Wo Che is an area in Sha Tin of Hong Kong. South of Fo Tan and north of proper Sha Tin, it is divided into Sheung Wo Che and Ha Wo Che, the reclamation by Shing Mun River; the hilly area above the villages of Wo Che is considered to the area of Fo Tan as its only main access, Sui Wo Road, leads to Fo Tan. Sheung Wo Che and Ha Wo Che are villages occupying the lower hill. After beginning of Sha Tin New Town, on the reclamation, a public housing estate, Wo Che Estate, named after it was built, many housing estates on the hills above villages of Sheung Wo Che was built. For housing estates under Home Ownership Scheme, Sui Wo Court, the Cantonese Wo indicated its position in Wo Che. Sheung Wo Che was a small village with a 150-year history, it was expanded after the construction of the Kowloon–Canton Railway in 1911, when city dwellers built holiday villas and summer retreat there. The houses at Nos.7-10, built between the 1930s and the 1960s, are a surviving examples of this expansion. The buildings have been listed as Grade III historic buildings in 2011.
The Nam Ancestral Hall, built in 1901, is located in the village. Map of Sheung Wo Che
Link Real Estate Investment Trust (Chinese: 領展房地產投資信託基金, or 領展. It is wholly owned by institutional investors. Link REIT's portfolio consists of properties with about 8 million sq ft of retail space, around 56,000 car park spaces, a project under development in Hong Kong, as well as properties with about 5 million sq ft of retail and office space in Mainland China. Due to its history of monopoly, controversial business ethics and unfriendly treatment to small business owners and investors, it has been considered a "corporate monster" in Hong Kong responsible for the city's socioeconomic issues; the REIT was created by the government, which hived off assets from the Housing Authority that included 151 shopping malls – within public housing estates – and 79,000 parking spaces. The date for the listing was provisionally 16 December 2005, at a valuation of HK$22.2 billion. Upon privatisation, Link Reit remains tied to terms in existing tenancy agreements, but will not longer require approval from government to increase rents for new leases.
However, financial analysts expected attractive dividend yields – up to 7 per cent – from the privatised company and greater commercial orientation, although some feared that the scope for increasing rental income and cutting labour costs might be limited due to most of its properties being tied to the public housing sector. IPO of The Link REIT, delayed for a year until 2005 through legal action by housing tenants worried that rents would rise, was 18 times oversubscribed. About 510,000 Hong Kong residents, or seven percent of the city's population, placed US$36 billion of orders while institutional investors were ready to commit US$40 billion; the IPO's joint global coordinators were Goldman Sachs, HSBC Holdings plc, UBS AG. JPMorgan Chase & Co. was the financial adviser to the Housing Authority. The proposed flotation of The Link REIT by the Housing Authority was delayed when a public housing tenant, Lo Siu-lan, challenged the legality of the proposed divestment of the properties. Lo's lawyer submitted that the Housing Authority had "breached its duty under the Housing Ordinance to provide housing to people in need.
Instead, it was selling assets to a private company, which could sublet the properties at market rates rather than benefiting the underprivileged". She represented a concern among many residents of public housing that existing amenities would no longer be public and that The Link would raise rents, thereby forcing price rises in shops without due consideration of the public good; some NGOs were concerned that the reduced income of the Housing Authority would lead to rent rises for public tenants. Lo's request for judicial review of the privatisation was rejected at the Court of First Instance and the Court of Appeal. Since the listing in 2005, Link has engaged in a process of'asset enhancement works', seeking to raise the value of the properties through upgraded physical structure, replacing low-end utility local shops with higher-paying brands and chains, enhanced'customer service', promotional activities; the Link overhauled many of the wet markets under its management. The renovations have led to higher rents, higher prices, the loss of local shops.
In moves to diversify its property portfolio and mix, Link acquired the shopping mall portion of Nan Fung Plaza with parking facilities in Hang Hau, from Nan Fung Group mid 2010 for a total of $1.17 billion. In late 2010, Link acquired the shopping mall portion of Maritime Bay Shopping Mall with parking facilities in Hang Hau, from Sino Group, for a total of $588.4 million. In mid 2014, Link acquired The Lions Rise Mall with parking facilities in Wong Tai Sin, from Kerry Properties, for a total of $1.38 billion. In 2015, The Link took its first step in purchasing by government land auction when it partnered with Nan Fung Group to buy land lot NKIL 6512 in Kwun Tong for a total of $5.86 billion in January. Link surprised the market by successively making its first two purchases in mainland China, when it acquired Beijing EC Mall, for a consideration of ¥2.5 billion. The company has a target. On 19 February 2016, a subsidiary of the Link purchased the Trade and Industry Department Tower in Mong Kok from the government for a sum of HK$5.91 billion.
