Marianne is a weekly Paris-based French news magazine. Marianne was created in 1997 by Jean-François Kahn with Maurice Szafran as editorialist; the main shareholder of the company is Robert Assaraf with 49.4% of the shares. Marianne claims a distribution of 300,000 copies per week but topped at 580,000 with French news magazine record breaker "The Real Sarkozy" in April 2007. During the period of 2007–2008 the circulation of the magazine was 275,000 copies, it was 264,000 copies in 2010, about 146,000 in late 2016. During the 2007 French presidential election Marianne's editors Jean-François Kahn, Maurice Szafran and Nicolas Domenach supported the centre-right candidate François Bayrou, although at the same time they exposed "the editors' favourite" and advocated for French Socialist Party candidate Ségolène Royal. Furthermore, they conducted a strong anti-Sarkozy campaign in the magazine including a special issue released on April 14~20, the day before the vote, arguing that right-wing candidate Nicolas Sarkozy was "insane" in a negative portrait "of all dangers".
Such aggressive practice rather common in Great Britain and the United States is unusual in France. Issue #521 "The Real Sarkozy" was named after the popular anti-Sarkozy propaganda video first released on July 5, 2006 in online services – as Dailymotion French counterpart of YouTube – by left wing supporters group RéSo author of the "AntiSarko" 2005 online campaign, which became the magazine's best seller, it was since made online for free in the magazine's website. The issue sold well with an exceptional out of print and two reprints, but some journalists argued that the criticisms against Sarkozy strengthened Sarkozy's supporters per the victimization process; the previous issue's cover titled "Sarkozy's fault: he chose Bush's America against Chirac's France" as a reference to Sarkozy having been one of the few French politicians supporting the 2003 Invasion of Iraq, described by the French far left and left wing as a "fault", by a part of the Gaullist right wing as a "mistake". Marianne, the publication's namesake and symbol of France Official website
Blaye is a commune and subprefecture in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France. Its inhabitants are called the Blayaises. Blaye is located on the right bank of the Gironde estuary, close to the A10 autoroute, 56 km north of Bordeaux. There is a rail line with occasional freight trains. A small ferry crosses the Gironde to Lamarque, in Medoc. In ancient times Blaye was a port of the Santones. Tradition states that the Frankish hero Roland was buried in its basilica, on the site of the citadel, it was early an important stronghold which played an important part in the wars against the English and the French Wars of Religion. The duchess of Berry was imprisoned in its fortress in 1832–1833; the town was named Blaye-et-Sainte-Luce and was renamed Blaye in June 1961. The town has a citadel built by Vauban on a rock beside the river, which contains the ruins of a medieval castle, Château des Rudel, the ruins of Basilica of Saint-Romain, which holds the tomb of Charibert II, king of Aquitaine, son of Clotaire II.
Nearby, Fort Paté, on an island in the river, Fort Médoc on its left bank of the 17th century, completed Vauban's defenses of the water approaches of Bordeaux. The citadel of Blaye, its city walls, Fort Paté and Fort Médoc were listed in 2008 as UNESCO World Heritage Sites, as part of the "Fortifications of Vauban" group. Blaye has a small river-port used for grain exports. Fine red wine is produced in the AOC Côtes de Blaye. A large nuclear power station with four reactors is located nearby. Several schools are located in Blaye. Public schools include the following: École Maternelle Pierre Bergeon École Maternelle Lucien Grosperrin École Elementaire Pierre Malbeteau École Elementaire Andre Vallaeys The town has tribunals of first instance and of commerce. Bordeaux wine regions Communes of the Gironde department INSEE Town council website Personal website about Blaye Webpage about Blaye Citadel Another webpage about Blaye Citadel
La Croix is a daily French general-interest Roman Catholic newspaper. It is published in Paris and distributed throughout France, with a circulation of just under 110,000 as of 2009, it is not explicitly right on major political issues. The newspaper rather adopts the Church's position. However, La Croix ought not be confused with a religious newspaper—its topics are of general interest: world news, the economy and spirituality, parenting and science. Upon its appearance in 1880, the first version of La Croix was a monthly news magazine; the Augustinians of the Assumption, who ran the paper, realized that the monthly format was not getting the widespread readership that the paper deserved. Therefore, the Augustinians of the Assumption, decided to convert to a daily sheet sold at one penny. Accordingly, La Croix transitioned into a daily newspaper on 16 June 1883. Father Emmanuel d'Alzon, the founder of the Assumptionists and the Oblates of the Assumption, started the paper. Alsom, La Criox's biggest early advocate was Father Vincent-de-Paul Bailly.
