Stupava, Malacky District

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Stupava
Town
Kostol v Máste.jpg
Country Slovakia
Region Bratislava
District Malacky
Elevation 182 m (597 ft)
Coordinates 48°16′16″N 17°01′54″E / 48.27111°N 17.03167°E / 48.27111; 17.03167Coordinates: 48°16′16″N 17°01′54″E / 48.27111°N 17.03167°E / 48.27111; 17.03167
Area 67.178 km2 (25.938 sq mi)
Population 10,499 (August 2014)
Density 156/km2 (404/sq mi)
First mentioned 1269
Mayor Roman Maroš
Timezone CET (UTC+1)
 - summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 900 31
Area code +421-2
Car plate MA
Stupava, Malacky District is located in Bratislava Region
Stupava, Malacky District
Location of Stupava in the Bratislava Region
Stupava, Malacky District is located in Slovakia
Stupava, Malacky District
Stupava, Malacky District (Slovakia)
Wikimedia Commons: Stupava
Statistics: MOŠ/MIS
Website: www.stupava.sk

Stupava (German: Stampfen; Hungarian: Stomfa) is a town in western Slovakia. It is situated in the Malacky District, Bratislava Region.

Etymology[edit]

The name is derived from Proto-Slavic stǫpa (Slovak: stupa) - a wooden bowl carved from a tree trunk, but also the name of various crushing and pressing tools.[1]

Geography[edit]

The town is located in the Záhorie lowland, under the Little Carpathians, around 15 km (9 mi) north of Bratislava at an altitude of 182 metres. It has 13, 499 inhabitants as of 2015 and has a land area of 67.17 km2 (26 sq mi). Except the main part Stupava, it also has part Mást (German: Maaßt; Hungarian: Mászt) located south of the town.

History[edit]

However, traces of habitation go back to the Bronze Age, and the first known inhabitants were Celts, the Romans built a military station as a part of the near Limes Romanus on the Danube. The first written mention about the town was in 1269 in a document of the King Béla IV of Hungary under name Ztumpa; in the second half of the 13th century the now-ruined Pajštún Castle in the Little Carpathians was built. It was developing mainly as an agricultural and trading settlement, the name of the town comes from the pressing mills called stupa on the Stupavský potok brook, which were used for extracting oil from flax and hemp.

Landmarks[edit]

  • Stupava Castle, originally built as a water castle, rebuilt in the 17th century to the Renaissance château, now serving as a retirement home
  • Roman Catholic church in Baroque style from the first half of the 17th century
  • Baroque-style Calvary chapel from the beginning of the 18th century

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2001 census, the town had 8,063 inhabitants. 96.7% of inhabitants were Slovaks, 1% Czechs and 0.5% Hungarians.[2] The religious makeup was 70.4% Roman Catholics, 19.5% people with no religious affiliation and 2% Lutherans.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Závodný, Andrej (2010). "Vodné názvy slovenskej časti Pomoravia". VARIA XVII (PDF) (in Slovak). Ružomberok: Katolícka univerzita v Ružomberku – Filozofická fakulta, Slovenská jazykovedná spoločnosť pri SAV. p. 778. ISBN 978-80-8084-550-6. 
  2. ^ a b "Municipal Statistics". Statistical Office of the Slovak republic. Archived from the original on 2007-10-27. Retrieved 2007-11-06. 

External links[edit]