A sump is a low space that collects undesirable liquids such as water or chemicals. A sump can be an infiltration basin used to manage surface runoff water and recharge underground aquifers. Sump can refer to an area in a cave where an underground flow of water exits the cave into the earth. One common example of a sump is the lowest point in a basement, into which flows water that seeps in from outside. If this is a regular problem, a sump pump. Another example is the oil pan of an engine; the oil is used to lubricate the engine's moving parts and it pools in a reservoir known as its sump, at the bottom of the engine. Use of a sump requires the engine to be mounted higher to make space for it. Though, oil in the sump can slosh during hard cornering, starving the oil pump. For these reasons, racing motorcycles and piston aircraft engines are "dry sumped" using scavenge pumps and a swirl tank to separate oil from air, sucked up by the pumps. A sump can be found in an aquarium a reef system; the sump sits below the main tank and is used as a filter, as well as a holding place of unsightly equipment such as heaters and protein skimmers.
The main advantage of having a sump plumbed into an aquarium is the increase of water in the system, making it more stable and less prone to fluctuations of pH and salinity. A diving snorkel can have a sump section located below the mouthpiece; this allows excess moisture from the breath and liquid from the ocean to settle and remain in the sump, so that it does not impair the snorkeler's breathing. In a nuclear power plant's reactor housing, the role of the sump will be to collect any overflow of primary loop coolant. In mining the term sump is used to describe a hole made in the floor of a level in a working, in the direction of a lower level either for the purpose of testing the trend of an ore vein, or for the purpose of ventilation; the equivalent of a sump on a boat is the bilge. In the human eye, the vitreous humour has a minor role as a metabolic sump. In a foxhole, a grenade sump is a deeper hole dug inside the foxhole into which live grenades can be kicked to minimize damage from the explosion.
In medieval cosmology, the sump was the center of the cosmos, where the dregs and filth descended, with the celestial sphere far exalted above the world of fallen man. Sump pump
Sir John Strange was a British politician and judge. He was born to another John Strange of Fleet Street and his second wife, Mary Plaistowe, he became a student at the Middle Temple on 11 July 1712 before starting a pupillage at the chambers of Charles Salkeld, who trained Lord Hardwicke. He was called to the Bar on 27 October 1718. In 1735 he bought the lease of Leyton Grange House in Leyton in Essex, he married Susan Strong on 14 May 1722. In 1725 he represented Lord Macclesfield at his impeachment, he was made a King's Counsel on 9 February 1736; the same year, he became a Bencher of Middle Temple. He was appointed Solicitor General for England and Wales on 28 January 1737, was made a Member of Parliament for West Looe to allow him to take his position. After the death of the Master of the Rolls Joseph Jekyll on 19 August 1738, Strange was invited to succeed him, but declined the offer, he became Recorder of London in November 1739, on 12 May 1740 he was knighted, along with Dudley Ryder, the Attorney General for England and Wales.
He resigned as Member of Parliament for West Looe in 1741, but was reelected for Totnes in a by-election in 1742. In December 1742 he resigned as Recorder of London and Solicitor General, claiming ill-health, limited his practice as a barrister to the Court of King's Bench. In 1750 Lord Hardwicke convinced him to become Master of the Rolls, he took his position on 11 January. On 17 March he was made a Privy Councillor, he served as master of the Rolls for four years until his death on 18 May 1754. After his death, his son John Strange, who had inherited Grange House, published his father's court reports, he was buried in the Rolls Chapel. His epitaph is Here lies an honest lawyer, and, Strange. Foss, Edward. A Biographical Dictionary of the Justices of England. Spottiswoode and Company. White, William. Notes and queries. Oxford University Press
41 Entertainment LLC is a held American animation company that develops and distributes popular television shows. Allen Bohbot is the founder and managing director of 41E. Allen Bohbot founded Bohbot Kids Network and various subsidiaries in the 1990s and 41 Entertainment on January 7, 2010. 41E started a new wholly owned subsidiary called BKN Entertainment in November 2018 to manage its library titles produced by BKN. In September 2011, 41E was appointed by Namco, Bandai Namco Games, to distribute worldwide the new series Pac-Man 3D, which became known as Pac-Man and the Ghostly Adventures. 41E collaborated with Avi Arad, Rick Ungar, Tom Ruegger, Paul Rugg for the project. In May 2012, 41E entered into partnerships with Striker Entertainment and The CDM Company to begin a licensing program for Pac-Man and the Ghostly Adventures. Throughout 2012 and into 2013, 41E expanded their licensing program and partnered with licensees and agents worldwide for the Pac-Man and the Ghostly Adventure series.
In June 2013, Bandai Namco Games commissioned the production of an additional 13 episodes for Season II. With the additional seasons, many worldwide broadcasters acquired the show. In January 2014, another 13 episodes were commissioned bringing Pac-Man and the Ghostly Adventures to 52 episodes in total. In July 2014, 41E entered into a licensing and merchandising agreement with BNGI on their Pac-Man property. 41E licensed classic Pac-Man worldwide, to multiple manufacturers. In October 2014, Netflix announced that it entered into an agreement with 41E and Arad Animation for a new original series called Kong: King of the Apes. In 2015, 41E entered into an agreement with Edgar Rice Burroughs, Inc. for the creation of the animated series Edgar Rice Burroughs' Tarzan and Jane. 41E acquired the right to develop and distribute the animation worldwide and represent the property globally for licensing and merchandising. In June 2015, 41E announced its partnership with Netflix on Jane; the animation was produced by Avi Arad and ARC Productions, acquired by Jam Filled Entertainment who completed the project.
In June 2016, Netflix renewed Kong – King of the Apes for a second season. In October 2016, 41E and Netflix announced another original series, Super Monsters; the animation is produced by Avi Arad. In September 2017, 41E announced an agreement with Activision Blizzard Studios as the exclusive global sales agent for Linear Television and home entertainment distribution of the animated series Skylanders Academy. In September 2017, 41E announced the production and distribution of a major all new original animated series, to be produced by 41 Studios, entitled Shooting Star. In September 2017, 41E announced the production and distribution of a major all new original animated series to be produced by 41 Studios, entitled The Mini Musketeers. In May 2018, Season 2 of the Netflix original series Kong: King of the Apes launched with consists of ten half-hour episodes. In September 2018, 41E announced a new franchise featuring an action-comedy series for kids, S. M. A. S. H!, created and executive produced by Allen Bohbot based on an original idea by Kaaren Lee Brown, developed for Television by Kaaren Lee Brown and Kiersten Halstead, illustrated by Mel Bontrager.
In October 2018, Season 2 of the Netflix series Super Monsters launched with eight half-hour episodes. In October 2018, Season 2 of the Netflix series Tarzan and Jane launched with five half-hour episodes.41E's subsidiaries are Super Monsters Animation LLC, T&J Animation LLC, Kong-King of the Apes LLC, SMASH Animation LLC, Shooting Star Animation LLC, TWA Animation LLC, BKN Entertainment LLC. The headquarters of 41E is located in Connecticut. 41E has a satellite office in Spain. Sources Official website