La Bonne Presse was the first publishing house of the newspaper, which would be called Bayard Presse in 1950. La Croix succeeded in bringing together certain groups of Roman Catholics who were seeking to position themselves outside of party politics and ideologies. At the end of the 19th century, it was the most read Roman Catholic publication in France, with a clerical readership of more than 25,000, it gained more readers when it took the lead in attacking Dreyfus as a traitor and stirred up anti-Semitism. The Radical government, under Waldeck-Rousseau, forced the Assumptionists into exile from France; the newspaper's publishing house, la Bonne Presse, was purchased by Paul Féron-Vrau, who oversaw operations until the Assumptionists returned to France under the amnesty laws of 1905. For many years, La Croix appeared in two formats; the first was a small-format periodical aimed at popular readership, the second a large-format newspaper aimed at a more intellectual audience. In 1927, Father Leon Merklen having become editor in chief, La Croix began to address social problems.
This was led to the initiative founding Catholic Action and helped to create a formal link between the Catholic Working Youth and the French Roman Catholic Church. During the Second World War La Croix moved its editorial offices first to Bordeaux to Limoges; the paper was shut down comparatively late in the occupation, on 21 June 1944. It would not reappear until February 1945. Father Gabel oversaw the relaunch of the paper. Editor in chief from 1949, he introduced new sections, such as sports, cinema and theatre. On 1 February 1956, La Croix began to appear for the first time without a crucifix as a part of its header. In March 1968, the newspaper adopted a tabloid format. In January 1972, the newspaper changed its name to La Croix-l’Événement; the choice of the new title was a reflection of the editorship's desire to show that the paper was not just a religious paper, but a regular daily, reflective of modern society. The paper has a loyal readership, as expressed by the fact that 87% of its sales are by subscription.
To celebrate its centennial in 1983, la Croix-l’Événement took on a newer layout. The paper added new sections with the arrival of editor in chief; the readership continued to decline, but the new team led by Bruno Frappat, former editing director of Le Monde who arrived in January 1995, hopes to fight against this trend of general disaffectation with the press, plaguing a large number of French newspapers.. Bayard Press is reacting to this with a double strategy. On the one hand they are investing in the modernisation of La Croix, with electronic editing and a full electronic archive of the paper. On the other hand, they have increased their diversification, taking on a bigger presence in French children's press and adding new publications of a Catholic nature, they have been involved in coproducing children's television and turning certain titles, such as Notre temps, into international publications. The paper's efforts have met in 2005 reported a 1.55 % increase in circulation. Today, La Croix is one of only three daily national French newspapers to turn a profit, the most successful in growing its circulation in the 21st century.
