The Palm Beach Post
The Palm Beach Post is an American daily newspaper serving Palm Beach County in South Florida, parts of the Treasure Coast. As of 2016, it was the seventh largest in Florida. Nearly half of the adults in Palm Beach County read The Palm Beach Post in online; the Palm Beach Post began as The Palm Beach County, a weekly newspaper established in 1910. On Jan. 5, 1916, the weekly became. In 1934, Palm Beach businessman Edward R. Bradley bought The Palm Beach Post and The Palm Beach Times, the afternoon daily. In 1947, both were purchased by longtime resident John Holliday Perry, Sr. who owned a Florida newspaper chain of six dailies and 15 weeklies. In 1948, Perry purchased both the Palm Beach Daily News, the main newspaper for the island of Palm Beach, the society magazine Palm Beach Life. In June 1969, Cox Enterprises, based in Atlanta, purchased Perry's Palm Beach and West Palm Beach publications and formed Palm Beach Newspapers, Inc. Cox was founded by James M. Cox, a former Ohio governor and the 1920 Democratic presidential candidate who built a media company that today includes daily newspapers.
S. cable TV systems, local Internet media sites and Mannheim auto auction locations. In 1979, The Palm Beach Times was renamed The Evening Times. In 1987, The Evening Times and The Post merged into a single morning newspaper under The Palm Beach Post name. In 1989, all of neighboring sister publication Miami News assets and archives were merged with The Palm Beach Post upon the closure of that paper. In 1996, The Palm Beach Post sponsored Scripps National Spelling Bee winner Wendy Guey. Palm Beach Post photographer Dallas Kinney won the 1970 Pulitzer Prize for Feature Photography for his portfolio of pictures of Florida migrant workers, Migration to Misery. Post photographers have subsequently been Pulitzer finalists three times. Editor Edward Sears won the Editor of the Year award in 2004 from Publisher. Sears led the Post newsroom from 1985-2005. On Oct. 31, 2017, Cox Media Group announced its plans to sell The Palm Beach Post and Palm Beach Daily News. In 2018, it was announced that GateHouse Media would buy the newspapers for $49.25 million, with the deal closing on May 1.
In March 1996, PalmBeachPost.com was launched. In June 2008, The Post’s leaders decided to focus on the core readership area of Palm Beach County and southern Martin County; as digital readership grows, print readership slows. Faced with economic downturn and a changing industry, The Post reduced its payroll of 1,350 to about 1,000 and closes bureaus in Stuart, Port St. Lucie and Delray Beach. In December 2008, The Post closed its presses and moved printing to the Deerfield Beach plant of the Fort Lauderdale Sun-Sentinel. In August 2018, The Post’s digital team launched the GateHouse Florida Digital Audience team to expand GateHouse’s digital audience across Florida; the Post has a weekly audience of 600,000 in print and at PalmBeachPost.com each week. 6 million sessions are recorded each month on The Post’s family of websites. 89,397: Sunday print circulation, yearly average 64,978: Monday through Saturday print circulation, yearly average List of newspapers in Florida Miami portal Journalism portal Official website
The Miami Herald is a daily newspaper owned by the McClatchy Company and headquartered in Doral, Florida, a city in western Miami-Dade County and the Miami metropolitan area, several miles west of downtown Miami. Founded in 1903, it is the second largest newspaper in South Florida, serving Miami-Dade and Monroe Counties, it circulates throughout Latin America and the Caribbean. The newspaper employs over 800 people in Miami and across several bureaus, including Bogotá, Tallahassee, Vero Beach, Key West, another shared space in McClatchy's Washington bureau, its newsroom staff of about 450 includes 144 reporters, 69 editors, 69 copy editors, 29 photographers, five graphic artists, 11 columnists, sixteen critics, 48 editorial specialists, 18 news assistants. The newspaper has been awarded 22 Pulitzer Prizes since beginning publication in 1903. Well-known columnists include Pulitzer-winning political commentator Leonard Pitts, Jr. Pulitzer-winning reporter Mirta Ojito, humorist Dave Barry and novelist Carl Hiaasen.
