Unkle are a British musical outfit founded in 1992 by James Lavelle. Categorised as trip hop, the group once included producer DJ Shadow and have employed a variety of guest artists and producers; the first release credited to the'Men from U. N. K. L. E' was a remix for United Future Organization, included on their 1992 Loud Minority single. Lavelle and Goldsworthy were joined by Masayuki Kudo and Toshio Nakanishi of the Japanese hip hop crew Major Force. Lavelle drafted in DJ Shadow to work on the debut album, discarded all recorded material. Lavelle and Shadow released Psyence Fiction in 1998 to critical acclaim; the album included collaborations with an all-star lineup including Thom Yorke, Mark Hollis, Mike D, Kool G Rap, Jason Newsted, Badly Drawn Boy and Richard Ashcroft. The album was mixed by producer Jim Abbiss. Shadow left the group after touring Psyence Fiction and was replaced by turntablist group the Scratch Perverts, who deconstructed the album and performed it live on turntables in 1999.
In 1999, former producer Rich File remixed the track "Unreal", adding vocals by Ian Brown, the resulting track was released as the single "Be There". On 1 February 1999, Lavelle and the Scratch Perverts appeared on the Radio 1 program The Breezeblock, utilising "5 turntables"; the set was based on tracks from Psyence Fiction, with some of them reworked live by Lavelle for the live performance. The Scratch Perverts' contribution consisted of scratching over the top of the Unkle tracks, a deconstructed version of "Be There", some solo interludes. In 2001, Lavelle and File resurfaced as Unklesounds, with a DJ mix created for Japanese radio entitled Do Androids Dream of Electric Beats? This highlighted a new, more electronic direction the group had taken, featured a number of tracks from Psyence Fiction, remixed in a techy breakbeat style. Rich File co-produced and sang on the second album, Never, released in 2003; the album again featured a number of high-profile contributors, including Ian Brown, Josh Homme, Robert Del Naja and Mani among others.
Lavelle and File continued releasing mixes as Unklesounds. The mix album Edit Music for a Film: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack Reconstruction, featuring movie samples and tracks from film soundtracks, was created for the After Dark 2004 event at the ICA London. A single CD version was handed out at the event, it was released as an extended two disc set in 2005; the group recorded music for a short film titled The Seed directed by Joe Hahn alongside John Debney and Mike Shinoda of Linkin Park. In September 2006, Global Underground released Self Defence: Never, Land Reconstructed and Bonus Beats, a 4-CD box set of remixes and bonus tracks from the Never, Land sessions, including tracks only available on the original DVD release of the album, it contained remixes of a track mooted for their next album, featuring Ian Astbury of The Cult, titled "Burn My Shadow". War Stories, the third album from Unkle, was released in summer 2007; the album again featured a number of guests including Josh Homme, Gavin Clark, Robert Del Naja, Ian Astbury, The Duke Spirit and Neil Davidge.
Following the release of the single "Hold My Hand", Pablo Clements became an Unkle member. In January 2008 Unkle released More Stories, containing a mix of B-sides, unreleased War Stories session tracks, music composed for the film Odyssey In Rome; the same month, Rich File announced he was leaving Unkle after 10 years' collaboration to pursue work with his new band, We Fell to Earth. In March the Lazarides Gallery in London showcased War Paint, an exhibition of artworks inspired by the recent Unkle album War Stories, with works from Robert Del Naja, Warren du Preez, Nick Thornton Jones, Will Bankhead and Ben Drury. Unkle began touring the UK with Zoot Woman and Sebastian and Mr. Flash from the French electro record label Ed Banger Records; the concert, set across four acts, featured live performances from past Unkle contributors including Badly Drawn Boy, Liela Moss from The Duke Spirit, Gavin Clark and Joel Cadbury from South. Unkle's fourth full album titled End Titles... Stories for Film was released in July 2008.
