DGI-byen is a facility that houses various spa facilities, hotels, conference facilities, a bowling alley, flexible multi-centres, sports clubs, a superellipse shaped swimming pool and Vandkulturhuset, located in central Copenhagen, Denmark. DGI-byen is situated within the Meat District, a historical industrial area, transformed into a recreation area for cultural and leisure activities from 1993. However, most of DGI-byen consists in contrast to the rest of the Meat District. One exception is Øksnehallen a stable for 1,600 cattle, now an exhibition and events venue. First parts of the complex were opened in 1999, it is named after Danske Gymnastik- og Idrætsforeninger, the main umbrella organisation of 5,000 local sports associations in Denmark with 1,3 million members. The second part of the name is by, Danish for "town" or "city", hinting that the facilities are extensive enough to operate as a mini city within Copenhagen; the main building is a 22,000 square metre facility situated directly behind Copenhagen Central Station.
A walled-off portion provides infrastructure for DGI-byen's numerous cultural events. DGI-byen is a expanding area of the city, with ongoing construction. DGI-byen hosts a variety of banquets, etc. One recognizable landmark seen from the Central Station is a giant outdoor climbing gym wall; the recreational facilities are aimed at the common public, rather than a business or upscale segment. DGI-byen website DGI-byen website DGI-byen history Category:Schmidt hammer lassen buildings
Meatpacking District, Copenhagen
The Meatpacking District is a district of Vesterbro in Copenhagen, Denmark. It is situated between the railway lines going into Copenhagen Central Station and the street Sønder Boulevard; the modern English-language name "Meatpacking District" is taken from the Meatpacking District in New York. The district consists of three separate areas, referred to as the White and Brown Kødby for the dominant colour of their buildings; the brown part is the oldest area, closest to the Central Station, dating from 1883. It has since c. 2000 been changed into a new creative cluster with galleries, art cafés, nightlife and small creative businesses like studios and architecture firms in the historical buildings. It is home to DGI-byen, a sports and conference complex, the exhibition hall Øksnehallen a stabling place for 1,600 cattle before slaughtering; the newer white area is a 400 × 600 m enclave of white modernistic structures, built in 1934 to the design of city architect Poul Holsøe. The area is listed for conservation and is still serving its original purpose of housing businesses relating to the meat industry, such as the Inco cash and carry wholesale warehouse for the catering business and the Copenhagen Hospitality College.
A municipal master plan aims at creating a mixed-use area, encouraging cultural and gastronomy businesses to settle there, while retaining the meat industry. In 1671 a cattle market was established at the private initiative of Court Butcher Niels Olufsen at the border of Frederiksberg and Vesterbro. Called Trommesalen because it was opened to the sound of a drum in the morning, it remained the main cattle market of the area for more than two centuries. In 1878, due to shortage of space and fear of cholera epidemics, the City decided to construct a new cattle market. A municipal committee suggested a location at Kalvebod Beach, which at the time was situated where the square Halmtorvet is today; the site was located on the grounds of a large estate which the city had acquired from the Royal Copenhagen Shooting Society in 1870. The new cattle market was constructed on an area occupied by shooting ranges on new land reclaimed along Kalvebod Beach; the new market opened on 28 November 1879, designed by architect Hans Jørgen Holm.
The market, stretching from Halmtorvet to the gasworks harbour, was dissected by a broad internal road lined with cattle stables, sheep pens and dealers offices on both sides. In 1883, three slaughterhouse for cattle were constructed and a slaughterhouse for pigs and two slaughterhouses for cattle and lambs were added; the market area housed cooling houses and various rendering businesses like tallow melting houses and blood dryers producing blood meal. As a result of the improved conditions at the new cattle market, all slaughterings at the numerous private open air stockyards around the city were prohibited starting 1 January 1888, all slaughterings had to take place in the public slaughterhouses. Mandatory meat control was introduced, requiring all fresh meat coming into the city to be inspected and stamped. In 1901, the cattle market was extended with construction of a 5,200 m2 market hall, it had a capacity for 1600 head of cattle. The extension included new pens for cattle and sheep and was built by city architect L. P. Fenger.