The editors of La Croix observed another centennial on 12 January 1998 by examining the newspaper's role in the Dreyfus Affair. Whereas in 1898 they published "Down with the Jews!" and labeled Dreyfus as "the enemy Jew betraying France," the editors in 1998 stated "Whether Assumptionists or laymen, the editors of La Croix had at the time an inexcusable attitude." In December 2003, the newspaper La Croix made headlines after firing one of its own journalists, Alain Hertoghe, for writing a book, damaging to the newspaper's editorial line. Hertoghe accused the four major French newspapers—Le Monde, Le Figaro, Libération and Ouest-France—in addition to La Croix, of biased reporting during the U. S. war in Iraq. Alain Fleury, « La Croix » et l'Allemagne. 1930-1940, Paris, Le Cerf, 1986 La Croix online Regular French Press Review - Radio France International La Croix digital archives from 1880 to 1944 in Gallica, the digital library of the BnF
L'Humanité, is a French daily newspaper. It was an organ of the French Communist Party, maintains links to the party, its slogan is "In an ideal world, L'Humanité would not exist." L'Humanité was founded in 1904 by Jean Jaurès, a leader of the French Section of the Workers' International. Jaurès edited the paper until his assassination on 31 July 1914; when the Socialists split at the 1920 Tours Congress, the Communists took control of L'Humanité. Therefore, it became a communist paper despite its socialist origin; the PCF has published it since. The PCF owns 40 per cent of the paper with the remaining shares held by staff, readers and "friends" of the paper; the paper is sustained by the annual Fête de l'Humanité, held in the working class suburbs of Paris, at Le Bourget, near Aubervilliers, to a lesser extent elsewhere in the country. The fortunes of L'Humanité have fluctuated with those of the PCF. During the 1920s, when the PCF was politically isolated, it was kept in existence only by donations from Party members.
Louis Aragon started to write for L'Humanité in the "news in brief" section. He led Les Lettres françaises, the paper's weekly literary supplement. With the formation of the Popular Front in 1936, L'Humanité's circulation and status increased, many leading French intellectuals wrote for it. L'Humanité was banned during World War II but published clandestinely until liberation of Paris from German occupation; the paper's status was highest in the years after World War II, when the PCF was the dominant party of the French left and L'Humanité enjoyed a large circulation. Since the 1980s, the PCF has been in decline due to the rise of the Socialist Party, which took over large sections of PCF support, circulation and economic viability of L'Humanité have declined as well; until 1990 the PCF and L'Humanité received regular subsidies from the Soviet Union. According to the French authors Victor Loupan and Pierre Lorrain, L'Humanité received free newsprint from Soviet sources; the fall of the Soviet Union and the continued decline of the PCF's electoral base produced a crisis for L'Humanité.
Its circulation, more than 500,000 after the war, slumped to under 70,000. In 2001, after a decade of financial decline, the PCF sold 20 per cent of the paper to a group of private investors led by the TV channel TF1 and including Hachette. TF1 said its motive was "maintenance of media diversity." Despite the irony of a communist newspaper being rescued by private capital, some of which supported right-wing politics, L'Humanité director Patrick Le Hyaric described the sale as "a matter of life or death." There has been speculation since 2001. But in contrast to most French newspapers, its publication increased to about 75,000. In 2006, the paper created L'Humanité Dimanche; the same year L'Humanité had a circulation of 52,800 copies. In 2008, it sold its headquarters due to financial problems and called for donations. More than €2 million had been donated by the end of 2008; the newspaper organises the annual Fête de l'Humanité festival as a fundraising event. History of French journalism Fête de l'Humanité: A weekend of politics and Rock'n'Roll – Radio France Internationale L'Humanité L'Humanité in English L'Humanité на русском языке L'Humanité en Español Regular French Press Review – Radio France International L'Humanité's digital archives from 1904 to 1944 – Gallica, the digital library of the BnF Underground edition of L'Humanité from 1939 to 1944 online in Gallica.
Underground edition of L'Huma online in Gallica. Underground edition of L'Humanité. Organe central du Parti communiste S. F. I. C. Ed. spéciale féminine. Online in Gallica. "Our Goal", translation of Jean Jaurès' editorial of the first issue Victor Loupan and Pierre Lorrain: L'Argent de Moscou. L'histoire la plus secrete du PCF, Paris, 1994
Paris Match is a French-language weekly news magazine. It covers major international news along with celebrity lifestyle features; the magazine was started as a sports news magazine with the name Match in 1938 by the industrialist Jean Prouvost and closed in June 1940. It was relaunched in 1949 with Paris Match; the magazine temporarily ceased its publication between 18 May and 15 June 1968 upon the call for a strike by the Syndicat du Livre, the French Printers’ Union. In 1976 Daniel Filipacchi purchased the ailing Paris Match, it continues to be one of France's most successful and influential magazines, it is published weekly and is now part of Hachette Filipacchi Médias, itself owned by the Lagardère Group. On occasion, Paris Match has sold more than one million copies worldwide when covering major events such as the first flight by a French astronaut aboard the U. S. Space Shuttle in June 1985. Benoît Clair, a senior writer for Paris Match, was the first journalist allowed to join the shuttle crew members from training until the departure for the launch pad at Cape Canaveral.