Other columnists sportswriters Edwin Pope, Dan Le Batard and Greg Cote. Alexandra Villoch is the publisher, Aminda Marqués Gonzalez is the executive editor; the newspaper averages 88 pages 212 pages on Sundays. The Miami Herald's coverage of Latin American and Hispanic affairs is considered among the best of U. S. newspapers. The Miami Herald participates in "Politifact Florida", a website that focuses on the truth about Florida issues, along with the Tampa Bay Times, which created the Politifact concept; the Herald and the Times share resources on news stories related to Florida. The first edition was published September 1903, as The Miami Evening Record. After the recession of 1907, the newspaper had severe financial difficulties, its largest creditor was Henry Flagler. Through a loan from Henry Flagler, Frank B. Shutts, the founder of the law firm Shutts & Bowen, acquired the paper and renamed it the Miami Herald on December 1, 1910. Although it is the longest continuously published newspaper in Miami, the earliest newspaper in the region was The Tropical Sun, established in 1891.
The Miami Metropolis, which became The Miami News, was founded in 1896, was the Herald's oldest competitor until 1988, when it went out of business. During the Florida land boom of the 1920s, the Miami Herald was the largest newspaper in the world, as measured by lines of advertising. During The Great Depression in the 1930s, the Herald recovered. On October 25, 1939, John S. Knight, son of a noted Ohio newspaperman, bought the Herald from Frank B. Shutts. Knight became editor and publisher, made his brother, James L. Knight, the business manager; the Herald had 383 employees. Lee Hills arrived as city editor in September 1942, he became the Herald's publisher and the chairman of Knight-Ridder Inc. a position he held until 1981. The Miami Herald International Edition, printed by partner newspapers throughout the Caribbean and Latin America, began in 1946, it is available at resorts in the Caribbean countries such as the Dominican Republic, though printed by the largest local newspaper Listín Diario, it is not available outside such tourist areas.
It was extended to Mexico in 2002. The Herald won its first Pulitzer Prize for its reporting on Miami's organized crime, its circulation was 204,000 on Sundays. On August 19, 1960, construction began on the Herald building on Biscayne Bay. On that day, Alvah H. Chapman, started work as James Knight's assistant. Chapman was promoted to Knight-Ridder chairman and chief executive officer; the Herald moved into its new building at One Herald Plaza without missing an edition on March 23–24, 1963. The paper won a landmark press freedom decision in Miami Herald Publishing Tornillo. In the case, a political candidate, Pat Tornillo Jr. had requested that the Herald print his rebuttal to an editorial criticizing him, citing Florida's "right-to-reply" law, which mandated that newspapers print such responses. Represented by longtime counsel Dan Paul, the Herald challenged the law, the case was appealed to the Supreme Court; the Court unanimously overturned the Florida statute under the Press Freedom Clause of the First Amendment, ruling that "Governmental compulsion on a newspaper to publish that which'reason' tells it should not be published is unconstitutional."
The decision showed the limitations of a 1969 decision, Red Lion Broadcasting Co. v. Federal Communications Commission, in which a similar "Fairness Doctrine" had been upheld for radio and television, establishing that broadcast and print media had different Constitutional protections. Publication of a Spanish-language supplemental insert named El Herald began in 1976, it was renamed El Nuevo Herald in 1987, in 1998 became an independent publication. In 2003, the Miami Herald and El Universal of Mexico City created an international joint venture, in 2004 they together launched The Herald Mexico, a short-lived English-language newspaper for readers in Mexico, its final issue was published in May 2007. On July 27, 2005, former Miami city commissioner Arthur Teele walked into the main lobby of the Herald's headquarters and phoned Herald columnist Jim DeFede to say that he had a package for DeFede, he asked a security officer to tell his wife Stephanie that he loved her, before pulling out a gun and committing suicide.