With the construction of Øksnehallen, the City's attention became directed at the morning trade in fresh pork meat, at that time taking place at Gammeltorv and Nytorv, it was decided to construct a market hall for trade in pork. With no vacant space at the cattle market area, the new market hall was placed on reclaimed land where the Falck Headquarters is today. On April 15, 1910, the a new complex was inaugurated. Besides a 6,500 m² market hall, it included a cooling house and administration. From that date forward all trade in pork at Gammeltorv was prohibited, although the so-called Chicken Ladies were still allowed to sell poultry by the Caritas Well. In 1925 the market hall was extended with a new hall for trade in poultry and two new cooling houses, two years in 1927, the poultry vendors were banned from Gammeltorv; the many extensions and changes in applied technologies had at that time left the market area in a chaotic and unsatisfactory state. When the neighbouring gasworks closed it was therefore decided to use the vacant land, an area of 15.5 hectares, for a rational rearrangement of the market activities, including market halls and related industries in a common scheme.
Planning of the new meatpacking district started in 1928 under the direction of city architect Poul Helsøe, according to his design. In October 1932, the new Slaughterhouse and various other buildings were inaugurated, on April 15, 1934 the new Pork Market Hall and Poultry Market Hall were ready; the development included a total of 46,000 m² of rental buildings for businesses in the meat sector. Though the Meat District has remained a locus for companies and activities relating to the meat and food industry, these original functions take up much less space, since the early 2000s, the area has been changing into a new creative cluster with galleries, restaurants and small creative businesses such as studios and architecture firms. Øksnehallen: A 5,200 m² exhibition venue, located in the former cattle market hall of the Brown Kødby. It hosts a variety of cultural and commercial exhibitions and events. Galleri Bo Bjarregård: a leading commercial art gallery. V1 Gallery: Another high-profile commercial art gallery.
Karriere Bar An arts bar
Grey House, Carlsberg
The Grey House is a listed building in the Carlsberg area of Copenhagen, Denmark. The oldest part of the building is a house built in 1875, it was acquired by Carl Jacobsen in connection with his foundation of the Ny Carlsberg Brewery. The new brewery's administration used the ground floor while the first and second floor contained a residence for a leading employee. In 1901, Hack Kampmann altered the building and created an extension on its north side which doubled its floor area, adding a vestibule, offices and a laboratory. In 1970, the building was once again expanded, this time with a laboratory wing to the west; the building is constructed in yellow brick with sandstone bands around the windows. The roof is clad in zinc with flashings of copper and zinc; the facade is decorated with sandstone reliefs and there is a sandstone balustrade above the main entrance. Ny Carlsberg's trademark and Carl Jacobsen's motto, are seen above the door; the vestibule is lavishly decorated with stuccos. Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek Carlsberg district
Street art is visual art created in public locations unsanctioned artwork executed outside of the context of traditional art venues. Other terms for this type of art include "independent public art", "post-graffiti", "neo-graffiti", is related with guerrilla art. Common forms and media include spray paint graffiti, stencil graffiti, wheatpasted poster art, sticker art, street installations, sculpture. Video projection and yarn bombing have gained some popularity near the turn of the 21st century. Street art is a form of artwork, displayed in a community on its surrounding buildings, streets and other publicly viewed surfaces. Many instances come in the form of guerrilla art, composed to make a public statement about the society that the artist lives within; the work has moved from the beginnings of graffiti and vandalism to new modes where artists work to bring messages, or just simple beauty, to an audience. Some artists use "smart vandalism" as a way to raise awareness of political issues. Others see urban space as an untapped format for personal artwork, while others may appreciate the challenges and risks that are associated with installing illicit artwork in public places.
