Stutterheim

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Stutterheim
Bethel Mission Church, Stutterheim
Bethel Mission Church, Stutterheim
Stutterheim is located in Eastern Cape
Stutterheim
Stutterheim
Stutterheim is located in South Africa
Stutterheim
Stutterheim
Coordinates: 32°34′S 27°25′E / 32.567°S 27.417°E / -32.567; 27.417Coordinates: 32°34′S 27°25′E / 32.567°S 27.417°E / -32.567; 27.417
CountrySouth Africa
ProvinceEastern Cape
DistrictAmathole
MunicipalityAmahlathi
Area
 • Total121.42 km2 (46.88 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Total24,673
 • Density200/km2 (530/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)
 • Black African90.7%
 • Coloured4.4%
 • Indian/Asian0.2%
 • White4.5%
 • Other0.3%
First languages (2011)
 • Xhosa87.4%
 • Afrikaans5.8%
 • English5.0%
 • Other1.8%
Time zoneUTC+2 (SAST)
Postal code (street)
4930
PO box
4930
Area code043

Stutterheim is a town with a population of 46,730 in South Africa, situated in the Border region of the Eastern Cape province.

History[edit]

The area’s earliest human population were Bushmen. Khoikhoi groups roamed the area with their cattle before Xhosa groups moved in during the mid-17th century CE. Missionaries arrived in the area in the 1830s from the Berlin Missionary Society, followed by German settlers from the 1850s, and further waves of English colonists later on.

The town was originally named for Baron Richard Carl Gustav Ludwig Wilhelm Julius von Stutterheim, who became a major-general in the British Army as the head of the British German Legion and spent eight months in South Africa before returning to Germany, it was later renamed Dohne after the first missionary in the area, Jacob Ludwig Döhne, but in 1857 it was reverted to its previous name, with the name Döhne referring only to a small station nearby.[2] The Cape Colony received a degree of independence in 1872 when Responsible Government was declared and, in 1877, the government of Prime Minister John Molteno began construction of the railway line connecting Stutterheim to East London on the coast; this was officially opened in August 1878, and led to significant growth and economic development in and around the town.[3]

On 20 May 1879 Stutterheim was proclaimed a municipality. Today Stutterheim is part of a much larger municipality named Amahlathi Local Municipality.[4]

Economy and tourism[edit]

Due to its fair annual rainfall, Stutterheim is a flourishing forestry centre which includes large pine, gum and wattle plantations that are established on the slopes of the [5] Mountains; this scenic town is situated about 70 km from East London on the N6 highway to the north. It is the home of many picturesque hiking trails, as well as mountain streams. Nearby Gubu Dam is well-stocked with trout. A number of cattle and sheep stud farms are also to be found in Stutterheim. Wool, beef, dairy and poultry are other central products which the area yields.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Main Place Stutterheim". Census 2011.
  2. ^ "Baron Richard von Stutterheim". Military History Journal; the South African Military History Society. 3 (4). December 1975. Retrieved 2011-03-18.
  3. ^ Burman, Jose (1984), Early Railways at the Cape. Cape Town: Human & Rousseau, p.84. ISBN 0-7981-1760-5
  4. ^ http://www.escaperoute.co.za/history-and-heritage/early-history-of-stutterheim[permanent dead link]
  5. ^ Kologha

External links[edit]