Pacific Explorer is a cruise ship since June 2017 operated by P&O Cruises Australia, a cruise line brand owned by the Carnival Corporation & plc. It is a Sun class cruise ship built by Fincantieri, Italy, in 1997, features eight restaurants, four swimming pools, five Jacuzzis, seven lounges and bars, two children centres, she is the sister ship to P&O's Oceana and Sea Princess. Pacific Explorer & Sun Princess differ from Sea Princess by having exterior Bridge wings. Oceana & Sea Princess have internal Bridge Wings Dawn Princess was targeted to replace Pacific Princess, sailing Australian waters between October 2006 and March 2007, to become the largest ship to be based in Australia, but these plans were replaced by Sun Princess as well as being served by Pacific Dawn. Dawn Princess is now in Australia as of 24 September 2008, beginning its run with a 28-day itinerary circumnavigating Australia, after a month serving Hawaii and the South Pacific. From this point on, Dawn Princess will remain in Australia permanently sailing from Sydney and Perth alongside Sun Princess.
In June 2009, Dawn Princess was dry-docked in the Port of Brisbane, for refurbishment. In June 2017 "Pacific Explorer" was dry-docked in Sembawang Singapore, for refurbishment and re-branding from "Dawn Princess". On 31 October 2011, it was announced that a technical fault in the propulsion system caused the ship to sail at reduced speed, which would cause a delay in the departure of its next cruise scheduled to depart from Sydney on 1 November 2011; this fault was not deemed to compromise safety of passengers and crew. On 25 September 2017, it was announced on board that there had been an outbreak of Gastroenteritis onboard Pacific Explorer; however at this time there was an outbreak of Gastroenteritis in Sydney. This suggested the presence of a norovirus on board the ship; the following decks were affected: Decks 9,10,11,12 & 14 which contains the Pantry Buffet Restaurant. To help limit the spread handwashing was mandatory all over the ship. In the two teenager kids clubs every hour the rooms would be cleared and Disinfected and Hand sanitizer was passed around every 30 minutes.
Cruise Operations continued as the itinerary was not changed. On 7 October 2015, Carnival announced that Dawn Princess would be transferred in May 2017 to its Australian subsidiary P&O Cruises Australia as the Pacific Explorer; the Dawn Princess entered drydock on 26 May 2017 in Singapore for conversion to Pacific Explorer to be released for cruises on 22 June. It was re-registered to the United Kingdom and arrived in Sydney, New South Wales on 19 June for a 3-day stay before conducting its maiden voyage to the Pacific Islands, she was christened by Dora The Explorer on 2 July 2017 at Sydney Overseas Passenger Terminal after arriving from its maiden voyage. Media related to IMO 9103996 at Wikimedia Commons Official website
The Nazario Sauro class are submarines operated by the Italian Navy. All boats were built by Fincantieri in Monfalcone. There are three sub groups built in four batches: S 518 Nazario Sauro named after Nazario Sauro. S 519 Carlo Fecia di Cossato named after Italian World War II submarine commander Carlo Fecia di Cossato S 520 Leonardo da Vinci, named after Leonardo da Vinci S 521 Guglielmo Marconi, named after Guglielmo Marconi S 522 Salvatore Pelosi, named after Italian World War II submarine commander and war hero Salvatore Pelosi S 523 Giuliano Prini, named after Italian World War II submarine commander and war hero Giuliano Prini S 524 Primo Longobardo, named after Italian World War II submarine commander and war hero Primo Longobardo S 525 Gianfranco Gazzana Priaroggia, named after Italian World War II submarine commander and war hero Gianfranco Gazzana-Priaroggia List of submarine classes in service Sommergibili, Marina Militare official site. Conway, All the World's Fighting ships 1947-1995
The Maestrale class is a class of frigates of the Italian Navy. The class is composed of eight vessels, all of which were built by Fincantieri S.p. A, Riva Trigoso, except for Grecale, built by Fincantieri S.p. A. – Muggiano, La Spezia. The Maestrale-class frigates were designed for anti-submarine warfare, however the ships are flexible so they are capable of anti-air and anti-surface operations. Ships of this class have been used in various international missions, either under NATO or UN flag, during normal operations of the Italian Navy; the first of these ships entered in service in early 1982. The rest of the fleet was launched over the next three years; the ships of the Maestrale class will be replaced by the Bergamini class. These ships were built with the experience and the technology developed for the previous Lupo class; the Maestrales were quite bigger and heavier, so they were slower, but still capable of around 32 knots. The ships have a large superstructure, with only one funnel. There are two enclosed pyramid masts, one of, quite low, the other much taller.
