Super Bowl XII was an American football game between the National Football Conference champion Dallas Cowboys and the American Football Conference champion Denver Broncos to decide the National Football League champion for the 1977 season. The Cowboys defeated the Broncos 27–10 to win their second Super Bowl; the game was played on January 1978, at the Louisiana Superdome in New Orleans. This was the first Super Bowl in a domed stadium, the first time that the game was played in prime time in the Eastern United States; the game pitted Cowboys quarterback Roger Staubach against Craig Morton. Led by Staubach and the Doomsday Defense, Dallas advanced to its fourth Super Bowl after posting a 12–2 record in the regular season and home playoff victories over the Chicago Bears and Minnesota Vikings; the Broncos, led by Morton and the Orange Crush Defense, made their first-ever postseason appearance after a franchise-best 12–2 regular season. With home-field advantage, Denver posted playoff wins over the Pittsburgh Steelers and Oakland Raiders.
The Cowboys defense dominated most of Super Bowl XII, forcing eight turnovers and allowing only eight pass completions by the Broncos for just 61 yards. Two interceptions led to 10 first-quarter points. Denver's longest play of the game was just 21 yards. Dallas expanded its lead to 20–3 in the third quarter after wide receiver Butch Johnson made a diving catch in the end zone for a 45-yard touchdown reception. An ineffective Morton was replaced by Norris Weese late in the third period, he promptly drove the Broncos downfield to score a touchdown to cut the lead to 20-10, capped by a Rob Lytle one-yard touchdown run. But the Cowboys put the game out of reach in the fourth when fullback Robert Newhouse threw a 29-yard touchdown pass on a halfback option play to receiver Golden Richards. For the first and only time, two players won Super Bowl MVP honors: defensive tackle Randy White and defensive end Harvey Martin; this was the first time that a defensive lineman was named Super Bowl MVP. The NFL awarded Super Bowl XII to New Orleans on March 16, 1976, at the NFL owners meetings held in San Diego.
It was the first of seven Super Bowls played in the Superdome, though it was not the first one scheduled in the Superdome. The main storyline surrounding Super Bowl XII was Cowboys quarterback Roger Staubach versus Broncos quarterback Craig Morton. Morton began his career playing for Dallas in 1965. Staubach joined the Cowboys in 1969 after four years of service in the U. S. Navy, soon both quarterbacks competed for the starting job. During the 1970 season, both Morton and Staubach started for about half of the regular season games. Morton was selected to lead the team through the playoffs and to their Super Bowl V loss to the Baltimore Colts, 16–13; the next year, Staubach won the starting job and led Dallas to defeat the Miami Dolphins in Super Bowl VI, 24–3. Staubach was named Super Bowl MVP during that game. In 1972, Morton started most of the Cowboys' games. However, in the division playoffs against San Francisco, Staubach relieved Morton and rallied the team to victory, which assured Staubach of the starting job going forward.
Morton was relegated to backup status. After spending three years with the Giants, Morton became the starting quarterback for the Broncos, a franchise with a dismal history, it had taken them 14 years to record their first winning season and they had never once made the playoffs. But under the leadership of the newly arrived Morton and their new coach Red Miller, Denver finished 1977 with a 12–2 record and earned the #1 seed in the AFC. Morton did not put up a large number of passing yards during the regular season, but he threw 14 touchdown passes and only 8 interceptions, while rushing for 125 yards and 4 touchdowns, earning him the NFL Comeback Player of the Year Award. Denver tight end. Wide receiver Haven Moses was a major deep threat, catching 27 passes for 539 yards, an average of 20 yards per catch. However, the Broncos main offensive strength was their rushing game. Denver had 3 running backs, Otis Armstrong, Lonnie Perrin, Rob Lytle, who carried the ball combining for 1,353 rushing yards and 10 touchdowns.
On special teams, multi-talented wide receiver Rick Upchurch led the NFL with 653 punt return yards, while catching 12 passes for 245 yards and recording 456 yards returning kickoffs. The backbone of the Broncos was their defense, a unit known as the "Orange Crush", which used a 3–4 formation anchored by four superb linebackers, including Randy Gradishar and Tom Jackson. Defensive End Lyle Alzado anchored the line, while their secondary was led by defensive backs Bill Thompson and Louis Wright; the Broncos defense had given up just 148 points during the season, an average of just 10.6 per game and the 3rd-fewest in the NFL. With Staubach and his team's Doomsday Defense, the Cowboys won the NFC East with a 12–2 regular season record. Staubach threw for 2,620 yards and 18 touchdowns with only 8 interceptions, while gaining 171 rushing yards and 3 touchdowns on the ground. Wide receiver Drew Pearson was the leading receiver on the team with 48 receptions for 870 yards, while Pro Bowl tight end Billy Joe DuPree recorded 28 receptions for 347 yards and provided blocking support on running plays.
