Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority
The Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority is a New York State public-benefit corporation responsible for the public transportation oversight of Erie and Niagara counties in the state of New York. The NFTA, as an authority, oversees a number of subsidiaries, including the NFTA Metro bus and rail system, the Buffalo-Niagara International Airport, the Niagara Falls International Airport and NFTA Small Boat Harbor; the NFTA Metro bus and rail system is a multi-modal agency, utilizing various vehicle modes, using the brand names: NFTA Metro Bus, NFTA Metro Rail, NFTA Metrolink and NFTA PAL. In addition, the NFTA owns and manages a number of properties, including the Buffalo Metropolitan Transportation Center in Downtown Buffalo. Of note, many of the bus loops have been in continuous operation since the days of the International Railway Company, a predecessor to the NFTA. Agency-wide, the NFTA employs 1,500 part-time employees. There are three business centers that operate as the NFTA organization: Surface Transportation, which handles ground transportation throughout Erie and Niagara counties, which handles air related business at the Buffalo-Niagara International Airport and Niagara Falls International Airport and Property Risk/Management, which operates the NFTA-Boat Harbor and handles other properties that are owned and/or operated by the NFTA.
Before the creation of the Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority, the first bus operations in Buffalo dates back to 1923 under the private operator International Bus Company. The International Railway Company operated the vast network of streetcar routes in Erie and Niagara counties. In 1947, the proposed Niagara Frontier Rapid Transit Commission received ownership of the International Railway Company, gave way to the creation of the Niagara Frontier Transit System, Incorporated in 1950; the Niagara Frontier Transit System was replaced by the Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority Corp. in 1967, as part of New York State's efforts in the late 1960s and early 1970s at creating public agencies that would oversee the development and continuation of public transportation in a number of key urban areas of the state. In 1974, the NFTA purchased the street transportation rights from a number of other agencies, starting with the Niagara Falls Municipal Transit System on September 8, 1974, D&F Transit on September 15, T-NT Transit on October 7, Lockport Bus Lines on March 15, 1975 and Grand Island Transit on April 20, 1975.
Administrative offices and buses were housed in the former Niagara Frontier Transit Buildings at 855 Main Street until 1977. The NFTA's operations are overseen by a 12-member Board of Commissioners that the Executive Director reports to; the members are nominated by the Governor of the State of New York, with two chosen by the Erie County Executive. Most appointments are for five year terms, but some commissioners have been appointed part-way into a term, replacing a previous commissioner; the current executive director is Kimberley A. Minkel, who served as the Director of Health and Environmental Quality. Minkel will carry the recognition as the NFTA's first female executive director. In 2017, the NFTA had operating expenses of $253.57 million, an outstanding debt of $133.57 million, a staffing level of 1,714 people. NFTA's Metro system serves the urbanized areas of Erie and Niagara counties with service throughout the day and selected suburban and rural areas of Erie and Niagara counties; the cities receiving service include Buffalo, Niagara Falls, Lackawanna and North Tonawanda.
Service to less populated areas during prime ridership hours extend to Alden, Boston, Grand Island, Lancaster, Evans, Orchard Park, East Aurora and West Seneca in Erie County. The NFTA inherited a large number of General Motors New Look buses from the private carriers that were absorbed into the agency. In addition, a small fleet of Highway Products' Twin Coaches and Mack buses that were nearing the end of their life span were added to the fleet; the first major purchase of new buses by the NFTA began in 1975 with AM General's "Metropolitan" series buses. These buses were withdrawn from service in 1987 due to severe structural issues. To address this immediate shortage of buses, the NFTA purchased a number of mothballed GMC buses from the Dallas Area Rapid Transit system, Flxible buses from Rochester's Regional Transit Service and General Motors New Looks from Broome County Transit of Binghamton; this temporary arrangement filled most of the gap left by the removal of the AM General buses. The next major purchase of new buses came in their RTS-II Series.
