Agathonísi is a small Greek island and municipality located at the northernmost point of the Dodecanese in Greece. It is home to two villages, both inland. Between them is the small settlement of Agios Georgios, which forms the island's only harbor and consists of a few hotels and restaurants; the island is locally known as Gaidaro, or by its ancient name Tragea. The highest point on the island is 209 metres above sea level; this peak is located close to Mikro Chorio. The island covers an area of 13.5 square kilometres. It is made entirely of subcrystalline stratified limestones, is covered with thorny macchia. In the late 1920s the island had 80 inhabitants, active in sheep rearing. A census of the island in 1981 showed. In 1991, another census showed that the population had dropped to 112. By the 2001 census it had again risen to 158 residents, in 2011 its population was 185, 168 of whom lived in Megálo Chorió, only 17 in Mikró Chorió; the municipality of Agathonisi, which includes the uninhabited offshore islets of Gláros, Kounéli, Nerá, Psathonísio, has a combined land area of 14.500 square kilometres.
In ancient times, Agathonisi was known as Psetoussa. Ancient writers varied in recording its name: Tragia, Tragiae or Tragiai, Tragaeae or Tragaiai, Tragaea or Tragaia are among the forms recorded; the island is known as Eşek Adası in Turkish. Near the island, Pericles defeated the Samians in a naval engagement in 440 BCE. In modern times, the islet was occupied in 1912 by the Kingdom of Italy during the Italo-Turkish war and, after being part of the Italian Islands of the Aegean, was ceded from Italy to Greece in 1947. In 2011, as part of the Kallikratis Plan, the island's status has been upgraded from Community to Municipality. Near Agathonisi lie several islets: Psatonisi, Neronisi, all made with crystalline limestones, Kunellonisi, made of schistose-crystalline rocks; this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Smith, William, ed.. "Tragia". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray. Bertarelli, L. V.. Guida d'Italia, Vol. XVII. Milano: Consociazione Turistica Italiana
Nimos is an uninhabited Greek island in the Dodecanese island group of the southern Aegean Sea. Located off the northern coast of Symi, from which it is separated by a small shallow strait called Diapori, it has an area of 4.6 square kilometres. It is the island Ymos of the ancient Greeks; the island, like Symi itself and the other surrounding islets, has been proclaimed an archaeological site by Greece's Central Archaeological Council
Vehicle registration plates of Greece
Greek vehicle registration plates are composed of three letters and four digits per plate printed in black on a white background. The letters represent the district that issues the plates while the numbers begin from 1000 to 9999; as from 2004, a blue strip was added on the left showing the country code of Greece in white text and the Flag of Europe. Similar plates with digits beginning from 1 to 999 are issued for motorcycles. With the exception of Athens and Thessaloniki, all districts are represented by the first 2 letters; the final letter in the sequence changes in Greek alphabetical order after 9,000 issued plates. For example, Patras plates are ΑΧΑ-1000, where ΑΧ represents the Achaia prefecture of which Patras is the capital; when ΑΧΑ-9999 is reached the plates turn to ΑΧΒ-1000 and this continues until ΑΧΧ is finished. Only the letters from the intersection between the Latin and Greek alphabets by glyph appearance are used, namely Α, Β, Ε, Ζ, Η, Ι, Κ, Μ, Ν, Ο, Ρ, Τ, Υ, Χ; this is because Greece is a contracting party to the Vienna Convention on Road Traffic, which in Annex 2 requires registration numbers to be displayed in capital Latin characters and Arabic numerals.
The rule applies in a similar way in Russia, Belarus and Herzegovina and Bulgaria. Combinations used for overseas residents are limited; until 2003, taxis used L-NNNN. Up until 1954 Greek number plates were quite simple: black numbers on a white background, indicating the serial number shown on the car's license; these started at 1 and advanced to 75-000 when the system was changed. The owner had to provide the plates and specifications were minimal: the size of the plates and numbers, as well as their respective colours; this meant that plates were not uniform. Taxis had to indicate the initial of the city. In 1954 it was compulsory for all vehicles to change to a new system. For just 2 years the system was L-NNNN or L-NNNNN with black characters on yellow background where L was the initial of the city they were licensed in. All these plates display "1953-54" in black characters on a white background using a smaller typeface in the top left corner; these plates were compulsorily withdrawn in 1956.
