Office of the United States Trade Representative
The Office of the United States Trade Representative is the United States government agency responsible for developing and recommending United States trade policy to the President of the United States, conducting trade negotiations at bilateral and multilateral levels, coordinating trade policy within the government through the interagency Trade Policy Staff Committee and Trade Policy Review Group. Established as the Office of the Special Trade Representative under the Trade Expansion Act of 1962, the USTR is part of the Executive Office of the President. With over 200 employees, the USTR has offices in Geneva and Brussels, Belgium; the current U. S. Trade Representative is Ambassador Robert E. Lighthizer, announced by President-Elect Donald J. Trump on January 3, 2017. Lighthizer was confirmed by the Senate on May 11, 2017, by a vote of 82–14; the head of the office holds the title of United States Trade Representative, a Cabinet-level position, though not technically within the Cabinet, as is the case with office heads not of US Departments but rather of offices contained within the Executive Office of the President.
To fill the post, the President nominates someone for the position, the appointment is approved or rejected by a simple majority of the Senate. The United States Trade Representative and Deputy United States Trade Representatives carry the title of Ambassador. Michael Froman served as the US Trade Representative until 2017, with Michael Punke and Robert Holleyman serving as Deputy US Trade Representatives. Ambassador Punke concurrently serves as the U. S. Ambassador to the World Trade Organization. On May 2, 2013, President Obama nominated Michael Froman to succeed Ambassador Ron Kirk as the U. S. Trade Representative; the Senate confirmed Froman on June 19, 2013, he was sworn into office on June 21, 2013. Robert Lighthizer, the current U. S. Trade Representative, was confirmed on April 2017, after being nominated by President Trump; the USTR participates in the World Trade Organization, in the Doha Development Round. This is managed by the USTR Office of WTO and Multilateral Affairs. Relevant WTO agreements include the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights and the Generalized System of Preferences.
There are two key advisory committees. These two are the Agricultural Policy Advisory Committee and the Agricultural Technical Advisory Committees. APAC is made up of 34 organizations. ATAC is made up of 6 groups; these groups being Animal and Animal Products and Vegetables, Feed and Planting Seeds and Sweetener Products, Tobacco and Peanuts, Processed Foods. APAC and ATAC allow the private sector to play a role in the U. S. government when it comes to trade. In Agriculture, free trade agreements play a big role; as stated, “For 16 of the 20 countries that the U. S. has FTAs with, U. S. exporters will face zero tariffs on 98% or more of agricultural goods once the agreements are implemented.” Global trade is one area. They have the world's largest economy. Being competitive allows an increase in productivity and the growth of the economy. Expanding and shifting production has increased productivity and the country's economic growth rate as well. “Exports have contributed nearly a third of economic growth since mid-2009, account for 13.5 percent of our economy”.
USTR uses enforcement to secure U. S. trading. This is keen to American workers, farmers and businesses, it is interpreted to be open, making sure that everyone follows it. Some trade includes. Wildlife trafficking, illegal logging, marine conservation and protection are a few examples of this overlap; the purchasing done under the government makes up 10 to 15 percent of the country's GDP. In 1979, the first major Government Procurement Agreement appeared. Relations with Canada and Europe are noticeable in government procurement; the Office of Small Business, Market Access, Industrial Competitiveness manages manufactured goods that the United States exports. Two of the biggest goals are to expand export opportunities and strengthen enforcement of trade rules. Industrial tariffs are a huge commodity, for 96 percent of U. S. merchandise imports are nonagricultural goods. The Office of Intellectual Property and Innovation focuses on intellectual property laws and enforcing them worldwide. Trade agreements, the annual Special 301 review and report, World Trade Organization, pharmaceutical and medical technology industries are all key areas.