It includes collaborations with Chris Goss, Black Mountain, Philip Sheppard, Dave Bateman, Joel Cadbury, James Griffith. The album is described in the sleeve notes by Lavelle as "not a new album in the usual sense, but new music, inspired by the moving image." As such, it can be considered a companion piece both to War Stories but to the earlier Unklesounds mix, Edit Music for a Film. 14 December 2008 saw the digital release of End Titles... Redux, an album, released the following day in a limited pressing of 3000 CDs available from official Unkle stores; this release features seven re-interpreted tracks from the album End Titles... Stories for Film plus 2 never-before-released tracks, "When Once It Was" and "A Perfect Storm"; the exclusive package is a 6-panel soft-pack with a 12-page booklet with images by Robert Del Naja. Upon the release of the single "Heavy Drug" in August 2009, Unkle disclosed they had begun recording their next studio album, Where Did the Night Fall, released in May 2010.
This included an all-star cast of performers including: Mark Lanegan, Nick Cave, The Black Angels, Sleepy Sun, Katrina Ford, as well as ELLE J and Gavin Clark. The album is available as a digital download from Unkle's site, it was announced on 18 A
Girls Against Boys
Girls Against Boys is an American indie rock/post-hardcore band, formed in Washington, D. C. in 1988 and based in New York City. The group began as a side project of Fugazi drummer Brendan Canty. Canty left the project by 1990 due to his commitments with Fugazi. Janney went on to recruit three former members of D. C. hardcore punk group Soulside to complete the lineup: singer/guitarist Scott McCloud, bassist Johnny Temple and drummer Alexis Fleisig. Girls Against Boys employs a rarity in rock music. However, Janney doubled on keyboards, their second album, Venus Luxure No. 1 Baby, was a heavy yet nuanced entry into early 1990s post-hardcore. It was performed live in its entirety as part of the All Tomorrow's Parties-curated Don't Look Back series, at the 25th anniversary concert for Touch and Go Records held in Chicago in September 2006, they provided music for the soundtrack to the film Series 7: The Contenders. They have contributed to soundtracks of the films Clerks and the Angry Inch, Permanent Midnight, White Oleander, SubUrbia, Terror Firmer, the Psycho remake and Songs of the Witchblade.
They covered the song "Boogie Wonderland" for the 1999 movie 200 Cigarettes. The band has toured extensively throughout Europe, Japan and the United States and Canada, they have performed in numerous festivals including Lollapalooza 1993, 1995 and 1996, All Tomorrow's Parties, Reading Festival, 1994 Phoenix Festival, Dour Festival, Primavera Festival, 1997 Fuji Rock Festival, Lowlands Festival, Les Transmusicales. They have appeared on Late Night with Conan O'Brien, The Jon Stewart Show, Canal+ and MTV. Touring included stints with bands such as Jawbox, The Jon Spencer Blues Explosion, the Jesus Lizard, Rage Against the Machine, Fugazi, Pitchshifter, Atari Teenage Riot, Foo Fighters, Luscious Jackson, Tar, No Means No, Les Savy Fav, Magic Dirt, Big Chief and others. Bands who supported them before going on to have mainstream success include the Yeah Yeah Yeahs, dEUS and Placebo. In May 2013, Girls Against Boys resumed touring in support of a new EP; the first show of their reunion tour was performed at the Donaufestival in Krems, with David Yow of The Jesus Lizard providing additional vocals.
In November 2013, the band played the final holiday camp edition of the world-famous All Tomorrow's Parties festival in Camber Sands, England. Scott McCloud and Johnny Temple played together in a side-project called New Wet Kojak, releasing two records on Chicago's Touch and Go Records—New Wet Kojak and Nasty International, they followed with three more on Beggars Banquet—Do Things, No. 4 EP and This Is the Glamorous. The group featured Nick Pellicciotto and Charles Bennington. Alexis Fleisig performed with Moby for his album Animal Rights. Scott McCloud, Johnny Temple and Alexis Fleisig toured with Gina Gershon in 2002 in support of her film Prey for Rock and Roll, a film focusing on the struggles of an all--female band based on the life of Cheri Lovedog; the tour consisted of Gershon and three members of Girls Against Boys performing songs penned by Stephen Trask and Linda Perry. The tour resulted in the reality series/documentary Rocked with Gina Gershon. Scott McCloud plays in Paramount Styles with Alexis Fleisig, who have released two records on Dutch Label Cycle/Konkurrent Records - Failure American Style and Heaven's Alright - and one on Silver Rocket, Distant Karma.
