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Stuart Sapphire

The Stuart Sapphire is a blue sapphire that forms part of the British Crown Jewels. The early history of the gem is quite obscure, though it belonged to Charles II, was among the jewels that his successor James VII and II took with him when he fled to France after the Glorious Revolution in December 1688. From there it passed to his son, James Stuart who bequeathed it to his son, Henry Benedict, known as Cardinal York, who wore it in his mitre; as the last descendant of James VII and II, the cardinal put the sapphire, along with many other Stuart relics, up for sale. It was returned to the United Kingdom from Italy. On the Imperial State Crown of Queen Victoria, the jewel took pride of place at the front of the circlet, just below the Black Prince's Ruby. In 1909, during the reign of Edward VII, it was moved to the back of the crown to make way for the 317-carat Cullinan II diamond; the Stuart Sapphire is on public display with the other Crown Jewels in the Jewel House at the Tower of London.

The sapphire weighs 104-carat. It is oval-shaped, about 3.8 cm long and 2.5 cm wide, has one or two blemishes but was evidently deemed to be of high value by the Stuarts. At some point a hole was drilled at one end to introduce an attachment by which the stone could be worn as a pendant. On the back is a miniature plaque engraved with a short history of the Imperial State Crown

Joseph Hoover Mackin

Joseph Hoover Mackin was an American geologist. As a tribute to him, a huge plateau in Antarctica bears the name Mackin Table and a large lunar crater named Mackin marks the location of the Apollo 17 landing site. Mackin was born November 16, 1905, in Oswego, New York, the youngest of seven children of William David Mackin and Catherine Hoover Mackin. Hoover spent two years immobilized in a cast after being stricken with poliomyelitis at the age of four, but outgrew the effects of his childhood illness and played football both at Oswego High School and Oswego Normal School. After graduation in 1924, Mackin entered New York University. Intending to become a journalist, he switched his major to geology after hearing lectures by Professor George I. Finley, he received the B. S. degree in geology from NYU in 1930 and entered the graduate school of Columbia University, where he was granted an M. A. degree in 1932. Mackin accepted an appointment as an instructor at the University of Washington and received a Ph.

D. from Columbia in 1936. His teaching career would span thirty-four years—twenty-eight years at Washington and six years as Farish Professor of Geology at the University of Texas at Austin. While Mackin considered himself a geomorphologist, his bibliography reveals far greater scope to his actual research activities. In his doctoral thesis on the origin of surface features of the Big Horn Basin in Wyoming, he introduced the concept of lateral plantation by a stream at grade, producing gravel-mantled terraces as the stream deepens its valley, as opposed to formation of terraces by stream dissection of earlier alluvial plains. Mackin's further analysis led to publication in 1948 of the classic paper, Concept of the Graded River, cited over 700 times. In this paper Mackin refers to the rapidity with which a graded stream responds to artificial changes - a warning of profound importance to stream engineers against altering natural equilibrium by diversion or damming or channel-improvements. One of Mackin's earliest papers, written with the famous British geologist E. B.

Bailey, dealt with the complex folding in the Pennsylvania Piedmont area of the Pennsylvania Regions and the use of b-lineation in structural analysis. This paper was the first attempt to apply the concepts of recumbent folding and nappe structure to geologic interpretation of the piedmont. Since these concepts have been shown to be applicable. A by-product of the initial study was Mackin's 1950 paper on the "down structure" method of viewing and interpreting geologic maps. In World War II, Mackin became affiliated with the U. S. Geologic Survey studying sources of strategic materials, his major effort, which continued after the end of World War II, was on the iron deposits of the Iron Springs District of Utah and included, quicksilver deposits near Morton and placer deposits containing radioactive minerals in Idaho. From these studies, Mackin demonstrated beyond reasonable doubt where the iron that forms the major economic deposits of the district came from, how it was separated from the parent body of intrusive quartz monzonite, why it was deposited in adjacent limestone in the particular places now found, when this process took place in the igneous and structural history of the area.

In the course of the study, Mackin demonstrated that in certain types of magmatic flow and inclusions become oriented normal, rather than parallel, to the direction of magma movement. Mackin's work is considered to have contributed to the understanding of ore deposits and of granite tectonics. In addition to teaching and research, Mackin was chairman of the Earth Sciences Division of the National Research Council from 1963 to 1965. Mackin was selected as one of several experts to examine samples returned from the Moon, he participated in the early planning and design of the lunar geology experiments as a member of the U. S. Geological Survey team sponsored by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, he initiated the idea of a sampling tube to be driven into the lunar soil, which became nicknamed the “Hoov Tube.” Throughout his career Mackin was a guest lecturer at many universities, was the Distinguished Lecturer for the American Association of Petroleum Geologists in 1953 and National Lecturer for Sigma Xi in 1963.