In 1956 the system was again changed to just numbers NNNNNN. NNNNNN could be any number from one to six digits starting once again with "1" and ending this time at about "451000", though not all numbers were allocated. Characters were black on white background with a blue band at the top of both front and back plates indicating city/district of registration and type of usage. After 1960 the blue band on the front plate was abandoned and hence that plate became shorter in height; this time it was not compulsory to change plates after 1972. Hence these so-called "six-figure plates" can still be spotted on a few old vehicles. In 1972, they became lettered and the system was LL-NNNN while trucks used L-NNNN. Again, they were black characters on white background but with a different typeface, it was not compulsory to change these plates. In 1982, the system changed to LLL-NNNN and the first two letters are prefecture letters. Again, it was not compulsory to change to the newer system plates in 2004. In 2004 the euroband was added to the left and the typeface changed, in all other respects the previous system continued.
The first 2 of 3 letters of a licence plate represent the prefecture where the car was registered. The full list of plates in Greece is below: ΑΑ Achaia prefecture - Patras ΑΒ Kavala prefecture - Kavala ΑΕ Lasithi prefecture - Agios Nikolaos ΑΖ Achaia prefecture - Patras ΑΗ Xanthi prefecture - Xanthi ΑΙ Aitoloakarnania prefecture - Agrinio area ΑΚ Laconia prefecture - Sparti ΑΜ Phokida prefecture - Amfissa ΑΜ tax free cars ΑΝ Lasithi prefecture - Agios Nikolaos ΑΟ Achaia prefecture - Patras AO used in Mount Athos in style of AO-NNN-NN. ΑΡ Argolis prefecture - Nafplio ΑΤ Arta prefecture - Arta AY Achaia prefecture - Patras ΑΧ Achaia prefecture - Patras ΒΑ Magnesia prefecture - Volos ΒΒ Magnesia prefecture - Volos ΒΕ Piraeus prefecture BZ Piraeus prefecture ΒΗ Piraeus prefecture ΒΙ Boeotia prefecture - Livadeia ΒΚ East Attica prefecture - Pallini ΒΜ East Attica prefecture - Pallini ΒΝ West Attica prefecture - Elefsina ΒΟ Magnesia prefecture - Volos ΒΡ West Attica prefecture - Elefsina ΒΤ Magnesia prefecture - Volos ΒΥ Boeotia prefecture - Livadeia ΒΧ Piraeus prefecture ΕΑ Dodecanese prefecture - Kos island ΕΒ Evros prefecture - Alexandroupoli ΕΕ Pella Prefecture - Edessa ΕΖ Cyclades prefecture - Ermoupoli ΕΗ Euboea prefecture - Chalkida EI Euboea prefecture - Chalki
Gyali is a volcanic Greek island in the Dodecanese, located halfway between the south coast of Kos and Nisyros. It consists of pumice deposits; the island has two distinct segments, with the northeastern part entirely made of obsidian and the southwestern part of pumice. These are connected by a narrow beach made of modern reef sediments. Anciently, the island was known as Istros; the island is 6 km long and between 500 m across. It has a 180 m cave. Parts of the island undergoing pumice strip mining are barren of vegetation; the 2001 census reported a resident population of 10 people. Administratively, it is part of the municipality of Nisyros, its popular for Perli, a thermo powder added in construction. List of volcanoes in Greece Official website of Municipality of Nisyros
Tílos is a small Greek island and municipality located in the Aegean Sea. It is part of the Dodecanese group of islands, lies midway between Kos and Rhodes, it has a population of 780 inhabitants. Along with the uninhabited offshore islets of Antitilos and Gaidaros, it forms the Municipality of Tilos, which has a total land area of 64.525 square kilometres. Tilos is part of the Rhodes regional unit. Popularly, Telos was the sister of the Telchines, he came to the island in search of herbs to heal his ill mother, returned to found a temple to Apollo and Neptune. However, Telos does not appear in Greek mythology and the name has an unknown pre-Hellenic origin. Pliny the Elder notes. In the Middle Ages, it was known by the Italian as Episcopio, either because it was a Bishop Seat or because its position as Vantage Point; the island has been called in Turkish İlyaki and in modern Italian Piscopi. Pottery and stone tools discovered in Charkadio cave indicate human activity on Tilos in the early Neolithic period, along with the large assembly of bones of 1.2-to-1.6-metre-tall dwarf elephants, carbon dated to between 4000 and 7000 BC.