The group less extensively in the United States and Canada. The group features revolving guests including Richard Fortus, producer/bass player Geoff Sanoff, Julia Kent, Michael Hampton, John Schmersal, Simon Lenski, Chris Smets and Libor Palucha. After Girls Against Boys became inactive in 2003, Eli Janney became a full-time producer for many musical acts, including Obits and James Blunt. Johnny Temple founded Akashic Books, an independent publisher, known for many books including Go the Fuck to Sleep, Hairstyles of the Damned and an extensive Noir Series. Timeline Studio albumsTropic of Scorpio Venus Luxure No. 1 Baby Cruise Yourself House of GVSB Freak*on*ica You Can't Fight What You Can't See Extended playsNineties vs. Eighties Sexy Sam B. P. C./Satin Down Super-fire Disco Six Six Six The Ghost List Split releasesCheap Sweaty Fun & TJ's Xmas — Split 7" with Man or Astro-man? 8 Rounds — Split CD EP with Guided by Voices. Welcome to Planet Rock Studio Brussels'96 Fuji Rock Festival'97 Everything is Beautiful (G
Gene Francis Alan Pitney was an American singer-songwriter and sound engineer. Pitney charted 16 Top 40 hits in the United States, four in the Top 10. In the United Kingdom he had 22 Top 40 hits, 11 singles in the Top Ten, he wrote the early 1960s hits "Rubber Ball" recorded by Bobby Vee, "He's a Rebel" by the Crystals, "Hello Mary Lou" by Ricky Nelson. In 2002, he was inducted into the Roll Hall of Fame. Pitney was born in Hartford, United States; the third of five children of a lathe operator, Pitney lived with his family in Rockville, Connecticut during his formative years. He grew up in Rockville, now part of Connecticut. Pitney’s early influences were Clyde McPhatter, country-blues singer Moon Mullican, doo-wop groups like the Crows, he attended Rockville High School where he formed Gene & the Genials. Pitney sang with a group called the Embers, he made records as part of a duo called Jamie and Jane with Ginny Arnell, in 1959 recorded a single as Billy Bryan. Signed to songwriter Aaron Schroeder's newly formed Musicor label in 1961, Pitney scored his first chart single, which made the Top 40, the self-penned " Love My Life Away," on which he played several instruments and multi-tracked the vocals.
He followed that same year with his first Top 20 single, the title song from the 1961 Kirk Douglas United Artists film Town Without Pity. Written by Dimitri Tiomkin and Ned Washington, the song won a Golden Globe Award and was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Song, but lost the award to "Moon River". Pitney performed the song at the Oscars ceremony on April 9, 1962. Pitney is remembered for the Burt Bacharach–Hal David song " Liberty Valance", which peaked at No. 4 in 1962. Though it shares a title with the John Wayne western, the song was not used in the film because of a publishing dispute; that same year "Only Love Can Break a Heart" became his highest charting song in the US at No. 2, followed in December by "Half Heaven, Half Heartache", which reached No. 12 on the Billboard chart. Because of his success on the music charts, as Pitney explained to his friend Oldies DJ “Wild” Wayne, an unknown radio disc jockey at the time dubbed him with the nickname “The Rockville Rocket,” which caught on.
Meanwhile, Pitney wrote hits for others, including "He's a Rebel" for the Crystals, "Today's Teardrops" for Roy Orbison, "Rubber Ball" for Bobby Vee, "Hello Mary Lou" for Ricky Nelson. The Crystals' version of "He's A Rebel" kept Pitney's own No. 2 hit "Only Love Can Break a Heart," his highest-charting single in the U. S. from the top spot, the only time that a writer shut himself out of #1. His popularity in the UK market was ensured by the breakthrough success of "Twenty Four Hours from Tulsa," a Bacharach and David song, which peaked at No. 5 in Britain at the start of 1964. It was only Pitney's third single release in the UK to reach the singles chart, the first to break into the Top Twenty there. S, peaking at No. 17 on the Hot 100. Pitney was present with Phil Spector at some of the Rolling Stones' early recording sessions in London, including "Little by Little" and other tracks for their debut album; the Jagger/Richards song "That Girl Belongs to Yesterday" was a No. 7 UK hit for Pitney in 1964.