A common motive is that creating art in a format which utilizes public space allows artists who may otherwise feel disenfranchised to reach a much broader audience than other styles or galleries would allow. Whereas traditional graffiti artists have used spray paint to produce their work, "street art" encompasses many other media, such as LED art, mosaic tiling, stencil art, sticker art, reverse graffiti, "Lock On" sculptures, street installations, woodblocking, yarn bombing, rock balancing. New media forms such as projection onto large city buildings are an popular tool for street artists—and the availability of cheap hardware and software allows street artists to become more competitive with corporate advertisements. Much like open source software, artists are able to create art for the public realm from their personal computers creating things for free which compete with companies making things for profit; some observers use the term "independent public art" to describe a type of street art, which can include work in remote places that may not be visited by an audience, may be short-lived.
An ephemeral instance of colored smoke in the forest, or a precarious rock balance are examples. Some work has been installed underwater. Slogans of protest and political or social commentary graffitied onto public walls are the precursor to modern graffiti and street art, continue as one aspect of the genre. Street art in the form of text or simple iconic graphics in the vein of corporate icons become well-known yet enigmatic symbols of an area or an era; some credit the Kilroy Was Here graffiti of the World War II era as one such early example. Author Charles Panati indirectly touched upon the general appeal of street art in his description of the "Kilroy" graffiti as "outrageous not for what it said, but where it turned up". Much of what can now be defined as modern street art has well-documented origins dating from New York City's graffiti boom, with its infancy in the 1960s, maturation in the 1970s, peaking with the spray-painted full-car subway train murals of the 1980s centered in the Bronx.
As the 1980s progressed, a shift occurred from text-based works of early in the decade to visually conceptual street art such as Hambleton's shadow figures. This period coincides with Keith Haring's subway advertisement subversions and Jean-Michel Basquiat's SAMO tags. What is now recognized as "street art" had yet to become a realistic career consideration, offshoots such as stencil graffiti were in their infancy. Wheatpasted poster art used to promote bands and the clubs where they performed evolved into actual artwork or copy-art and became a common sight during the 1980s in cities worldwide; the group working collectively as AVANT were active in New York during this period. Punk rock music's subversive ideologies were instrumental to street art's evolution as an art form during the 1980s; some of the anti-museum mentality can be attributed to the ideology of Marinetti who in 1909 wrote the "Manifesto of Futurism" with a quote that reads, "we will destroy all the museums." Many street artists claim we do not live in a museum so art should be in public places with no tickets.
The northwest wall of the intersection at Houston Street and the Bowery in New York City has been a target of artists since the 1970s. The site, now sometimes referred to as the Bowery Mural, originated as a derelict wall which graffiti artists used freely. Keith Haring once commandeered the wall for his own use in 1982. After Haring, a stream of well-known street artists followed, until the wall had taken on prestigious status. By 2008, the wall became managed and made available to artists by commission or invitation only. A series of murals by René Moncada began appearing on the streets of SoHo in the late 1970s emblazoned with the words I AM THE BEST ARTIST. René has described the murals as a thumb in the nose to the art community he felt he'd helped pioneer but by which he felt ignored by. Recognized as an early act of "art provocation", they were a topic of conversation and debate at the time, related legal conflicts raised discussion about intellectual property, artist's rights, the First Amendment.
The ubiquitous murals became a popular backdrop to photographs taken by tourists and art students, for advertising layouts and Hollywood films. IATBA murals were defaced, only to be repainted by René; some street artists have earned international attention for their work and have
Denmark the Kingdom of Denmark, is a Nordic country and the southernmost of the Scandinavian nations. Denmark lies southwest of Sweden and south of Norway, is bordered to the south by Germany; the Kingdom of Denmark comprises two autonomous constituent countries in the North Atlantic Ocean: the Faroe Islands and Greenland. Denmark proper consists of a peninsula, an archipelago of 443 named islands, with the largest being Zealand and the North Jutlandic Island; the islands are characterised by flat, arable land and sandy coasts, low elevation and a temperate climate. Denmark has a total area of 42,924 km2, land area of 42,394 km2, the total area including Greenland and the Faroe Islands is 2,210,579 km2, a population of 5.8 million. The unified kingdom of Denmark emerged in the 10th century as a proficient seafaring nation in the struggle for control of the Baltic Sea. Denmark and Norway were ruled together under one sovereign ruler in the Kalmar Union, established in 1397 and ending with Swedish secession in 1523.
