The Fluid was an American rock band from Denver, formed in 1984 who disbanded in 1993, but reconvened in 2008. The Fluid were called Madhouse. After early 1980s Denver punk band Frantix broke up, bassist Matt Bischoff, drummer Garrett Shavlik and guitarist James Clower began playing as Madhouse. On July 5, with new band members Rick Kulwicki and John Robinson, they played their first gig at the German House as "The Fluid", the only name all five members could agree upon. In 1986 the Fluid released Punch N Judy on Rayon Records; the album was licensed to and released by the German label Glitterhouse. They toured for the next two years in support of the album. In 1988, they released the album Clear Black Paper on Sub Pop, they were the first non-Seattle band to sign to the record label. After the Fluid broke up, drummer Garrett Shavlik started the band Spell who were signed for a time to Island Records. Bassist Matt Bischoff started the band'57 Lesbian; the Fluid reunited to perform at Sub-Pop Records 20th Anniversary at Redmond's Marymoor Park in Seattle in July 2008.
This was preceded by a June 20 show at the Bluebird Theater in Denver. Their guitarist, Rick Kulwicki, died on February 15, 2011, at the age of 49. John Robinson - vocals Matt Bischoff - bass James Clower - guitar Rick Kulwicki - guitar Garrett Shavlik - drums Punch N Judy Clear Black Paper Roadmouth Purplemetalflakemusic Freak Magnet Glue "Tin Top Toy" b/w "Tomorrow" Split 7" with Loveslug - Madhouse b/w Free Fire Zone Split 7" with Nirvana - Candy b/w Molly's Lips Spot the Loon EP "On My Feet" "Live 1988" "Cold Outside" b/w "Tell Me Things" "Oh Shit" - Something's Gone Wrong Again: The Buzzcocks Covers Compilation "Is it Day I'm Seeing" - Sub Pop 200 "Tomorrow" - The Grunge Years "Don't Wanna Play" - Colorado Crew Vol. 3: Is This My Donut? The Fluid at Sub Pop The Fluid at AMG
Tad was an American grunge band from Seattle, formed in 1988 by Tad Doyle. Among the first of the many bands which came out of Seattle in the grunge era, Tad was notable for the fact that its music was inspired far more by 1970s metal than the punk which influenced many other grunge bands. Led by Tad Doyle on vocals and guitar, Tad was formed in early 1988 by Doyle, a drummer turned guitar player/singer, who asked bassist Kurt Danielson to play bass for the band. Danielson's band Bundle of Hiss played with Doyle's previous band H-Hour. Tad recruited guitarist Gary Thorstensen to complete the original lineup. Tad was among the first bands to be signed to the independent label Sub Pop Records. In 1988, Doyle had released the "Daisy/Ritual Device" single on Sub Pop, produced by seminal Seattle producer Jack Endino, for which Doyle wrote and performed all music. Tad's debut album God's Balls appeared in early 1989 and was produced by Endino. In March 1990 the band released the Salt Lick EP, recorded by Steve Albini.
The single "Wood Goblins" was released in the same year, but was banned by MTV. After a European tour with Nirvana, Tad returned to Seattle and recorded their second album 8-Way Santa, named after a type of blotter acid. Produced by famed'90s grunge and alternative producer Butch Vig, the album was far more pop-oriented than its predecessors, featuring such songs as "Jinx," "Stumblin' Man" and "Jack Pepsi." "Jack Pepsi" was released as a single, but Pepsi filed a lawsuit against the band due to the cover art on the single, the Pepsi logo with "Tad" in place of "PEPSI." However, the so-called "Pepsi logo" was missing the left and right colorations in the actual Pepsi logo, one being of a light blue color. Another lawsuit was filed due to the cover of 8-Way Santa; the couple in the photograph, one of whom had since become a born-again Christian and remarried, took exception and sued. Sub Pop subsequently changed the album cover to a group shot. After a brief acting stint in Singles, Tad was offered its first major-label opportunity by Warner Music Group's Giant Records.