In the U. S. the single stalled at No. 49, ending a run of seven Top 40 singles for Pitney as a performer. After another low-charting single, 1964's "Yesterday's Hero", Pitney rebounded with another string of hits in the mid-1960s, including the 1964 singles "It Hurts to Be in Love" and "I'm Gonna Be Strong", which reached No. 7 and No. 9 in the U. S. and 1966's "Nobody Needs Your Love", which peaked at No. 2 in the UK, matching the No. 2 UK peak of "I'm Gonna Be Strong". "It Hurts to Be in Love" had been planned for and recorded by Neil Sedaka, but RCA refused to release it because Sedaka had recorded the song outside RCA Victor in violation of his contract. The writers, Howard Greenfield and Helen Miller, presented the song to Pitney. Miller replaced Sedaka's voice with Pitney's, though Sedaka's trademark backing harmonies were left intact. In 1965, Pitney recorded two successful albums with country singer George Jones, they were voted the most promising country-and-western duo of the year. Pitney recorded songs in Italian and German, twice finished second in Italy's annual Sanremo Music Festival, where his strong vibrato reminded older listeners of the Italian tenor Enrico Caruso.
He had a regional hit with "Nessuno mi può giudicare". Pitney's career in the U. S. took a downturn after mid-1966. He returned one last time to the Top 40 with "She's a Heartbreaker" in mid-1968 and placed several singles in the lower reaches of the Hot 100 after that, but by 1970 he was no longer a hit-maker in the U. S. Pitney maintained a successful career in Britain and the rest of Europe into the 1970s, appearing on UK charts as late as 1974. In Australia, after a fallow period in the early 1970s, Pitney returned to Top 40 in 1974, as both Blue Angel and Trans-Canada Highway were substantial hits. Pitney continued to place records in the Australian charts through 1976, including the hit "Down This Road," written and produced by distant relation Edward Pitney, they collaborated in the production of the hit song "Days of Summer." In the early 1970s, Pitney decided to spend only six months each year on the road. Pitney's last hit o
Steven James Zahn is an American actor and comedian. His films include Reality Bites, That Thing You Do!, SubUrbia, Out of Sight, Texas, Riding in Cars with Boys, Shattered Glass, Rescue Dawn, the first three Diary of a Wimpy Kid movies, Dallas Buyers Club, War for the Planet of the Apes. Zahn has done voice acting in Chicken Little, Escape from Planet Earth, The Good Dinosaur, he has worked in television, including the recurring role of Davis McAlary on HBO's Treme. Zahn was born in Marshall, the son of Carleton Edward Zahn, a Lutheran minister, Zelda Clair Zahn, a bookstore clerk and a YMCA administrator, his father is of German and Swedish descent, his mother is of German ancestry. Zahn spent part of his childhood in Mankato, attending Kennedy Elementary School, moved to the suburbs of Minneapolis for high school, where he acted in school plays and became a two-time Minnesota state speech champion, he graduated from Robbinsdale Cooper High School in 1986, planning to join the United States Marine Corps.
