Super Bowl XIV

Super Bowl XIV was an American football game between the National Football Conference champion Los Angeles Rams and the American Football Conference champion Pittsburgh Steelers to decide the National Football League champion for the 1979 season. The Steelers defeated the Rams by the score of 31–19, becoming the first team to win four Super Bowls; the game was played on January 20, 1980, at the Rose Bowl in Pasadena and was attended by a Super Bowl record 103,985 spectators. This became the first Super Bowl where the game was coincidentally played in the home market of one of the participants, as Pasadena is about 10 miles northeast of Downtown Los Angeles, it was the last time the Rams made the Super Bowl while based in Los Angeles until LIII in 2018, where they lost to the New England Patriots 13–3. The Rams became the first team to reach the Super Bowl after posting nine wins or fewer during the regular season since the NFL season expanded to 16 games in 1978, their 9–7 regular season record was followed by postseason wins over the Dallas Cowboys and the Tampa Bay Buccaneers.

The Steelers were the defending Super Bowl XIII champions, finished the 1979 regular season with a 12–4 record, posted playoff victories over the Miami Dolphins and the Houston Oilers. Super Bowl XIV was a close game during the first three quarters; the Rams led 13–10 at halftime before Steelers quarterback Terry Bradshaw connected with wide receiver Lynn Swann on a 47-yard touchdown pass. Los Angeles regained the lead on a halfback option play with running back Lawrence McCutcheon's 24-yard touchdown pass to Ron Smith, but Pittsburgh controlled the fourth quarter, scoring 14 unanswered points with Bradshaw's 73-yard touchdown pass to wide receiver John Stallworth, running back Franco Harris' 1-yard touchdown run. Despite throwing three interceptions, Bradshaw was named Super Bowl MVP by completing 14 of 21 passes for 309 yards and two touchdowns; the NFL awarded Super Bowl XIV to Pasadena on June 1977 at the owners meetings held in New York. Team owner Carroll Rosenbloom drowned during an off-season accident, resulting in a power struggle between his second wife, Georgia Frontiere, his son, Steve Rosenbloom.

Frontiere gained control of the team and fired her stepson. Prior to Carroll Rosenbloom's death, the Rams had announced their intentions to leave the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum and move to Anaheim Stadium in Orange County for the 1980 season; the Rams outscored their opponents, 323–309, finished the regular season with a 9–7 record, the worst by a team who advanced to the Super Bowl. The team was plagued with injuries during the regular season, including the loss of their starting quarterback Pat Haden, his replacement, Vince Ferragamo, completed less than 50 percent of his passes and threw twice as many interceptions as touchdowns. But he still led the Rams to victory in 6 of their last 7 games; the Rams gained 6,060 total yards of offense during the regular season, ranking second in the league. The team's main offensive weapon was running back Wendell Tyler, who rushed for 1,109 yards, caught 32 passes for 308 yards, scored 10 touchdowns. Tyler's rushing yards came off just 218 rushing attempts, giving him a league-leading 5.1 yards per carry average.

Fullback Cullen Bryant provided Tyler with excellent blocking while gaining 846 total yards and scoring 5 touchdowns. Wide receiver Preston Dennard was the team's main deep threat, catching 43 passes for 766 yards and 4 touchdowns; the offensive line, led by tackles Doug France and Jackie Slater and guard Dennis Harrah, paved the Rams' running attack to 4th in the NFC during the season despite injuries. They gave up only 29 sacks, but the Rams' main strength was their defense, which featured defensive end Jack Youngblood, who made the Pro Bowl for the 7th year in a row and was playing with a broken leg, lightning-quick Fred Dryer on the opposite end. Behind them, the Rams had two outstanding linebackers: Jack "Hacksaw" Reynolds, Jim Youngblood, who had recorded 5 interceptions and returned 2 of them for touchdowns; the Rams had a solid secondary, led by free safety Nolan Cromwell, who grabbed 5 interceptions. On November 4, 1979, the Rams' defense established a still-current NFL record by holding the Seattle Seahawks' offense to a total of minus 7 yards for the game.

The Steelers won the AFC Central with a 12–4 regular season record, advanced to their second consecutive Super Bowl and their fourth appearance in the last six seasons. Pittsburgh appeared to be better than what they were in their three previous Super Bowl victories. Leading the league with 6,258 yards in total offense, an average of 391 yards per game and just 31 yards short of an NFL record; the team led the league in scoring with 416 points. Pittsburgh quarterback Terry Bradshaw had another fine season as the leader of the Steelers offense, throwing for 3,724 yards and 26 touchdowns during the regular season. Wide receiver John Stallworth was his top target with 70 receptions for 1,183 yards and 8 touchdowns, while wide receiver Lynn Swann caught 41 passes for 808 yards, an average of 19.7 yards per catch. Steelers starting tight end Bennie Cunningham, who missed most of the previous season due to injuries, was a big contributor with 36 receptions for 512 yards. Fullback Franco Harris was the Steelers' leading rusher for the 8th consecutive season with 1,186 yards and 11 touchdowns.

