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Super Bowl IX

Super Bowl IX was an American football game played between the American Football Conference champion Pittsburgh Steelers and the National Football Conference champion Minnesota Vikings to decide the National Football League champion for the 1974 season. The game was played on January 1975, at Tulane Stadium in New Orleans, Louisiana; the Steelers defeated the Vikings by the score of 16–6 to win their first Super Bowl championship. This game matched two of the NFL's best defenses and two future Pro Football Hall of Fame quarterbacks. Led by quarterback Terry Bradshaw and the Steel Curtain defense, the Steelers advanced to their first Super Bowl after posting a 10–3–1 regular season record and playoff victories over the Buffalo Bills and the Oakland Raiders; the Vikings were led by the Purple People Eaters defense. The first half of Super Bowl IX was a defensive struggle, with the lone score being the first safety in Super Bowl history when Tarkenton was downed in his own end zone; the Steelers recovered a fumble on the second half kickoff, scored on fullback Franco Harris's 9-yard run.

The Vikings cut the score, 9–6, early in the fourth quarter by recovering a blocked punt in Pittsburgh's end zone for a touchdown, but the Steelers drove 66 yards on their ensuing possession to score on Larry Brown's 4-yard touchdown reception to put the game out of reach. In total, the Steelers limited the Vikings to Super Bowl record lows of nine first downs, 119 total offensive yards, 17 rushing yards, no offensive scores; the Steelers accomplished this despite losing starting linebackers Andy Russell and Jack Lambert, who were injured and replaced by Ed Bradley and Loren Toews for most of the second half. On the other hand, Pittsburgh had 333 yards of total offense. Harris, who ran for a Super Bowl record 158 yards and a touchdown, was named the Super Bowl's Most Valuable Player; the NFL awarded Super Bowl IX to New Orleans on April 3, 1973, at the owners meetings held in Scottsdale, Arizona. This was the third time that the Super Bowl was played in New Orleans, after Super Bowls IV and VI.

Super Bowl IX was planned to be held at the Louisiana Superdome. However, construction delays at the Superdome forced the league to move the game to Tulane Stadium, where the city's previous two Super Bowls were held; this ended up being the last professional American football game played at Tulane Stadium. Pittsburgh advanced to their first Super Bowl and were playing for a league championship for the first time in team history, their 73-year-old owner Art Rooney founded the Steelers as a 1933 NFL expansion team, but suffered through losing seasons for most of its 42-year history and had never made it to an NFL championship game or a Super Bowl. But in 1969, Rooney hired Chuck Noll to be the team's head coach and its fortunes started to turn following a disastrous 1–13 first year under the future Hall of Fame coach. Noll rebuilt the Steelers through the NFL draft, selecting defensive tackle Joe Greene and defensive end L. C. Greenwood in his first season as head coach. In 1970, Noll drafted cornerback Mel Blount.

In 1971, linebacker Jack Ham, defensive tackle Ernie Holmes, defensive end Dwight White, safety Mike Wagner were selected by the team. Fullback Franco Harris was drafted in 1972, and in 1974, the Steelers picked linebacker Jack Lambert, center Mike Webster and wide receivers Lynn Swann and John Stallworth, signed safety Donnie Shell as a free agent. Bradshaw, Swann and Harris ended up being Hall of Fame players on offense, while the others formed the core nucleus of their "Steel Curtain" defense, including future Hall of Famers Greene, Blount and Shell, but en route to Super Bowl IX, the Steelers had started the regular season as Bradshaw and Joe Gilliam fought to be the team's starting quarterback. Gilliam had started for the first four games of the season, but Noll made Bradshaw the starter. Although Bradshaw ended up completing only 67 out of 148 passes for 785 yards, 7 touchdowns, 8 interceptions, he helped lead the team to a 10–3–1 regular season record; the Steelers main offensive weapon, was running the ball.

Harris rushed for 1,006 yards and five touchdowns, while catching 23 passes for 200 yards and another touchdown. Running backs Rocky Bleier, Preston Pearson, Steve Davis made important contributions, gaining a combined total of 936 yards and eight touchdowns. Receiver Lynn Swann returned 41 punts for league leading a touchdown, but the Steelers' main strength during the season was their staunch "Steel Curtain" defense, which led the league with the fewest total yards allowed and the fewest passing yards allowed. Greene won the NFL Defensive Player of the Year Award for the second time in the previous three seasons, he and L. C. Greenwood were named to the Pro Bowl. Both of the team's outside linebackers and Andy Russell, had been selected to play in the Pro Bowl, while Lambert had two interceptions for 19 yards in his rookie year. In the defensive backfield, Blount and Glen Edwards made a strong impact against opposing passing plays; the Vikings came into the season trying to redeem themselves after a one sided Super Bowl VIII loss after which they became the first team to lose two Super Bowls.