In mid-2014 Link REIT sold four commercial properties, to four different buyers, for a total of $1.24 billion. The properties are Hing Tin Commercial Centre, Kwai Hing Shopping Centre, the Tung Hei Court shopping centre, Wah Kwai Shopping Centre. In late 2015 they sold five properties, namely: Fung Wah Estate Retail and Car Park, Ka Fuk Shopping Centre, Kwong Tin Shopping Centre, Siu On Court Retail and Car Park, Tin Wan Shopping Centre. In late 2016 they sold five properties again, namely: Sui Wo Court Commercial Centre, On Yam Shopping Centre, Sun Tin Wai Commercial Centre, Cheung Hong Commercial Centre and Shek Wai Kok Commercial Centre. On 19 August 2015, Link announces the changing of its corporate names; the Link was called a "bloodsucker" by housing estate residents after the company acquired the Housing Authority shopping centres, renovated them, raised rents. This has led to local shops being pushed out, higher prices, the dominance of chain stores within the estates; this trend has reduced entrepreneurship opportunities for lower income people
Fo Tan is an area of Sha Tin, New Territories, Hong Kong. It was developed as a light industrial area, but this activity has declined markedly in recent years. There are residential areas to the east, alongside the MTR line, in the foothills to the west. Fo Tan is located around the Fo Tan Nullah. A beach was revealed when the water receded; the area thus became known as "river beach". In Hakka, this was pronounced "Fo Tan", it was mistakenly called "Fire Beach" due to similarities in pronunciation. This has further changed into "Fire Charcoal", in current use, again due to similarities in pronunciation. North East South West To the south is Sha Tin New Town, with the small community of Wo Che in between. To the north is Kau To and the Chinese University of Hong Kong. Nearby to the east is Sha Tin Racecourse while across the Shing Mun River is City One Shatin. Since 2001, as most industrial businesses have closed and moved to mainland China, more than 70 units in the utilitarian industrial blocks have reopened as artists' studios, creating a vibrant if well hidden local arts scene.
Every January, a festival, Fotanian - Open Studio Programme, sees many of the studios open to the public. Guided walks lead visitors to these private working studios, which encompass a wide range of media and styles. Sui Wo Court Private housing estates in Fo Tan include: Royal Ascot Jubilee Garden Scenery Garden Shatin 33 The Grandville The Palazzo There are 24 Hakka villages in Fo Tan including: Fo Tan Village Wo Liu Hang Fo Tan was an industrial town. Although industrial buildings have been renovated for commercial use, most restaurants in Fo Tan appear in the form of family-run canteens and fast food take-away located inside these industrial buildings; the most well-known dining choices can be found in the form of open-air food stalls. Fo Tan produces one of the best Hong Kong-style chicken congee. Shatin Galleria is another place for light-lunch choices, where chain restaurants such as McDonald's, KFC, Starbucks are located. Within the comparatively newly built residential area, restaurants can be found inside the small shopping centres in Royal Ascot, the Palazzo, Jubilee Garden.
The nearby Chinese University of Hong Kong campus hosts a variety of restaurants and canteens. A. S. Watson Group has its head office in the Watson House in Fo Tan. Sha Tin College Sha Tin Junior School Jockey Club Ti-I College Hong Kong Sports Institute Chinese University Fo Tan Station on the East Rail Line Buses and minibuses List of areas of Hong Kong Ho Tung Lau
Public light bus
The public light bus or minibus is a public transport service in Hong Kong. It uses minibuses to serve areas; the vehicles are colloquially known by the code-switch Van仔. Minibuses carry a maximum of 19 seated passengers. Minibuses offer a faster and more efficient transportation solution due to their small size, limited carrying capacity and diverse range of routes, although they are slightly more expensive than standard buses; the popularity of minibus services in Hong Kong can be attributed to its high population density. Minibuses in Hong Kong are licensed either as Green Minibuses or Public Light Buses, the former restricted to fixed-fare, fixed-route operation, the latter not so restricted. PLBs substitute red for green on the external roof of the car, although the distinction was made by the colour of the stripe around the midsection of the vehicle. Otherwise, the two versions of minibus are identical in appearance, both sporting a predominantly cream-coloured body. Most minibuses are Toyota Coasters, but a new and environmentally friendly Iveco Daily Green minibus has been introduced as part of one of the many recent schemes in Hong Kong to increase the quality of the buses.
