Northwest Zone of São Paulo
The Northwest Zone is an Administrative Zone of São Paulo, Brazil
West Zone of São Paulo
The West Zone is an Administrative Zone of São Paulo, Brazil
Southeast Zone of São Paulo
The Southeast Zone is an Administrative Zone of São Paulo, Brazil
Municipalities of Brazil
The municipalities of Brazil are administrative divisions of the Brazilian states. At present, Brazil has 5,570 municipalities, making the average municipality population 34,361; the average state in Brazil has 214 municipalities. Roraima is the least subdivided state, with 15 municipalities, while Minas Gerais is the most subdivided state, with 853; the Federal District cannot be divided into municipalities, according to the Brazilian Constitution, the Federal District assumes the same constitutional and legal powers and obligations of the states and municipalities, instead, it is divided by administrative regions. The 1988 Brazilian Constitution treats the municipalities as parts of the Federation and not dependent subdivisions of the states; each municipality has an autonomous local government, comprising a mayor and a legislative body called municipal chamber. Both the local government and the legislative body are directly elected by the population every four years; these elections take place at the same time all over the country.
Each municipality has the constitutional power to approve its own laws, as well as collecting taxes and receiving funds from the state and federal governments. However, municipal governments have no judicial power, courts are only organised at the state or federal level. A subdivision of the state judiciary, or comarca, can either correspond to an individual municipality or encompass several municipalities; the seat of the municipal administration is a nominated city, with no specification in the law about the minimum population, area or facilities. The city always has the same name as the municipality. Municipalities can be subdivided, only for administrative purposes, into districts. Other populated sites with no legal effect or regulation. All municipalities are subdivided into neighbourhoods, although most municipalities do not define their neighbourhood limits. Municipalities can be split or merged to form new municipalities within the borders of the state, if the population of the involved municipalities expresses a desire to do so in a plebiscite.
However, these must abide by the Brazilian Constitution, forming exclaves or seceding from the state or union is expressly forbidden. Municipalities of Acre Municipalities of Alagoas Municipalities of Amapá Municipalities of Amazonas Municipalities of Bahia Municipalities of Ceará Municipalities of Espírito Santo Municipalities of Goiás Municipalities of Maranhão Municipalities of Mato Grosso Municipalities of Mato Grosso do Sul Municipalities of Minas Gerais Municipalities of Pará Municipalities of Paraíba Municipalities of Paraná Municipalities of Pernambuco Municipalities of Piauí Municipalities of Rio de Janeiro Municipalities of Rio Grande do Norte Municipalities of Rio Grande do Sul Municipalities of Rondônia Municipalities of Roraima Municipalities of Santa Catarina Municipalities of São Paulo Municipalities of Sergipe Municipalities of Tocantins Lists of cities List of largest cities in Brazil List of municipalities of Brazil Administrative region Map on the World Gazetteer at Archive.today Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics
Central Zone of São Paulo
The Central Zone is an administrative zone of the city of São Paulo, Brazil. One of the largest commercial and business districts in South America, the region is administered by the subprefecture of Sé, it is not concurrent, although confused, with the regions known as Centro Expandido, a broader area used by the city government for urban planning and road space rationing actions and Centro Histórico de São Paulo, which, as the name implies, includes only the oldest part of the central region. The central area is bounded by districts of Municipality Cathedral. However, the social perception of what is called "center of São Paulo" varies and may include other areas of city; until the creation of the administrative office of the Cathedral, the notion of "center" was equivalent to the region of the former administration regional office, who included the districts of Brás and Pari covered by a Municipality of Mooca. The concept of a central area of São Paulo, however, is wider depending on the study is done about the region and may include items such as financial centers Paulista Avenue and Berrini.
