nd in Europe 2015 Ranked 31st in Europe 2013 Ranked 87th in the world 2014 Ranked 73rd in the world 2015 Ranked 80th in the world 2016 Ranked 63rd in the world 2013 Ranked 58th in the world 2014 Ranked 64th in the world 2015 Ranked 50th in the world 2016 Ranked 41st in the world 2013 Ranked 1st in Scotland, 6th in the UK and 30th in the world 2014 Ranked 2nd in Scotland, 9th in the UK and 33rd in the world 2015 Ranked 1st in Scotland, 6th in the UK and 28th in the world 2013 Ranked 1st in Scotland, 4th in the UK and 33rd in the world 2014 Ranked 1st in Scotland, 5th in the UK and 43rd in the world 2015 Ranked 1st in Scotland, 5th in the UK and 49th in the world 2012 Ranked 54th in the world 2013 Ranked 28th in the world 2015 Ranked 37th in the world 2013 Ranked 40th in the world 2014 Ranked 46th in the world 2015 Ranked 48th in the world 2014 Ranked 22nd in the world 2015 Ranked 29th in the wor
Kingdom of Strathclyde
Strathclyde Cumbric: Ystrad Clud or Alclud, was one of the early medieval kingdoms of the Britons in Hen Ogledd, the Brythonic-speaking parts of what is now southern Scotland and northern England. The kingdom developed during the post-Roman period, it is known as Alt Clut, a Brittonic term for Dumbarton Castle, the medieval capital of the region. It may have had its origins with the Brythonic Damnonii people of Ptolemy's Geography; the language of Strathclyde, that of the Britons in surrounding areas under non-native rulership, is known as Cumbric, a dialect or language related to Old Welsh, in modern terms to Welsh and Breton. Scottish toponymy and archaeology points to some settlement by Vikings or Norse–Gaels, although to a lesser degree than in neighbouring Galloway. A small number of Anglian place-names show some limited settlement by Anglo-Saxon incomers from Northumbria prior to the Norse settlement. Owing to the series of language changes in the area, it is not possible to say whether any Goidelic settlement took place before Gaelic was introduced in the High Middle Ages during the 11th century.
After the sack of Dumbarton Rock by a Viking army from Dublin in 870, the name Strathclyde comes into use reflecting a move of the centre of the kingdom to Govan. In the same period, it was referred to as Cumbria, its inhabitants as Cumbrians. During the High Middle Ages, the area was conquered by the Goidelic-speaking Kingdom of Alba in the 11th century, becoming part of the new Kingdom of Scotland. However, it remained a distinctive Brythonic area into the 13th centuries. Ptolemy's Geographia – a sailors' chart, not an ethnographical survey – lists a number of tribes, or groups of tribes, in southern Scotland at around the time of the Roman invasion and the establishment of Roman Britain in the 1st century AD; as well as the Damnonii, Ptolemy lists the Otalini. In addition, a group known as the Maeatae in the area around Stirling, appear in Roman records; the capital of the Damnonii is believed to have been at Carman, near Dumbarton, but around five miles inland from the River Clyde. Although the northern frontier appears to have been Hadrian's Wall for most of the history of Roman Britain, the extent of Roman influence north of the Wall is obscure.
Roman forts existed north of the wall, forts as far north as Cramond may have been in long-term occupation. Moreover, the formal frontier was three times moved further north. Twice it was advanced to the line of the Antonine Wall, at about the time when Hadrian's Wall was built and again under Septimius Severus, once further north, beyond the river Tay, during Agricola's campaigns, each time, it was soon withdrawn. In addition to these contacts, Roman armies undertook punitive expeditions north of the frontiers. Northern natives travelled south of the wall, to trade, to raid and to serve in the Roman army. Roman traders may have travelled north, Roman subsidies, or bribes, were sent to useful tribes and leaders; the extent to which Roman Britain was romanised is debated, if there are doubts about the areas under close Roman control there must be more doubts over the degree to which the Damnonii were romanised. The final period of Roman Britain saw an apparent increase in attacks by land and sea, the raiders including the Picts and the mysterious Attacotti whose origins are not certain.
These raids will have targeted the tribes of southern Scotland. The supposed final withdrawal of Roman forces around 410 is unlikely to have been of military impact on the Damnonii, although the withdrawal of pay from the residual Wall garrison will have had a considerable economic effect. No historical source gives any firm information on the boundaries of the Kingdom of Strathclyde, but suggestions have been offered on the basis of place-names and topography. Near the north end of Loch Lomond, which can be reached by boat from the Clyde, lies Clach nam Breatann, the Rock of the Britains, thought to have gained its name as a marker at the northern limit of Alt Clut; the Campsie Fells and the marshes between Loch Lomond and Stirling may have represented another boundary. To the south, the kingdom extended some distance up the strath of the Clyde, along the coast extended south towards Ayr. Although referred to as the Dark Ages, the period after the end of Roman rule in southern Scotland, while poorly understood, is less dark than the Roman period.
