MTV Europe Music Award
An MTV Europe Music Award is an award presented by Viacom International Media Networks to honour artists and music in pop culture. It was conceived as an alternative to the MTV Video Music Awards, which are hosted annually in the United States; the Europe Music Awards are held every year in a different country. The annual presentation ceremony features performances by prominent artists, the presentation of those awards that have a more popular interest; the awards are a reflection of the continental music scene. They are representative of geographical origin and of achievement in diverse musical genres and disciplines, indicative of the diversity and scope of the accolade. Awards are amended and conceived to reflect the change of the music scene and its integral participation in social and economic circles. Since the 2007 ceremony, viewers are able to vote for their favourite artists in all general categories by visiting MTV's website; the 1st Europe Music Awards ceremony was held in 1994 at Brandenburg Gate in Berlin, five years after the fall of the Berlin Wall.
The annual ceremony broadcast live on MTV Europe, Channel 5 and most of the international MTV channels as well as online. 1994: The first Europe Music Awards took place in Berlin, Germany, at the Brandenburg Gate and were held on November 24, 1994, five years after the fall of the Berlin Wall. Hosted by Tom Jones, the show featured performances by Aerosmith, Björk, Take That and George Michael, who performed "Jesus to a Child" and "Freedom" surrounded by many famous models including Naomi Campbell. Presenters included East 17, Jean Paul Gaultier, Pamela Anderson and Helena Christensen, who kissed INXS's Michael Hutchence live on stage. Bono received the Free Your Mind Award on behalf of Amnesty International. 1995: French nuclear testing in the South Pacific got the most attention at the 1995 ceremony. During his acceptance speech after winning the award for Best Rock, Bon Jovi lead singer Jon Bon Jovi stated, "The only enemy is ignorance. Peace, people. Let's get rid of all this nuclear testing", while U2's Bono said, "What a city, what a night, what a crowd, what a bomb, what a mistake, what a wanker you have for a President."
Referring to nuclear testing. Greenpeace, the environmental group that has staged creative and controversial protests around the testing site at Mururoa Atoll, took the Free Your Mind award for its campaign against the underground nuclear blasts. "Stop abusing the earth," urged Madonna in a videotaped segment before designer agnès b. picked up the award for Greenpeace. 1996: During their performance Metallica performed the songs "Last Caress" and "So What?" instead of performing their single "King Nothing" as scheduled. The MTV executives told the band that they weren't allowed to use any curse words during their time on live TV, upset with the scripted, family-friendly MTV antics, Metallica played non-TV friendly songs; the song "So What?" is known for its amount of expletives and references to bestiality among many other controversial lyrics while "Last Caress" has lyrics pertaining to murder and rape. As a result of their performance Metallica's performance and references to Metallica have been removed from future broadcasts of the ceremony.
1997: U2 opened the show performing "Mofo" dressed in boxing gowns. The Prodigy were the big winners of the night, receiving three awards including Best Video. Björk became the first artist to be nominated in the category of Best Female for four consecutive years; the Landmine Survivors Network received the Free Your Mind Award for helping survivors to recover from war, rebuild their communities, break cycles of violence. 1998: Six new categories were introduced that year, including the MTV Selects. Faithless opened the show with "God is a DJ" and Madonna performed "The Power of Goodbye"; the big winner of the night were the Spice Madonna with two awards each. Mel C and Emma Bunton collected the trophy on behalf of the group. On receiving the award, Mel C shouted, "We've done it again, and a big hello from the other two", referring to Mel B and Victoria Adams, both of whom were pregnant and did not attend the ceremony. The Prodigy won Best Dance but according to their frontman, Liam Howlett, they had not done anything to deserve the accolade that year.