Mackin was a member of the National Academy of Sciences, the Geological Society of America, the Society of Economic Geologists, the American Geophysical Union, the American Association of Petroleum Geologists, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, Sigma Xi. Mackin died on August 12, 1968, while preparing to serve as delegate of the U. S. National Committee on Geology to the International Geological Congress to be held in Prague in 1968; the University of Texas, where he taught, has an endowment benefiting geosciences, the J. Hoover Mackin Memorial Scholarship Fund; the Geological Society of America offers a memorial scholarship for students in quaternary geology and geomorphology from the J. Hoover Mackin Award Fund. "Memorial to Joseph Hoover Mackin," James Gilluly, Proceedings of the Geological Society of America, 1968, p. 206. Joseph Hoover Mackin, 1905—1968, A Biographical Memoir by Harold L. James. National Academies Press

Photon (album)

Photon is the third studio album from Japanese electronica/rock duo Boom Boom Satellites, released on July 24, 2002. All tracks are written by Boom Boom Satellites. Photon – Commin' 2 a Phase is an alternate version of Photon, released in the UK by Different Records, it features an adjusted track list, re-recorded versions of a number of tracks and different artwork. It was released on September 29, 2003. Track 6 contains samples from "Mannequin Republic" by At The Drive In. All tracks are written by Boom Boom Satellites. Credits adapted from liner notes. A&R – Hanako Tabata A&R – Bob Fisher Art Direction, Design – Shin-Ichiro Hirata* Artwork – Shin Sasaki Coordinator – Umu Productions U. K. Directed By – Shin Yasui Drums – Naoki Hirai Executive-Producer – Lucy Tonegi, Shunsuke Muramatsu Illustration – Mitsuki Nakamura Management – Hiroki Sakaida, Lucy Tonegi Management – Sean Phillips, Sekui Mirata Mastered By – Tom Coyne Mixed By – Masayuki Nakano Other – Archie Meguro, Sampei Yamaguchi, Tomoko "Tomi" Yamamoto Producer – Boom Boom Satellites Programmed By, Bass – Masayuki Nakano Technician – Yasuyuki "Texas" Oguro* Vocals, GuitarMichiyuki Kawashima Boom Boom Satellites official website

Roger Bourke White

Roger Bourke White, a Cleveland businessman, co-founded Glastic Corporation with Richard C. "Dick" Newpher. Glastic, located in South Euclid, was one of the first makers of fiberglass insulators for the electrical industry, now makes fiber optic cable. Roger's work was part of Cleveland's post-war boom that swelled the city to 7th largest in the nation in the 1950s—just behind Detroit, it diversified the manufacturing base of the Northeast Ohio area, so that when Ohio's Steel Belt turned into the Rust Belt in the late 70s and early 80s, companies that Roger had founded and worked with cushioned the crunch and contributed to the area's reinvention as a diversified manufacturing area. Roger was born in 1911 in NJ to Joseph and Minnie White, he had Margaret Bourke-White and Ruth. Margaret Bourke-White is considered one of the great photojournalists of the 20th century. Roger graduated from MIT in 1934. After graduation he worked first for Union Carbide in New York City. Union Carbide asked him to move to Cleveland Ohio to sell welding and cutting products to the steel industry there.

It was in Cleveland that he became a business partner with James T. Lewis at Lewis Welding. During his early years in Cleveland he became part of a small men's group. While there, he and his friend Dick Newpher built a sailing kayak from a kit, they didn't like it. It was flimsy, so they worked it over, redesigned it, they took their new design to the Mentor Harbor Yachting Club, Mentor and there sailed rings around the regular sailboats. Roger loved camping and flying airplanes, he would take days-long trips into the wild woodlands around the Great Lakes. He flew planes as as large as twin-engined Piper Apaches. In 1944 he worked on the Manhattan Project which produced the first atomic bomb, in 1945 he married Anne "Mike" White, they had two sons, Roger Bourke White Jr. and Jonathan Bourke "Toby" White, six grandchildren. In 1946, as part of America's transition from a wartime to a post-war economy, Roger moved from the steel industry to start a brand new industry: the high-tech fiberglass electrical insulator industry.