However, Steve Wied had left, joining Willard, Foil. Rey Washam filled on drums in 1991 but was replaced by Josh Sinder of The Accüsed. Sinder debuted with Tad on their last Sub-Pop release, the "Salem/Leper" single, their major label debut Inhaler appeared in the year to positive reviews. The record failed to break the band however though they were chosen to open for Soundgarden on their 1994 Superunknown tour. Giant Records got cold feet and dropped the band when a poster promoting Inhaler surfaced featuring Bill Clinton smoking a joint with the caption reading "It's heavy shit". In 1995, the band released Live Alien Broadcasts on Futurist Records, a best-of live studio recording. Thorstensen left but they secured a second major-label deal with East West/Elektra Records, another Warner label, in 1995, they released their fifth album Infrared Riding Hood. However, within a month of the release, the band's Artists and repertoire representative was fired; as a result of that representative's termination, all of their signed bands were released and their albums ceased production, regardless of content.
They continued to gig for the remainder of the year. He was replaced on drums by Mike Mongrain of Foil. Tad's final single "Oppenheimer's Pretty Nightmare/Accident on the Way to Church" appeared in 1998 on Up Records. A year the band dissolved. Following Tad's breakup, Doyle formed Hog Molly in 2001 with Willard bassist Ty Garcia and 50 Paces guitarist Martin Chandler, releasing the album Kung-Fu Cocktail Grip late the same year. Willard guitarist Mark Spiders had recommended Ty, Martin in a conversation with Doyle. Tad formed the band Hoof. Tad's current band Brothers of the Sonic Cloth has been playing in Seattle night clubs. Kurt Danielson went on to form Valis, a project which included members of Screaming Trees and Mudhoney, he formed The Quaranteens, a post-punk/new wave band with Craig Paul, before moving to France. He is back in Seattle since 2008, has started to write a novel. Danielson has played in other local Seattle-based bands including Misericords and Vaporland. Josh Sinder has gone on to play drums in The Insurgence and plays with Marky Felchtone from Zeke in new band Hellbound For Glory.
A documentary of the band titled Busted Circuits and Ringing Ears was released in February 2008. In July 2009 taddoyle.com announced plans by Brothers of the Sonic Cloth to release a split 10" vinyl record with Seattle-area sludge metal band, Mico de Noche. The Brothers of the Sonic Cloth/Mico de Noche split 10" vinyl record was released in October 2009 as an edition of 500 copies and featured two songs by Mico de Noche and one song by Brothers of the Sonic Cloth, "Fires Burn Dim in the Shadows of the Mountain"; the record appeared on multiple "Best of 2009" lists. A semi-reunion of Tad took place at the Sub Pop Records 25th anniversary show on J
Jack Endino is an American producer and musician based in Seattle, United States. Long associated with Seattle label Sub Pop and the grunge movement, Endino worked on seminal albums from bands such as Mudhoney and Nirvana. Endino was the guitarist for the Seattle band Skin Yard, active between 1985 and 1992. Endino manages a studio in Seattle called Soundhouse Recording. In 1985, Endino and Daniel House started the influential grunge band Skin Yard. Though a drummer, Endino played guitar and Matt Cameron played drums until he left for Soundgarden. In 1986, Skin Yard contributed two songs to C/Z Records' legendary grunge compilation Deep Six. In July 1986, Endino left his basement recording studio to found Reciprocal Recording with Chris Hanzsek, the Deep Six sound engineer, where he used his self-taught recording skills to produce and mix Skin Yard's 1987 debut album Skin Yard, his skill and low fees meant that he was soon an engineer of choice for up-and-coming Seattle grunge bands, in 1988, he recorded Nirvana's debut album Bleach in a mere 30 hours for $606.17, using reel-to-reel 8-track machine.
