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Strix (genus)

Strix is a genus of owls in the typical owl family, one of the two accepted living families of owls, with the other being the barn-owl. Common names are earless owls or wood owls, though they are not the only owls without ear tufts, "wood owl" is used as a more generic name for forest-living owls. Neotropical birds in the genus Ciccaba are sometimes included in Strix; these are medium-sized to largish, robustly built, powerful owls. They do not have ear tufts and most are nocturnal woodland birds. Most live on small mammals and reptiles. Most owls in the genus Strix vocalise through hooting and lack visible ears - this is how they are distinguished from other genera of owls; the Latin genus name Strix referred to a legendary, vampiric owl-monster believed to suck the blood of infants. Although the genus Strix was established for the earless owls by Linnaeus in 1758, until the late 19th century, many authors applied it to other owls – namely the Tyto barn-owls. Spotted wood owl, S. seloputo Mottled wood owl, S. ocellata Brown wood owl, S. leptogrammica Bartels's wood owl or Javan wood owl, S. bartelsi Himalayan wood owl, S. newarensis Tawny owl, S. aluco Maghreb owl, S. mauritanica Himalayan owl, S. nivicolum Omani owl, S. butleri Desert owl, S. hadorami Spotted owl, S. occidentalis Northern spotted owl, S. o. caurina California spotted owl, S. o. occidentalis Barred owl, S. varia Cinereous owl, S. sartorii Fulvous owl, S. fulvescens Rusty-barred owl, S. hylophila Rufous-legged owl, S. rufipes Chaco owl, S. chacoensis Ural owl, S. uralensis Père David's owl, S. davidi Great grey owl, S. nebulosa African wood owl, S. woodfordiiThe following are sometimes included in the genus Ciccaba.

Mottled owl, Strix virgata Black-and-white owl, Strix nigrolineata Black-banded owl, Strix huhula Rufous-banded owl, Strix albitarsis The genus Strix is well represented in the fossil record. Being a generic type of strigid owl, they were the first modern Strigidae to evolve. However, whether several of the species placed in this genus indeed belong here is uncertain. Accepted in Strix are: S. dakota – tentatively placed here Strix sp. Strix sp. similar to the great grey owl Strix intermedia – may be paleosubspecies of S. aluco Strix brea Strix sp."Strix" wintershofensis and "Strix" edwardsi, while being strigid owls, have not at present been reliably identified to genus. It may well belong into the present genus, but this requires confirmation."Strix" perpasta does not appear to belong into this genus either. It is sometimes considered a junior synonym of a brown fish-owl paleosubspecies. UMMP V31030, a coracoid from Late Pliocene Rexroad Formation deposits of Kansas, cannot be conclusively assigned to either the present genus or Bubo.

Extinct forms in Strix: "Strix" antiqua – now in Prosybris "Strix" brea - now Oraristrix brea "Strix" brevis – now in Intutula "Strix" collongensis – now in Alasio "Strix" melitensis and "Strix" sanctialbani – now in Tyto "Strix" murivora – male of the Rodrigues owl "Strix" newtoni and "Strix" sauzieri – male and female of the Mauritius owl Milne-Edwards, Alphonse: Recherches anatomiques et paléontologiques pour servir à l'histoire des oiseaux fossiles de la France. G. Masson, Paris. Paris, P.. "Oiseaux fossiles de France". Revue Française d'Ornithologie. 37: 283–298

Duncan Wallace

Duncan Douglas Wallace was the 10th Bishop of Qu'Appelle in the Anglican Church of Canada. Born in Kitchener, Ontario in 1938, Wallace was educated in Winnipeg, Manitoba, he obtained a Bachelor of Arts degree from the University of Winnipeg and a Master of Divinity degree from St. John's College, Winnipeg, he was ordained a deacon in 1964 and priest in 1965. Wallace married Mary Emily Warriner, a teacher and a principal with the Regina Public School Division, they had two children and Andrew. Wallace's first ministry was at Fairford First Nations Mission, from 1965 to 1969, followed by St. Anne's, from 1969 to 1974, both in the Diocese of Rupert's Land. From 1974 to 1978 he served at Grace Church, Ontario, in the Diocese of Niagara. Wallace was known for his impish sense of humour. In 1977, when his friend Michael Peers was elected Bishop of Qu'Appelle—having become Rector and Dean in Regina and the Wallaces having attended a celebrating party—Wallace sent him a note quoting the biblical text: "Oh lord remember me when you come into your kingdom."