Zahn attended Gustavus Adolphus College for one semester but dropped out after seeing the original West End production of Les Misérables. "I remember sitting through the second act thinking, I’m good as that guy standing on the barricade," Zahn recalled. "I wanted to be part of the circus." In 1987, Zahn made his professional stage debut in a Minnesota production of Neil Simon's Biloxi Blues after falsely claiming to be a member of Actors' Equity. His fellow actors suggested that Zahn study acting, inspiring him to enroll in American Repertory Theater's two-year training program. At A. R. T, he worked with the venerated stage director Andrei Șerban. In 1991, Zahn formed the Malaparte theater company with a group of actor friends, including Ethan Hawke and Robert Sean Leonard. From 1991 to 1992, he played Hugo Peabody in a national tour of Bye Bye Birdie starring Tommy Tune, subsequently appeared in two Off-Broadway plays and Eric Bogosian's Suburbia. After his breakout film role in 1994's Reality Bites, Zahn gained a reputation for playing amiable stoners and sidekicks in films such as That Thing You Do!, You've Got Mail, Out of Sight.
In the 1990s, Zahn was approached by fans who assumed that he was an archetypal Generation X slacker, not the case. He has said, "I'm the guy without an alarm clock. I was always that guy."In 1999, Zahn landed his first starring role in the critically acclaimed indie film Happy, for which he won a Special Jury Award at the Sundance Film Festival. In the wake of Happy, Zahn began playing darker, more nuanced characters, he received Oscar buzz for his role as Drew Barrymore's deadbeat ex in Riding in Cars with Boys, played the investigative journalist Adam Penenberg in Shattered Glass. A longtime Werner Herzog fan, Zahn campaigned for the role of Vietnam prisoner of war Duane W. Martin in Herzog's 2007 film Rescue Dawn. Zahn has worked in television, playing the role of Davis McClary on 36 episodes of HBO's Treme. In 2017, Zahn played Bad Ape in War for the Planet of the Apes, he researched the role by watching chimp videos on YouTube, said that the motion capture process and lengthy digital takes made Bad Ape "the most challenging acting job I’ve had".
Zahn met the author and theater artist Robyn Peterman in 1991 while they were performing in a national tour of Bye Bye Birdie. The couple married in 1994 and have two children and Audrey, they live on a 360-acre horse farm outside of Lexington, where Zahn gardens and raises horses and sheep. He and his wife run a local community theater, in which Zahn performs, he has a lake cabin near Pine City, where he enjoys tubing and fishing with his two children. Zahn is a lifelong military history buff and has said that one of his biggest regrets was turning down a role in the HBO miniseries Band of Brothers. In 2007, he was awarded an honorary Ph. D in Fine Arts from Northern Kentucky University. A University of Kentucky sports fan, Zahn is seen at games and events. Steve Zahn on IMDb Steve Zahn at the Internet Off-Broadway Database
Butthole Surfers are an American rock band formed by singer Gibby Haynes and guitarist Paul Leary in San Antonio, Texas, in 1981. The band has had numerous personnel changes, but its core lineup of Haynes and drummer King Coffey has been consistent since 1983. Teresa Nervosa served as second drummer from 1983 to 1985, 1986 to 1989, 2009; the band has employed a variety of bass players, most notably Jeff Pinkus. Emerging from the 1980s hardcore punk scene, Butthole Surfers became known for their chaotic live shows, black comedy, a sound that incorporated elements of psychedelia, noise rock, punk as well as their use of sound manipulation and tape editing. Although they were respected by their peers and attracted a devoted fanbase, Butthole Surfers had little commercial success until 1996's Electriclarryland; the album contained the hit single "Pepper" which climbed to number one on Billboard's Modern Rock Tracks chart that year. Butthole Surfers formed at Trinity University in San Antonio, Texas during the late 1970s, when students Gibson "Gibby" Haynes and Paul Leary Walthall met for the first time.
Though it was their overall strangeness and shared taste in non-mainstream music that caused them to become friends, both appeared to be headed for conventional careers. Haynes, as captain of Trinity's basketball team, as well as the school's "Accountant of the Year," soon graduated to a position with a respected Texas accounting firm, while Leary remained in college working on his MBA degree. In 1981, Haynes and Leary published the magazine Strange V. D. which featured photos of abnormal medical ailments, coupled with fictitious, humorous explanations for the diseases. After being caught with one of these pictures at work, Haynes left the accounting firm and moved to Southern California. Leary, at the time one semester shy of his degree, dropped out of college and followed Haynes. After a brief period spent selling homemade clothes and linens emblazoned with Lee Harvey Oswald's image, the pair returned to San Antonio, launched the band that would become Butthole Surfers. Haynes and Leary played their debut show at a San Antonio night club, The Bonham Exchange, in 1981.