The album did well in the underground, after the success of 1991's Nevermind it went platinum. After Reciprocal Recording closed in July 1991, Endino continued as a freelance producer and engineer, producing several albums including Bruce Dickinson's Skunkworks, he appeared in the 1996 grunge documentary Hype!, where he's humorously referred to as "the godfather of grunge." Endino was interviewed at length for the 2009 book, Grunge is Dead: The Oral History of Seattle Rock Music. See Jack Endino discography for a chronological list of Endino's recording and production workEndino is known for his stripped down recording practices and his dislike of over-produced music with effects and remastering; because of the success of albums like Soundgarden's Screaming Life and Nirvana's Bleach in the mainstream, the resulting raw, unpolished sound is still seen as a defining characteristic of the grunge movement. In the Pacific Northwest, he's done work for underground legends like Green River, Screaming Trees, L7, The Gits, Hole, 7 Year Bitch, The Fartz, Supersuckers, TAD, the thrashcore band The Accüsed, Willard and ZEKE.
Endino produced nearly every album by The Grannies. He continues to work with influential underground bands, in 2007 he recorded an album with the proto-grunge band Flipper. Other projects have included the bands SixTwoSeven, High on Fire, Hot Hot Heat, Toxic Holocaust, Lucid Nation, Valient Thorr. Internationally, Endino is well known for his work with the Brazilian super-band Titãs, who he’s recorded since 1993, he produced three albums by the Mexican grunge-like band Guillotina, two albums by the British rockers Winnebago Deal, worked with Irish band Therapy?, Iron Maiden singer Bruce Dickinson, French punk rockers Burning Heads, the Australian band Spiderbait and the Argentinian band Banda de la Muerte. Endino released his first solo album, Angle of Attack, in 1989. Skin Yard disbanded in 1992, he released a second solo album, Endino's Earthworm, in 1993. In October 2005 he released Permanent Fatal Error, he is second guitarist in the band Kandi Coded, which features Volcom snowboarding pro Jamie Lynn.
He plays bass in Seattle band, Slippage. In March 2013, Fin Records released Endino's EP, Rumble featuring a cover of the April 1958 single, "Rumble" by Link Wray & His Ray Men. Since 2015 Endino has played lead guitar in Seattle rock band MKB ULTRA, & with the improv-psych trio Beyond Captain Orca. Official website Full discography with notes and album covers Myspace Soundhouse Recording official website Jack Endino Interview on RocknRollDating.com
Heavy metal music
Heavy metal is a genre of rock music that developed in the late 1960s and early 1970s in the United Kingdom. With roots in blues rock, psychedelic rock, acid rock, the bands that created heavy metal developed a thick, massive sound, characterized by amplified distortion, extended guitar solos, emphatic beats, overall loudness; the genre's lyrics and performance styles are sometimes associated with machismo. In 1968, three of the genre's most famous pioneers, Led Zeppelin, Black Sabbath and Deep Purple were founded. Though they came to attract wide audiences, they were derided by critics. During the mid-1970s, Judas Priest helped spur the genre's evolution by discarding much of its blues influence. Beginning in the late 1970s, bands in the new wave of British heavy metal such as Iron Maiden and Def Leppard followed in a similar vein. Before the end of the decade, heavy metal fans became known as "metalheads" or "headbangers". During the 1980s, glam metal became popular with groups such as Mötley Crüe.
Underground scenes produced an array of more aggressive styles: thrash metal broke into the mainstream with bands such as Metallica, Slayer and Anthrax, while other extreme subgenres of heavy metal such as death metal and black metal remain subcultural phenomena. Since the mid-1990s popular styles have further expanded the definition of the genre; these include groove metal and nu metal, the latter of which incorporates elements of grunge and hip hop. Heavy metal is traditionally characterized by loud distorted guitars, emphatic rhythms, dense bass-and-drum sound, vigorous vocals. Heavy metal subgenres variously alter, or omit one or more of these attributes; the New York Times critic Jon Pareles writes, "In the taxonomy of popular music, heavy metal is a major subspecies of hard-rock—the breed with less syncopation, less blues, more showmanship and more brute force." The typical band lineup includes a drummer, a bassist, a rhythm guitarist, a lead guitarist, a singer, who may or may not be an instrumentalist.