The superstructure continues without interruption until the hangar, is made, as usual, with light alloys. The propulsion system is based on two gas-turbine GE-Avio LM-2500 and two diesel engines, in a combined diesel or gas configuration, that make use of diesel for cruising and turbines for high speed; the only problem with this configuration, economical, is to make the diesel engines powerful enough to achieve sufficient cruising speed without overloading them, or assist them with a continuous use of the turbines. In this case, the solution developed for the Lupo-class ships, was successful; the ships have a maximum range of 6,000 nautical miles at 15 knots. The Maestrale class ships are armed with an array of systems. Mounted on the foredeck is an Oto Melara 127 mm/54 gun, capable of shooting 40 rounds per minute. Despite its large size, it was possible to fit it in the small hull, since the Lupo-class ships were fitted with the same weapon, it has 66 shells on three ready-fire carousels. It had low reaction times and high elevation, with a 32-kilogram shells and 23-kilometre range.
The ships carry the Albatross missile system, with an octuple cell capable of firing Sea Sparrow or Aspide missiles. This modern weapon contains a monopulse guide and a powerful rocket-engine, advanced flight controls; the ships carry a supply of 24 missiles, the system is reloaded by a Riva-Calzoni Automatic Handling System, capable of loading up to four missiles at once, making all the missiles in the magazine ready to be launched. After the turret there are two CIWS DARDO, with two 40 mm/L70 Bofors guns, they have rapid mechanical systems, depots with over 700 shells, can fire around 600 rounds per minute. The proximity fuses and the fire control systems help this unmanned turret to react to incoming missiles. On deck are four Otomat anti-ship missiles, capable of striking a target 180 km or more away, with a 210 kg warhead, they are fitted over the hangar. There are four torpedo-launchers, two triple ILAS-3 324 mm tubes, with 12 torpedoes available, the A.184, a wired torpedo with two launch tubes and six to eight torpedoes.
This is the main weapon for ASW tasks, but it be used as an anti-ship weapon though its propulsion system does not allow great speed and range. Compared to ASROC, this weapon has many advantages, does not require a bulky launcher, but needs several minutes at 35 knots, to reach 9 kilometres, while ASROC can do this in much less time; these ships have have several electronic systems: one radar air and surface search RAN10S is placed over the smaller tree, a radar of navigation and surface search SPN703 is fitted on the main tree, where a navigation radar is present as well, three radars: one RTN-10X for gun and Aspide control, two smaller RTN-20X for the DARDO systems, all fitted in the forward superstructure, separated from the aft by the funnel and the heat dissipaters. As to submarine search, there is a VDS DE 1164 sonar, DE1160B hull mounted. EW component is focused on Elettronica Spa MM/SLQ-746 and two SCLAR rocket-launchers that are capable of launching chaff, HE rockets up to 10 km. Several electronic and communication systems are fitted as well, an Selex ES IPN20 command and control system is present to integrate all the tactical information and use the weapons on board.
The Lupo class entered in service in 1977. The Maestrale class is an upgraded version of its predecessor. Maestrale shares the same slim hull but this was enlarged to accommodate many more systems; the Lupos are 3 kn faster, is equipped with eight OTOMAT. The Maestrales arranged differently. Endurance was increased with the Maestrale class from 5,000 to 6,000 miles; the Maestrales have half the OTOMATs of the Lupo class but twice as many torpedo launchers, twice the helicopters, twice the sonars, having a VDS. This, coupled with heavy torpedoes and two helicopters, improved the ASW capabilities; the use of more modern equipment and an Albatross missile system improved in some aspects the air defense. The Maestrale class has some shortcomings; the most prominent is th
Italian submarine Scirè (S 527)
Scirè is a Todaro-class submarine of the Italian Navy. The submarine was laid down on 27 July 2000 at the Muggiano shipyard by Fincantieri. Scirè was launched on 18 December 2004 and commissioned on 19 February 2007. Scirè's earlier namesake, the submarine Scirè, was launched in 1938 and served during the Second World War, she participated in some of the operations of the Decima Flottiglia MAS, including the raid on Alexandria in 1941 using human torpedoes, before her loss in 1942. Scirè spent over five months deployed to the U. S. in 2009, participating in the CONUS 2009 exercise with the United States Navy
MV Azura is a cruise ship operated by P&O Cruises and owned by Carnival plc. The ship was built by Fincantieri at their shipyard in Italy. At over 115,000 tonnes, Azura is the third largest of seven ships in service with P&O Cruises, she entered service with the company in April 2010 and was named by Darcey Bussell. Azura is a Grand class ship, with a modified design which distinguishes her from early ships of the same class. Construction of Azura began in 2008 when her keel was laid on 27 October 2008. A ceremonial float out took place on Friday 26 June 2009, in which she was blessed by a priest, with Amanda Dowds, wife of the ship's captain, acting as her Godmother; the formal handover took place on 26 March 2010. Azura's maiden voyage began on 31 March 2010, when she departed from the Fincantieri shipyard en route to Southampton, she arrived in the UK on 7 April 2010 at 9:12am. Azura's cruise with passengers began on 12 April 2010. Azura was christened at 08:20 pm on 10 April 2010, by godmother Darcey Bussell.