This happened the day the Miami New Times, a weekly newspaper, published salacious details of Teele's alleged affairs, including allegations that he had had sex and used cocaine with a transsexual prostitute. The day before committing suicide, T
Palm Beach County, Florida
Palm Beach County is a county in the state of Florida, directly north of Broward County. As of the 2010 census, the population was 1,320,134, making it the third-most populous county in Florida; the largest city and county seat is West Palm Beach. Named after one of its oldest settlements, Palm Beach, the county was established in 1909, after being split from Dade County; the county's modern-day boundaries were established in 1963. Palm Beach County is one of the three counties in South Florida that make up the Miami metropolitan area, home to an estimated 6,158,824 people in 2017; the area had been increasing in population since the late 19th century, with the incorporation of West Palm Beach in 1894 and after Henry Flagler extended the Florida East Coast Railway and built the Royal Poinciana Hotel, The Breakers, Whitehall. In 1928, the Okeechobee hurricane caused thousands of deaths. More the county acquired national attention during the 2000 presidential election, when a controversial recount occurred.
As of 2004, Palm Beach County is Florida's wealthiest county, with a per capita personal income of $44,518. It leads the state in agricultural productivity. Around 10,200 years ago, Native Americans began migrating into Florida. An estimated 20,000 Native Americans lived in South Florida, their population diminished by the 18th century, due to warfare and diseases from Europe. In 1513, Juan Ponce de León, who led a European expedition to Florida earlier that year, became the first non-Native American to reach Palm Beach County, after landing in the modern-day Jupiter area. Among the first non-Native American residents were African Americans, many of whom were former slaves or immediate descendants of former slaves. Runaway African slaves started coming to what was Spanish Florida in the late 17th century and they found refuge among the Seminoles. During the Seminole Wars, these African-American slaves fought with the Seminoles against White settlers and bounty hunters. Portions of the Second Seminole War occurred in Palm Beach County, including the Battle of Jupiter Inlet in 1838.
The oldest surviving structure, the Jupiter Lighthouse, was built in 1860, after receiving authorization to the land from President Franklin Pierce in 1854. During the American Civil War, Florida was a member of the Confederate States of America. Two Confederate adherents removed the lighting mechanism from the lighthouse. One of the men who removed the light, Augustus O. Lang, was the first White settler in Palm Beach County, he built a palmetto shack along the eastern shore of Lake Worth in 1863 after abandoning the cause of the Confederacy. After the Civil War ended, the Jupiter Lighthouse was relit in 1866. Thirteen years a National Weather Service office was established at the lighthouse complex. However, the office was moved to Miami in 1911 after that city's population began to grow. In October 1873, a hurricane caused a shipwreck between the New River; the crew nearly died due to starvation because of the desolation of the area. In response, five Houses of Refuge were built along the east coast of Florida from the Fort Pierce Inlet southward to Biscayne Bay.
Orange Grove House of Refuge No. 3 was built near Delray Beach in 1876. Henry Flagler, instrumental in the county's development in the late 19th century and early 20th century, first visited in 1892, he subsequently purchased land on both sides of Lake Worth. Other investors followed suit, causing a small boom and bringing in existing businesses and resulting in the establishment of many new businesses; the Royal Poinciana Hotel, constructed by Flagler to accommodate wealthy tourists, opened for business in February 1894. About a month the Florida East Coast Railway, owned by Flagler, reached West Palm Beach. On November 5, 1894, Palm Beach County's oldest city, West Palm Beach, was incorporated. In 1896, another hotel built by Flagler was opened, the Palm Beach Inn renamed The Breakers, he constructed his own winter home beginning in 1900. Flagler died there after falling down a flight of marble stairs; the Florida Legislature voted to establish Palm Beach County in 1909, carving it out of what was the northern portion of Dade County and including all of Lake Okeechobee.