The Labor office holds the United States responsible in making sure. Worker's participation and rights is looked at through this office. Preference programs are used as aiding other countries, it provides greater access to the U. S. market. The Office of Services and Investment partakes in anything involving services and digital trade relevant to U. S. trade policy. International Investment provides both economic protection for American workers. Services allows the world to connect. Through businesses, technology and all other forms of services, people interact globally. In the United States, service industries make up two thirds of the GDP and four out of five private-sector jobs. Small businesses are significant in U. S. trade. The top exports going to Canada, China and the United Kingdom; the Office of Textiles is in charge of apparel. It works with Congress, domestic partners
Melinda Bush is a member of the Illinois Senate for the 31st district. The 31st district spans northern Lake County and includes all or parts of Zion Round Lake, Round Lake Beach, Gages Lake, Winthrop Harbor, Old Mill Creek, Lindenhurst, Waukegan, Beach Park and Lake Villa. In the general election, Bush faced Joe Neal, she was endorsed by Lieutenant Governor Sheila Simon, Senator Terry Link, Senator Susan Garrett, State Representative Rita Mayfield, the Illinois AFL-CIO, Illinois Education Association, Illinois Sierra Club, Planned Parenthood Illinois Action, Illinois Fraternal Order of Police, the Daily Herald and future general assembly colleague Sam Yingling. On election day, Bush won in a close contest, her associated representatives are District 61 representative Joyce Mason and District 62 representative Sam Yingling. Biography and committees at the 98th Illinois General Assembly By session: 98th Profile at Illinois Senate Democrats Campaign website Profile at Vote Smart
Bureau County, Illinois
Bureau County is a county located in the U. S. state of Illinois. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 34,978, its county seat is Princeton. Bureau County is part of the Ottawa–Peru, IL Micropolitan Statistical Area, the Hennepin Canal Parkway State Park is located in this county. Bureau County was created from a portion of Putnam County in 1837, it is named for brothers Michel and Pierre Bureau, French Canadians who ran a trading post from 1776 until the 1780s near the conjunction of Big Bureau Creek with Illinois River. Their actual surname most was Belleau, but the local American Indians had difficulty pronouncing the "l" sound, not found in some local languages. An early settler of this area was Bulbona, a man of mixed French and Native American descent with a Native American wife. Unlike most of the other Native Americans in the area, Bulbona remained after the area was settled by Euro-Americans and ran a trading post, where he sold whiskey among other necessities; the founders of Princeton, the area's oldest town, were settlers from New England, descendants of the English Puritans who settled New England in the 17th century.
They were part of a wave of New England farmers who moved to the Northwest Territory in the early 19th century. Most of them came soon after of the completion of the Erie Canal; when they arrived, they faced wild prairie. These New Englanders laid out farms, constructed roads, erected government buildings and established post routes, they brought with them many of their Yankee New England values, such as a passion for education, establishing many schools, were staunch abolitionists. They were members of the Congregationalist Church or Episcopalians. Early Bureau County, like much of northern Illinois, was culturally continuous with early New England culture. Like so many other areas in the Midwest, this county was on a "line" of the Underground Railroad. There was a "station" at the home of Owen Lovejoy in Princeton, several other locations in the county. According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 874 square miles, of which 869 square miles is land and 4.5 square miles is water.
Big Bureau Creek is the main body of water. In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Princeton have ranged from a low of 14 °F in January to a high of 85 °F in July, although a record low of −22 °F was recorded in February 1996 and a record high of 102 °F was recorded in June 1988. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.48 inches in February to 4.76 inches in August. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 34,978 people, 14,262 households, 9,605 families residing in the county; the population density was 40.2 inhabitants per square mile. There were 15,720 housing units at an average density of 18.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 94.2% white, 0.7% Asian, 0.6% black or African American, 0.3% American Indian, 3.0% from other races, 1.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 7.7% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 32.8% were German, 13.8% were Irish, 12.1% were English, 9.2% were American, 8.8% were Italian, 7.6% were Swedish, 5.8% were Polish.
Of the 14,262 households, 29.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.6% were married couples living together, 9.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.7% were non-families, 28.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.94. The median age was 42.5 years. The median income for a household in the county was $45,692 and the median income for a family was $55,217. Males had a median income of $42,327 versus $29,210 for females; the per capita income for the county was $24,103. About 8.6% of families and 11.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.3% of those under age 18 and 7.5% of those age 65 or over. Princeton Spring Valley Charles W. Brooks, U. S. Senator Warren Giles, executive in Baseball Hall of Fame Virgil Fox, concert organist Kathryn Hays, actress Robert Petkoff, actor Eliza Suggs and temperance activist Richard Widmark, actor As part of Yankee-settled Northern Illinois, Bureau County became powerfully Republican for the century following the Civil War.