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Organise Aotearoa

Organise Aotearoa is a New Zealand socialist organisation formed in 2016 and publicised in October 2018. The group describes itself as a movement "for liberation and socialism" with an extra-parliamentary focus, a membership composed of various prison-abolitionist, anti-imperialist and anti-poverty activists. Shortly after its public announcement, the organisation engaged in a series of direct action campaigns, including joining the blockade of New Zealand Defence Industry Association forums, occupying the Brazilian embassy after the inauguration of Jair Bolsonaro, occupying the United States consulate in Auckland during the 2019 Venezuelan coup d'état attempt, joining the occupation of Ihumātao; the group has organised broader mobilisations such as the 2018 protests agitating for abortion reform. Organise Aotearoa describes itself as "a new movement for liberation and socialism". In a statement of principles released on 1 October 2018, the organisation's policies were stated to be: Constitutional transformation, including decolonisation through the concepts of Tino Rangatiratanga and Mana motuhake.

Socialist revolution in order to abolish capitalism and establish workplace democracy Environmentalism through the abolition of corporate agency Implementation of socialist policies and ending bourgeois control of the State Ending violence against women, racialisation in New Zealand prisons and ableism Direct democracy Anti-imperialism Implementation of policy through direct action Organise Aotearoa was first formed around Sue Bradford's Economic and Social Research Aotearoa think tank in 2016 and expanded to include activists from People Against Prisons Aotearoa, the Peace Action Movement and Auckland Action Against Poverty. The organisation included Marxist-Leninists at the time of its public announcement; as of October 2019, the organisation claims a membership of over 140 active members, with branches in Auckland, Wellington and Dunedin. Organise Aotearoa has received media coverage in New Zealand and Brazil for their direct action interventions on several issues. Most notable among these was the occupation of the Brazilian embassy in Wellington to protest the inauguration of the far-right president Jair Bolsonaro.

Occupiers displayed the slogan "No relations with fascist nations," and news of the occupation was shared by both left-wing and right-wing Brazilian media, including Carlos Bolsonaro going viral across the country. The subsequent backlash from the Brazilian right resulted in "thousands of homophobic insults, death threats, rape threats sent to OA's supporters and members."The group blockaded the New Zealand Defence Industry Association forum, or "Weapons Expo", in conjunction with the Peace Action Movement and Palmerston North locals. The 2018 blockade was considered successful by organisers, resulted in arms industry delegates failing to attend the forum, as well as several arrests. In February 2019, the organisation occupied the US Auckland consulate, as of June 2019, has members involved in the indigenous land occupation at Ihumātao. Māori politics Revolutionary socialism Socialism in New Zealand Official website


Ponkan is a high-yield sweet Citrus cultivar with large fruits in the size of an orange. It is a citrus hybrid. "Pon" for its Japanese name "ponkan" is named after the city of Pune, "kan" means citrus. The fruit is sweet, round in shape and about 7–8 cm wide in size. Trees are heavy bearing every other year, sometimes the limbs break due to the heavy yields. Growers resort to propping the limbs up with sticks at times, though if the limb bends down and grows in that position it will do better in future years. Trees can be propagated by seed, as they breed true, or grafted onto other rootstocks, trifoliate orange being the most popular. Andrew Willis of Apopka, promoted the Ponkan in the early 1900s. Ponkan is noted for having a loose rind, easy to peel. Ponkans are grown in Japan, it was introduced to the United States by Carlo Roman in 1880. His original grove is still in production, under the care of Marion Holder near Hawthorne in Putnam County, Florida; the fruit is still popular in the Melrose area, sold at roadside stands there.

The city of Teresópolis in Brazil holds an annual Ponkan festival. Citrus depressa, a similarly-sized sour citrus fruit used in Taiwan and Okinawa, Japan Citrus microcarpa, a similarly-sized sour citrus fruit from the Philippines Ponkan at the Citrus Variety Collection

Connection Magazines

Connection Magazines is an Australian online and print publisher. Its core interest is the publication of trade and consumer-focused magazines and online media in the building and construction sector. Connection Magazines incorporates a market research division and an events division, through which annual Australian industry forums are conducted. Connection Magazines engages in advocacy for the various industries it covers, is a long-serving member of a variety of international trade organisations. Connection Magazines was called QUATSID Pty. Ltd. but traded as Patchell Publishing Pty. Ltd. and Jeff Patchell Pty. Ltd. before adopting the name'Connection Magazines' in the June 2000. The company was founded by Jeff Patchell in 1985 with the creation of Plumbing Connection magazine; the business has since expanded to include other trade magazine titles including Electrical Connection, Building Connection, Business Connection, Cabling Connection, Retail Connection, Connected Home Australia and Connected Home Middle East.