The southernmost part of Palm Beach County was separated to create the northern portion of Broward County in 1915, the northwestern portion became part of Okeechobee County in 1917, southern Martin County was created from northernmost Palm Beach County in 1925. The boundaries remained the same until 1963, when about three-quarters of Lake Okeechobee was removed from Palm Beach County and divided among Glades, Hendry and Okeechobee Counties; this was the final change to the county's boundaries. Early on September 17, 1928, the Okeechobee hurricane made landfall near West Palm Beach as a category-4 storm and crossed Lake Okeechobee shortly thereafter. Coastal cities were devastated West Palm Beach, where more than 1,711 homes were destroyed. Further inland, wind-driven storm surge in Lake Okeechobee inundated adjacent communities Belle Glade and South Bay. Hundreds of square miles were flooded, including some areas with up to 20 feet of water. Numerous houses were damaged after crashing into other obstacles.
At least 2,500 deaths occurred. Damage in South Florida totaled $25 million. In response to the storm, the Herbert Hoover Dike was constructed to prevent a similar disaster; as a result of this hurrican
The Newseum is an interactive museum that promotes free expression and the First Amendment to the United States Constitution, while tracing the evolution of communication. The seven-level, 250,000-square-foot museum is located in Washington, D. C. and features fifteen theaters and fifteen galleries. Its Berlin Wall Gallery includes the largest display of sections of the wall outside Germany; the Today's Front Pages Gallery presents daily front pages from more than 80 international newspapers. Other galleries present topics including the First Amendment, world press freedom, news history, the September 11 attacks, the history of the Internet, TV, radio, it opened at its first location in Rosslyn, Virginia, on April 18, 1997, on April 11, 2008, it opened in its current location. The Newseum is a popular destination, attracting more than 815,000 visitors a year, its television studios host news broadcasts; the adult admission fee in 2017 was $26.38. Despite such high admission fees, it has seen years of financial losses.
In February 2018, these losses led to an exploration of selling its building or moving to another location. In January 2019, the Freedom Forum announced that The Johns Hopkins University would purchase the building for $372.5 million in order to use the space for several graduate programs. Freedom Forum is a non-profit organization founded in 1991 by Al Neuharth, based on the previous Gannett Foundation. Freedom Forum opened the Newseum in Arlington, Virginia, in 1997. Prior to opening in Virginia, it maintained exhibition galleries in Nashville and Manhattan, the latter in the lobby of the former IBM Building at 580 Madison Avenue. In 2000, Freedom Forum decided to move the museum across the Potomac River to downtown Washington, D. C; the original site was closed on March 3, 2002, to allow its staff to concentrate on building the new, larger museum. The new museum, built at a cost of $450 million, opened its doors to the public on April 11, 2008. Tim Russert, a Newseum trustee, said, "The Newseum made a pretty good impression in Arlington, but at your new location on Pennsylvania Avenue, you will make an indelible mark."
The Newseum on Pennsylvania Avenue shares a block adjacent to the Canadian Embassy. After obtaining a landmark location at Pennsylvania Avenue and Sixth Street NW, the former site of National Hotel, the Newseum board selected noted exhibit designer Ralph Appelbaum, who had designed the original site in Arlington and architect James Stewart Polshek, who designed the Rose Center for Earth and Space with Todd Schliemann at the American Museum of Natural History in New York City, to work on the new project; this design team had the following goals: To design a building that would be an architectural icon recognized and remembered by visitors from around the world. Highlights of the building design unveiled October 2002 include a façade featuring a "window on the world", 57 ft × 78 ft, which looks out on Pennsylvania Avenue and the National Mall while letting the public see inside to the visitors and displays, it features the 45 words of the First Amendment to the U. S. Constitution, etched into a four story tall stone panel facing Pennsylvania Avenue.