A year in 1978, he was appointed the Rector of St. Paul's Cathedral and Dean of Qu'Appelle, Saskatchewan, a position he held for nineteen years until his election to the episcopacy. In 1997 he was elected tenth Bishop of Qu'Appelle; the defining feature of Wallace's tenure as bishop was the residential schools litigation, which put at risk the continued existence of the Diocese of Qu'Appelle. During the 19th and early 20th centuries, the federal government had a policy of encouraging residential schools for children of Canadian First Nations, which were administered by the Roman Catholic and United Churches. While the purpose of the schools was to assist children of First Nations to integrate in Canada, in actuality, there was a large amount of child abuse, including sexual abuse. In the 1990s, survivors of the residential schools began lawsuits against the federal government and the churches, including the Diocese of Qu'Appelle, responsible for operating some residential schools; the magnitude of the claims by the former students came near to bankrupting the Diocese of Qu'Appelle, as occurred to the former Anglican Diocese of Cariboo in the Ecclesiastical Province of British Columbia and Yukon, which ceased operations on December 31, 2001 after being forced into bankruptcy.

Under Wallace's leadership, the Diocese of Qu'Appelle was able to reach a settlement, as part of a national settlement made by the Anglican Church of Canada as a whole. The Primate of the Anglican Church, Michael Peers, made a formal apology to the survivors of the residential schools, on behalf of the Anglican Church of Canada. Two of Wallace's colleagues commented on the significant role he played in the settlement of the residential schools claims. Deacon Michael Jackson of St. Paul's Cathedral stated that "Duncan's inner courage and strength got us through it." Tom Morgan, Archbishop of Saskatoon, noted that "Nowhere have his skills and his non-anxious presence been more tested and appreciated than in matters concerning litigation arising from residential schools." He retired in 2005. Although retired, he stayed active in church matters; as as the spring of 2015, he filled in as incumbent priest for a Regina parish, searching for a new priest. After a brief battle with cancer, Bishop Duncan Douglas Wallace died in Regina on June 22, 2015

Anca Boagiu

Anca-Daniela Boagiu is a Romanian engineer and politician. A member of the Democratic Liberal Party, she was a member of the Romanian Chamber of Deputies for Bucharest from 2000 to 2008 and has sat in the Romanian Senate for Bucharest, since 2008. In the Mugur Isărescu cabinet, she served as Minister of Transport in 2000. In 1995, she graduated from Hydrotechnical section of Ovidius University. From December 1994 to January 1996, Boagiu was assistant director for contracts and director of construction on a project to repair two roads, DN38 and DN39, in Constanţa County. From the following month until March 1997, she was in charge of procuring and spending outside grants at the National Roads Administration. For two years from May 1997, she headed the Phare management programme at the Transport Ministry. From May 1999 to June 2000, she administered projects with outside financing at the Transport Ministry. Following the resignation of Traian Băsescu to become Mayor of Bucharest, she was named Transport Minister, serving from June to December 2000, when the Isărescu cabinet lost power after an election.

She entered Parliament at that election, serving two terms in the Chamber, where she was on the following committees: industry and services. She was European Integration Minister from August 2005 to April 2007, when the ministry was disbanded following the accession of Romania to the European Union. Elected to the Senate in 2008, her committees there have been European affairs and education, science and sport, she has been vice president of the Senate since February 2010; that September, Boagiu was again named to the Transport Ministry by Boc, following a cabinet reshuffle. In February 2012, she resigned along with the rest of the cabinet amid anti-government protests. In October 2012, she was elected one of ten vice presidents of the European People's Party; that year, at the parliamentary election, she placed second in her district, but won another term through the redistribution mechanism specified by the electoral law. Boagiu has an adopted son. In 2010, she was made a chevalier of the Légion d'honneur.

Within her party, she has been head of its Sector 2 chapter, vice president of the permanent national bureau, executive secretary of the BPN's economic department. Personal site Profile at the Romanian Senate site

The Amtrak Wars

The Amtrak Wars is a series of novels written by British author Patrick Tilley. The series is a post-apocalyptic science fiction with some fantasy elements such as the existence of magic. Six novels and an illustrated companion guidebook were published between 1983 and 1990, with additional books planned but never completed; the books have been optioned by an Australian production company with the intent of turning them into a series of feature films. In AD 2015, the old world was destroyed in a nuclear war, known in the books variously as'The Holocaust' and'The War of a Thousand Suns'; the United States and Russia were involved in this nuclear war but who fired the first shot is not known. The resulting war lasted only a few hours, but between the nuclear exchange and the years of nuclear winter that followed, the overwhelming majority of the human race was annihilated; the most organised band of survivors were the Amtrak Federation. Four hundred American citizens survived the nuclear war in a vast underground bunker beneath Houston, Texas.