In 2008 Connection Magazines began its first consumer-based website with the launch of its Connected Home website. This was followed in 2010 by the launch of BUILD, an online building and renovation resource for the domestic Australian market. 2011 saw the launch of the company's first consumer-focused magazine, Stunning Smart Homes, followed shortly thereafter by its second consumer magazine title ManSpace magazine. Connection Magazines Connected Home Electrical Connection Cabling Connection Plumbing Connection ManSpace Magazine Online

Longfin yellowtail

The longfin yellowtail known as the almaco or silvercoat jack, deep-water, European or highfin amberjack, rock salmon, longfin or yellow kingfish, is a game fish of the family Carangidae. They are carnivorous and feed, both day and night, on other, smaller fish such as baitfish and small squid; the flesh is thick and dense, like tuna, may be passed off for white albacore if prepared as sushi. Achille Valenciennes, Georges Cuvier first described this species in 1833, although Cuvier died in 1832. Valenciennes and Cuvier together described many fish species, most notably in the 22-volume, Histoire naturelle des poissons; the longfin yellowtail has a more flattened body than most jack species. Their dorsal fin and anal fins are elongated, their outer edges have a definite sickle shape; the first rays of the almaco dorsal fin's longest parts are nearly twice as long as the dorsal spines different from other jacks. They reach a typical length of 90 centimetres, sometimes reaching 160 centimetres and 59.9 kilograms.

Typical catch is ten pounds, according to the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, which describes it as wide-ranging in small groups and not a common catch. Longfin yellowtails are dusky-colored with faint amber or olive stripes down their sides, their upper bodies and lower fins are dark brown or dark blue-green. The belly appears brassy or lavender; the nuchal bar and most of the fins are dark on adults. Exceptions are the pelvic fins; the longfin yellowtail is a pelagic species, which are found in open-ocean zones in the vast deep waters beyond the continental shelf. This species may be found off reefs at depths from 5 to 160 metres, they visit wrecks more than most other jacks do. In the Indian to the west Pacific oceans, almaco jack live from Kenya to South Africa and have been spotted off Mariana Islands, Wake island, Ryukyu Islands, Kermadec Islands, New Caledonia. In the eastern Pacific, almaco jack live from California to the Galápagos Islands. In the western Atlantic, they live from Cape Cod to northern Argentina, although they are rare off North and South Carolina.

Almaco jack are not so common in the Eastern Atlantic as elsewhere. Almaco live off Lampedusa in the Mediterranean Sea, they swim at depths ranging from 5–35 metres. The unusual stamina of the longfin yellowtail makes them a prime target for sport fishing in deep waters. Almaco jack are subject to skin-based parasites, they remove them by rubbing against the rough skin of passing sharks. They are known to rub against passing scuba divers because they mistake them for sharks; these fish spawn as as weekly throughout the year. Longfin yellowtails are farmed/ranched in deep water near the Island of Hawaii under the brand name Hawaiian Kanpachi. Global production reached 1,000,000 pounds in 2008. Almaco jack never have been harvested commercially on large scale. In 2019, application was made to the United States Environmental Protection Agency for approval to conduct a pilot study in coastal waters of USA, on the shallow Florida shelf off the western coast of Sarasota County, which would break the existing ban of such fish farming in USA coastal waters and would lead to efforts to establish commercial-scale development of the industry using almaco jack.

The application review is receiving a great deal of public discussion and a hearing is going to be held in late January 2020 in Sarasota. Eating almaco jack may cause a disease in humans called ciguatera, through bioaccumulation of ciguatoxin produced by a microscopic organism called dinoflagellate. However, farmed almaco jack on a controlled diet are free of these dinoflagellates and therefore, do not transmit ciguatera when eaten; these fish have among the best reported feed-conversion ratios achieved. With no selective breeding at all, the amount of consumed bait fish required to produce one pound of almaco jack ranges from 1.6:1–2:1, ten times better than the observed ratio for bluefin tuna. The resulting meat has a fat content of around 30%, they are grown in ring- or diamond-shaped net pens moored to the sea bottom 800 feet below. The sites chosen are areas that experience currents that mitigate the impact of the waste that the fish drop; the flesh of the longfin yellowtail is quite delicious and may be prepared in a myriad of dishes, from raw to cooked.