The only Democrat to carry the county between 1856 and 1988 was Franklin D. Roosevelt during his landslide 1932 victory, although Progressive Theodore Roosevelt did carry the county during the 1912 election when the GOP was mortally divided. Between 1988 and 2012, the county trended Democratic – Bill Clinton won pluralities in both his elections and Barack Obama won an absolute majority in 2008 and nearly did so in 2012 – however concern with lack of employment opportunities in the Rust Belt led to a powerful swing toward Donald Trump in 2016 for the best GOP result since Ronald Reagan’s 1984 landslide. National Register of Historic Places listings in Bureau County, Illinois Specific GeneralUS Census Bureau 2007 TIGER/Line Shapefiles US Board on Geographic Names US National Atlas Official website
Bill Brady (politician)
William E. "Bill" Brady Jr. is a Republican member of the Illinois Senate who has represented the 44th Legislative District since his appointment in May 2002. Brady served in the Illinois House of Representatives, representing the 88th District from 1993 to 2001, he ran unsuccessfully for Governor of Illinois in 2006, 2010, 2014. Brady was born on May 1961, in Bloomington, Illinois, he graduated from Illinois Wesleyan University. A millionaire real estate developer and broker, Brady is a co-owner of Brady Homes, one of Central Illinois' largest home builders, founded by his father, Bill Brady Sr. In early 2014, it was reported that Brady's real estate development business had been sued twice for defaulting on loans. In 1992, Bill Brady defeated seven term incumbent Gordon Ropp by a razor thin margin in the Republican primary. Ten years Brady was appointed to the Illinois Senate in 2002 to succeed John Maitland. Brady serves on the following committees: Agriculture and Conservation Committee of the Whole Conference Committee on SB1 Environment Insurance State Government &Veterans Affairs Transportation Brady ran for Governor of Illinois three times and was the Republican Nominee in 2010, but was unsuccessful in each run.
Brady ran for governor in 2006. He finished third in the Republican primary. In the 2010 gubernatorial election, he defeated his closest competitor, State Senator Kirk Dillard, by 193 votes in the GOP primary, faced incumbent Democratic Governor Pat Quinn and Green Party candidate Rich Whitney in November. Brady's running mate was 28-year-old Jason Plummer, past Chairman of the Madison County Republican Party and, at the time, an intelligence officer in the U. S. Naval Reserve and vice president in his father's lumber business. Despite winning 98 of Illinois's 102 counties, Brady lost to Quinn by around 32,000 votes out of 3,700,000. Brady won 98 out of the 102 counties. However, Quinn's huge win in Cook County which encompasses the Chicago Metropolitan Area, provided a large buffer of votes that Brady could not overcome. On election night, Quinn had an initial, large lead when results from Cook County were the first began to come in. Once suburban and rural precincts reported the vote tallies, Brady narrowed the gap, but Cook County provided enough votes to give the election to Governor Quinn.
Brady conceded defeat on the following day, November 3. Quinn's win was ranked by Politico as the 7th biggest upset of the 2010 elections. Brady announced his third bid for Illinois Governor on June 26, 2013, his fellow GOP contenders were businessman Bruce Rauner, state treasurer Dan Rutherford, Senator Kirk Dillard. Brady's running mate was Maria Rodriguez, she was courted by Bruce Rauner as a running mate. Rodriguez carried two terms as mayor of Illinois. Brady was the lowest-funded of the four Republican candidates for the primary election, with only $273,000 in his campaign account at the end of 2013. During his campaign, Brady made several swipes at competitor Bruce Rauner, including comparing Rauner to disgraced and jailed former Illinois Governor Rod Blagojevich. Among other things, Brady advocated for pension reform, reducing taxes, reforming worker's compensation, not increasing the minimum wage, the dismantling of the Illinois State Board of Education. Brady lost the GOP primary at third place with 15% of the vote.