The areas of Denmark and Norway remained under the same monarch until Denmark -- Norway. Beginning in the 17th century, there were several devastating wars with the Swedish Empire, ending with large cessions of territory to Sweden. After the Napoleonic Wars, Norway was ceded to Sweden, while Denmark kept the Faroe Islands and Iceland. In the 19th century there was a surge of nationalist movements, which were defeated in the 1864 Second Schleswig War. Denmark remained neutral during World War I. In April 1940, a German invasion saw brief military skirmishes while the Danish resistance movement was active from 1943 until the German surrender in May 1945. An industrialised exporter of agricultural produce in the second half of the 19th century, Denmark introduced social and labour-market reforms in the early 20th century that created the basis for the present welfare state model with a developed mixed economy; the Constitution of Denmark was signed on 5 June 1849, ending the absolute monarchy, which had begun in 1660.
It establishes a constitutional monarchy organised as a parliamentary democracy. The government and national parliament are seated in Copenhagen, the nation's capital, largest city, main commercial centre. Denmark exercises hegemonic influence in the Danish Realm, devolving powers to handle internal affairs. Home rule was established in the Faroe Islands in 1948. Denmark negotiated certain opt-outs, it is among the founding members of NATO, the Nordic Council, the OECD, OSCE, the United Nations. Denmark is considered to be one of the most economically and developed countries in the world. Danes enjoy a high standard of living and the country ranks in some metrics of national performance, including education, health care, protection of civil liberties, democratic governance and human development; the country ranks as having the world's highest social mobility, a high level of income equality, is among the countries with the lowest perceived levels of corruption in the world, the eleventh-most developed in the world, has one of the world's highest per capita incomes, one of the world's highest personal income tax rates.
The etymology of the word Denmark, the relationship between Danes and Denmark and the unifying of Denmark as one kingdom, is a subject which attracts debate. This is centered on the prefix "Dan" and whether it refers to the Dani or a historical person Dan and the exact meaning of the -"mark" ending. Most handbooks derive the first part of the word, the name of the people, from a word meaning "flat land", related to German Tenne "threshing floor", English den "cave"; the -mark is believed to mean woodland or borderland, with probable references to the border forests in south Schleswig. The first recorded use of the word Danmark within Denmark itself is found on the two Jelling stones, which are runestones believed to have been erected by Gorm the Old and Harald Bluetooth; the larger stone of the two is popularly cited as Denmark's "baptismal certificate", though both use the word "Denmark", in the form of accusative ᛏᛅᚾᛘᛅᚢᚱᚴ tanmaurk on the large stone, genitive ᛏᛅᚾᛘᛅᚱᚴᛅᚱ "tanmarkar" on the small stone.
The inhabitants of Denmark are there called "Danes", in the accusative. The earliest archaeological findings in Denmark date back to the Eem interglacial period from 130,000–110,000 BC. Denmark has been inhabited since around 12,500 BC and agriculture has been evident since 3900 BC; the Nordic Bronze Age in Denmark was marked by burial mounds, which left an abundance of findings including lurs and the Sun Chariot. During the Pre-Roman Iron Age, native groups began migrating south, the first tribal Danes came to the country between the Pre-Roman and the Germanic Iron Age, in the Roman Iron Age; the Roman provinces maintained trade routes and relations with native tribes in Denmark, Roman coins have been found in Denmark. Evidence of strong Celtic cultural influence dates from this period in Denmark and much of North-West Europe and is among other things reflected in the finding of the Gundestrup cauldron; the tribal Danes came from the east Danish islands and Scania and spoke an early form of North Germanic.