These buses were purchased between 1978 and 1983. As mentioned earlier, in 1987, due to the premature retirement of the AM General buses, the NFTA purchased a number of used, earlier series RTS series buses from Dallas' DART system; these buses provided comfortable padded seats not seen on standard NFTA transit coaches. These bus
Theodore Roosevelt Inaugural National Historic Site
Theodore Roosevelt Inaugural National Historic Site preserves the Ansley Wilcox House, at 641 Delaware Avenue in Buffalo, New York. Here, after the assassination of William McKinley, Theodore Roosevelt took the oath of office as President of the United States on September 14, 1901. A New York historical marker outside the house indicates that it was the site of Theodore Roosevelt's Inauguration; the oldest part of the National Historic Site includes the lone surviving structure from the Buffalo Barracks compound. Due to tensions between the U. S. and Anglo-Canada, a military post was constructed to ensure border security. Built in 1839, the post encompassed all the land from Allen Street to North Street and Delaware Ave to Main Street; the structure that would be incorporated into the Theodore Roosevelt Inaugural National Historic Site started life in 1840 as the Barrack's officer's quarters. After the post was disbanded in 1845, the home reverted to a private residence. Subsequent owners continued to modify the structure adding and demolishing out structures and additions.
In the late 19th century, Dexter Rumsey gave the property to his son-in-law Ansley Wilcox and his wife Mary Grace Rumsey. The newest inhabitants made extensive renovations to the structure. Plans of these renovations are still on file at the Historic Site. In 1901, while attending the Pan-American Exposition, anarchist Leon Czolgosz twice shot President William McKinley. Although early doctor's reports on the President's condition were positive, McKinley's condition soon worsened. Vice President Theodore Roosevelt arrived only after McKinley had died, it was decided to conduct the inauguration due to the tragic and politically charged circumstances of President McKinley's death. The most appropriate site was determined to be the Wilcox home. 50 dignitaries, family members and cabinet officials gathered in the front library for the inauguration. Federal Judge John R. Hazel administered the oath. No photographic image exists of the ceremony itself, although the room was photographed after the inauguration had concluded.
The Wilcoxes continued to live in the home until their deaths in the 1930s. The home's furniture was sold at a public auction and the property became the Kathryn Lawrence Restaurant; the proprietors removed interior walls, demolished a carriage house, painted many of the finished wood surfaces before the restaurant ceased operations in 1961. The first part of the house is a museum displaying many items from the 1901 Pan-American Exposition, including wine glasses, playing cards, the key to the Temple of Music; the last room is a recreation of the office Roosevelt used during his presidency, includes an interactive desk which can be used to send e-mails to yourself. The National Historic Site was authorized on November 2, 1966; as an historic area administered by the National Park Service, it was automatically listed on the National Register of Historic Places the same day. The National Parks: Index 2001–2003. Washington: U. S. Department of the Interior. Official website Theodore Roosevelt Inaugural Site Foundation Kasparian, Lance.
Historic Structure Report: Theodore Roosevelt Inaugural Site. Washington, D. C.: National Park Service, 2006. Accessed 7 December 2008. Hurst, Richard M; the Wilcox House. Buffalo, NY: Buffalo and Erie County Historical Society, Adventures in Western New York History, volume XIX Theodore Roosevelt Inaugural Site: Birthplace of the Modern Presidency, a National Park Service Teaching with Historic Places lesson plan Historic American Buildings Survey No. NY-5610, "Ansley Wilcox House, 641 Delaware Avenue, Erie County, NY", 7 photos, 13 data pages
Amherst Street station
Amherst Street is a Buffalo Metro Rail underground station located at the corner of Main and Amherst Streets. From May 20, 1985 to November 10, 1986, due to construction issues at LaSalle station, Amherst Street station served as the northern terminus. Located on a triangular tract of land bounded by Main Street to the east, Amherst Street to the north and Parker Avenue to the west, Amherst Street is one of four stations that does not offer an off-road bus loop, requiring passengers to board/debark using curbside stops; when the station opened in May 1985, bus routes were modified to stop on one of the three sides of the station. Route 23 buses heading toward Bailey/Abbott Loop and route 32 buses heading towards Black Rock/Riverside Transit Hub do not board at the curb on the same side as the station, served by three bus routes: 8 Main 23 Fillmore-Hertel 32 Amherst In 1979, an art selection committee was created, composed of NFTA commissioners and Buffalo area art experts, that would judge the artwork that would be displayed in and on the properties of eight stations on the Metro Rail line.