According to his campaign website, Brady believes in balancing the budget and paying down debt by "deconstructing Illinois spending and constructing a new budget, based on efficiency and priorities". He has proposed a plan to cut “a dime for every dollar” in state spending, but depending on the starting point, that may cut $3 billion to $5 billion from the $13 billion deficit. Brady supports replacing the Illinois State Board of Education with a smaller agency that receives half of the current $80 million funding, or $40 million. Brady believes that intelligent design, which he has described as "in other words, teaching the Bible", should be taught in public schools, saying that "we should teach the Bible in our schools. One of the basic, fundamental voids we have in our school system is bringing God into the system." In a follow-up interview, he explained: "I believe that local school boards should have the opportunity to teach kids about the Bible, just as they ought to be able to teach them about the Qur'an."
He added: "I believe in school prayer. I think that local school boards should be able to dictate that they start the day with prayer."Brady supports competition in elementary and secondary education and, "either through board action or citizens initiative", school districts funding the tuition to private schools, at a rate that is, at minimum, what the state provides to the school district. Brady supports lowering Illinois' minimum wage from its current $8.25 per hour to match the federal minimum wage of $7.25. Brady has said that the minimum wage should be controlled by “market-forces”. "I think demand in the marketplace determines the rate of minimum wage. I don't think governmental intrusion is as effective," said Brady. Brady has called for a freeze in the state's minimum wage until the lower federal rate catches up to that in Illinois. Brady intended to lift the moratorium on the death penalty. Bill Brady self-identifies as pro-life, he supports a ban on all abortions, including in cases of incest.
He allows abortion when a mother's life is at risk. He has backed legislation allowing pharmacists to refuse to dispense emergency contraception. A week after winning the Republican primary, Brady introduced a proposed state constitutional amendment on
John J. Cullerton is an American politician, a Democratic member of the Illinois Senate, representing the 6th district since his appointment in 1991, he was elected President of the Illinois Senate in 2009. Cullerton is involved in an ongoing corruption scandal in which he is accused of pressuring the Cook County Department of Transportation and Highways to pave public green space at taxpayer expense to enable a real estate development that he co-owns. Cullerton is a native of Chicago, he received his bachelor's degree in political science from Loyola University of Chicago, where he earned his law degree. After graduating from law school, Cullerton served as a Chicago Assistant Public Defender, he went on to work at the law firm of Haber. In 1979, he was elected to the Illinois General Assembly where he served for twelve years as a member of the House of Representatives, he served as Democratic Floor Leader. According to Cullerton's campaign website, he sponsored the most bills and had the most bills passed of all legislators in the 93rd and 94th General Assemblies.
After being appointed to fill Dawn Clark Netsch's seat in 1991, Cullerton was elected to the state senate in 1992 where he was appointed Senate Majority Caucus Whip. Cullerton has been recognized for sponsoring more bills than any other legislator and having more signed into law by the governor. Cullerton was chosen as the senate president by the Senate Democratic Caucus on November 19, 2008 to begin serving in 2009, replacing the retiring Emil Jones, his first legislative priority as senate president was to pass the first Capital Bill in 10 years, which allocated $31 billion for public works projects and created tens of thousands of jobs in Illinois Public Act 096-0036. Cullerton led the senate during the impeachment trial, subsequent removal, of former Governor Rod Blagojevich. Cullerton served as a delegate to the 2012 Democratic National Convention. Senator Cullerton supported SB-1; the Illinois Supreme Court found these legislative changes to be unconstitutional. As the Illinois Supreme Court ruling stated: "These modifications to pension benefits unquestionably diminish the value of the retirement annuities the members…were promised when they joined the pension system.