1999: Britney Spears was the big winner of the night winning four awards, including Best New Act and Best Song for "... Baby One More Time", she performed during the ceremony, entertaining the crowd with a medley of her songs "... Baby One More Time" and " Crazy"; the Free Your Mind Award, which honours an individual or organisation for aiding in humanitarian efforts and fighting prejudice, was given to Bono for his world peace work. Puff Daddy performed "My Best Friend" backed by a full gospel choir, followed by Iggy Pop, who stagedived into the crowd during the track "Lust for Life". Whitney Houston sang a medley of "Get It Back" and "My Love Is Your Love", while Mariah Carey performed "Heartbreaker". Marilyn Manson, who wore nothing but a G-string, closed the show with a performance of "Rock Is Dead". 2000: The show was hosted by Fugees's Wyclef Jean, who presented a variety of stars and outfits, including one consisting of boxer shorts only, after he jumped into the crowd and had his red leather suit ripped from him.
The performance of the Spice Girls during the ceremony was the last before their breakup. The most elaborate appearance was by Jennifer Lopez, who landed on stage in an aeroplane; the performance was a world premiere of her new song, "Love Don't Cost a Thing", taken from her forthcoming album, J. Lo. Madonna paid tribute to fellow performer Ky
FIFA 08 is the 2007 installment of EA Sports' series of football video games. Developed by EA Canada, it is published by Electronic Arts worldwide under the EA Sports label, it was released on all popular gaming formats in September 2007 in Europe and Asia, in October 2007 in North America. The PlayStation 3 and Xbox 360 versions of the game feature an improved game engine with superior graphics and different commentators and are dubbed "next-generation" by EA. On all other platforms—including the PC—the game utilizes an older engine; the Nintendo DS version features fewer teams, game modes and kits due to the limitations of the machine's storage medium. Commentary comes from Sky Sports' Martin Andy Gray on next generation consoles. However, ITV Sport's Clive Tyldesley partners Gray on current generation consoles, the PC version of the game. On the DS version of the game, Tyldesley commentates solo, it marks the first time the Nintendo GameCube has been excluded from the FIFA lineup since FIFA 2001 and the first the original Xbox and Game Boy Advance has been excluded from the FIFA lineup since FIFA Football 2002.
The tagline for the game is "Can You FIFA 08?." The theme song is "Sketches" from the album The Truth. New features that were not in FIFA 07 include "Be a Pro Mode", where the player plays as only one player throughout the entire match. However, this mode is not available for goalkeepers. New features for the PlayStation 3 and Xbox 360 include cooperative online play and a change of controls, which features the right stick as a way of selecting which player is to be on defense. However, this control setting can be changed back to the FIFA 07 configuration as well as other preset control configurations. In addition, the online mode has a new addition with interactive leagues, where players choose a league, a team, play against real-life opponents. While not an new feature, FIFA 08 includes new trick moves that can be used by using the right analog stick, which were, for the most part, absent in FIFA 07. In general, the speed of game has decreased in FIFA 08. In the PS2 version of the game, two new features were added.
The first being goalkeeper AI, which meant when in a one-on-one situation with a forward and goalkeeper, one could push the right analog stick and have complete control of the goalkeeper. The second of these was when taking a free kick you were able to push the R3 to lock the position of the ball, while you used the stick to determine where you wanted the free kick to go; these were two features that have not been used in any FIFA games since, although many users and fans have expressed their feelings to see both or one make a welcome return. The Manager Mode on 08 has few enhancements from its predecessor, some of the new features include the chance to schedule training on certain dates, via the manager's calendar, the option to play up to four pre-season friendlies. FIFA 08 includes 621 licensed teams, 43 national teams, with 30 leagues and more than 15,000 licensed players. Several teams from other leagues appear in a "Rest of World" category. Of the 621 teams that comprise the game, 29 appear 13 of them being national teams.