One feature carried over from the prior Arlington site was the Journalists Memorial, a glass sculpture that lists the names of 2,291 journalists from around the world killed in the line of duty. It is rededicated annually; the museum website is updated daily with images and PDF versions of newspaper front pages from around the world. Images are replaced daily, but an archive of front pages from notable events since 2001 is available. Hard copies of selected front pages, including one from every U. S. state and Washington, D. C. are displayed outside the front entrance. Jerry Frieheim, a 1956 graduate of the University of Missouri School of Journalism, was the first executive director of the Newseum and claims to have coined the name; the 643,000-square-foot Newseum includes a 90-foot high atrium, seven levels of displays, 15 theaters, a dozen major galleries, many more smaller exhibits, two broadcast studios, an expanded interactive newsroom. The structural engineer for this project was Leslie E. Robertson Associates.
The building features an 500-seat theater. The building is known for the largest and tallest hydraulic passenger elevators in the world, with a capacity of 18,000 pounds capable of carrying up to 72 passengers when loaded, a travel distance of 100 feet that covers 7 floors. A curving glass memorial to slain journalists is located above the ground floor. Showcase environments throughout the museum are climate controlled by four microclimate control devices; these units provide a flow of humidified air to the cases through a system of distribution pipes. ABC's This Week began broadcasting from a new studio in the Newseum on April 20, 2008, with George Stephanopoulos as host. ABC moved This Week back to its Washington, D. C. bureau in June 2013 citing the network's infrequent use of the Newseum studio compared to the cost of operating and maintaining a studio there. The studio was home to Al Jazeera America's Washington, D. C. bureau whic
University of Oregon
The University of Oregon is a public flagship research university in Eugene, Oregon. Founded in 1876, the institution's 295-acre campus is along the Willamette River. Since July 2014, UO has been governed by the Board of Trustees of the University of Oregon; the university has a Carnegie Classification of "highest research activity" and has 19 research centers and institutes. UO was admitted to the Association of American Universities in 1969; the University of Oregon is organized into five colleges and seven professional schools and a graduate school. Furthermore, UO offers 316 graduate degree programs. Most academic programs follow the 10 week Quarter System. UO student-athletes compete as the Ducks and are part of the Pac-12 Conference in the National Collegiate Athletic Association. With eighteen varsity teams, the Oregon Ducks are best known for their football team and track and field program; the university's motto, Mens agitat molem, is shared by the Military Academy of the German Armed Forces founded in 1957, the University of Warwick founded in 1965, Eindhoven University of Technology founded in 1956.
Book VI, line 727 of the Aeneid by Virgil has been identified as the first written record of this thought. The Oregon State Legislature established the university on October 12, 1872, despite the new state's funding woes; the residents of Eugene struggled to help finance the institution, holding numerous fundraising events such as strawberry festivals, church socials, produce sales. They raised $27,500, enough to buy eighteen acres of land at a cost of $2,500; the doors opened in 1876 with the name of Oregon State University and Deady Hall as its sole building. The first year of enrollment contained 155 students taught by five faculty members; the first graduating class was in 1878. In 1881, the university was nearly closed. In 1913 and 1932, there were proposals to merge the university with what is now Oregon State University. Both proposals were defeated. During Prince Lucien Campbell's tenure as president from 1902 to 1925, the university experienced tremendous growth; the budget, enrollment and faculty members all grew several times its amount prior to his presidency.
Numerous schools were established during his tenure, including the School of Music in 1902, the School of Education in 1910, the School of Architecture, the College of Business in 1914, the School of Law in 1915, the School of Journalism in 1916, the School of Health and Physical Education in 1920. However, the University of Oregon lost its School of Engineering to Oregon Agricultural College, now known as Oregon State University. In 1917, a "three term" calendar was adopted by the university faculty as a war-time measure; this academic calendar has remained since then. However, it is now referred to as the Quarter System; the Zorn-MacPherson Bill in 1932 proposed the University of Oregon State College merge. The bill lost in a landslide vote of over 6 to 1; the University of Oregon Medical School was founded in 1887 in Portland and merged with Willamette University's program in 1913. However, in 1974 it became an independent institution known as Oregon Health Sciences University. In 1969, the UO was admitted into the Association of American Universities.