A series of reports on the training was published in Paris Match on 22 April 1985, 17 June 1985 and 20 January 1986. As of 1996 the magazine had an independent political stance. Paris Match had a circulation of 1,800,000 copies in 1958; the 1988 circulation of the magazine was 873,000 copies, making it the best-selling news weekly in the country. In 2001 the weekly was the tenth largest news magazine worldwide with a circulation of 630,000 copies. Paris Match had a circulation of 656,000 copies during the 2007–2008 period. In 2009 the magazine was the best selling photonews magazine in France with a circulation of 611,000 copies, its circulation was 578,282 copies in 2014. In Hergé's Tintin adventure The Castafiore Emerald, reporters from the imaginary "Paris-Flash" magazine play a major role in the plot's development; the magazine is satirized as inaccurate. Paris Match official website
Les Échos (newspaper)
Les Échos is the first daily French financial newspaper, founded in 1908 by the brothers Robert and Émile Servan-Schreiber. It is the main competitor of La Tribune; the paper was established as a monthly publication under the name of Les Échos de l’Exportation by the brothers Robert and Émile Servan-Schreiber in 1908. It was renamed as Les Échos; the newspaper was bought by the British media group Pearson PLC in 1988, was sold to the French luxury goods conglomerate LVMH in November 2007. The publisher of the paper is Groupe Les Échos. Les Échos is published on weekdays; the paper is headquartered in Paris and has a website, launched in 1996. The paper publishes economical analyses by leading economists, including Joseph Stiglitz and Kenneth Rogoff. In September 2003 Les Échos switched from tabloid format to Berliner format. In 2004, the newspaper won the EPICA award. In 2010, the coverage of Les Échos was expanded to cover such topics as innovations in science, green growth and health and skills concerning marketing and advertising, education and leadership, law and finance.
The former separate sections of IT and communications were merged under the section of high tech and media. In 2013 the newspaper started a project called a business news aggregation platform. In 2000 Les Échos was the sixth best-selling newspaper in France with a circulation of 728,000 copies; the 2009 circulation of the paper was 127,000 copies. From July 2011 to July 2012 the paper had a circulation of 120,546 copies. Official website Les Échos mobile website Les Echos Solutions website Regular French Press Review - Radio France International
Lot-et-Garonne is a department in the southwest of France named after the Lot and Garonne rivers. Lot-et-Garonne is one of the original eighty-three departments created on March 4, 1790, as a result of the French Revolution, it was created from part of the province of Gascony. Several of the original southeastern cantons in the arrondissements of Agen and Villeneuve-sur-Lot were separated from it in 1808 to become a part of the newly created department of Tarn-et-Garonne. Lot-et-Garonne is part of the current region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine and is surrounded by the departments of Lot, Tarn-et-Garonne, Landes and Dordogne; the north of the department is composed of limestone hills. Between Lot and Garonne, there is a plateau carved by many valleys. In the west of the department, the Landes forest is planted in sand. It's composed of maritime pines. Between the forest and Agen, there is the Albret, a hilly country. Food-processing and pharmaceuticals are all major industries of the department; the inhabitants of the department are called Lot-et-Garonnais.
Cantons of the Lot-et-Garonne department Communes of the Lot-et-Garonne department Arrondissements of the Lot-et-Garonne department Roman Catholic Diocese of Agen Prefecture website General Council website Lot-et-Garonne at Curlie Chamber of Commerce and Industry website