They established additional underground bunker-cities linked by a high-speed subterranean rail network. Ruled by a self-perpetuating dynasty known as the First Family, the Federation expanded in numbers and territory. By AD 2989, when the novels begin, the Federation sprawls across much of the south of the United States, from Colorado and Arizona to Mississippi, it is technologically advanced, employing microlight aircraft and'wagon-trains', massive, 600-foot-long vehicles that act as land-based aircraft carriers and mobile HQs for armed infantry personnel. The Federation's personnel are susceptible to above-ground radiation and live past their fortieth birthdays as a result. Ordinary citizens of the United States who managed to survive the nuclear war and adapt to the radiation mutated into a clan-based warrior society known as the Mutes. Adopting a warrior ethos and tribal society similar to Native Americans, the Mutes are primitive, employing spears and knives in combat, they are affected by a variety of radiation-induced infirmities, such as somewhat short-term memories and deformities varying in severity by individual.

There are exceptions, Mutes with excellent recall who keep the tribe's traditions alive through an oral tradition of story-telling. These Mutes are known as wordsmiths; the Mutes would not present a significant threat to the Federation's vastly superior technology and weapons except for the existence of Mutes known as'seers', who can foresee their moves, and'summoners', who can use magical forces that the Federation has no defence against. The Federation leadership does not publicly acknowledge the existence of Mute magic and outlaws all discussion of its existence, to the anger of front-line combat veterans, who have seen it in action; the third major surviving faction is known as the Iron Masters, though they refer to themselves as the Sons of Ne-Issan. According to their legends, the Iron Masters fled the destruction of their homeland of Nippon in vast floating cities that drifted into Antarctic waters and up into the Atlantic landing on the Eastern Seaboard of the former United States, they founded a country known as the Shogunate of Ne-Issan, stretching from Nova Scotia to South Carolina and inland as far as the Great Lakes and Appalachian Mountains.

The Iron Masters have developed gunpowder and great steam-powered ships, but custom and political decree forbids them from developing technology based on the'Dark Light'. Due to the growing threat of the Amtrak Federation, some Iron Masters believe that without embracing the Dark Light, their nation stands little chance against the Federation's superior technology and will be destroyed, but official policy is to maintain the edict. In AD 2989, a 17-year-old, newly qualified Amtrak pilot named Steve Brickman joins the Lady from Louisiana, a wagon-train in its first major assault on the Plainfolk Mutes. Thanks to the Mutes' deployment of sorcery, the wagon-train is forced to retreat. Brickman is taken prisoner by the Mutes but not killed, due to a prophetic vision of the clan's seer, Mr. Snow, which suggests Steve will be instrumental in the fulfilment of the Talisman Prophecy; this suggests a'chosen one' called "Talisman" will arise to destroy the Federation and lead the Mutes to victorious domination of the world.

Steve comes to respect the Mutes. Steve escapes from the Mutes and returns to the Federation, but his account of his imprisonment and escape is deemed fantastical. Labelled a deserter, he is publicly disgraced. Steve is recruited by the Federation's top-secret intelligence organisation, AMEXICO, is sent on a new assignment to capture Cadillac, Mr. Snow, who are deemed of interest to the Federation. Upon learning that Cadillac has used information from Steve to build a primitive glider and fly it to Ne-Issan as part of a weapons and intelligence exchange between the Mutes and Iron Masters, Steve decides to pursue the capture mission into Ne-Issan. During this mission, Steve's loyalties become further conflicted between his affinity with the Mutes and his birth allegiance to the Federation, he begins a risky attempt to play both sides against the middle whilst he looks for a way to escape his enemies on both sides. Steven Roosevelt Brickman - A wingman of The Amtrak Federation, captured by the M'Call clan of Mutes.

He begins to regard them as equals though this goes against everything he has been taught. He falls in love with a mute and befriends Mr Snow and Cadillac; however Steve and C

Donald R. Heath

Donald Read Heath was a member of the United States Foreign Service for more than four decades including service as the Ambassador to Cambodia, Vietnam and Saudi Arabia. During his tenure as Ambassador to Vietnam, Heath advocated and carried out American policy under Secretary of State John Foster Dulles that helped set the stage for American military involvement. Heath was born in Kansas the son of Hubert A. and Estelle Heath. He was educated in Topeka public schools and graduated from Washburn University about 1915, he attended the University of Montpellier in France for one semester. While a student at Washburn, Heath was a member of the Kansas Beta Chapter of the Phi Delta Theta Fraternity where among his chapter brothers was Arthur S. Champeny. On October 10, 1920 he married Sue Louise Bell. In 1950, Washburn awarded Heath its Distinguished Service Award. In 1958, the Washburn again honored him with an honorary doctorate of laws. Heath was a White House correspondent for United Press International from February 1916 to August 1917 and again from October 1919 to September 1920.