Masseti suggests coexistence of these animals with humans into the historic period. Excavation has identified Pelasgian masonry, as well as suggesting Tilos was successively dominated by Minoans and Dorians; the island flourished during the classical era, minting its own coinage and being famed for clothing and perfumes. Telos claims that poet Erinna was born on the island around 350 BC. Charles Anthon describes her thus: "Erinna friend & contemporary of Sappho died at 19, left behind her poems which were thought worthy to rank with those of Homer, her poems were of the epic class. It was written in a dialect, a mixture of the Doric and Aeolic, and, spoken at Rhodes, where, or in the adjacent island of Telos, Erinna was born, she is called a Lesbian and a Mytilenean, on account of her residence in Lesbos with Sappho. There are several epigrams upon Erinna, in which her praise is celebrated, her untimely death is lamented. Three epigrams in the Greek Anthology are ascribed to her, of which the first has the genuine air of antiquity, but the other two, addressed to Baucis, seem to be a fabrication."
In the 7th century BC, colonists from Tilos and Lindos settled in Sicily and founded the city of Gelas. Herodotus described the centuries preceding him as the golden age of Tilos. In the 5th century BC, Tilos was a member of the First Delian League and kept its independence until the end of the Peloponnesian War. From the turn of the 4th century BC, for the next 200 years, Tilos was subject to the Seleucid Empire and Ptolemaic Egypt under the influence of Rhodes, until in 200 BC, the island was incorporated into the Rhodian confederacy; the island was conquered by the Romans in 42 BC. Archaeological finds from Roman and early-Christian times demonstrate the prosperity of the island until the 551 Beirut earthquake. Tilos followed Rhodes into the Byzantine Empire following the death of Theodosius I and was a member of the naval Theme of Samos between the 9th and 14th century; the Knights of Saint John took control of Tilos from 1309, restoring the Byzantine castles, building new ones in order to defend against pirate raids.
It was evacuated in 1470 as the Ottomans began the Siege of Rhodes and control passed to Suleiman I in 1522 when Rhodes fell. In 1523, Tilos was conquered by the Ottoman Empire and the island was put under the privileged administrative and tax system known as "maktou." Christian pirates pillaged the island constantly. Ottoman rule lasted until May 12, 1912, when Italian sailors landed in the bay of Eristos during the Italo-Turkish War. Tilos became part the Italian possession of the Isole Italiane dell'Egeo. After the Italian Armistice of September 8, 1943, Tilos was occupied by German troops, in 1948 it joined Greece together with all the Dodecanese islands. Since 1948, the population of the island has declined as many Tilians migrated to the United States or Australia. In June 2008, Anastassios Aliferis, the Socialist mayor of the island performed the first same-sex marriages in Greece, citing a legal loophole and defying claims of illegality by a Greek prosecutor. In late 2018 Tilos will become the first island in the Mediterranean to run on wind and solar power.