Seriola rivoliana, Almaco Jack – Retrieved Monday, January 21, 2008."Almaco Jacks, Seriola rivoliana ~". Archived from the original on 2014-03-03.. IUCN 2007. 2007 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. "The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species". Archived from the original on 2014-06-27. Downloaded on 21 January 2008. Greenberg, Paul. Four Fish: The Future of the Last Wild Food; the Penguin Press. ISBN 978-1-59420-256-8. MarineBio SERIOLA RIVOLIANA from New Caledonia Photos of Longfin yellowtail on Sealife Collection

USS Sumter (APA-52)

USS Sumter was a Sumter-class attack transport that served with the US Navy during World War II. APA-52 was the second US Navy vessel named Sumter; the ship was laid down on 3 April 1943 as Iberville by Gulf Shipbuilding of Chickasaw, for the Waterman Steamship Company. She was converted into an attack transport by the Maryland Drydock Company of Baltimore and commissioned on 1 September 1943, Capt. A. D. Blackledge in command. Sumter completed fitting out at the Norfolk Navy Yard, she loaded a complement of 31 landing craft and a Beach Party unit before sailing to the West Coast where she became the flagship of Transport Division 26. She spent most of December 1943 conducting landing exercises off San Clemente, with elements of the 25th Regimental Combat Team, 4th Marine Division. Sumter stood out of San Diego on 13 January 1944 en route to Lahaina Roads, Hawaii, to rendezvous with other units of Task Force 53, the Northern Attack Force for the Marshall Islands operation, she arrived there on 21 January and the force sortied the next day.

Sumter and three other transports landed three battalion landing teams of the 25th Marines on the atolls of Ennumennet and Ennubirr on 31 January to establish field artillery positions in support of the main landings at Roi and Namur. Sumter completed landing all of her troops by 3 February and sailed the next day for the South Pacific for amphibious training. After exercises in New Caledonia and the Ellice and Solomon Islands, she returned to Pearl Harbor on 8 April; as a component of Task Group 54.4, Admiral R. K. Turner's Northern Attack Force for the invasion of Saipan and Tinian, the transport again loaded elements of the 4th Marine Division and sailed on 29 May; the attack force refueled at Eniwetok and was off the landing beaches at Saipan before daybreak on 15 June. Covered by an intensive air-sea bombardment, receiving incoming fire from enemy artillery and automatic weapons, the assault wave of marines landed at 0843; the transport remained off the beaches until the 24th when she sailed to Pearl Harbor.

Before leaving Saipan, she had sent more supplies and equipment to Blue Beach One, treated wounded direct from the beaches and, prior to sailing, received on board an additional 85 battle casualties from LST-218. Sumter arrived at Pearl Harbor on 21 July and trained there until 12 August when she was routed to Guadalcanal for additional amphibious exercises with the 81st Infantry Division, she sailed from Lunga Point, on 8 September, with the troops embarked to participate in the invasion of the Palau Islands. After landing advance assault troops and a Beach Party at Anguar on the 15th, she stood off the island as the floating reserve for the 1st Marine Division's attack on Peleliu Island; the transport landed troops of the 81st Division on Anguar on 17 September and remained as a casualty evacuation ship until sailing to Manus, Admiralty Islands, on the 23d. Sumter was routed from there to Finschhafen, New Guinea, where she embarked men of the 10th Army Corps and sailed with Reinforcement Group 1 for the Philippine Islands.

The troops were landed two days after the initial assault. The ship steamed to Guam, loaded elements of the 77th army Division and disembarked them at Leyte on 23 November, she next steamed south to New Sansapor. At the latter port, she loaded troops of the 6th Army Division and sailed with the San Fabian Attack Force on 30 December 1944 for the Lingayen Gulf area of the Philippines. On 8 January 1945 a kamikaze plane crashed into Callaway 600 yards ahead of Sumter, Sumter took over as formation guide; the next morning the assault troops, including those from Callaway, were landed on the Lingayen beaches. She steamed back to San Pedro three days and made a turn around voyage back to Lingayen with reinforcements which were landed on the 27th, she sailed for voyage repairs, thence to the Solomon Islands. Sumter arrived at Guadalcanal on 19 February 1945 and began amphibious exercises with the 22d Regimental Combat Team of the 6th Marine Division in preparation for the invasion of Okinawa, she stood out of the Guadalcanal area on 14 March for Ulithi, Caroline Islands, where final staging was completed.

The invasion force sortied on the 27th, Sumter arrived off the beaches near Yontan Airfield in the early morning of 1 April. After landing 1,352 marines of the assault waves, the transport remained off the beach until sailing for the United States, via the Mariana Islands and Pearl Harbor, on 5 April. Sumter arrived at California, on 30 April for overhaul. Following repairs, she trained in the San Diego area until 21 July when she sailed for the Phillppine Islands loaded with army troops. After calling at the Marshall and Caroline Islands, the ship arrived in San Pedro Bay on 15 August, as hostilities with Japan ceased; the transport embarked a contingent of the Army 33rd Infantry Division and departed for Japan on 9 September. The troops were landed at Honshū, on 25 September, she returned to Subic Bay on 1 November and embarked Navy veterans for transportation to the United States. Sumter arrived at Seattle, Washington, on 22 November 1945 and remained there until 25 January 1946 when she moved to San Pedro, California, to unload her landing craft.

Five days she sailed from there for the East Coast, via the Panama Canal. The ship arrived at New Orleans on 15 February but left there the following month for Mobile, Alabama. Sumter wa