Sinyang County is a kun in South P'yŏngan, North Korea. Sinyang County is divided into 1 ŭp, 1 rodongjagu and 16 ri: Sinyang County is served by the P'yŏngra Line of the Korean State Railway. Map of Pyongan provinces Detailed map
Kaech'ŏn is a city in South P'yŏngan province, North Korea. The Myohyangsan, Changansan, Ch'ŏnsŏngsan, Ch'ŏngryongsan mountain ranges come together in Kaech'ŏn; the highest peak is Paekt'apsan. The most important rivers are the Taedong River; the area of the city is 61% forested. Kaech'ŏn-si is divided into 26 tong and 11 ri: Water resources are abundant, several reservoirs are located in Kaech'ŏn. Agriculture has been extensively developed, including fruit orchards. Machining and metalworking are the dominant industries, mining has become more prominent. Kaech'ŏn is served by the Korean State Railway's Kaech'ŏn Line and the Manp'o Line trunk lines, as well as the Choyang Colliery Line and Chunhyŏk Line secondary lines. Tourist sites in Kaech'ŏn include Songam Cavern, Taeripsa Temple with its 9-level stone pagoda, the fortresses of Changhamsŏng, T'osŏng, Kosasansŏng, Namsa dolmen, the group of dolments at Mukpangsan. There are Yŏnpung Lake, constructed in 1956, Yongwŏn Cavern, discovered in 1966 and is preserved as North Korea's Natural Monument No. 43.
The Kaechon Revolutionary Site is associated with Kim Il-sung's 250 Mile Journey for National Liberation. A statue was erected there on the occasion of the Day of the Sun, April 15, in 2001. There are two large prison camps in Kaech'ŏn, both known for harsh conditions: Political Prison Camp No. 14 is a prison labour colony around 20 km southeast of the city centre at the banks of Taedong River. Shin Dong-hyuk was born in the camp, tortured there, saw his mother and brother executed before he escaped. Re-education Camp No. 1 is a prison building complex around 2.5 km east of the city centre. Lee Soon-ok was imprisoned for six years in the camp and gave testimony before the United States Senate. List of cities in North Korea Transportation in North Korea Dormels, Rainer. North Korea's Cities: Industrial facilities, internal structures and typification. Jimoondang, 2014. ISBN 978-89-6297-167-5 City profile of Kaechon
South Pyongan Province
South Pyongan Province is a province of North Korea. The province was formed in 1896 from the southern half of the former Pyongan Province, remained a province of Korea until 1945 became a province of North Korea, its capital is Pyongsong. The province is bordered by North Pyongan and Chagang Provinces to the north, South Hamgyong and Kangwon Provinces to the east and southeast and North Hwanghae Province and Pyongyang to the south; the Yellow Sea and Korea Bay are located to the west. South P'yŏngan is divided into 1 special city, its administrative divisions are: Nampo Special City Pyongsong Anju Kaechon Sunchon-si Tokchon Chungsan County Hoechang County Maengsan County Mundok County Nyongwon County Onchon County Pukchang County Pyongwon County Ryonggang County Sinyang County Songchon County Sukchon County Taehung County Taedong County Unsan County Yangdok County Chongnam Tukchang Ungok The below former counties of South Pyongan were merged with Nampo in 2004 and are administered as part of that city: Chollima-guyok Kangso-guyok Ryonggang County Taean-guyok-gun In 2010 the following county was merged with Nampo: Onchon County Geography of North Korea 행정 구역 현황 Administrative divisions of North Korea
Maengsan County is a kun in South P'yŏngan, North Korea. The district is split into one ŭp and 24 ri: Map of Pyongan provinces Detailed map
North Korea the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, is a country in East Asia constituting the northern part of the Korean Peninsula, with Pyongyang the capital and the largest city in the country. The name Korea is derived from Goguryeo, one of the great powers in East Asia during its time, ruling most of the Korean Peninsula, parts of the Russian Far East and Inner Mongolia, under Gwanggaeto the Great. To the north and northwest, the country is bordered by China and by Russia along the Amnok and Tumen rivers. North Korea, like its southern counterpart, claims to be the legitimate government of the entire peninsula and adjacent islands. In 1910, Korea was annexed by Imperial Japan. After the Japanese surrender at the end of World War II in 1945, Korea was divided into two zones, with the north occupied by the Soviet Union and the south occupied by the United States. Negotiations on reunification failed, in 1948, separate governments were formed: the socialist Democratic People's Republic of Korea in the north, the capitalist Republic of Korea in the south.