He recorded his 7th consecutive season with more than 1,000 yards, tying an NF


Juncture, in linguistics, is the manner of moving between two successive syllables in speech. An important type of juncture is the suprasegmental phonemic cue by means of which a listener can distinguish between two otherwise identical sequences of sounds that have different meanings. There are several kinds of juncture, the most used typology of which is: plus juncture Also known as open juncture, this is subdivided into internal open juncture and external open juncture, it is the juncture. In phonetic transcription open juncture is transcribed /+/, hence the name plus juncture. Close juncture Also known as a normal transition, this is a transition between segments within a word. Terminal juncture Also known as falling, clause terminal or terminal contour, this is the juncture at the end of a clause or utterance with falling pitch before a silence. Other less common typologies exist, such as the division into plus, single bar, double bar, double cross junctures, denoted /+/, /|/, /||/, /#/ respectively.

These correspond to syllabification and differences in intonation, single bar being a level pitch before a break, double bar being an upturn in pitch and a break, double cross being a downturn in pitch that comes at the end of an utterance. In English, a syllable break at the plus juncture sometimes distinguishes otherwise homophonic phrases. "a name" and "an aim" "that stuff" and "that's tough" "fork handles" and "four candles"A word boundary preceded or followed by a syllable break is called an external open juncture. If there is no break, so that words on either side of the juncture are run together, the boundary is called an internal open juncture; the distinction between open and close juncture is the difference between "night rate", with the open juncture between and, "nitrate", with close juncture between and. In some varieties of English, only the latter involves an affricate. In recreational linguistics, an oronym is a pair of phrases; when pronounced without a pause between words, phrases which differ in meaning and spelling may share a similar pronunciation.

An example is "ice cream" /aɪs+kriːm/ and "I scream" /aɪ+skriːm/. The label oronym was first published in his book The Joy of Lex; the Two Ronnies comedy sketch "Four Candles" is built around oronyms, including a taciturn customer's request for "fork handles" being misheard as "four candles". An older meaning of the word oronym, used in the context of topographical nomenclature, is: toponym of a mountain. Eggcorn, a phrase, substituted for a similar-sounding phrase False etymology Four Candles, a comedy sketch featuring oronyms Mondegreen Phono-semantic matching Rebracketing or "juncture loss" Scheer, Tobias. "American structuralism: juncture phonemes". A Guide to Morphosyntax-Phonology Interface Theories: How Extra-Phonological Information is Treated in Phonology since Trubetzkoy’s Grenzsignale. Walter de Gruyter. ISBN 9783110238631

Tata Zest

Tata Zest is a compact sedan produced by Tata Motors. The car was revealed at Indian Auto Expo 2014 along with the Tata Bolt; the car was launched in Indian markets on 12 August 2014. The Zest is part of Tata's Falcon programme and is based on existing platforms on the Tata Indica Vista and Indigo Manza are built; the car is built by Tata Motors at Ranjangaon factory. The Zest is available in diesel versions. All come with a 5-speed manual transmission, with the option of an automated manual on diesel versions; the Zest range includes XM, XMA, XMS and XT trim options. Zest XM priced at Rs. 5.25 Lacs s the mid variant of the petrol Tata Zest which comes with features such as power windows, central locking, front power outlet, front fog lamps and adjustable front and rear headrests. Zest XMA priced at Rs. 6.99 Lacs is the mid variant of the automatic diesel Tata Zest that comes well equipped with features such as power windows, a Bluetooth compatible double-din stereo, ABS with EBD, front & rear fog lamps, alloy wheels.

Zest XMS has been priced at Rs. 5.43 Lacs. Zest XT priced at Rs. 5.99 lakh is the top-end variant of the manual petrol Tata Zest that comes well equipped with features such as projector headlamps, reverse camera, touch screen stereo, steering mounted audio controls, front fog lamps, alloy wheels, ABS with EBD, front airbags, rear parking sensors, climate control. Tata Motors launched the new Zest Quadrajet 1.3 XTA as a top end variant. The trim gets an AMT transmission, mated to 1.3-litre Quadrajet diesel engine, capable of producing 90 PS of power with max torque output of 200 Nm. Following the launch of the Tata Tigor in 2017, the Zest was discontinued for private purchase and could only be bought as a taxi, it was permanently discontinued in 2019. Tata Motors launched the Zest in Nepal, it is the company’s first product under the HORIZONEXT umbrella. It is available across Nepal in over 18 Tata Motors passenger vehicle sales outlets. Official website