With financial support from the state dwindling from 40% to 13% of the university budget, in January 2001, University President Dave Frohnmayer began Campaign Oregon with the goal of raising $600 million by December 2008, the most ambitious philanthropic fundraising campaign in the state's history at the time. With contributions exceeding $100 million from benefactors such as Phil Knight and Lorry I. Lokey, the campaign goal was exceeded by over $253 million; the university occupies over 80 buildings. There are several ongoing campus construction projects such as a $95 million expansion and renovation of the Erb Memorial Union scheduled to open in September 2016 as well as a $16.75 million successor to the Science Library complex. These projects, among others, were commissioned in part to support current student enrollment as well as possible future increases. In reaction to a growing movement to establish an independent university board, the Oregon Legislature in 2013 passed SB 270, requiring local governing boards for the state's three largest institutions.
Effective July 1, 2014, the University of Oregon became an independent public body governed by the Board of Trustees of the University of Oregon. Proponents of local governing boards believe an independent board will give the university more autonomy, free it from relying on inadequate state funding. On August 6, 2014, Michael R. Gottfredson resigned as president. In the summer of 2014, former UO president Robert Berdahl told the president of the university's board of trustees he believes UO risks losing its membership in the Association of American Universities. To address this growing concern, UO began preparing several initiatives which include a cluster-hire and a capital campaign. In the fall of 2014 the institution announced; this number was revised to $3 billion in the fall of 2018. Michael H. Schill became the university's president in the summer of 2015. In June 2015, UO's endowment surpassed the $700 million mark. Eugene will host the 2021 World Championships in Athletics. University facilities, such
Tribune Publishing Company is an American newspaper print and online media publishing company based in Chicago, Illinois. The company's portfolio includes the Chicago Tribune, the New York Daily News, The Baltimore Sun, the Orlando Sentinel, South Florida's Sun-Sentinel, the Hartford Courant, additional titles in Pennsylvania and Virginia, syndication operations, websites, it publishes several local newspapers in its metropolitan regions, which are organized in subsidiary groups. It is the nation's third-largest newspaper publisher, with eleven daily newspapers and commuter tabloids throughout the United States. Incorporated in 1847 with the founding of the Chicago Tribune, Tribune Publishing operated as a division of the Tribune Company, a Chicago-based multimedia conglomerate, until it was spun off into a separate public company in August 2014. On June 20, 2016, the company adopted the name tronc, short for "Tribune online content", its principal shareholder, with a 17.9% stake, is the American business magnate Michael W. Ferro, Jr.
In 2016 The New York Times described him as being "one of the country’s most significant and unpredictable media moguls". In 2018, Tronc announced that it would sell its California papers, including the Los Angeles Times, San Diego Union-Tribune and other smaller titles in the California News Group to an investment firm headed by Patrick Soon-Shiong for US$500 million; the sale closed on June 18, 2018. In October 2018, the company reverted again to Tribune Publishing. Tribune Publishing's history dates back to 1847, when the Chicago Tribune published its first edition on June 10 of that year, in a one-room plant at LaSalle and Lake Streets in Chicago; the Tribune constructed its first building, a four-story structure at Dearborn and Madison Streets, in 1869. The Tribune resumed printing two days with an editorial declaring "Chicago Shall Rise Again"; the newspaper's editor and part-owner, Joseph Medill, was elected mayor and led the city's reconstruction. A native Ohioan who first acquired an interest in the Tribune in 1855, Medill gained full control of the newspaper in 1874 and ran it until his death in 1899.