FIFA 08 has 44 teams in its international division. The most notable exclusion is Japan; the following international teams are playable in the current generation consoles. But not all the teams are licensed e.g. Netherlands and Spain. EA Sports announced FIFA 08s' soundtrack on September 11, 2007, it featured many Latin music acts including Pacha Massive. The PlayStation 2 version of FIFA 08 received a "Double Platinum" sales award from the Entertainment and Leisure Software Publishers Association, indicating sales of at least 600,000 copies in the United Kingdom. ELSPA gave the Xbox 360 and PlayStation 3 releases each a "Platinum" certification, for sales of at least 300,000 copies per version in the region; the game was well-received, garnering an average of 81.5 on both next-generation consoles because of its refreshing new game mechanics, which broke out from the series' criticised past record of not making much of an effort to innovate, instead adding what were described by critics as "gimmicks".
In 2008, FIFA 08 was nominated for BAFTA Children's Kids Vote Award. Pro Evolution Soccer 2008 Official website
Marseille is the second-largest city of France. The main city of the historical province of Provence, it nowadays is the prefecture of the department of Bouches-du-Rhône and region of Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, it is located on French Riviera coast near the mouth of the Rhône. The city covers an area of 241 km2 and had a population of 852,516 in 2012, its metropolitan area, which extends over 3,173 km2 is the third-largest in France after Paris and Lyon, with a population of 1,831,500 as of 2010. Known to the ancient Greeks and Romans as Massalia, Marseille was an important European trading centre and remains the main commercial port of the French Republic. Marseille is now France's largest city on the Mediterranean coast and the largest port for commerce and cruise ships; the city was European Capital of Culture in 2013 and European Capital of Sport in 2017. It is home to Aix-Marseille University. Marseille is the second-largest city in France after Paris and the centre of the third-largest metropolitan area in France after Paris and Lyon.
To the east, starting in the small fishing village of Callelongue on the outskirts of Marseille and stretching as far as Cassis, are the Calanques, a rugged coastal area interspersed with small fjord-like inlets. Farther east still are the city of Toulon and the French Riviera. To the north of Marseille, beyond the low Garlaban and Etoile mountain ranges, is the 1,011 m Mont Sainte Victoire. To the west of Marseille is the former artists' colony of l'Estaque; the airport lies to the north west of the city at Marignane on the Étang de Berre. The city's main thoroughfare stretches eastward from the Old Port to the Réformés quarter. Two large forts flank the entrance to the Old Port—Fort Saint-Nicolas on the south side and Fort Saint-Jean on the north. Farther out in the Bay of Marseille is the Frioul archipelago which comprises four islands, one of which, If, is the location of Château d'If, made famous by the Dumas novel The Count of Monte Cristo; the main commercial centre of the city intersects with the Canebière at Rue St Ferréol and the Centre Bourse.
The centre of Marseille has several pedestrianised zones, most notably Rue St Ferréol, Cours Julien near the Music Conservatory, the Cours Honoré-d'Estienne-d'Orves off the Old Port and the area around the Hôtel de Ville. To the south east of central Marseille in the 6th arrondissement are the Prefecture and the monumental fountain of Place Castellane, an important bus and metro interchange. To the south west are the hills of the 7th and 8th arrondissements, dominated by the basilica of Notre-Dame de la Garde. Marseille's main railway station—Gare de Marseille Saint-Charles—is north of the Centre Bourse in the 1st arrondissement; the city has a hot-summer mediterranean climate with mild, humid winters and warm to hot dry summers. December and February are the coldest months, averaging temperatures of around 12 °C during the day and 4 °C at night. July and August are the hottest months, averaging temperatures of around 28–30 °C during the day and 19 °C at night in the Marignane airport but in the city near the sea the average high temperature is 27 °C in July.
Marseille is the sunniest major city in France with over 2,900 hours of sunshine while the average sunshine in country. It is the driest major city with only 512 mm of precipitation annually thanks to the Mistral, a cold, dry wind originating in the Rhône Valley that occurs in winter and spring and which brings clear skies and sunny weather to the region. Less frequent is the Sirocco, a hot, sand-bearing wind, coming from the Sahara Desert. Snowfalls are infrequent; the hottest temperature was 40.6 °C on 26 July 1983 during a great heat wave, the lowest temperature was −14.3 °C on 13 February 1929 during a strong cold wave. Marseille was founded circa 600 BC as the Greek colony of Massalia and populated by settlers from Phocaea, it became the preeminent Greek polis in the Hellenized region of southern Gaul. The city-state sided with the Roman Republic against Carthage during the Second Punic War, retaining its independence and commercial empire throughout the western Mediterranean as Rome expanded into Western Europe and North Africa.