Accordingly, based on the plain language of the Act, these annuity-reducing provisions contravene the pension protection clause's absolute prohibition against diminishment of pension benefits and exceed the General Assembly's authority," Since the rejection of the constitutionality of SB-1 Senator Cullerton has continued to support the reduction of pension benefits of Illinois State employees. In May 2017, Cullerton led the state Senate Democrats in passing a bill that increased the state individual income tax from 3.75 to 4.95 percent, along with a number of tax increases on businesses. The tax increases, if signed into law, were projected to bring in $4.453 billion from individuals and another $1 billion from businesses. In May 2017, Cullerton intervened in a land dispute outside of his district when he advocated, on behalf of the Keefe Family Trust, to pave over a section of publicly owned wetland to build a 28 foot long driveway, which would require killing 48 mature trees in a small old-growth forest.
Despite the opposition and objections of the Village of Wilmette, the City of Evanston, the publicly operated Canal Shores Golf Course and numerous community organizations, Cullerton met with local officials on multiple occasions to argue in favor of a driveway to access a landlocked parcel so the Keefe Family Trust could build a subdivision of three houses. The parcel had been landlocked. Cullerton serves part-time as an Illinois state senator. Fagel Haber merged with Thompson Coburn LLP in 2007, Cullerton continues as a partner practicing in the areas of government relations, licensing, real estate tax assessment, nonprofit law. Cullerton and his wife, have five children together: Maggie, John III, Kyle, Josephine. Biography and committees at the 98th Illinois General Assembly By session: 98th, 97th, 96th, 95th, 94th, 93rd Illinois Senate President John Cullerton legislative website Senate President John J. Cullerton at Illinois Senate Democrats Profile at Vote Smart Collected news and commentary at the Chicago Tribune
Kendall County, Illinois
Kendall County is a county in the U. S. state of Illinois, within the Chicago metropolitan area. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 114,736, its county seat is Yorkville, its most populous municipality is Oswego. Kendall County is part of the IL-IN-WI Metropolitan Statistical Area, it was the fastest-growing county in the United States between the years 2000 and 2010. Kendall County was formed in 1841 out of Kane counties; the county is named after Amos Kendall. Kendall was the editor of the Frankfort, Kentucky newspaper, went on to be an important advisor to President Andrew Jackson. Kendall became the U. S. Postmaster General in 1835. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 322 square miles, of which 320 square miles is land and 2.0 square miles is water. Kendall County is a small but growing county that has the majority of its population in the northeast, along the Fox River which runs through the county's northwestern section. Many new subdivisions have been constructed in this county, which has produced considerable population growth.
Southern Kendall still remains agricultural. Kendall County has two primary ranges of low-lying hills formed by. Ransom, the more predominant of the two moraines, runs through the west and north-central part of the county; this moraine has created elevations of over 800 feet, in contrast to elevations in southern Kendall County that drop to the lower 500 feet range. Minooka, the other major end moraine ridge in Kendall County, runs along its entire eastern border with Will County; the two moraines intersect at a right angle in the township of Oswego. The county's only designated state park is Wildlife Area. In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Yorkville have ranged from a low of 10 °F in January to a high of 84 °F in July, although a record low of −26 °F was recorded in January 1985 and a record high of 111 °F was recorded in July 1936. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.52 inches in February to 4.39 inches in July. Interstate 80 U. S. Highway 30 U. S. Highway 34 U.
S. Highway 52 Illinois Route 25 Illinois Route 31 Illinois Route 47 Illinois Route 71 Illinois Route 126 Kane County - north DuPage County - northeast Will County - east Grundy County - south LaSalle County - west DeKalb County - northwest As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 114,736 people, 38,022 households, 30,067 families residing in the county; the population density was 358.2 inhabitants per square mile. There were 40,321 housing units at an average density of 125.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 83.6% white, 5.7% black or African American, 3.0% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 5.0% from other races, 2.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 15.6% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 28.0% were German, 16.0% were Irish, 9.5% were Polish, 9.4% were Italian, 7.5% were English, 3.2% were American. Of the 38,022 households, 47.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.8% were married couples living together, 9.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 20.9% were non-families, 16.4% of all households were made up of individuals.