Most of the buses run on Autogas. This type of fuel is not only cheaper, but reduces emissions; the transport commission is making further efforts to reduce emissions by providing incentives for bus drivers to make the switch to more efficient electric vehicles. As of 2014, there were 4,350 public minibuses in Hong Kong, of which 3,150 were GMBs and 1,200 were PLBs; the operations of these two types of services are regulated through conditions imposed by the Commissioner for Transport under the passenger service licences. In response to public concerns about minibus speeding, from 2012, all public minibuses were required to install speed alarms activated at 80 km/h. On all public minibuses, a large digital speedometer must be installed on the interior ceiling, adjacent to the driver's seat, facing passengers, enabling them to monitor the current speed; the beginnings of public minibus service can be traced to a local minibus system used in the New Territories before the 1960s. When, during the 1967 Hong Kong riots, workers of the two main franchised public bus services, China Motor Bus and Kowloon Motor Bus, went on strike bringing buses and trams to a halt, such services stepped in.
One of the routes during the 1967 Hong Kong riots was from Jordan Road Ferry Pier to Yuen Long, which can be considered as the first minibus route in the New Territories. After 1967, they were allowed to operate in the urban areas of Hong Kong to ease commuter chaos. At the time people with mini-vans provided transport to the public for a small charge; the mini-vans were servicing in the New Territories areas such as Yuen Long, Sheung Shui and Fanling, giving a shuttle bus service to the people living in the rural areas. The government turned a blind eye though it was against traffic laws to carry passengers without a passenger service licence; the 1969 legislation legalising the service making some 5,000 licences available for drivers caused some controversy. Some believed it was wrong of the government to issue licences to people, profiting from an illegal activity; the first generation light buses were vans carrying nine passengers. The buses were colloquially referred to as zebra cars; the chequered stripe is the pattern still used by Lee On NT Taxi Co 利安的士公司 on its fleet of taxi.
This design gave way to the red-striped vans. Seating increased over the years from 9 to 14 to 16 and to 19; the destination signage at the top front of minibuses did not appear until 1977 and the rear bench seat disappeared altogether with the prevalence of air-conditioning equipment installation. A passenger wishing to take a minibus hails the minibus from the street kerb like a taxi. A minibus can be hailed down at any point along a route, subject to traffic regulations, although sometimes particular stops are marked out. To alight from a minibus, a passenger customarily calls out to the driver where they wish to get off, drivers acknowledging by raising their hand. Tourists have difficulty with this system, as it requires both intimate local street knowledge and prior training in Cantonese. Passengers call out landmarks, intersecting streets and other distinctive features. Green minibuses may have fixed stops; some Green minibuses are now equipped with a bell operated to those found on the larger buses, ringing it indicates that a passenger wishes to alight at the next stop.
Calling out to the driver, remains popular. Green minibuses operate a scheduled service, with fixed fares. There are around 280 GMB buses routes with route numbers assigned; the exact fare must be tendered. On some routes, passengers may pay a portion of the full fare if they are only travelling a section of the route. Sections are distinctive physical landmarks, such as crossing a tunnel or a bridge. Red minibuses are a kind of share taxi, which run a non-scheduled service, although routes may, in effect, become fixed over time. PLBs may operate anywhere where no special prohibitions apply, without control over fares; the PLB system is intended to be responsive to market demand. On som
Tolo Harbour, or Tai Po Hoi is a sheltered harbour in northeast New Territories of Hong Kong. Tide Cove aka. Sha Tin Hoi is to the south of the harbour, Plover Cove, Three Fathoms Cove and Tolo Channel are to its east; the Shing Mun River empties first into Tide Cove the harbour. Several islands are located in the harbour, including Ma Shi Chau, Centre Island, Yeung Chau and Yim Tin Tsai. Yuen Chau Tsai is a former island, now connected to the mainland by a causeway. In the past pearls were abundant here. Pearl hunting had been a major industry in Tai Po from Han Dynasty. In Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period, a king of Southern Han changed the name of Tai Po to Mei Chuen To and ordered an aggressive cultivation effort, which led to many fatalities amongst the pearl hunters; the hunting lasted until the Ming Dynasty. Kowloon-Canton Railway was built in Tolo Highway in 1980s on its western shore. Ma Shi Chau Special Area List of harbours in Hong Kong 大埔的珠池 Satellite view of the harbour and Tide Cove, Plover Cove, Three Fathoms Cove and the Tolo Channel
Sha Tin District
Sha Tin District is one of the 18 districts of Hong Kong. As one of the 9 districts located in the New Territories, it covers the areas of Sha Tin, Tai Wai, Ma On Shan, Fo Tan, Siu Lek Yuen and Ma Liu Shui; the district is the most populous district in Hong Kong, with a population of 659,794 as per 2016 census, having a larger population than many countries or dependencies including Iceland, Macau and Brunei. The Sha Tin District covers 69.4 km², including Sha Tin New Town and several country parks. Built on reclaimed land in Sha Tin Hoi, the well-developed Sha Tin New Town comprises residential areas along the banks of the Shing Mun River Channel. In the early 1970s it was a rural township of about 30,000 people. After Sha Tin's first public housing estate, Lek Yuen Estate, was completed in 1976, the settlement began to expand. Today, about 65% of the district's population live in public rental housing, housing under Hong Kong's Tenants Purchase Scheme, or Home Ownership Scheme. Sha Tin was named Lek Yuen meaning the "source of trickling" or "source of clear water".
