Stuttgart Psalter

The Stuttgart Psalter is a richly illuminated 9th-century psalter, considered one of the most significant of the Carolingian period. Written in Carolingian minuscule, it contains 316 images illustrating the Book of Psalms according to the Gallican Rite, it has been archived since the late 18th century at the Württembergische Landesbibliothek in Stuttgart. Through paleographic analysis undertaken by Bernhard Bischoff in the 1960s it is now accepted that the manuscript originated around 820 at the scriptorium at St. Germain-des-Prés in Paris, a royal monastery which enjoyed the personal patronage of Charlemagne; the original owner or sponsor of the book is not known. The first mention of the manuscript's existence occurs in a letter dated in 1787 regarding its sale to Charles Eugene, Duke of Württemberg, its presence in the ducal library at Stuttgart is recorded for the first time in 1818; the Stuttgart Psalter contains 162 decorated initials, including one at the beginning of each psalm, which show floral, geometrical and interlaced patterns and motifs.

The text is written in Carolingian minuscule. Two or three miniatures are included within each psalm text, which can be categorized in three ways: literal, illustrating the actual psalm text; the Stuttgart Psalter is of great interest to Carolingian historians because of the detail and variety of the contemporary objects it portrays, a partial list of which might include: plants and animals, architecture and militaria, dress and fashion, gender roles, appearance of Frankish nobles, farming, representation of imagined Jews and farming techniques, church ritual and priestly vestments, musical instruments, more. The manuscript features an array of monsters, animals, allegorical figures, the first depictions of a bellows-driven pipe organ and a "green man" in the early Middle Ages. Davezac, Bertrand M. Maurice; the Stuttgart Psalter: Its Pre-Carolingian Sources and Its Place in Carolingian Art. Ph. D. Dissertation, Columbia University, 1971. DeWald, Ernest T; the Stuttgart Psalter: Biblia folio 23, Württembergische Landesbibliothek, Stuttgart.

Princeton: Department of Art and Archaeology of Princeton University, 1930. Dodwell, C. R; the Pictorial Arts of the West, 800-1200. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1993. Mindell, Zoe. "Stuttgart Psalter". Grove Art Online. Oxford Art Online. Oxford University Press, accessed July 13, 2015. Http:// Trost, Andrea Pataki, Enke Huhsmann. Der Stuttgarter Psalter: Katalog zur Ausstellung vom 9. April bis 21. Mai 2011. Stuttgart: Württembergische Landesbibliothek, 2011. Württembergische Landesbibliothek. Der Stuttgarter Bilderpsalter. Bibl. fol. 23, Württembergische Landesbibliothek, Stuttgart. Stuttgart: Schreiber, 1968. High resolution page-images of the complete Stuttgart Psalter are at Württembergische Landesbibliothek Stuttgart Images in the Warburg Institute Iconographic Database


WorldView-2 is a commercial Earth observation satellite owned by DigitalGlobe. WorldView-2 provides commercially available panchromatic imagery of 0.46 m resolution, eight-band multispectral imagery with 1.84 m resolution. It was launched 8 October 2009 to become DigitalGlobe's third satellite in orbit, joining WorldView-1, launched in 2007 and QuickBird, launched in 2001, it takes a new photograph of any place on Earth every 1.1 days. Ball Aerospace built the spacecraft, which includes an optical telescope that can image objects 18 in in diameter. WorldView-2 was launched 8 October 2009 from Vandenberg Air Force Base on a Delta II flying in the 7920 configuration; the launch vehicle was provided by the United Launch Alliance and launch services were administered by Boeing. On 19 July 2016, the Joint Space Operations Center reported a debris causing event of at least 9 observable pieces, after which DigitalGlobe demonstrated the satellite to still be functional by releasing an image of downtown Oakland, California.

2009 in spaceflight WorldView-2 at WorldView-2 sensor information at

James Bedford

James Hiram Bedford was an American psychology professor at the University of California who wrote several books on occupational counseling. He is the first person whose body was cryopreserved after legal death, who remains preserved at the Alcor Life Extension Foundation. In June 1965, Ev Cooper’s Life Extension Society offered the opportunity to preserve one person free of charge, stating that "the Life Extension Society now has primitive facilities for emergency short term freezing and storing our friend the large homeotherm. LES offers to freeze free of charge the first person desirous and in need of cryogenic suspension." Bedford did not take this opportunity, but used his own funds. Bedford suffered from kidney cancer that had metastasized into his lungs, a condition, untreatable at the time. Bedford left $100,000 to cryonics research in his will, but more than this amount was utilized by Bedford's wife and son in court, having to defend his will and his cryopreservation due to arguments created by other relatives.

Bedford's body was frozen a few hours after his death due to natural causes related to his cancer. His body was preserved by Dr. Dante Brunol and Robert Nelson. Nelson wrote a book about the subject titled We Froze the First Man. Compared to those employed by modern cryonics organizations, the use of cryoprotectants in Bedford's case was primitive, he was injected with a solution 15% dimethyl sulfoxide and 85% ringers solution, a compound once thought to be useful for long-term cryogenics, so it is unlikely that his brain was protected. Vitrification was not yet possible, further limiting the possibility of Bedford's eventual recovery. In his first suspended animation stages, his body was stored at Edward Hope's Cryo-Care facility in Phoenix, for two years in 1969 moved to the Galiso facility in California. Bedford's body was moved from Galiso in 1973 to Trans Time near Berkeley, until 1977, before being stored by his son for many years. Bedford's body was maintained in liquid nitrogen by his family in southern California until 1982, when it was moved to Alcor Life Extension Foundation, has remained in Alcor's care to the present day.

In May 1991, his body's condition was evaluated. The examiners concluded that "it seems that his external temperature has remained at low subzero temperatures throughout the storage interval." The date of Bedford's cryopreservation, January 12, is now known as "James Bedford Day", is celebrated every year. Bedford married twice, his first wife, Anna Chandler Rice, died in 1917, the same year she and Bedford were married. Bedford married his second wife, Ruby McLagan, in 1920. Bedford and McLagan had five children: Doris, Frances and Norman. James Bedford enjoyed extensive traveling. Vocational interests of high-school students. University of California School of education, Division of vocational education. 1930. Youth and the world's work: Vocational adjustment of youth in the modern world. Society for Occupational Research. 1938. Vocational interests of secondary school students. Society for Occupational Research, University of California Station. 1938. Occupational exploration: A guide to personal and occupational adjustment.

Society for Occupational Research. 1941. The veteran and his future job: A guide-book for the veteran. Society for Occupational Research. 1946. Your future job: A guide to personal and occupational orientation of youth. Society for Occupational Research. 1950. Your future job: A guide to personal and occupational orientation of youth in the atomic age. Society for Occupational Research. 1956. Groskinsky, Henry. "Edward Hope prepares Bedford's body". Getty Images. "Never Say Die". Time. February 3, 1967; when he died... his physician... began to pack the body in ice... They spent eight hours, sending out periodically for more ice... Perry, Mike. "The First Suspension". Cryonics. For the Record. Alcor