According to the 2000 census, the total population of the area is 374,002 inhabitants, including the neighborhoods and districts of Sé itself, Bela Vista, Bom Retiro, Consolação, Aclimação, Brás, República and Santa Cecília. It is the least populated administrative region in the city, albeit one with a wider range of public facilities and jobs; the average income in the area is R$2335.54, each year the central area of São Paulo has a rate negative of population growth that reaches 5% per year, according to IBGE and SEADE statistics. This factor contributed to what has been called degradation the region, as some experts in urban studies, with the removal of the São Paulo elite of the central areas, occurs along the removal of public stewardship, leading to a sense of abandonment. Despite showing an average income higher than that of other regions of the city, it has many homeless individuals and pockets of poverty, such as the region known as Cracolândia, undergoing a controversial process of revitalization by the city government, accused of promoting "social hygiene" through gentrification.
The Centro region is the most well-served by public transportation, with four of the five Metrô subway lines operating in the area, along with several CPTM commuter rail lines. It is home to some of the major institutions of higher education in the city, as Mackenzie University, The Armando Alvares Penteado Foundation and units of the University of São Paulo, like Law School, The University Center on Maria Antonia Street, the headquarters of the USP Post-Graduate School of Architecture and Urban Affairs. Chá Viaduct Santa Ifigênia Viaduct Anhangabaú Square Prestes Maia Avenue Tiradentes Avenue Brigadeiro Luís Antônio Avenue Liberdade Avenue Estado Avenue São João Avenue Ipiranga Avenue Rio Branco Avenue 23 de Maio Avenue 9 de Julho Avenue Angélica Avenue Paulista Avenue Conselheiro Furtado Street 15 de Novembro Street Rua 25 de Março Porto Geral Alley Consolação Street Augusta Street Maria Antonia Street Dona Veridiana Street Higienópolis Avenue Carmo Street Vergueiro Street Praça da Sé Praça da República Praça Doutor João Mendes Praça Ramos de Azevedo Pátio do Colégio Largo do Arouche Largo São Bento Largo do Paiçandu Largo de São Francisco Largo da Misericórdia Metro Stations Line 1 Vergueiro São Joaquim Liberdade Sé São Bento Luz Tiradentes Armênia Line 2 Consolação Trianon-Masp Brigadeiro Line 3 Pedro II Sé Anhangabaú República Santa Cecília Marechal Deodoro Line 4 Luz República Higienópolis-Mackenzie Paulista CPTM commuter railway stations Line 7, Line 10 and Line 11 Luz Line 8 Júlio Prestes Shopping Light Shopping Frei Caneca Shopping Paulista Shopping Pátio Higienópolis Jardim da Luz Parque da Aclimação Parque Dom Pedro II Escola de Administração de Empresas de São Paulo – Fundação Getúlio Vargas Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie Faculdade de Direito da Universidade de São Paulo – USP Faculdade de Ciências Médicas da Santa Casa de São Paulo Centro de Ciências Exatas e Tecnologia – Pontifícia Universidade Católica de São Paulo – Fundação Armando Alvares Penteado Escola da Cidade Liceu de Artes e Ofícios de São Paulo Faculdade de Tecnologia de São Paulo Conservatório Dramático e Musical de São Paulo Universidade Livre de Música – Centro de Estudos Musicais Tom Jobim Hospital Samaritano Hospital Santa Catarina Irmandade da Santa Casa de Misericórdia de São Paulo Hospital Nove de Julho Hospital Sírio-Libanês Hospital Alemão Oswaldo Cruz Beneficência Portuguesa de São Paulo Mário de Andrade Library Theatro Municipal São Paulo Museum of Art Museum of the Portuguese Language Sala São Paulo Pinacoteca do Estado Museu de Arte Saca Sociedade Brasileira de Cultura Japonesa ] Major buildings in the central zone of São Paulo: Torre Banespa, situated on the highest point of the Altino Arantes Building and Edifício Itália are the main sightseeing places in the region and São Paulo as a whole, providing a privileged views of the city with a range of up to 40 kilometers, making it possible to see other city landmarks such as the Mercado Municipal, the São Paulo Cathedral, Edifício Copan and Serra da Cantareira at distance.