The area of the present day Sha Tin was populated before the Ming Dynasty. As the Shing Mun River runs across the district, most local residents were farmers and relied on agriculture for living. In 1579, Tai Wai Village, the oldest and largest walled village in the district was built. Several other villages were built along the river after Tai Wai Village. Sha Tin started to be administered by the British Hong Kong government after the Convention for the Extension of Hong Kong Territory was signed; the establishment of the Sha Tin Station of the Kowloon-Canton Railway in 1910 caused Sha Tin to be the more common name for the area, replacing Lek Yuen since. Sha Tin was a former market town at the present location of Sha Tin Centre Street and New Town Plaza shopping centre. Sha Tin Town was the second batch of satellite towns, or new town, to be built in the New Territories, on land reclaimed from the sea. In addition to the residential areas, there are four industrial areas for light industries: Tai Wai, Fo Tan, Siu Lek Yuen and Shek Mun.
The Chinese University of Hong Kong is located in Sha Tin. People travel there via the MTR East Rail Line and get off at University station. A minibus service operates on campus. Sha Tin is the location for Hong Kong's second equestrian racecourse which has a capacity of 85,000; this course hosted the equestrian events during the 2008 Summer Olympics. The Olympics were hosted by Beijing, but there was concern over proper quarantine and disease monitoring in the Chinese capital. Penfold Park is closed on race days, it is best accessed via the Fo Tan Station. Sha Tin Park is another major park located in Sha Tin; the Shing Mun River is a 7 km long, 200m wide channel originating at the Shing Mun Reservoir that runs as a river from the Tai Wai area, through the Sha Tin town centre to Tolo Harbour. It has three main tributaries, namely Fo Tan Nullah and Siu Lek Yuen Nullah. Along the Shing Mun River are high-rise residential and industrial buildings with numerous village type developments scattered around.
Sha Tin District has the largest number of East Rail Line stations of any district in Hong Kong. It has five stations, namely Tai Wai, Sha Tin, Fo Tan and University; the Ma On Shan Line runs between Tai Wai, Che Kung Temple, Sha Tin Wai, City One, Shek Mun, Tai Shui Hang, Heng On, Ma On Shan, Wu Kai Sha stations. A network of cycle tracks throughout Sha Tin measures about 50 km long and is the longest cycle track network in Hong Kong. Increasing population in the town has exerted pressure on the transportation. Several construction plans have been launched to cope with the demand; the construction of Route T7 linking Ma On Shan Road to Sai Sha Road started in January 2001 and completed in 2005. Route 8, connecting Cheung Sha Wan and Sha Tin, is scheduled for construction at the end of 2003 and will be completed at the end of 2007; the construction of the Ma On Shan Line began in December 2000 and was completed at the end of 2004. Tai Po Road, Sha Lek Highway, Sha Tin Road, Lion Rock Tunnel, Sai Sha Road, Tate's Cairn Tunnel, Tolo Highway and Shing Mun Tunnels serve the Sha Tin District.