An invasion initiated by North Korea led to the Korean War. The Korean Armistice Agreement brought about a ceasefire. North Korea describes itself as a "self-reliant" socialist state, formally holds elections, though said elections have been described by outside observers as sham elections. Outside observers generally view North Korea as a Stalinist totalitarian dictatorship noting the elaborate cult of personality around Kim Il-sung and his family; the Workers' Party of Korea, led by a member of the ruling family, holds power in the state and leads the Democratic Front for the Reunification of the Fatherland of which all political officers are required to be members. Juche, an ideology of national self-reliance, was introduced into the constitution in 1972; the means of production are owned by the state through state-run enterprises and collectivized farms. Most services such as healthcare, education and food production are subsidized or state-funded. From 1994 to 1998, North Korea suffered a famine that resulted in the deaths of between 240,000 and 420,000 people, the population continues to suffer malnutrition.
North Korea follows "military-first" policy. It is the country with the highest number of military and paramilitary personnel, with a total of 9,495,000 active and paramilitary personnel, or 37% of its population, its active duty army of 1.21 million is the fourth largest in the world, after China, the United States and India. It possesses nuclear weapons; the UN inquiry into human rights in North Korea concluded that, "The gravity and nature of these violations reveal a state that does not have any parallel in the contemporary world". The North Korean regime denies most allegations, accusing international organizations of fabricating human rights abuses as part of a smear campaign with the covert intention of undermining the state, although they admit that there are human rights issues relating to living conditions which the regime is attempting to correct. In addition to being a member of the United Nations since 1991, the sovereign state is a member of the Non-Aligned Movement, G77 and the ASEAN Regional Forum.
The name Korea derives from the name Goryeo. The name Goryeo itself was first used by the ancient kingdom of Goguryeo in the 5th century as a shortened form of its name; the 10th-century kingdom of Goryeo succeeded Goguryeo, thus inherited its name, pronounced by visiting Persian merchants as "Korea". The modern spelling of Korea first appeared in the late 17th century in the travel writings of the Dutch East India Company's Hendrick Hamel. After the division of the country into North and South Korea, the two sides used different terms to refer to Korea: Chosun or Joseon in North Korea, Hanguk in South Korea. In 1948, North Korea adopted Democratic People's Republic of Korea as its new legal name. In the wider world, because the government controls the northern part of the Korean Peninsula, it is called North Korea to distinguish it from South Korea, called the Republic of Korea in English. Both governments consider themselves to be the legitimate government of the whole of Korea. For this reason, the people do not consider themselves as'North Koreans' but as Koreans in the same divided country as their compatriots in the South and foreign visitors are discouraged from using the former term.
After the First Sino-Japanese War and the Russo-Japanese War, Korea was occupied by Japan from 1910 to 1945. Japan tried to suppress Korean traditions and culture and ran the economy for its own benefit. Korean resistance groups known as Dongnipgun operated along the Sino-Korean border, fighting guerrilla warfare against Japanese forces; some of them took part in parts of South East Asia. One of the guerrilla leaders was the communist Kim Il-sung, who became the first leader of North Korea. At the end of World War II in 1945, the Korean Peninsula was divided into two zones along the 38th parallel, with the northern half of the peninsula occupied by the Soviet Union and the southern half by the United States; the drawing of the division was assigned to two American officers, diplomat Dean Rusk and Army officer Charles Bone
P'yŏngwŏn County is a kun in South P'yŏngan province, North Korea. P'yŏngwŏn County is divided into 1 ŭp, 2 rodongjagu and 29 ri: P'yŏngwŏn County is served by the P'yŏngŭi Line of the Korean State Railway. Map of Pyongan provinces Detailed map
Chŭngsan County is a kun in South P'yŏngan province, North Korea. Re-education Camp No. 11, a large prison for repatriated refugees, is located in the northwestern part of Chŭngsan County. Chŭngsan county is divided into 1 ŭp and 17 ri: Chŭngsan county is served by the Namdong Branch of the Korean State Railway's P'yŏngnam Line. Map of Pyongan provinces Detailed map