Historians believe that before their arrival, most of Jutland and the nearest islands were settled by tribal J
Vesterbrogade is the main shopping street of the Vesterbro district of Copenhagen, Denmark. The 1.5 km long street runs from the City Hall Square in the east to Pile Allé in Frederiksberg in the west where it turns into Roskildevej. On its way, it passes Copenhagen Central Station as well as the small triangular square Vesterbros Torv, it is one of the other being Nørrebrogade, Østerbrogade and Amagerbrogade. Vesterbroghade originates in the 12th-century country road that led in and out of Copenhagen's Western City Gate; the road passed Sankt Jørgens Bæk on its way to Valby and changed course. On 20 August 1624, Christian IV ordered that the road be cobbled, first to Vernedamsvej and all the way to Valby; the road was at this point called Alvejen ("The Public Road"= or Adelvejen but in 1650 the name was changed to Roskildegaden. Only buildings that could be burned down in the event of an enermy attack could be built outside the city's fortification ring and buildings along the road were therefore limited to a few inns and windmills until the middle of the 19th century when the city's old fortifications were decommissioned.
It is one of four such -bro streets. New buildings began to appear long the street in the 1850s; the Bing & Grøndahl porcelain manufactury opened on the street in 1853, In 1857, the Western City Gate was demolished and the road was widerned at the site which became known as Vesterports Hab. In 1866–67, Vesterbrogade was extended in a straight line from Tivoli to the Haymarket; the first section of the street, between the Vity Hall Square and the new Central Central Station, was laid out as a broad, tree-lined promenade. Among the buildings that were built along it, including Industriforeningen's new Exhibition Building from 1872 and National Scala from 1882. At the turn of the 20th century, Vesterbros Passage was the backbone in a westward expansion of Copenhagen's city centre. Most of the old buildings were replaced by larger ones over the course of the next decades. Industriens Hus is the headquarters of the Confederation of Danish Industries. An expansion and complete make-over of the building was completed in 2013.
Next to the building is the main entrance of Tivoli Gardens. Saxo Towers, a mixed-use complex consisting of four interconnected cylinders, is under construction on the other side of the street. Axelborg a bank building, now contains the headquarters of the Danish Agriculture and Food Council; the former SAS Royal Hotel, now operated by Radison Blu, was designed by Arne Jacobsen. His Egg and Swan chairs were designed for the building. AArbejdernes Landsbank has their headquarters in the so-called Panoptikon Building at No. 5. The small Savoy Hotel known as Løvenborg, is one of the earliest examples of the art nouveau style in Copenhagen; the building was designed by Anton Rosen who a few years also designed the two buildings that flank thDet Ny Teater in the same style. The Association of Danish Law Firms is based at No. 32. The Royal Copenhagen Shooting Society's former main building at No. 59 is from 1780s. It now houses the Museum of Copenhagen. A passageway in No. 65-67 opens the street Westend.
The former Vesterbro Pharmacy was built in 1853 to design by P. C. Hagemann, it comprises two buildings in the courtyard from 1883. One of them, a former laboratory building, now contains the cocktail bar Lidkoeb. Sorte Hest is the only surviving inn of the "four horses"; the building is from 1771. The buildings at No. 144 is the former Tvedes Bryggeri, a brewery founded in 1852. The two buildings facing the street are from the 1880s and were listed in 1980 while the production buildings to the rear are not listed. Bing & Grøndal's former premises, now called Bing's, has been converted into an office complex, it has a total floor area of approzimately 35,000 square metres. It is owned by Aberdeen Asset Management and was most renovated in 2015; the Liberty Memorial dates from 1797 and commemorates the abolishment of "Stavnsbåndet". Ole Christensen's sculpture The Flower of Vesterbro from 1990 stands on the corner of Vesterbrogade and Helgolandsgade. Værnedamsvej Dannebrogsgade Source