However, the city lost its independence following the Roman Siege of Massilia in 49 BC, during Caesar's Civil War, in which Massalia sided with the exiled faction at war with Julius Caesar. Marseille continued to prosper as a Roman city, becoming an early center of Christianity during the Western Roman Empire; the city maintained its position as a premier maritime trading hub after its capture by the Visigoths in the 5th century AD, although the city went into decline following the sack of 739 AD by the forces of Charles Martel. It became part of the County of Provence during the 10th century, although its renewed prosperity was curtailed by the Black Death of the 14th century and sack of the city by the Crown of Aragon in 1423; the city's fortunes rebounded with the ambitious building projects of René of Anjou, Count of Proven
Anaïs Delva is a French singer and actress. She is known for portraying the role of Lucy Westenra in the French stage musical Dracula, l'amour plus fort que la mort and for providing Disney's character Elsa, from the animated movie Frozen, in the French version for the singing and spoken parts as well as in the Canadian French version for the singing parts only. Roméo et Juliette, les enfants de Vérone Cendrillon, le spectacle musical Dracula, l'amour plus fort que la mort Robin des Bois: la légende… ou presque! Salut les copains Spamalot Kid Manoir Hansel et Gretel Enooormes 2015 - Anaïs Delva et les princesses Disney 2013 - Toi 2014 - Le Petit Sourire 2016 - Libérée, Délivrée 2018 - Partons 2016 - The Lunatic Bee
Indochine is a French pop rock and new wave band formed in Paris in 1981. It became successful in the Francophonie and Latin America in the 1980s, with songs like "L'Aventurier" and "Canary Bay". Following the release of several critically acclaimed, but commercially unsuccessful, albums in the 1990s, the group returned to stardom with the release of Paradize in 2002; the band has sold over 10 million albums and singles, making them one of the best selling French bands. Indochine was formed in 1981 by two Frenchmen in their early twenties, Nicola Sirkis and Dominique Nicolas, in Paris, they soon added the cousin of one of Nicola's friends. They gave their first concert at Le Rose Bonbon, a café in Paris on 29 September 1981; this brief performance on stage earned them their first contract with a record company. They recorded their first single in November 1981, it included two songs, "Dizzidence Politik" and "Françoise", but drew more attention from critics than from the mainstream media and only reached a limited audience.
Stéphane Sirkis, Nicola's twin brother who had performed with the band on stage joined the band, in April 1982 the group recorded their first album, L'Aventurier, which sold more than 250,000 copies. The album was well received by an emerging new wave audience. L'aventurier is the song of the summer 1982 in France. In 1983, Indochine released a second album entitled Le Péril Jaune. Indochine had by this stage become a major act in French music. In 1984, the band toured France, they were successful in Scandinavia, most notably in Sweden. By 1985, they had achieved a large following, reflected by the success of such songs as "Troisième sexe", "Canary Bay", "Trois nuits par semaine", their third album, 3, sold 750,000 copies in Europe. Serge Gainsbourg directed the video to "Tes yeux noirs", one of the group's most successful songs. Indochine becomes the largest "new wave" band in France. In 1986, to celebrate the fifth anniversary of the band, Indochine decided to release the recording of the concert given at the Zénith in Paris.
Their fourth album, 7000 Danses, produced by Joe Glasman, was released in 1987. It sold about 320,000 copies making it a successful album though far less so than its predecessor, 3; this is due to the band's efforts to produce a less mainstream, commercial album. 7000 Danses was released amidst a polemic stemming from rock critics claiming that Indochine were a mere copy of British band The Cure. In spite of the polemic, the public continued to support the group. In March 1988, Indochine began their world tour going to Montreal and Lima, Peru. In Lima, Peru sold 300,000 copies of the 33 tours Live au Zénith in early 1987, this is the only country in Latin America where the band was successful; the single "l'aventurier" won the French awards "bus d'acier 1983". Drained after many months touring, the band took a break, their fifth studio album, Le Baiser was released in early 1990. Fans were shocked to discover that Dimitri Bodianski was no longer part of the group, having decided to leave the band in January 1989.