He started Glastic Corporation with Dick Newpher. He became a leader in this field, producing numerous technical conference papers, trade journal articles and a text book on reinforced plastics. Roger's work produced smaller insulators, which reduced the size of electric motors, leading to the proliferation of small motors that now help us every day. Roger was a member of the Cleveland Skating Club, he was clever curler. He skied and snorkeled, so vacation time took the family north and south. In the Bahamas he found a new sport in addition to snorkeling: he would perch on the front of a small outboard board boat and chase sharks across sandy shallows. If they let him get close, he would shoot them with a arrow. Like his sister Margaret, Roger enjoyed photography, he loved making home movies. He sold out of Glastic in 1968. After that he became Chairman of Lauren Manufacturing Company, New Philadelphia, which made extruded rubber products for the auto industry, window sealers for skyscrapers, other sealers for the Alaskan Pipeline.

He founded Pultrusions Corp.. Aurora, Ohio which made pultruded fiberglass products, their products were used for overhead racks on buses, sewage treatment paddles, tent poles and flag poles for bicycles. He married Bonnie Crislip in 1976, he stayed active helping people in other ways. He linked up with the American Go Association to promote the playing of Go in the United States, serving as Membership Secretary and touring the country to visit local clubs, he founded The American Go Foundation, which supports the development of American Go by providing schools and libraries with playing materials, offering children scholarships to study the game, subsidizing Go teachers and in many other ways. Go is a chess-like game, played in the Far East. Roger's Obituary Twenty-Six years together Roger's Autobiography Glastic Corp. Lauren Manufacturing

Yakov Tikhai

Yakov Dmitriyevich Tikhai was a Russian orthodox composer and missionary. With Dmitri Lvovsky, he established a liturgical music school in Tokyo on the grounds of the Japanese mission to educate Japanese Christians in the new forms of music and to teach Japanese choir leaders for the new parishes. Не graduated from the Chişinău Theological Seminary. He was recommended by his older brother, archimandrite Anatoly, to archimandrite Nicholas of Japan, became Fr. Nicholas' principal arranger of Russian liturgical music to Japanese translations during the early decades of the Japanese mission. Yakov Tikhai came from the Romanian village of Tărăsăuţi, in the Hotin district in northern Moldova, arrived to Japan in early 1874 to assist his brother the Archimandrite Anatoly at his assignment to the parish in Hakodate, Japan. Fr. Anatoly had succeeded Fr. Nicholas in the Hakodate parish when Fr. Nicholas transferred his mission headquarters to Tokyo. Yakov was invited by Fr. Nicholas to serve as choirmaster at Suragadai Kanda.

Under the guidance of Bp. Nicholas, Yakov arranged the music for all the needed texts used in the Divine Liturgy, major feasts, funerals, the first week of Great Lent, Passion Week; as his successor, Victor Pokrovsky under Metr. Sergius needed to do, Yakov found it necessary to change the music to meet the different sense and structure of the Japanese language. Yakov married Yelena Yokoi, daughter of a prominent Japanese family, in 1876. During a visit to Odessa in 1887, Yakov died, his wife and children returned to Japan. Orthodox Church Singing in Japan Paschal Troparion in three languages MISIONARI ŞI APOSTOLI ORTODOCŞI ROMÂNI ÎN JAPONIA SECOLULUI XIX This article is derived in whole or in part from Yakov Tikhai at OrthodoxWiki, dually licensed under CC-By-SA and GFDL. All relevant terms must be followed

Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1814

The Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1814 was signed by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the Sovereign Principality of the United Netherlands in London on 13 August 1814. It was signed by Robert Stewart, Viscount Castlereagh, on behalf of the British and diplomat Hendrik Fagel on behalf of the Dutch; the treaty returned the colonial possessions of the Dutch as they were at 1 January 1803, before the outbreak of the Napoleonic Wars in the Americas and Asia, with the exception of the Cape of Good Hope and the South American settlements of Demerara and Berbice, where the Dutch retained trading rights. In addition, the British ceded the island of Banca off the island of Sumatra in exchange for the settlement of Cochin in India and its dependencies on the coast of Malabar; the Dutch ceded the district of Bernagore, situated close to Calcutta, in exchange for an annual fee. The treaty noted a declaration of 15 June 1814 by the Dutch, that ships for the slave trade were no longer permitted in British ports.

That restriction would be extended to a ban on involvement in the slave trade by Dutch citizens. Britain agreed to pay £1,000,000 to Sweden to resolve a claim to the Caribbean island of Guadeloupe; the British and the Dutch agreed to spend £2,000,000 each on improving the defences of the Low Countries. More funds, of up to £3,000,000, are mentioned for the "final and satisfactory settlement of the Low Countries in union with Holland."Disputes arising from the treaty were the subject of the Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1824. Anglo-Dutch Slave Trade Treaty of 1818 Anglo-Dutch treaties of 1870–1871