Mirante do Vale Building, completed in 1960, although not well known as a sightseeing place due to its location at the bottom of a valley, is still the tallest building in Brazil. Central Business Districts List of central business districts São Paulo Subprefeitura Sé Miran
East Zone 2 of São Paulo
The East Zone 2 is an Administrative Zone of São Paulo, Brazil
Southeast Region, Brazil
The Southeast Region of Brazil is composed by the states of Espírito Santo, Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo. It is the richest region of the country, responsible for 60% of the Brazilian GDP. São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Minas Gerais are three richest states of Brazil, the top three Brazilian states in terms of GDP; the Southeast of Brazil has the highest GDP per capita among all Brazilian regions. The Southeast region leads the country in population, urban population, population density, industries, airports, highways, schools and many other areas. São Paulo Heart of the largest continued remnant of the Brazilian Atlantic Forest, the Ribeira Valley is a Natural Heritage of Humanity, granted heritage as a Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO. One of the biggest attractions is the biologic and ecosystems diversity, where 400 species of birds, amphibians and mammals live; the Alto Ribeira Tourist State Park is paradise for ecotourists, for its enormous diversity in geologic formations, among grottos and caves and waterfalls.
There are 454 caves registered by the Brazilian Society of Speleology in the State of São Paulo, all at the Ribeira Valley. The 280 caves located at PETAR represent the biggest concentration of caves in Brazil. Minas Gerais The landscape of the State is marked by mountains and caverns. In the Serra do Cipó, Sete Lagoas and Lagoa Santa, the caves and waterfalls. Minas Gerais is the source of some of the biggest rivers in Brazil, most notably the São Francisco, the Paraná and to a lesser extent, the Rio Doce; the state holds many hydroelectric power plants, including Furnas dam. Some of the highest peaks in Brazil are in the mountain ranges in the southern part of the state, such as Serra da Mantiqueira and Serra do Cervo, that mark the border between Minas and its neighbors São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro; the most notable one is the Pico da Bandeira, the third highest mountain in Brazil at 2890 m, standing on the border with Espírito Santo state. The state has huge reserves of iron and sizeable reserves of gold and gemstones, including emerald and aquamarine mines.
Rio de Janeiro The state is part of the Mata Atlântica biome, its topography comprises both mountains and plains, located between the Mantiqueira Mountains and the Atlantic Ocean. Its coast is carved by the bays of Guanabara and Ilha Grande. There are prominent slopes near the ocean, featuring diverse environments, such as restinga vegetation, bays and tropical forests. Rio de Janeiro is one of the smallest in Brazil, it has, the third longest coastline in the country, extending 635 kilometers. Espírito Santo With 46.180 square kilometers, it is about the size of Estonia, or half the size of Portugal, has a variety of habitats including coastal plains, mountain forest and many others. The main river in the state is the Doce. Other important river basins include the Santa Maria River Basin, the northern branch of rivers which join the sea at Vitoria, Jucu River Basin which flows into the sea at the same place, but corresponds to the southern branch. Espírito Santo's climate is tropical with dry winters and rainy summers.
North of Doce River it's drier and hot. In the mountainous regions in the south and south west of the state, the tropical climate is influenced by altitude, the average temperatures are colder; the state can be divided into two areas: the low lying coastline and the highland area known as Serra, part of the larger Serra do Caparaó, the Caparaó Mountain Range. In the map to the right it is in the gray area in the extreme southwest of the state, is shared with Minas Gerais. São Paulo state is responsible for one-third of Brazilian GDP; the state's GDP consists of 550 billion dollars, making it the second biggest economy of South America after Brazil and the biggest subdivision economy in Latin America. Its economy is based on machinery, the automobile and aviation industries, financial companies, textiles, orange growing, sugar cane and coffee production. Minas Gerais is a growing state. Vehicles: 36,030,943. Portuguese is the official national language, thus the primary language taught in schools.
English and Spanish are part of the official high school curriculum. French is widely studied. Universidade de São Paulo. São Paulo São Paulo-Guarulhos International Airport connects Brazil to 28 countries and is visited every day by nearly 100 thousand people. With capacity to serve 15 million passengers a year, in two terminals, the airport handles 12 million users. Construction of a third passenger terminal is pending, to raise yearly capacity to 29 million passengers; the project, in the tendering phase, is part of the