Keyboard instruments are sometimes used to enhance the fullness of the sound. Deep Purple's Jon Lord played an overdriven Hammond organ. In 1970, John Paul Jones used a Moog synthesizer on Led Zeppelin III; the electric guitar and the sonic power that it projects through amplification has been the key element in heavy metal. The heavy metal guitar sound comes from a combined use of heavy distortion. For classic heavy metal guitar tone, guitarists maintain moderate levels gain at moderate levels, without excessive preamp or pedal distortion, to retain open spaces and air in the music. Thrash metal guitar tone has scooped mid-frequencies and compressed sound with lots of bass frequencies. Guitar solos are "an essential element of the heavy metal code... that underscores the significance of the guitar" to the genre. Most heavy metal songs "feature at least one guitar solo", "a primary means through which the heavy metal performer expresses virtuosity"; some exceptions are nu grindcore bands, which tend to omit guitar solos.
With rhythm guitar parts, the "heavy crunch sound in heavy metal... palm muting" the strings with the picking hand and using distortion. Palm muting creates a tighter, more precise sound and it emphasizes the low end; the lead role of the guitar in heavy metal collides with the traditional "frontman" or bandleader role of the vocalist, creating a musical tension as the two "contend for dominance" in a spirit of "affectionate rivalry". Heavy metal "demands the subordination of the voice" to the overall sound of the band. Reflecting metal's roots in the 1960s counterculture, an "explicit display of emotion" is required from the vocals as a sign of authenticity. Critic Simon Frith claims; the prominent role of the bass is key to the metal sound, the interplay of bass and guitar is a central element. The bass guitar provides the low-end sound crucial to making the music "heavy"; the bass plays a "more important role in heavy metal than in any other genre of rock". Metal basslines vary in complexity, from holding down a low pedal point as a foundation to doubling complex riffs and licks along with the lead or rhythm guitars.
Some bands feature the bass as a lead instrument, an approach popularized by Metallica's Cliff Burton with his heavy emphasis on bass guitar solos and use of chords while playing bass in the early 1980s. Lemmy of Motörhead played overdriven power chords in his bass lines; the essence of heavy metal drumming is creating a loud, constant beat for the band using the "trifecta of speed and precision". Heavy metal drumming "requires an exceptional amount of endurance", drummers have to develop "considerable speed and dexterity... to play the intricate patterns" used in heavy metal. A characteristic metal drumming technique is the cymbal choke, which consists of striking a cymbal and immediately silencing it by grabbing it with the other hand, producing a burst of sound; the metal drum setup is much larger than those employed in other forms of rock music. Black metal, death metal and some "mainstream metal" bands "all depend upon double-kicks and blast beats". In live performance, loudness—an "onslaught of sound", in sociologist Deena Weinstein's description—is considered vital.
In his book Metalheads, psychologist Jeffrey Arnett refers to heavy me
Nirvana was an American rock band formed in Aberdeen, Washington, in 1987. It was founded by guitarist Kurt Cobain and bassist Krist Novoselic. Nirvana went through a succession of drummers, the longest-lasting and best-known being Dave Grohl, who joined in 1990. Though the band dissolved in 1994 after the death of Cobain, their music maintains a popular following and continues to influence modern rock and roll culture. In the late 1980s, Nirvana established itself as part of the Seattle grunge scene, releasing its first album, for the independent record label Sub Pop in 1989, they developed a sound that relied on dynamic contrasts between quiet verses and loud, heavy choruses. After signing to major label DGC Records, Nirvana found unexpected worldwide success with "Smells Like Teen Spirit", the first single from the band's second album Nevermind, which has now been ranked as one of the greatest songs in the history of rock music. Nevermind has been called one of the greatest albums of all time and has sold over 30 million copies worldwide.