Archaeologists and historians have offered varying accounts of the period over the last century and a half. The written sources available for the period are Irish and Welsh, few indeed are contemporary with the period between 400 and 600. Irish sources report events in the kingdom of Dumbarton. Excepting the 6th-century jeremiad by Gildas and the poetry attributed to Taliesin and Aneirin—in particular y Gododdin, thought to have been composed in Scotland in the 6th century—Welsh sources date from a much period; some are informed by the political attitudes prevalent in Wales after. Bede, whose prejudice is apparent mentions Britons, usually in uncomplimentary terms. Two kings are known from near contemporary sources in this early period; the first is Coroticus or Ceretic Guletic, known as the recipient of a letter from Saint Patrick, stated by a 7th-century biographer to have been king of the Height of the Clyde, Dumbarton Rock, placing h
Thomas Galbraith, 2nd Baron Strathclyde
Thomas Galloway Dunlop du Roy de Blicquy Galbraith, 2nd Baron Strathclyde, known informally as Tom Strathclyde, is a British Conservative politician. Lord Strathclyde served in the political role of Leader of the House of Lords from the 2010 general election until January 2013 and as Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, having been Leader of the Opposition in the House of Lords. Thomas Galbraith was born in Glasgow, the son of Conservative politician Sir Tam Galbraith and his Belgian wife Simone du Roy de Blicquy, his father was MP for Glasgow Hillhead from 1948 until his death in 1982. Galbraith succeeded to the barony at the age of 25, following the death of his grandfather in 1985. Galbraith was educated at Sussex House School in London, Wellington College in Crowthorne, Berkshire, he attended the University of East Anglia, where he graduated in 1982 with a Bachelor of Arts degree in Modern Languages and European Studies. He studied at Aix-Marseille University. Strathclyde entered the House of Lords in 1986, becoming a Junior Whip in 1988 Minister for Tourism in 1989.
Between 1990 and 1992, he was Minister for Fisheries in the Scottish Office. He served in the Department of the Environment and the Department of Trade and Industry, before being appointed the Conservative Party Chief Whip in the House of Lords in 1994, succeeding Lord Ullswater; the next year, he was sworn of the Privy Council. In 1998 Strathclyde, along with the Conservative front bench in the Lords, threatened to tender his resignation if the party refused to accept a proposed compromise plan for reform of the Lords, negotiated with the Labour Party by Lord Cranborne, the Conservatives' leader in the Lords, unbeknown to the Leader of the Opposition William Hague, to his annoyance. Hague however accepted the proposals, dismissing Cranborne for the conduct in negotiations, Strathclyde was appointed to succeed him. Under his leadership, the House of Lords Act 1999 passed: under this, Strathclyde was elected by other peers as one of the 92 hereditary peers to remain in the House of Lords, he won Channel 4 Peer of the Year 2000, Spectator Peer of the Year 2004.
When the Conservatives formed a coalition government under David Cameron in May 2010, Strathclyde became Leader of the House of Lords and Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, with a seat in the Cabinet. On 7 January 2013, Strathclyde announced that he would be stepping down as Leader of the House of Lords, resigning from the Cabinet with immediate effect, to pursue a second business career, he was succeeded by Lord Hill of Oareford. He was subsequently appointed a Companion of Honour for his services to the Lords. Strathclyde married Jane Skinner, elder daughter of John Skinner, in 1992, they have three daughters: Hon Elizabeth Ida Skinner Galbraith Hon Annabel Jane Simone Skinner Galbraith Hon Rose Marie Louise Skinner Galbraith The family lives in Westminster and at the Galbraith family estate in Mauchline, Ayrshire. As Strathclyde has no sons, the heir presumptive to the peerage is his younger brother the Hon. Charles William du Roy de Blicquy Galbraith. Lord Strathclyde is a governor of Berkshire.
He received an Honorary Doctorate of Civil Law from the University of East Anglia in July 2018. He is a director of a landowning company in Scotland, his wealth is estimated at £10m. He was a non-executive director on the board of Trafigura's hedge-fund arm, Galena Asset Management, from 2004 until 2009. Trafigura defended court actions during the 2006 Ivory Coast toxic waste dump scandal and The Guardian suggested his appointment may be an attempt to de-toxify the Dutch company globally. 1960–1985: The Hon Thomas Galbraith 1985–1995: The Right Honourable The Lord Strathclyde 1995–2013: The Right Honourable The Lord Strathclyde PC 2013–: The Right Honourable The Lord Strathclyde CH PC Profile at the Conservative Party Profile at Parliament of the United Kingdom Contributions in Parliament at Hansard 1803–2005 Current session contributions in Parliament at Hansard Voting record at PublicWhip.org Record in Parliament at TheyWorkForYou.com Profile at Westminster Parliamentary Record Profile at BBC News Democracy Live Article archive at The Guardian
Baron Strathclyde is a title, created twice in British history, both times in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was first created in 1914 when the politician and judge Alexander Ure was made Baron Strathclyde, of Sandyford in the County of Lanark; this creation became extinct on his death in 1928. It was created for a second time in 1955 when the Scottish Unionist Party politician Thomas Dunlop Galbraith was made Baron Strathclyde, of Barskimming in the County of Ayr. Since 1985, the title has been held by the second Baron, he is the son of the politician the Hon. Sir Tam Galbraith KBE, eldest son of the first Baron. Lord Strathclyde is one of the ninety elected hereditary peers that remain in the House of Lords after the passing of the House of Lords Act 1999. Alexander Ure, 1st Baron Strathclyde Thomas Dunlop Galbraith, 1st Baron Strathclyde Thomas Galloway Dunlop "Tam" Galbraith Thomas Galloway Dunlop du Roy de Blicquy Galbraith, 2nd Baron Strathclyde The second baron has three daughters.
The heir presumptive is the present holder's brother, the Hon. Charles William du Roy de Blicquy Galbraith grandson of the first baron; the heir presumptive's heir apparent is his son, Humphrey Eldred Galloway Galbraith