Tílos has an inverted'S' shape, is about 14.5 km long, north-west to south-east, with a maximum width of 8 km and an area of about 61 square kilometres. The island has a mountainous limestone interior, volcanic lowlands, pumice beds and red lava sand, like its north western neighbour Nisyros, it is well supplied by springs, is very fertile and productive. Its coasts are rocky or pebbled, but there are a number of sandy beaches. At the north-west end of the island, the Monastery of Áyios Pandeleímon, sits on the slopes of Mount Profítis Ilías; the monastery features fresh cold water springs as well as an enormous loquat tree. The mountain borders a fertile plain running across the island's width, with the settlements of Áyios Andónis to the north and Éristos to the south. To the north-east of the plain is the island's capital, Megálo Chorió
Levitha (Greek: Λέβιθα, known in classical antiquity as Lebinthus or Lebinthos is a small Greek island located in the east of the Aegean Sea, between Kinaros and Kalymnos, part of the Dodecanese islands. It is part of the municipality Leros; the island is mentioned in two of Ovid's works Ars Amatoria and the Metamorphoses in connection with the saga of Daedalus and Icarus. While escaping from Crete and Icarus flew over Lebinthus. Besides Ovid, the island is noted by the ancient authors Pliny the Elder, Pomponius Mela and Stephanus of Byzantium; as of 2009, the population of the island is five - a family with her grandmother. The total area of the island is 9.2 square kilometres and its total coast line length is 34 kilometres. This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Smith, William, ed.. "Lebinthus". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray
Kasos Casos, is a Greek island municipality in the Dodecanese. It is the southernmost island in the Aegean Sea, is part of the Karpathos regional unit; as of 2011, its population was 1084. The island is known in Italian as Caso. Kasos lies southwest of Karpathos, between Crete. Adjacent to the island is the Strait of Kasos, through which some of the Modified Atlantic Water enters the Sea of Crete, its shape resembles that of Rhodes. The main island has a surface of 49 square kilometres, it is 17 km long and 6 km wide, it is mountainous, its highest mount being Mt. Prionas, 550 metres high. There is fresh water on the island; the Municipality of Kasos includes several uninhabited offshore islands, the largest of which are Armathia and Makronisi. Its total land area is 69.464 square kilometres. The island has five villages, Agia Marina, Panagia and Arvanitochori. Fry is the capital and home to the island's harbor, Agia Marina is most populous village; the airport is big enough for an ATR 42 to land. Kasos is notable for its lack of large scale tourism, the quality of its fish and other culinary specialties, its hospitality toward visitors.
In ancient times, Kasos was used as a safe harbor by the Philistines. The first known settlements are Mycenaean in origin. According to Homer, Kasos contributed ships toward the Trojan War. During Classical Antiquity it followed the history of nearby Karpathos. Along with Karpathos, it was subjected from 1306 until 1537 to the Venetian Cornaro family belonged to the Ottoman Empire. Kasos supported the cause with its fleet. In 1824, Mehmet Ali Pasha of Egypt, furious with the Kasiots, dispatched his fleet to the island: the Egyptian armada plundered the island, killed 500 people and enslaved 2000, an event described as Kasos massacre; the island's population recovered as did its economy, still based on shipping. The introduction of steam ships made Kasos' shipyard redundant and its economy suffered accordingly. Beginning in the half of the 19th century, many emigrated from Kasos to Egypt to Istanbul, Greece, USA and South Africa. By the 1920s, out of about 2,300 houses on the island, only 400 were permanently inhabited.
On 12 May 1912, during the Italo-Turkish War of 1911-12, after the so-called "Battle of Cassos" that took place on 29 January 1912, the island was occupied by the sailors of the Regia Marina ship Regina Elena. With the Treaty of Lausanne of 1923, Kasos joined the other islands of the Dodecanese in the Italian possession of the Italian Aegean Islands, was ceded by Italy to Greece with the Paris Peace Treaties of 1947; the island formally joined the Kingdom of Greece on 7 March 1948 together with the other Dodecanese islands. Kassia, a Byzantine abbess, poet and hymnographer. Kasos Massacre Bertarelli, L. V.. Guida d'Italia, Vol. XVII. Consociazione Turistica Italiana, Milano.. Official website