As well as performing the traditional bottle breaking ceremony, as a former principal dancer of the Royal Ballet, Bussell presented a dance performance by Royal Ballet School as part of the celebrations. Azura was registered in her homeport of Southampton, UK, but in November 2011 she was flagged-out to Hamilton, bringing her in line with her other P&O fleetmates and enabling wedding ceremonies to be conducted on board. Azura is designed to appeal more to P&O's traditional client base and returning customers, whereas sister ship Ventura is more family orientated, attracts new younger clients. For the first time in the P&O Cruises fleet, Azura features eighteen single staterooms, however sister ship Ventura received this feature after her 2013 refit. There are 900 cabins with private balconies and a number of spa staterooms with access to the Oasis Spa. Azura is the only Grand Class ship to feature a Duck Tail stern; the ship features a dance floor in the atrium, a New York City styled show lounge and a modern interpretation on a London pub.
For the first time in the P&O Cruises fleet, Azura features an open-air cinema screen similar to those found on Princess Cruises ships such as Caribbean Princess. The screen, known as the SeaScreen is situated in front of the funnel. Azura features many facilities common on other ships in the fleet. Following a company tradition, the English style pub is named Brodie's, in tribute to Brodie McGhie Wilcox, co-founder of the Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company; the ship's main dining rooms are given the traditional names of the Peninsular and Meridian restaurants. In total, the ship has eleven restaurants and eating areas, twelve bars and places to drink, four pools, a gym, two spas, outdoor cinema, a theatre and two show lounges. In common with other ships in the fleet, Azura has'select dining'. Sindhu is an Indian restaurant with menu devised by Atul Kochhar; the Glass House is a wine bar concept devised by television wine expert Olly Smith. Epicurean at Seventeen serves classic and modern British cuisine with traditional silver service.
The ship's main entertainment is an 800-seat theatre known as the Playhouse Theatre. She features The Retreat, an outdoor spa terrace for adults. Azura has the Oasis Spa and Thermal Suite which has couple and balcony treatment rooms. Azura completed a minor refit in April 2015 at Voss's shipyard in Hamburg; this included painting P&O's large Union flag design on to the bow, repainting the funnel in blue with P&O's "sunburst" logo plus other minor interior updates including replacing speciality restaurant Seventeen with The Epicurean at Seventeen". On 6 May 2015 whilst the ship was berthed in Flåm, Norway it was reported that the ship was delayed leaving by five hours due to a number of electrical issues. Prior to this, it was reported by passengers that the ship ran aground and attempts to bring the ship under control caused the subsequent electrical faults, although this has not been confirmed. Upon leaving Flåm after the delay, the ship suffered further electrical faults and was forced to dock at Bergen overnight for inspection and repairs.
This caused the ship to arrive 24 hours late at Southampton and the subsequent cruise was shortened. The cause of the issues has not been revealed by P&O. On 1 November 2016 whilst the ship was berthed in Ponta Delgada, Azores it was reported that the ship was experiencing issues with its propulsion system; this was the first port of call outside of Southampton, England that the ship had made en route to its winter season Caribbean relocation transatlantic crossing. The ship remained at the berth in Ponta Delgada over night and departed on the evening of November 2 after spare parts were flown in from Germany. Although the ship was delayed by thirty hours, the crew were able to make up the time over the next four days to arrive in Phillipsburg, St Maarten only a few hours than scheduled. On Wednesday 9 November 2016, during the ship's call at the island of Dominica, on her way to Barbados as part of the 2016 winter transatlantic season, a bus, carrying ten Azura passengers as well as a local driver and guide, was involved in a collision.
The passengers were taken to a local hospital for treatment but one died of their injuries at the hospital. P&O Cruises official website for Azura
A cruise ship is a passenger ship used for pleasure voyages when the voyage itself, the ship's amenities, sometimes the different destinations along the way, form part of the passengers' experience. Transportation is not the only purpose of cruising on cruises that return passengers to their originating port. On "cruises to nowhere" or "nowhere voyages", cruise ships make 2-to-3 night round trips without any ports of call. In contrast, dedicated transport-oriented ocean liners do "line voyages" and transport passengers from one point to another, rather than on round trips. Traditionally, shipping lines build liners for the transoceanic trade to a higher standard than that of a typical cruise ship, including higher freeboard and stronger plating to withstand rough seas and adverse conditions encountered in the open ocean, such as the North Atlantic. Ocean liners usually have larger capacities for fuel and other stores for consumption on long voyages, compared to dedicated cruise-ships, but few ocean liners remain in existence—note the preserved liners and Queen Mary 2, which make scheduled North Atlantic voyages.