Nirvana's sudden success popularized alternative rock and grunge, Cobain found himself referred to in the media as the "spokesman of a generation", with Nirvana considered the "flagship band" of Generation X. After touring and releasing Incesticide and Hormoaning, Nirvana's third studio album, In Utero, was released to critical acclaim; the album debuted at number one on the Billboard 200 album chart and featured an abrasive, less mainstream sound and challenged the group's audience and has since sold over 15 million copies worldwide. In Utero would be Nirvana's last studio album in their active career. Nirvana's active career ended following the death of Cobain in 1994, but many various posthumous releases have been issued since, overseen by Novoselic and Cobain's widow Courtney Love; the posthumous release MTV Unplugged in New York won the Grammy Award for Best Alternative Music Album in 1996. Overall, Nirvana have received twelve awards from twenty-five nominations winning an American Music Award, Brit Award, Grammy Award, seven MTV Video Music Awards and two NME Awards Since its debut, the band has sold over 25 million records in the United States alone, over 75 million records worldwide, making them one of the best-selling bands of all time.
Nirvana has been ranked as one of the greatest music artists of all time with Rolling Stone placing them at number 27 on their list of the "100 Greatest Artists of All Time" in 2004, at number 30 on their updated list in 2011. Nirvana was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in its first year of eligibility. Cobain and Novoselic met while attending Aberdeen High School, although they never connected, according to Cobain; the pair became friends while frequenting the practice space of the Melvins. Cobain wanted to form a band with Novoselic, but Novoselic did not respond for a long period of time. In persuading Novoselic to form a band, Cobain gave him a demo tape of his project Fecal Matter. Three years after the two first met, Novoselic notified Cobain that he had listened to the Fecal Matter demo and suggested they start a group; the pair recruited Bob McFadden on drums. In early 1987, Cobain and Novoselic recruited drummer Aaron Burckhard; the three practiced material from Cobain's Fecal Matter tape but started writing new material soon after forming.
During its initial months, the band went through a series of names, starting with Skid Row and including Fecal Matter and Ted Ed Fred. The group settled on Nirvana, which Cobain said was chosen because "I wanted a name, kind of beautiful or nice and pretty instead of a mean, raunchy punk name like the Angry Samoans". With Novoselic and Cobain having moved to Tacoma and Olympia, Washington the two temporarily lost contact with Burckhard; the pair instead practiced with Dale Crover of the Melvins, Nirvana recorded its first demos in January 1988. In early 1988, Crover moved to San Francisco but recommended Dave Foster to the band as his replacement on drums. Foster's tenure with Nirvana lasted only a few months. Cobain and Novoselic put an ad in Seattle music publication The Rocket seeking a replacement drummer, which only yielded unsatisfactory responses. Meanwhile, a mutual friend introduced them to Chad Channing, the three musicians agreed to jam together. Channing continued to jam with Cobain and Novoselic, although the drummer noted, "They never said'okay, you're in,'" and Channing played his first show with the group that May.
Nirvana released its first single, a cover of Shocking Blue's "Love Buzz", in November 1988 on the Seattle independent record label Sub Pop. They did their first interview with John Robb in Sounds who made the release single of the week; the following month, the band began recording its debut album, with local producer Jack Endino. Bleach was influenced by the heavy dirge-rock of the Melvins and Mudhoney, 1980s punk rock, the 1970s heavy metal of Black Sabbath. Novoselic said in a 2001 interview with Rolling Stone that the band had played a tape in their van while on tour that had an album by The Smithereens on one side and an album by the extreme metal band Celtic Frost on the other, noted that the combination played an influence as well; the money for the recording sessions for Bleach, listed as $606.17 on the album sleeve, was supplied by Jason Everman, subsequently brought into the band as the second guitarist. Though Everman did not play on the album, he received a credit on
Steve Fisk is a Washington-based audio engineer, record producer and musician. A veteran of bands including Pell Mell and Pigeonhed, Fisk has earned his greatest renown as a producer. Fisk made his solo debut in 1980 with contributions to the compilations Let Them Eat Jellybeans!, Sub Pop 5 and Life Elsewhere. In 1982 Fisk joined the instrumental outfit, Portland based Pell Mell, which issued critically acclaimed records on SST. After a move to San Francisco the group disbanded in 1985 and a few odd turns landed him in Ellensburg, Washington where he produced the Screaming Trees' Other Worlds, followed in 1986 by the group's Clairvoyance. In 1990 Fisk, now in Seattle, produced Nirvana's Blew sessions, followed by work with Some Velvet Sidewalk, The Reverend Horton Heat, Love Battery, Girl Trouble, Mary Lou Lord, The Afghan Whigs, Seaweed, Steven "Jesse" Bernstein, Beat Happening, The Screaming Trees and remixes for Soundgarden. In 1993 he teamed with vocalist Shawn Smith in the ambient soul duo Pigeonhed, issuing a self-titled LP on Sub Pop.