Seal Island is an island on the outermost extreme of Southwestern Nova Scotia, Canada, in the Municipality of the District of Argyle in Yarmouth County. It is 4.3 kilometres long and 0.8 kilometres wide and is surrounded on its east and west sides by dangerous shoals. It is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean and is the biggest of a group of five islands which extend north for 12 kilometres, it is the second southernmost point of land of Nova Scotia. The southern tip of nearby Cape Sable Island is 250 metres farther south than the southern tip of land on Seal Island. During the American Revolution, Noah Stoddard's vessel the Scammell was commissioned in April 1782. Soon after, he rescued the 60 American prisoners on board H. M. S. Blonde, who were stranded on Seal Island after hitting Blonde Rock, Nova Scotia. Stoddard allowed the British crew to return to Halifax; the island was settled in 1823 by two families from the Barrington area, the Hitchens and the Crowells. They used the island as a fishing base and provided shelter to survivors of the many ships wrecked at the island and on nearby reefs.
A campaign led by Mary Hitchens resulted in the construction of a lighthouse in 1831 which still stands, one of the oldest wooden lighthouses in Canada. Seal Island lightkeepers continued to rescue many shipwreck victims, most notably in 1843 when they saved all the crew and passengers of RMS Columbia, one of Samuel Cunard's first ocean liners; the Seal Island settlement contained two small villages, The East Side and The West Side. The East Side has been inhabited by descendants of the original settling families who owned the island, the West Side by local fishermen. Today there is a fishermen's Reserve protecting access to this historic fishing ground; the communities shared church and a lobster cannery. Year round habitation ceased in 1990 but both villages host summer residents, most of whom have families who once lived on the island; the island became known for birding in the early 1900s. Groups of birders would visit seasonally, they wanted a permanent base on the island. An old cookhouse, referred to as North Home, standing in the woods near the West Side, was purchased by a group of birders in the 1960s.
The property has been restored in recent years by two descendants of the original birding families. The East Side has lost its wharf, but retains the Seal Island Church of All Faiths and the East Side village. Walter W. Hitchens was a Maine State Senator who published a book about Seal Island in 1982, Titled "Island Trek", published by Lancelot Press of Hantsport, Nova Scotia, the book is "an historical and geographical tour of Seal Island...as seen by the author and related to him by Mrs. Winnifred Crowell Hamilton who lived on the Island all her lifetime"; the Seal Island Lighthouse is located on the island, is the oldest wooden lighthouse in Nova Scotia and one of the oldest in Canada. The lighthouse was de-staffed in 1990. Lack of maintenance and poor ventilation of the lighthouse by the Canadian Coast Guard have raised fears about the condition of the historic structure. A replica of the Seal Island Lighthouse can be seen in Nova Scotia. List of lighthouses in Canada Nova Scotia Lighthouse Preservation Society: Seal Island Lighthouse Seal Island Lighthouse Museum, Cape Sable Historical Society
William F. Miller was an American academic, professor public and private management emeritus and a professor of computer science emeritus, he was a vice president and provost of Stanford University from 1971 to 1979, president and CEO of SRI International from 1979 to 1990. He died in September 2017 at the age of 91. Miller was born in Indiana, he attended Purdue University, where he earned a B. S. in 1949, an M. S. in experimental physics in 1951, a Ph. D. in theoretical physics in 1956. Miller was a director of the Applied Mathematics Division at Argonne National Laboratory, where he worked on problems in computational science. Miller was recruited to the faculty of Stanford University in 1964 by Frederick Terman, Stanford's vice president and provost at the time. From 1971 to 1979, Miller was the vice provost of Stanford University. From 1979 to 1990, Miller was the president and CEO of SRI International, where he focused on expanding the organization's business in the Pacific Rim and acquired the Sarnoff Corporation as a subsidiary of SRI. Miller has been a member of numerous boards of directors, including but not limited to Wells Fargo, Borland International, McKenna Group, Palyn-Gould Group, Who Where?, Quest Gen and the BHP International Advisory Council.
He was an initial investor in an early venture capital organization. Miller was given an honorary Doctor of Science degree from his alma mater, Purdue University, in 1972. In 1989, Tau Beta Pi recognized him as an Eminent Engineer