By 1982, the band were backed by the sibling rhythm section composed of bassist Quinn Mathews and his brother, drummer Scott Mathews. The band did not gain a following in San Antonio, purchased a van to return to California that summer. During a brief concert at the Tool and Die club in San Francisco, Dead Kennedys frontman and Alternative Tentacles overseer Jello Biafra witnessed their performance and became a fervent fan. Biafra invited the group to open for Dead Kennedys and T. S. O. L. at the Whisky a Go Go in Los Angeles, soon made an offer that would launch their recording career. The band returned to San Antonio to record at BOSS Studios. However, the Mathews brothers did not enter the studio with Leary; the bass position was taken over by Bill Jolly, who would play on Butthole Surfers' next two releases, a number of drummers participated. The last of these, King Coffey, is still with the band to this day. Released on Alternative Tentacles in July 1983, the resulting EP, Butthole Surfers, offered songs with provocatively absurd titles like "The Shah Sleeps in Lee Harvey's Grave" and "Bar-B-Q Pope", alternately sung by Haynes and Leary.
The album cover, like the many bizarre illustrations that would accompany Surfers' succeeding work, was designed by the band itself. Teeming with humor, Butthole Surfers laid the foundation for, it influenced at least one future superstar in Nirvana frontman Kurt Cobain, who listed it as one of his ten favorite albums in his Journals. Cobain went on to list the album "Pee Pee the Sailor" by Butthole Surfers as one of the fifty most influential albums for Nirvana's sound. Cobain would meet his wife, Courtney Love of Hole, at a Butthole Surfers/L7 concert in 1991. Soon after the release of Butthole Surfers, the band recruited a second drummer, Teresa Nervosa, who had played with Coffey in a number of high school marching bands in the Texas' Fort Worth and Austin areas, she and Coffey would drum in unison on separate, stand-up kits, adding to the spectacle of Surfers' ever-evolving stage show. Though Nervosa and Coffey referred to themselves, were referred to, as siblings, it has since been revealed that the two only presented themselves as such due to their similar appearances, are not related.
With her arrival, the band's core "classic lineup" — Haynes, Leary and Nervosa — was in place. With the exception of a number of different bass players and Nervosa's brief sabbatical from late 1985 to 1986, it remained unchanged until her final departure in 1989. In 2008, she returned to the band — their website announced 2009 tour dates including "Teresa Taylor". In 1984 the band returned to BOSS Studios to record enough material for two full-length albums. Both were offered to Alternative Tentacles, with the first being Psychic... Powerless... Another Man's Sac. Before either album could be released, Alternative Tentacles had to acquire the master tapes from Bob O'Neill, BOSS Studios' namesake and owner, he refused to release them until he'd been reimbursed for the sessions, Alternative Tentac
Skinny Puppy is a Canadian industrial music group formed in Vancouver, British Columbia in 1982. The group is considered to be one of the founders of the electro-industrial genre. Envisioned as an experimental side project by cEvin Key while he was in the new wave band Images in Vogue, Skinny Puppy evolved into a full-time project with the addition of vocalist Nivek Ogre. Over the course of a dozen studio albums and many live tours and Ogre have been the only constant members. Other members have included Dwayne Goettel, Dave "Rave" Ogilvie, Mark Walk, a number of guests, including Bill Leeb, Al Jourgensen, many others. After the self-release of their first cassette in 1984, Skinny Puppy soon signed to Vancouver label Nettwerk, anchoring its early roster. From their Nettwerk debut EP Remission in 1984 to their 1992 album Last Rights, Skinny Puppy developed into an influential band with a dedicated cult following, fusing elements of industrial, noise, new wave and rock music and making innovative use of sampling.