He made the leap to major label production in 1994, helming projects for Imij, The Wedding Present and The 360's. The same year saw Pigeonhed recording its 2nd Subpop LP The Full Sentence, yielding the oft licensed Battle Flag remix by the Lo Fidelity Allstars which can be heard in ER, Dawson's Creek, Queer as Folk, Forces of Nature, Dancing at The Blue Iguana, Coyote Ugly, The Mod Squad as well as many Hollywood trailers; the original Pigeonhed version is featured in Very Bad Things and The Horse Whisperer. In 1996, Pell Mell were dropped. "Nothing Lies Still Long" was used in weekly episodes of Six Feet Under. Other tracks from their last album Starcity were featured in the City. Other 90's work include sessions with Mudhoney, Geraldine Fibbers, Soul Coughing, Damien Jurado, Agents of Good Roots, Joan Osborne, The Halo Benders, Heather Duby, his third solo album, 999 Levels of Undo, arrived in early 2001 on Sub Pop. In the 2000s Fisk produced more records for Heather Duby and Maktub as well as solo work with Reggie Watts.
Reunion records for The Wedding Harvey Danger. Major label records for James Jackson Toth. Indy records with Minus the Bear, Past Lives, Mark Pickerel, Carrie Akre, Alicia Dara, Paul Manusos and Al Larsen. In 2005 Fisk co-wrote and produced the score for the award winning Kurt Cobain documentary About a Son with Ben Gibbard. In 2010 Fisk began work with KK and his Weathered Underground, mixing their Introducing cd, as well as solo records for members Kyle O'Quin and Thomas Hunter. Other mix work included Quasi and The Telephantasm remix for Soundgarden. Between 2009 and 2011 Fisk composed two 16 channel ambient audio installations for the Experience Music Project's "Nirvana: Taking Punk to the Masses" and "Can't Look Away: The Lure of Horror" exhibits. In 2015 he received the Stranger Genius award in music. Low The Posies Steven Jesse Bernstein Soul Coughing Nirvana Soundgarden Maktub SEACATS Special Explosion Screaming Trees The Halo Benders The 360's Calvin Johnson The Wedding Present Some Velvet Sidewalk Moral Crux Unwound Heather Duby Negativland Naked Giants Kay Kay & His Weathered Underground Damien Jurado Beat Happening The Geraldine Fibbers Boss Hog Blaze Brigade 3 mile pilot Harvey Danger Honor Hall Thomas Hunter & White China Gold Paul Manousos The Unibroz Anonymous grrRoPoLis Spittin Images Future Fridays The Sexy Accident Beautiful Lies The Ghost Ease Car Seat Headrest Naked Giants Kiss This Day Goodbye, K Records/A.
R. P. H. Cassette'Til the Night Closes in, K Records/A. R. P. H. Cassette 448 Deathless Days, SST Records, 1 More Valley, K Records, cassette Over and Thru the Night, K Records, compilation 999 Levels of Undo, Sub Pop, Official website Radio Feature The Some Assembly Required Interview with Steve Fisk. Shawn Smith's Official Website – includes COMPREHENSIVE Pigeonhed discography