Sumner Spaulding

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Sumner Spaulding
BornJune 14, 1892
Ionia, Michigan, U.S.
DiedMay 10, 1952
Los Angeles County, California, U.S.
EducationMassachusetts Institute of Technology
OccupationArchitect

Sumner Spaulding (1892-1952) was an American architect and city planner. He is best known for designing the Harold Lloyd Estate, a.k.a. Greenacres, in Beverly Hills, California, the Catalina Casino in Avalon on Santa Catalina Island, California, and the Malaga Cove Plaza in Palos Verdes Estates, California.

Harold Lloyd Estate, a.k.a. Greenacres, in Beverly Hills, California.
Catalina Casino in Avalon, Santa Catalina Island, California.
Malaga Cove Plaza in Palos Verdes Estates, California.

Early life[edit]

Sumner Spaulding was born on June 14, 1892 in Ionia, Michigan,[1][2] he attended the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor, Michigan from 1911 to 1913, and graduated from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Boston, Massachusetts in 1916.[2] He also studied in Mexico and Europe.[2]

Career[edit]

Spaulding became a renowned architect, from 1928 to 1929, he designed the Lucien E. Frary Dining Hall on the campus of Pomona College in Claremont, California.[3][4][5] He designed a building at 520 Midvale Avenue in Westwood, Los Angeles.[6]

Additionally, Spaulding teamed up with other architects for many buildings and houses, with Walter I. Webber, he designed the Catalina Casino in Avalon on Catalina Island, built 1928−1929.[7][8][9] They also designed the Harold Lloyd Estate, also known as Greenacres, located at 1040 Angelo Drive in Beverly Hills, California, now a California Historical Landmark.[7][10] He designed his beach house in Santa Monica, California.[7][11][12]

In partnership with William Field Staunton, Jr. and Walter I. Webber, they designed the Malaga Cove Plaza, a shopping center in the gated community of Palos Verdes Estates from 1922 to 1924,[13][14] they designed the fraternity house of Phi Kappa Sigma located at 10938 Strathmore Drive off the campus of UCLA in Westwood, Los Angeles in 1929.[13][15][16] From 1928 to 1930, they designed the Eli P. Clark Dormitory on the campus of Pomona College.[3][17]

In 1933, Spaulding designed 'Chartwell', built in the style of a French chateau for engineer Lynn Atkinson, who commissioned the property but never lived there, the house, set in gardens designed by Henri Samuel, was later owned by Arnold Kirkeby and Jerry Perenchio. It was used as the filming location for The Beverley Hillbillies. [18]

In partnership with Clarence Gordon DeSwarte and John Leon Rex, they designed the Leibig Guest House and Farmer's Cottage in Encino, California, which won an Honor Award from the Southern California Chapter of the American Institute of Architects in January 1947.[19][20] They designed the Behrendt House in North Hollywood, Los Angeles, which won an Honor Award from the Southern California Chapter of the American Institute of Architects in January 1947.[21][22] In 1946, they designed a shop for the Barrett Textile Corporation in Los Angeles.[23][24] Additionally, they designed the Red Cross chapter house in Los Angeles.[25]

In 1945 Spaulding designed, and together with John Rex redesigned, the Midcentury modern style Case Study House No. 2, that was completed in 1947 in the Chapman Woods neighborhood of Pasadena.[26][27][28][29] They also designed the Westchester High School located at 6550 West 80th Street in Westchester, Los Angeles in 1952.[30]

Spaulding taught architecture at the University of Southern California in Los Angeles and at Scripps College in Claremont.[2]

Death[edit]

Sumner Spaulding died at age 60 on 10 May 1952 in Los Angeles County, and is buried at Fort Rosecrans National Cemetery in San Diego.[1][31]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Pacific Coast Architecture Database: Sumner Spaulding
  2. ^ a b c d Arts & Architecture
  3. ^ a b Pacific Coast Architecture Database: Spaulding, Sumner Architect
  4. ^ Pomona College: Prometheus Archived 2014-08-04 at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ Pacific Coast Architecture Database: Pomona College, Frary, Lucien E., Dining Hall, Claremont, CA
  6. ^ Pacific Coast Architecture Database: 520 Midvale Avenue Apartments, Westwood, Los Angeles, CA
  7. ^ a b c Pacific Coast Architecture Database: Webber and Spaulding, Architects
  8. ^ Pacific Coast Architecture Database: Avalon Casino, Avalon, Santa Catalina Island, CA
  9. ^ Naylor, David, American Picture Palaces The Architecture of Fantasy, 219, 1981.
  10. ^ "Mr. Harold Lloyd's Italian Villa in Beverly Hills", California Arts and Architecture, 38: 21-29, 12/1930.
  11. ^ Pacific Coast Architecture Database: Lloyd, Harold, Beach House, Santa Monica, CA
  12. ^ "Harold Lloyd Beach House plans", California Arts and Architecture, 24, 06/1932.
  13. ^ a b Pacific Coast Architecture Database: Webber, Staunton and Spaulding, Architects
  14. ^ Pacific Coast Architecture Database: Malaga Cove Plaza, Palos Verdes Estates, CA
  15. ^ Pacific Coast Architecture Database: University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Phi Kappa Sigma Fraternity House, Westwood, Los Angeles, CA
  16. ^ "Colleges Plan New Buildings", The Los Angeles Times, A16, 9/7/1928
  17. ^ Pacific Coast Architecture Database: Pomona College, Clark, Eli P., Dormitory #1, Claremont, CA
  18. ^ Miller, Julie. "The Fascinating Story Behind America's Most Expensive Home". Vanity Fair.
  19. ^ Pacific Coast Architecture Database: Leibig, Rudolph, Guest House and Farmer's Cottage, Encino, Los Angeles, CA
  20. ^ "Southern California Chapter's Honor Awards", Journal of the American Institute of Architects, 7: 2, 74-77, 93, 02/1947.
  21. ^ Pacific Coast Architecture Database: Behrendt, George, House, North Hollywood, Los Angeles, CA
  22. ^ "Southern California Chapter's Honor Awards", Journal of the American Institute of Architects, 7: 2, 74-79, 02/1947.
  23. ^ Pacific Coast Architecture Database: Barret Textile Corporation Shop, Los Angeles, CA
  24. ^ "A Shop for Barret Textile Corporation", Arts and Architecture, 64: 1, 31-33, 01/1947.
  25. ^ Pacific Coast Architecture Database: Red Cross Chapter House, Los Angeles, CA
  26. ^ Pacific Coast Architecture Database: Case Study House #02, Pasadena, CA
  27. ^ WikiArquitectura, Architecture of the World: Case Study House nº2
  28. ^ "Modern California Houses", Architectural Record, 133: 1, 62B, 01/1963
  29. ^ "The Editor's Asides", Journal of the American Institiute of Architects, VIII: 4, 190, 10/1947.
  30. ^ Pacific Coast Architecture Database: Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD), Westchester High School #1, Westchester, Los Angeles, CA
  31. ^ Find A Grave.com: Sumner Spaulding (1892 - 1952)