From August 1917 to October 1919 he was first lieutenant in U. S. Army in World War I. In 1920 he began a career in the foreign service. From 1920 to 1929, Heath held consular positions in Romania and Switzerland. From 1929 to 1932 he was a consul at the American Embassy in Port-au-Prince, Haiti and he was assistant chief of the Division of Latin American Affairs at the State Department. From 1937 to 1941 he was the First Secretary at the U. S. Embassy in Berlin before the American entry into the war. From 1941 to 1944 he was a consul in Santiago, Chile followed by less than a year as the chief of the Division of North and West Coast Affairs at the State Department. In 1944 Heath returned to Europe as an advisor to fellow Kansan General Dwight D. Eisenhower, he remained in Germany as an advisor on reconstruction until 1947 when he was posted as U. S. Ambassador to Bulgaria. In 1949 Bulgaria charged deputy premier Traicho Kostov with plotting against the Communist regime and added Heath’s name to the charges to give the case "its proper anticapitalist flavor."

The Bulgarian government declared Heath persona non grata and the U. S. promptly broke off diplomatic relations. 1956, Bulgaria re-examined the case exonerating Kostov years. In 1959 Bulgaria dropped all charges against Heath and diplomatic relations were restored. Following his expulsion from Bulgaria, Heath was posted as the first U. S. Ambassador to the newly independent countries in Indochina including Laos and South Vietnam. During these concurrent postings he was resident in Saigon. Heath supported the Domino Theory and wrote that if the French pulled out "Only the blind could doubt the immediate Communist engulfment of Southeast Asia." In October 1954 Heath and Lieutenant General John W. "Iron Mike" O'Daniel were authorized to begin a crash program to improve "the loyalty and effectiveness of the Free Vietnamese Forces." The result was a formal agreement in December between representatives of France, the Republic of Vietnam, the United States to supply direct aid through the Military Assistance Program.

He was next the U. S. Ambassador to Lebanon and Saudi Arabia. Following his retirement from the Foreign Service in 1961, he held a professorship at the University of California at Los Angeles. Heath died in Orinda, California on October 15, 1981, he was survived by a daughter, Sue L. Brown, a son, Donald R. Heath, Jr. seven grandchildren and one great-grandchild. Donald R. Heath at Find a Grave

Archives nationales d'outre-mer

The Archives nationales d'outre-mer in Aix-en-Provence is a branch of the Archives Nationales of France that documents the French colonial empire. According to one scholar, "half the history of France overseas was represented in the mass of papers" first assembled in Aix in 1966; the materials originated in various repositories scattered throughout the colonies. The Dépôt des Archives d'Outre-Mer opened in 1966, its successor, the Centre des Archives d'Outre-Mer, in 1987, it was renamed the "Archives nationales d'outre-mer." Its facilities occupy a site near the Université de Provence Aix-Marseille I. The archives groups its holdings by ministry, document format. In 1986 the main national archives in Paris transferred to Aix its records of the "Section outre-mer." In 1995 the archives received substantial additional materials generated by colonial offices. Directors have included Benoît Van Reeth; the archives has published inventories of some of its records, including those related to the colonial administration of Algeria, French Equatorial Africa, French Indochina.

History of Overseas France List of French possessions and colonies List of ministers of Overseas France This article incorporates information from the French Wikipedia. in EnglishVincent Confer. "Depot in Aix and Archival Sources for France Outre-Mer". French Historical Studies. 6. JSTOR 286248. Gloria D. Westfall. French Colonial Africa: A Guide to Official Sources. Zell. in FrenchSylvie Clair. "Le Centre des archives d'Outre-mer". Gazette des archives. Association des archivistes français. Doi:10.3406/gazar.1988.3099. ISSN 0016-5522 – via Persee.fr. Vincent Bouat. "Les sources de l'histoire coloniale antérieures à 1815: le dépôt des papiers publics des colonies et le dépôt des fortifications des colonies: premiers fonds de l'institution coloniale française". Afrique & Histoire. 7 – via Cairn.info. Martine Cornède. "Politique d'ouverture des fonds coloniaux". Afrique & Histoire. 7 – via Cairn.info. Benoît Van Reeth, ed. Histoires d'outre-mer, les Archives nationales d'outre-mer ont 50 ans, ISBN 9782757212042 Official site Catalog, official site List of inventories of materials in the ANOM VIAF.

Archives nationales d'outre-mer Examples of items held in ANOM