Medill's two grandsons, cousins Robert R. McCormick and Joseph Medill Patterson, assumed leadership of the company in 1911; that same year, the Chicago Tribune's first newsprint mill opened in Thorold, Canada. The mill marked the beginnings of the Canadian newsprint producer known as QUNO, in which Tribune held an investment interest until 1995; the Chicago Tribune-New York News Syndicate was formed in 1918, leading to Joseph Patterson's establishment of the company's second newspaper, the New York Daily News on June 26, 1919. Tribune's ownership of the New York City tabloid was considered "interlocking" due to an agreement between McCormick and Patterson; the company acquired the Fort Lauderdale-based Sun-Sentinel newspaper in 1963. In 1973, the company began sharing stories among 25 subscriber newspapers via the newly formed news service, the Knight News Wire. By 1990, this service was known as Knight-Ridder/Tribune and provided graphics and news content to its member newspapers. KRT became McClatchy-Tribune Information Services, owned by the Tribune Company and McClatchy, when The McClatchy Company purchased Knight-Ridder Inc. in 2006.
Tribune acquired the Newport News, Virginia-based Daily Press in 1986. In the wake of a dispute with some of its labor unions, the New York Daily News was sold to British businessman Robert Maxwell in 1991. In June 2000, Tribune acquired the Los Angeles-based Times Mirror Company in a merger deal worth $8.3 billion, the largest acquisition in the history of the newspaper industry. The merger added seven daily newspapers to Tribune's portfolio, including the Los Angeles Times, the Long Island-based Newsday, The Baltimore Sun and the Hartford Courant. Tribune Media Net, the national advertising sales organization of Tribune Publishing, was established in 2000 to take advantage of the company's expanded scale and scope. In the decade, Tribune launched daily newspapers targeting urban commuters, including the Chicago Tribune's RedEye edition in 2002, followed by an investment in AM New York one year later. In 2006, Tribune acquired the minority equity interest in AM New York, giving it full ownership of the newspaper.
The company sold both Newsday and AM New York to Cablevision Systems Corporation in 2008, with the sale of the latter paper closing on July 29 of that year. On April 2, 2007, Chicago-based investor Sam Zell announced plans to buy out the Tribune Company for $34.00 a share, totaling $8.2 billion, with intentions to take the company private. The deal was approved by 97% of the company's shareholders on August 21, 2007. Privatization of the Tribune Company occurred on December 20, 2007 with Tribune's stock listing being terminated at the close of the trading day. On December 8, 2008, faced with a high debt load totaling $13 billion, related to the company's leveraged buyout and subsequent privatization, a sharp downturn in newspaper advertising revenue, Tribune filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in what was the largest bankruptcy in the history of the American media industry. Company plans called for it to emerge from bankruptcy by May 31, 2010, but the company would end up in protracted bankruptcy proceedings for four years.
On July 13, 2012, the Tribune Company received approval of a reorganization plan to allow the company to emerge from Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in a Delaware bankruptcy court. Oak
Hurricane Wilma was the most intense tropical cyclone recorded in the Atlantic basin, the second-most intense tropical cyclone recorded in the Western Hemisphere, after Hurricane Patricia in 2015. Part of the record-breaking 2005 Atlantic hurricane season, which included three of the ten most intense Atlantic hurricanes Wilma was the twenty-second storm, thirteenth hurricane, sixth major hurricane, fourth Category 5 hurricane, the second-most destructive hurricane of the 2005 season. A tropical depression formed in the Caribbean Sea near Jamaica on October 15, headed westward, intensified into a tropical storm two days which abruptly turned southward and was named Wilma. Wilma continued to strengthen, became a hurricane on October 18. Shortly thereafter, explosive intensification occurred, in only 24 hours, Wilma became a Category 5 hurricane with wind speeds of 185 mph. Wilma's intensity leveled off after becoming a Category 5 hurricane, winds had decreased to 150 mph before it reached the Yucatán Peninsula on October 20 and 21.