Over the course of several tours of North America and Europe in this period, they became known for theatrical, horror-themed live performances and videos, drawing attention to issues such as chemical warfare and animal testing. In 1993, Skinny Puppy left Nettwerk and long-time producer Rave, signing with American Recordings and relocating to Malibu, where drug problems and tension between band members plagued the recording of their next album, The Process. Ogre quit Skinny Puppy in June 1995, Goettel died of a heroin overdose two months later; the album was completed with Rave and released in Goettel's memory in 1996. Key and Ogre active in a number of other projects, went their separate ways, reuniting for a one-off Skinny Puppy concert at the Doomsday Festival in Dresden, Germany, in 2000. Reforming Skinny Puppy in 2003 with Mark Walk, they released the album The Greater Wrong of the Right the following year and toured extensively. Since their reunion, they have released a further three albums, the most recent release being 2013's Weapon.
Skinny Puppy formed in 1982 as a side project for Kevin Crompton in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. Crompton was dissatisfied with the pop direction of his then-current band Images in Vogue, began Skinny Puppy with the intention of doing something more compelling and experimental. Images in Vogue had become a popular act in Vancouver, achieving several radio hits and opening for groups such as Duran Duran, Depeche Mode, Roxy Music. Crompton had planned Skinny Puppy to be a side project while he continued his work in Images in Vogue. Crompton had created the name for the project and recorded several songs when he asked Kevin Graham Ogilvie to join. Ogilvie had been a roommate of Images in Vogue member Gary Blair Smith and had met Crompton at a party in late 1982. To avoid the confusion of having two people named Kevin in one band, the pair created stage names, with Crompton becoming cEvin Key and Ogilvie becoming Nivek Ogre. Using Key's apartment as a makeshift studio, the duo began recording songs and in 1983 with the help of Images in Vogue recording engineer Dave "Rave" Ogilvie, Skinny Puppy released the EP Back & Forth.
This was the beginning of a long partnership between Skinny Puppy and Rave, who would serve as their producer until 1993, again in 1995, was listed as a member of the band in album liner notes. Though only 35 copies were printed, the self-released Back & Forth drew the attention of Vancouver startup label Nettwerk, who signed the band that year; the first live Skinny Puppy show was held at the Unovis art gallery in Vancouver in February 1984. Ogre has said that Skinny Puppy acted as an escape for Key, who wished to distance himself from Images in Vogue: "He was looking for something to break out of, maybe I was it". Key would continue to drum for Images in Vogue until the group relocated to Toronto in 1985. Key's concept behind Skinny Puppy came from the group's first song recorded, "K-9"; the idea, according to Key, was to create music which explored "life as seen through a dog's eyes". Skinny Puppy incorporated the use of "B-grade horror movie visuals", including fake blood and props, into their live performances.
Key justified these "shock gore" antics with the following: What we're presenting isn't much different from what is subjected to in everyday life. For example, a commercial is a plastic view of existence and reality; when you watch a TV show and see a world with picture-perfect endings, all you have to do is switch the station and watch the news. Having scored a record deal with Nettwerk and with interest surrounding the Back & Forth EP growing, Skinny Puppy was invited to Vancouver's Mushroom Studios to work on new material, it was here that the group recruited Bill Leeb to perform bass backing vocals. Like Ogre and Key before him, Leeb created Wilhelm Schroeder. Skinny Puppy released their second EP, Remission in December 1984 a year following Back & Forth. Remission marked the first time Skinny Puppy would collaborate with artist Steven Gilmore, who created the album artwork; the EP was only released in vinyl, but was given a cassette release in 1985. According to Nettwe
Sonic Youth was an American rock band based in New York City, formed in 1981. Founding members Thurston Moore, Kim Gordon and Lee Ranaldo remained together for the entire history of the band, while Steve Shelley followed a series of short-term drummers in 1985, rounded out the core line-up. Sonic Youth emerged from the experimental no wave art and music scene in New York before evolving into a more conventional rock band and becoming the most prominent of the American noise rock groups. Sonic Youth have been praised for having "redefined what rock guitar could do" using a wide variety of unorthodox guitar tunings and preparing guitars with objects like drum sticks and screwdrivers to alter the instruments' timbre; the band is considered to be a pivotal influence on the indie rock movements. After gaining a large underground following and critical praise through releases with SST Records in the late 1980s, the band experienced mainstream success throughout the 1990s and 2000s after signing to major label DGC in 1990 and headlining the 1995 Lollapalooza festival.