Out of the 70 proposals submitted, 22 were chosen and are positioned inside and outside of the eight underground stations. Amherst station is home of three pieces of work, from Aleksandra Kasuba, Ray Hassard and Robert Lawrance Lobe. Amherst Street station is near: All-High Stadium Bennett High School Buffalo Zoological Gardens Delaware Park Central Park Neighborhood Darwin D. Martin House Complex Delaware Park Golf Course Tri-Main Center Metro Rail Success Amherst Street entrance from Google Maps Street View Parker Avenue entrance from Google Maps Street View Main Street entrance from Google Maps Street View
Buffalo, New York
Buffalo is the second largest city in the U. S. state of New York and the largest city in Western New York. As of 2017, the population was 258,612; the city is the county seat of Erie County and a major gateway for commerce and travel across the Canada–United States border, forming part of the bi-national Buffalo Niagara Region. The Buffalo area was inhabited before the 17th century by the Native American Iroquois tribe and by French settlers; the city grew in the 19th and 20th centuries as a result of immigration, the construction of the Erie Canal and rail transportation, its close proximity to Lake Erie. This growth provided an abundance of fresh water and an ample trade route to the Midwestern United States while grooming its economy for the grain and automobile industries that dominated the city's economy in the 20th century. Since the city's economy relied on manufacturing, deindustrialization in the latter half of the 20th century led to a steady decline in population. While some manufacturing activity remains, Buffalo's economy has transitioned to service industries with a greater emphasis on healthcare and higher education, which emerged following the Great Recession.
Buffalo is on the eastern shore of Lake Erie, at the head of the Niagara River, 16 miles south of Niagara Falls. Its early embrace of electric power led to the nickname "The City of Light"; the city is famous for its urban planning and layout by Joseph Ellicott, an extensive system of parks designed by Frederick Law Olmsted, as well as significant architectural works. Its culture blends Northeastern and Midwestern traditions, with annual festivals including Taste of Buffalo and Allentown Art Festival, two professional sports teams, a music and arts scene; the city of Buffalo received its name from a nearby creek called Buffalo Creek. British military engineer Captain John Montresor made reference to "Buffalo Creek" in his 1764 journal, which may be the earliest recorded appearance of the name. There are several theories regarding. While it is possible its name originated from French fur traders and Native Americans calling the creek Beau Fleuve, it is possible Buffalo Creek was named after the American buffalo, whose historical range may have extended into western New York.
The first inhabitants of the State of New York are believed to have been nomadic Paleo-Indians, who migrated after the disappearance of Pleistocene glaciers during or before 7000 BCE. Around 1000 CE, 1,000 years ago, the Woodland period began, marked by the rise of the Iroquois Confederacy and its tribes throughout the state. During French exploration of the region in 1620, the region was occupied by the agrarian Erie people, a tribe outside of the Five Nations of the Iroquois southwest of Buffalo Creek, the Wenro people or Wenrohronon, an Iroquoian-speaking tribal offshoot of the large Neutral Nation who lived along the inland south shore of Lake Ontario and at the east end of Lake Erie and a bit of its northern shore. For trading, the Neutral people made a living by growing tobacco and hemp to trade with the Iroquois, utilizing animal paths or warpaths to travel and move goods across the state; these paths were paved, now function as major roads. During the Beaver Wars of the 1640s-1650s, the combined warriors of the Five Nations of the Iroquois Confederacy conquered the populous Neutrals and their peninsular territory, while the Senecas alone took out the Wenro and their territory, c.
1651–1653. Soon after, the Erie nation and territory was destroyed by the Iroquois over their assistance to Huron people during the Beaver Wars, it was Louis Hennepin and Sieur de La Salle who made the earliest European discoveries of the upper Niagara and Ontario regions in the late 1600s. On August 7, 1679, La Salle launched a vessel, Le Griffon, that became the first full-sized ship to sail across the Great Lakes disappearing in Green Bay, Wisconsin. After the American Revolution, the colony of New York—now a state—began westward expansion, looking for habitable land by following trends of the Iroquois. Land near fresh water was of considerable importance. New York and Massachusetts were fighting for the territory Buffalo lies on, Massachusetts had the right to purchase all but a one-mile wide portion of land; the rights to the Massachusetts' territories were sold to Robert Morris in 1791, two years to the Holland Land Company. As a result of the war, in which the Iroquois tribe sided with the British Army, Iroquois territory was whittled away in the mid-to-late-1700s by white settlers through successive treaties statewide, such as the Treaty of Fort Stanwix, the First Treaty of Buffalo Creek, the Treaty of Geneseo.