Although luxurious, ocean liners had characteristics that made them unsuitable for cruising, such as high fuel-consumption, deep draughts that prevented their entering shallow ports, enclosed weatherproof decks inappropriate for tropical weather, cabins designed to maximize passenger numbers rather than comfort. The gradual evolution of passenger-ship design from ocean liners to cruise ships has seen passenger cabins shifted from inside the hull to the superstructure and provided with private verandas. Modern cruise ships, while sacrificing some qualities of seaworthiness, have added amenities to cater to water tourists, recent vessels have been described as "balcony-laden floating condominiums"; the distinction between ocean liners and cruise ships has blurred with respect to deployment, although differences in construction remain. Larger cruise ships have engaged in longer trips, such as transoceanic voyages which may not return to the same port for months; some former ocean liners operate as cruise ships, such as Marco Polo, although this number is diminishing.
The only dedicated transatlantic ocean liner in operation as a liner as of December 2013 is Queen Mary 2 of the Cunard Line. She has the amenities of contemporary cruise ships and sees significant service on cruisesCruising has become a major part of the tourism industry, accounting for U. S.$29.4 billion, with over 19 million passengers carried worldwide as of 2011.. The industry's rapid growth has seen nine or more newly built ships catering to a North American clientele added every year since 2001, as well as others servicing European clientele. Smaller markets, such as the Asia-Pacific region, are serviced by older ships; these are displaced by new ships in the high-growth areas. As of 2019 the world's largest cruise-ship was Royal Caribbean International's Symphony of the Seas along with its three sister ships Harmony of the Seas, Allure of the Seas, Oasis of the Seas which round out the top 4 largest cruise liners in the world; the birth of leisure cruising began with the formation of the Peninsular & Oriental Steam Navigation Company in 1822.
The company started out as a shipping line with routes between England and the Iberian Peninsula, adopting the name Peninsular Steam Navigation Company. It won its first contract to deliver mail in 1837. In 1840, it began mail delivery to Alexandria, via Gibraltar and Malta; the company was incorporated by Royal Charter the same year, becoming the Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company. P&O first introduced passenger cruising services in 1844, advertising sea tours to destinations such as Gibraltar and Athens, sailing from Southampton; the forerunner of modern cruise holidays, these voyages were the first of their kind, P&O Cruises has been recognised as the world's oldest cruise line. The company introduced round trips to destinations such as Alexandria and Constantinople, it underwent a period of rapid expansion in the latter half of the 19th century, commissioning larger and more luxurious ships to serve the expanding market. Notable ships of the era include the SS Ravenna built in 1880, which became the first ship to be built with a total steel superstructure, the SS Valetta built in 1889, the first ship to use electric lights.
Some sources mention Francesco I, flying the flag of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, as the first cruise ship. She was built in 1831 and sailed from Naples in early June 1833, preceded by an advertising campaign; the cruise ship was boarded by nobles and royal princes from all over Europe. In just over three months, the ship sailed to Taormina, Syracuse, Corfu, Delphi, Athens, Constantinople, delighting passengers with excursions and guided tours, card tables on the deck and parties on board. However, it was not a commercial endeavour; the cruise of the German ship Augusta Victoria in the Mediterranean and the Near East from 22 January to 22 March 1891, with 241 passengers including Albert Ballin and wife, popularized the cruise to a wider market. Christian Wilhelm Allers published an illustrated account of it as Backschisch; the first vessel built for luxury cruising, was Prinzessin Victoria Luise of Germany, designed by Albert Ballin, general manager of Hamburg-America Line. The ship was completed in 1900.
The practice of luxury cruising made steady inroads on the more established market for transatlantic crossings. In the competition fo
INS Deepak (A50)
INS Deepak is a Deepak-class fleet tanker built by Fincantieri. Deepak was launched on 13 February 2010 and commissioned on 21 January 2011; the Deepak-class tanker can carry 17,900 tonnes of cargo, including 15,500 tonnes tonnes of liquid cargo and 500 tonnes tonnes of solid cargo. It can handle 16 cargo containers on the upper deck and was equipped with an eight-bed hospital, with laboratory and X-ray facilities; the modern cargo handling facility on board the ship enables transfer of heavy solid cargo via a 30 tonnes capacity deck crane, simultaneous fuelling of multiple ships at sea, can refuel at the rate of 1,500 tonnes per hour. Workshop facilities on the ship can support other ships of the fleet and it is capable of supporting heavy helicopters. Deepak, along with INS Delhi took part in India-Brazil-South Africa Maritime during October 2012; this ships docked at Durban for three days as part of the deployment. INS Shakti INS Jyoti INS Aditya