There are four hospitals in Sha Tin District: Prince of Wales Hospital, one of the centres of the 2003 SARS outbreak among health care workers. The Museum includes 12 galleries, a café and museum shop. Other attractions include: Sha Tin Racecourse – located in Shatin Town, it is one of the two racecourses in Hong Kong. Che Kung Miu Tao Fung Shan Amah Rock Tsang Tai Uk – an 1848 dwelling of granite and green brick, with defence towers and a still-used ancestral hall. Lion Pavilion New Town Plaza – a large shopping mall in Sha Tin Town. Ten Thousand Buddhas Monastery Shing Mun River Lion Rock Sha Tin Park – a popular park running alongside the Shing Mun river channel in Sha Tin Town. Penfold Park Sha Tin Town Hall – the premier cultural venue in the eastern New Territories, hosting cultural events and exhibitions. Snoopy's World. Six zones of amusements on the third floor of the New Town Plaza, including Snoopy's House, a canoe ride and a museum of Peanuts characters. List of buildings and areas in Hong Kong Sha Tin Distric
Hong Kong the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and abbreviated as HK, is a special administrative region on the eastern side of the Pearl River estuary in southern China. With over 7.4 million people of various nationalities in a 1,104-square-kilometre territory, Hong Kong is the world's fourth most densely populated region. Hong Kong became a colony of the British Empire after Qing Empire ceded Hong Kong Island at the end of the First Opium War in 1842; the colony expanded to the Kowloon Peninsula in 1860 after the Second Opium War, was further extended when Britain obtained a 99-year lease of the New Territories in 1898. The entire territory was transferred to China in 1997; as a special administrative region, Hong Kong's system of government is separate from that of mainland China and its people identify more as Hongkongers rather than Chinese. A sparsely populated area of farming and fishing villages, the territory has become one of the world's most significant financial centres and commercial ports.
It is the world's seventh-largest trading entity, its legal tender is the world's 13th-most traded currency. Although the city has one of the highest per capita incomes in the world, it has severe income inequality; the territory has the largest number of skyscrapers in most surrounding Victoria Harbour. Hong Kong ranks seventh on the UN Human Development Index, has the sixth-longest life expectancy in the world. Although over 90 per cent of its population uses public transportation, air pollution from neighbouring industrial areas of mainland China has resulted in a high level of atmospheric particulates; the name of the territory, first spelled "He-Ong-Kong" in 1780 referred to a small inlet between Aberdeen Island and the southern coast of Hong Kong Island. Aberdeen was an initial point of contact between local fishermen. Although the source of the romanised name is unknown, it is believed to be an early phonetic rendering of the Cantonese pronunciation hēung góng; the name translates as "fragrant harbour" or "incense harbour".
"Fragrant" may refer to the sweet taste of the harbour's freshwater influx from the Pearl River or to the odor from incense factories lining the coast of northern Kowloon. The incense was stored near Aberdeen Harbour for export. Sir John Davis offered an alternative origin; the simplified name Hong Kong was used by 1810 written as a single word. Hongkong was common until 1926, when the government adopted the two-word name; some corporations founded during the early colonial era still keep this name, including Hongkong Land, Hongkong Electric and Shanghai Hotels and the Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation. The region is first known to have been occupied by humans during the Neolithic period, about 6,000 years ago. Early Hong Kong settlers were a semi-coastal people who migrated from inland and brought knowledge of rice cultivation; the Qin dynasty incorporated the Hong Kong area into China for the first time in 214 BCE, after conquering the indigenous Baiyue. The region was consolidated under the Nanyue kingdom after the Qin collapse, recaptured by China after the Han conquest.
During the Mongol conquest, the Southern Song court was located in modern-day Kowloon City before its final defeat in the 1279 Battle of Yamen. By the end of the Yuan dynasty, seven large families had settled in the region and owned most of the land. Settlers from nearby provinces migrated to Kowloon throughout the Ming dynasty; the earliest European visitor was Portuguese explorer Jorge Álvares, who arrived in 1513. Portuguese merchants established a trading post called in Hong Kong waters, began regular trade with southern China. Although the traders were expelled after military clashes in the 1520s, Portuguese-Chinese trade relations were reestablished by 1549. Portugal acquired a permanent lease for Macau in 1557. After the Qing conquest, maritime trade was banned under the Haijin policies; the Kangxi Emperor lifted the prohibition, allowing foreigners to enter Chinese ports in 1684. Qing authorities established the Canton System in 1757 to regulate trade more restricting non-Russian ships to the port of Canton.
Although European demand for Chinese commodities like tea and porcelain was high, Chinese interest in European manufactured goods was insignificant. To counter the trade imbalance, the British sold large amounts of Indian opium to China. Faced with a drug crisis, Qing officials pursued ever-more-aggressive actions to halt the opium trade; the Daoguang Emperor rejected proposals to legalise and tax opium, ordering imperial commissioner Lin Zexu to eradicate the opium trade in 1839. The commissioner destroyed opium stockpiles and halted all foreign trade, forcing a British military response and triggering the First Opium War; the Qing ceded Hong Kong Island in the Convention of Chuenpi. However, both countries did not ratify the agreement. After over a year of further hostilities, Hong Kong Island was formally ceded to the United Kingdom in the 1842 Treaty of Nanking. Administrative infrastructure was built up by early 1842, but piracy and hostile Qing policies towards Hong Kong prevented the government from attracting merchants.
The Taiping Rebellion, when many wealthy Chinese fled mainland turbulence and settled in the colon