The Iroquois were corralled onto reservations, including Buffalo Creek. By the end of the 18th century, only 338 square miles of reservation territory remained. Early settlers along the mouth of Buffalo Creek were former slave Joseph "Black Joe" Hodges, Cornelius Winney, a Dutch trader from Albany who arrived in 1789; the first white settlers along the creek were prisoners captured during the Revolutionary War. The first resident and landowner of Buffalo with a permanent presence was Captain William Johnston, a white Iroquois interpreter, present in the area since the days after the Revolutionary War and was granted creekside land by the Senecas as a gift of appreciation, his house was built at present-day Seneca streets. On July 20, 1793, the Holland Land Purchase was completed, containing the land of present-day Buffalo, brokered by Dutch investors from Holland; the Treaty of Big Tree removed Iroquois title to lan
Humboldt–Hospital is a Buffalo Metro Rail station located at the western terminus of Kensington Avenue and Main Street and is the only station with entrances on both sides of the Main Street for passengers to enter and exit from. To not confuse, Kensington Avenue rejoins Main Street in New York at its eastern terminus. Since Humboldt–Hospital station served as a terminal due to Amherst Street station serving as the northern terminus from May 20, 1985 to November 10, 1986, about 580 feet north is a double crossover; the area near the station is a mix of housing and medical offices, anchored by the Sisters of Charity Hospital. The Parkside residential community is directly to the east of the station and is a short distance from Delaware Park. Humboldt-Hospital station is one of four stations that does not offer an off-road bus loop, requiring passengers to board/debark using curbside stops and one of only two that has one route serving the station: 8 Main In 1979, an art selection committee was created, composed of NFTA commissioners and Buffalo area art experts, that would judge the artwork that would be displayed in and on the properties of eight stations on the Metro Rail line.
Out of the 70 proposals submitted, 22 were chosen and are positioned inside and outside of the eight underground stations. Humboldt-Hospital station is home of two pieces of work in the upper level, from Sharon Gold and Joyce Kozloff; the artwork in the form of photography on the platform level is by Milton Rogovin. Humboldt-Hospital station is near: Canisius College Darwin Martin House Delaware Park Medaille College Sisters of Charity Hospital St. Mary's School for the Deaf
A side platform is a platform positioned to the side of a pair of tracks at a railway station, tram stop, or transitway. Dual side platform stations, one for each direction of travel, is the basic station design used for double-track railway lines. Side platforms may result in a wider overall footprint for the station compared with an island platform where a single width of platform can be shared by riders using either track. In some stations, the two side platforms are connected by a footbridge running above and over the tracks. While a pair of side platforms is provided on a dual-track line, a single side platform is sufficient for a single-track line. Where the station is close to a level crossing the platforms may either be on the same side of the crossing road or alternatively may be staggered in one of two ways. With the'near-side platforms' configuration, each platform appears before the intersection and with'far-side platforms' they are positioned after the intersection. In some situations a single side platform can be served by multiple vehicles with a scissors crossing provided to allow access mid-way along its length.
Most stations with two side platforms have an'Up' platform, used by trains heading towards the primary destination of the line, with the other platform being the'Down' platform which takes trains heading the opposite way. The main facilities of the station are located on the'Up' platform with the other platform accessed from a footbridge, subway or a track crossing. However, in many cases the station's main buildings are located on whichever side faces the town or village the station serves. Larger stations may have two side platforms with several island platforms in between; some are in a Spanish solution format, with two side platforms and an island platform in between, serving two tracks. Island platform Split platform
University at Buffalo School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences
University at Buffalo School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences known as Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences is a medical school in the city of Buffalo, New York. Founded in 1846, it is one of the oldest medical schools in the U. S, it is the only medical school in Buffalo and is part of the SUNY system through the State University of New York at Buffalo. The school's philosophy is based on the advancement of health and wellness across the life span for the people of New York and the world through the education of tomorrow’s leaders in health care and biomedical sciences, innovative research and outstanding clinical care, it offers degrees in various field such as Biomedical Sciences undergraduate majors and Clinical, Laboratory Sciences, Master’s programs in Biomedical Sciences, PhD programs in Biomedical Sciences, MD program, Graduate Medical Education residency program, Continuing Medical Education, Postdoctoral programs, as well as Dual-degree programs. The school was established by U.