In 2011, Ranaldo announced that the band was "ending for a while" following the separation of married couple Gordon and Moore. Thurston Moore updated and clarified the position in May 2014: "Sonic Youth is on hiatus; the band is a democracy of sorts, as long as Kim and I are working out our situation, the band can't function reasonably." Gordon refers several times in her 2015 autobiography Girl in a Band to the band having "split up". Shortly after guitarist Thurston Moore moved to New York City in early 1977, he formed a group, Room Tone, with his roommates, who changed their name to the Coachmen. After the breakup of the Coachmen, Moore began jamming with Stanton Miranda, whose band, CKM, featured Kim Gordon. Moore and Gordon formed a band, appearing under names like Male Bonding and Red Milk and the Arcadians, before settling on Sonic Youth just before June 1981; the name came from combining the nickname of MC5's Fred "Sonic" Smith with "Youth" from reggae artist Big Youth. Gordon recalled that "as soon as Thurston came up with the name Sonic Youth, a certain sound, more of what we wanted to do came about."
The band played Noise Fest in June 1981 at New York's White Columns gallery, where Lee Ranaldo was playing as a member of Glenn Branca's electric guitar ensemble. Their performance impressed Moore, who described them as "the most ferocious guitar band that I had seen in my life", he invited Ranaldo to join the band; the new threesome played three songs at the festival in the week without a drummer. Each band member took. Branca signed Sonic Youth as the first act on his record label Neutral Records. In December 1981 the group recorded five songs in a studio in New York's Radio City Music Hall; the material was released as the Sonic Youth that, while ignored, was sent to a few key members of the US press, who gave it uniformly favorable reviews. The album featured a conventional post-punk style, in contrast to their releases. After their first release, Edson was replaced by Bob Bert. During their early days as part of the New York music scene, Sonic Youth formed a friendship with fellow New York noise rock band Swans.
The bands came to share the same rehearsal space, Sonic Youth embarked on its first tour, a two-week journey through the southern United States starting in November 1982, supporting Swans. During a second tour with Swans of the Midwest the following month, tensions ran high and Moore criticized Bert's drumming, which he felt was not "in the pocket". Bert was fired afterwards and replaced by Jim Sclavunos, who played drums on the band's first studio album, 1983's Confusion Is Sex, which featured a louder and more dissonant sound than their debut EP. Sonic Youth set up a two-week tour of Europe for the summer of 1983. Sclavunos, quit after only a few months; the group asked Bert to rejoin, he agreed, on the condition that he would not be fired again after the tour's conclusion. Bert went on to play on the band's Kill Yr Idols EP. Sonic Youth found themselves well received in Europe, but the New York press ignored the local noise rock scene; as the press began to take notice of the genre, Sonic Youth was grouped along with bands like Big Black, the Butthole Surfers and Pussy Galore under the "pigfucker" label by Village Voice editor Robert Christgau.
After a substandard September concert in New York, another critic from The Village Voice panned it. Gordon wrote a scornful letter to the newspaper, criticizing it for not supporting its local music scene, to which Christgau responded by saying they are not obligated to support them. Moore retaliated by renaming the song "Kill Yr Idols" to "I Killed Christgau With My Big Fucking Dick", before the two sorted out their differences amicably. During another tour of Europe in 1984, Sonic Youth's disastrous London debut resulted in rave reviews in Sounds and the NME. By the time they returned to New York, they were so popular they played shows every week; that same year and Gordon were married, Sonic Youth released Bad Moon Rising, a self-described "Americana" album that served as a reaction to the state of the nation at the time. The album, recorded by Martin Bisi, was built around transitional pieces that Moore and Ranaldo had come up with in order to take up time onstage while the other guitarist was busy tuning his instrument.