After crossing the Yucatán, Wilma emerged into the Gulf of Mexico as a Category 2 hurricane. As it began accelerating to the northeast, gradual re-intensification occurred, the hurricane was upgraded to Category 3 status on October 24. Shortly thereafter, Wilma made landfall in Florida with winds of 120 mph; as Wilma was crossing Florida, it weakened back to a Category 2 hurricane, but again re-intensified as it reached the Atlantic Ocean. The hurricane intensified into a Category 3 hurricane for the last time, before weakening while accelerating northeastward. By October 26, Wilma transitioned into an extratropical cyclone southeast of Nova Scotia. Wilma made several landfalls, with the most destructive effects felt in the Yucatán Peninsula of Mexico and the U. S. state of Florida. At least 62 deaths were reported and damage totaled to $27.4 billion, of which $19 billion occurred in the United States. After Wilma, no other major hurricane made landfall in the contiguous United States until Hurricane Harvey made landfall in southern Texas on August 26, 2017, ending a record period of 11 years 10 months.
During this time, major Atlantic hurricanes occurred more than average. After Wilma, no hurricane struck the state of Florida until Hurricane Hermine did so nearly 11 years in 2016, no major hurricane struck Florida until Hurricane Irma made landfall in early September 2017. During mid-October 2005, a large area of disturbed weather developed across much of the Caribbean Sea, as a lower-tropospheric low interacted with a broad area of disturbed weather, aided by an upper-level low across the region. A broad area of low pressure developed on October 13 to the southeast of Jamaica, became more concentrated as upper-level wind shear decreased. Dvorak classifications began on October 14, by late October 15 the surface circulation in the system became well enough defined, with sufficiently organized deep convection, for the National Hurricane Center to designate the system as Tropical Depression Twenty-Four while located about 220 mi east-southeast of Grand Cayman; the depression drifted southwestward because of the influence of two ridges to its north and with warm sea surface temperatures and a favorable upper-level environment, it strengthened into Tropical Storm Wilma on October 17.
Development was slow, due to the large size of the storm and a flat pressure gradient. However, convection organized, from October 18 through October 19, Wilma underwent explosive deepening over the open waters of the Caribbean Sea. Around 12:00 UTC on October 18, the system intensified into a hurricane. In a 30‑hour period, the pressure dropped from 982 mbar to the record-low of 882 mbar, while the winds increased to 185 mph. During its intensification on October 19, the hurricane's eye shrank to as small as 2.3 mi in diameter, becoming the smallest eye seen in a tropical cyclone. On October 20, Wilma weakened below Category 5 intensity due to an eyewall replacement cycle, began to turn towards the northwest, further slowed its movement. Late on October 21, Wilma made landfall on the island of Cozumel, Quintana Roo, at around 21:45 UTC with maximum sustained winds of 150 mph and again made a second landfall on the Mexican mainland six hours and only weaker. Wilma continued to drift towards the north over the Yucatán Peninsula, although it weakened to a moderate hurricane while over land, it reemerged over the southern Gulf of Mexico on October 23 around 00:00 UTC.
Despite Wilma spending 24 hours over land, it reemerged with little intensity lost, began to re-intensify shortly after. This was due to its large size and because the majority of its circulation remained over the warm waters of the northwest Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico. A powerful trough accelerated its forward motion, its large eye remained well-organized, Wilma intensified, despite increasing amounts of wind shear producing winds of 125 mph, before making landfall on Cape Romano, Florida, as a 120 mph major hurricane. Wilma crossed the state in about 4.6 hours and weakened to a Category 2 hurricane, with winds of 110 mph, after entering the Atlantic Ocean near Jupiter, Florida. Key West flooded homes; the Lower Keys experienced an unusual flood: it occurred twice. First, as the storm approached Florida, it pushed water across the keys from south to north. A