S. President Millard Fillmore in 1846. Buffalo was the gateway to the West. Leading citizens — physicians and lawyers — proposed that an institution of higher learning be established, which led to the founding of the private, nonsectarian University of Buffalo; the Medical School, or Medical Department, as it was called, was the first decanal unit within the university, 40 years passed before other departments were added. Medical classes began February 1847, with an enrollment of 66 students; the medical school’s first permanent location was next to Buffalo General Hospital in downtown Buffalo. In 1893, the school relocated to High Street in the city, where it remained until 1953, when it moved to its current location on the university’s South Campus. In 1962, University of Buffalo merged with the State University of New York system; the Medical School became the School of Medicine, State University of New York at Buffalo. Throughout its history, the university has not owned or operated a teaching hospital, but instead has instructed students in affiliated hospitals throughout the city.
Today’s network of teaching affiliations was formalized in 1983 as the Graduate Medical Dental Education Consortium of Buffalo. It offers students a wide range of clinical experiences and training opportunities, has served as a national model for graduate medical education. In 2015, the school's name was changed to Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences at the University at Buffalo in response to a $30 million donation by the Jacobs family; the Jacobs family includes the owner of the Boston Bruins. Before that, in 1987, the school’s name was changed to the School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences in recognition of the basic sciences underpinning medical knowledge. Today, the school enrolls 140 medical students each year, 110 doctoral students, 28 MD/PhD students, 65 master’s students and 445 undergraduates. A new campus is planned and being designed by HOK. Presently the school is located in the University at Buffalo's south campus, however the school is set to move to the downtown Buffalo Niagara Medical Campus / University at Buffalo's downtown campus in the Spring of 2018.
Unlike many other medical schools, UB does not operate its own medical center. Rather it has affiliations with every major hospital in the city of Buffalo; these include: Buffalo General Medical Center-Located on the Buffalo Niagara Medical Campus, Buffalo General Medical Center offers a wide spectrum of clinical inpatient and outpatient treatment programs. Women & Children's Hospital of Buffalo-This regional center for specialized pediatric and women’s health care has achieved national recognition and is ranked among the top 20 pediatric hospitals in the nation by U. S. News and World Report. Millard Fillmore Suburban Hospital-Located in one of the area’s fastest growing suburbs, this 200-bed community hospital supports our residency training programs in anesthesiology, emergency medicine, general surgery, urology and gynecology, family practice. DeGraff Memorial Hospital-A 70-bed community hospital serving the needs of patients in towns north of Buffalo. Erie County Medical Center-This 550-bed medical center is one of the area’s leading health care providers.
It serves as a regional center for trauma, burns and cardiac care. Veterans Affairs Western New York Healthcare System-The Buffalo VA Medical Center provides a wide range of inpatient and outpatient programs, it is the main referral center for cardiac surgery and comprehensive cancer care for Western New York and northern Pennsylvania. Sisters of Charity Hospital-Buffalo’s first hospital and a Designated Stroke Center, Sisters of Charity Hospital is a Certified Cancer Center and a Bariatric Center of Excellence, it serves thousands of patients each year in its outpatient facilities. Mercy Hospital of Buffalo-Mercy Hospital is a Center of Excellence for Cardiac Care, it revamped emergency department is a model for emergency health-care treatment. Roswell Park Cancer Institute -A National Cancer Institute-designated comprehensive cancer center. For more than a century, RPCI’s physician-scientists have made fundamental contributions to reduce the cancer burden and helped set national standards for cancer care and education.
U. S. News and World Report ranked the School of Medicine 67th in the Best Research category and 77th in the Primary Care category nationally. SUNY Buffalo is the best ranked public medical school in New York in the primary care category for 2018. Official website