The average household size was 3.01 and the average family size was 3.41. The median age was 32.9 years. The county's median household income was $79,897 and the median family income was $87,309. Males had a median income of $64,048 versus $42,679 for females; the county's per capita income was $30,565. About 2.9% of families and 3.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.6% of those under age 18 and 3.4% of those age 65 or over. It is one of seven out of the 364 largest counties in the United States that has a higher median income for African Americans than White Americans. Kendall County was listed as the fastest-growing county in the US from 2000 to 2009, experiencing a population growth rate of 110.4% in this period. The reason for this growth is heavy suburbanization from the metropolitan Chicago area. Aurora Joliet Plano Sandwich Yorkville Boulder Hill Bristol Helmar Little Rock The county is an 18-mile square, divided up into 9 townships; each township is divided into 36 1 mile square sections, except that the Fox River is used as a Township border, resulting in Bristol being the smallest township with the extra area being assigned to Oswego and Kendall Townships.
There are two exceptions to the section grid to reflect Indian land grants under the Treaty of Prairie du Chien in 1829: the Mo-Ah-Way Reservation in Oswego Township and the Waish-Kee-shaw Reservation in Na-Au-Say Township. These areas were sold to European settlers. County Board members run in two districts. All other officers run county-wide: County Board Members: John P. Purcell, Judy Gilmour, Matthew G. Prochaska, Robert "H. D." Davidson, Audra Hendrix, Elizabeth Flowers, Lynn Cullick, Scott R. Gryder, Matt Kellogg, Tony Giles County Board Chairman – Scott R. Gryder Forest Preserve President – Judy Gilmour Clerk of the Circuit Court – Robyn Ingemunson Coroner – Jackie Purcell County Clerk and Recorder – Debbie Gillette Sheriff – Dwight Baird State’s Attorney – Eric Weis Treasurer – Jill Ferko Kendall County’s political history is typical of the “collar counties” and more of Yankee-settled Northern Illinois. In its early elections Kendall was a stronghold of the Free Soil Party and was one of nine Illinois counties that gave a plurality to Free Soil nominee and former Democratic President Martin van Buren in the 1848 pre
Craig Wilcox is a Republican Illinois State Senator for the 32nd District. The district includes all or parts of Antioch, Bull Valley, Crystal Lake, Fox Lake, Harvard, Lake Villa, Marengo, McHenry, Spring Grove, Wonder Lake, Woodstock. Wilcox was born in El Paso and raised in Essex Junction, Vermont. Wilcox attended Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute on an Air Force scholarship and graduated with a degree in electrical engineering in 1989, he entered active duty as a Communications Officer and was selected to command on three separate occasions. During his career, he served as Commander of the 89th Airlift Support Group at Joint Base Andrews. There, he led his unit providing global command and control communications and aerial port services to the President of the United States and Air Force One, his first command was the 52nd Combat Communications Squadron, shortly after the September 11 attacks, where he helped establish new airbases in Kyrgyzstan. His second deployment was in March 2003 in southern Iraq, where his unit established the first United States Airbase in enemy territory in over 50 years.
Colonel Wilcox returned to Iraq for his final deployment during the height of the insurgency and commanded for a year from 2006-2007 at Balad Air Base. Colonel Wilcox earned two Bronze Star Medals during these combat tours. Wilcox moved to McHenry, Illinois following his retirement from the U. S. Air Force in 2013. In 2016, he was elected to the McHenry County Board to represent District 4. In 2017, incumbent Republican Senator Pamela Althoff announced her intention to run for McHenry County Board instead of seeking reelection to the Illinois Senate. Craig Wilcox and John Reinert, a fellow Republican member of the McHenry County Board, filed to run for the Republican nomination, but Reinert withdrew before the primary. Wilcox faced Democratic nominee and McHenry Township Assessor Mary Mahady. During the general election, Wilcox was appointed to the Illinois Senate to succeed Althoff, who stepped down early. Wilcox defeated Mahady in the general election. Agriculture, Minority Spokesperson Labor Licensed Activities and Pensions Oversight of Medicaid Managed Care Revenue Transportation Veteran Affairs Senator Craig Wilcox 42nd District at the Illinois General Assembly 100th,101stProfile at Vote Smart