His departure can be attributed to a number of reasons. First of all, Indochine's sound had evolved over the years and Bodianski found he had less and less to do as a saxophonist, he was feeling pressure at home having become a father. All this contributed to the rest of the band. Bodianski remains a much loved member of the original Indochine line-up and since his departure has guest starred with the band on stage. 1991 marked Indochine's tenth anniversary. To celebrate the occasion, Le Birthday Album was released, it was a best of compilation, including one new track, "La Guerre Est Finie", released as a single. The album's success was rekindled interest in the group. However, the single's title proved unfortunate in light of the fact that the Persian Gulf War had just started at the time. For this reason, many radio stations opted not to play the track. Un jour dans notre vie, their sixth studio album, was released in 1993, it proved unsuccessful, both critically. "Un jour dans notre vie" wins French awards " video clip fantastique Gerardmer 1994" On 27 February 1999, Stéphane Sirkis, guitarist and Nicola's twin brother, died at the age of 39 of hepatitis.
He had requested. On October 2000, the band started a successful acoustic tour named Nuits Intimes; the album is released in January 2001. 2001 begins. Nicola and Oli de Sat compose most of the album Paradize. Year Scott, Camille Laurens, Mickey 3D, Gerard Manset, Jean-Louis Murat and Melissa Auf Der Maur collaborated on the album. In 2002, they enjoyed renewed success with the Paradize album which sold 1,000,000 copies, including the chart topper J'ai demandé à la lune; this album has marked a change in aesthetics and genre, moving towards a darker tone and more introspective lyrics, influenced by popular acts such as Nine Inch Nails and Marilyn Manson. In 2003, the band received the MTV Europe Music Awards for: "Best French Act”, the NRJ Music Awards for: "Album of the year" and La Victoires de la Musique for: "Best pop album of the year" In December 2005, Indochine returned with Alice & June, featuring a collaboration with Placebo frontman Brian Molko. On 6 and 7 June 2006, the group had a concert in Hanoi Opera House to celebrate their 25th anniversary.
In December 2007, Indochine released a triple live DVD and double CD album entitled Alice & June Tour. The album featured the full concert recorded in Lille, Fr
Marc Lucien Lavoine is a French singer and actor. In 1985, his hit single "Elle a les yeux revolver..." reached number four on the French Singles chart and marked the beginning of his successful singing career. He stars in the television series Crossing Lines as Louis Daniel, head of an International Criminal Court police team that investigates crimes that'cross' European borders. Marc Lavoine is a French singer born near Paris, he remains popular. He released his first album, Le Parking des Anges, in 1985 with his song "Elle a les yeux revolver..." as a favorite among teens. In 1987, Lavoine released his second album Fabriqué, his single, "Qu'est-ce que t'es belle", was a duet with Les Rita Mitsouko leader Catherine Ringer. His third album Les Amours Du Dimanche was released in 1989. In 1992, the singles "Paris" the title track of his fourth album, "L'Amour de trente secondes" gained success. In 1993, Lavoine released his fifth album Faux Rêveur. Lavoine's sixth album Lavoine-Matic, released in 1996, included the single "C'est ça la France", a song of tolerance and was awarded Best Video from the Victoire de la Musique.
In 1999, his seventh album Septième Ciel was released, with the first single as "Les Tournesols" Lavoine's eighth album, which did not have a title, was released in 2001. Like former albums, this featured duets with female singers, including Italian singer and actress Cristina Marocco, singer Françoise Hardy and actress Claire Keim. In 2003, he released the single "Dis-moi que l'amour" and a live album entitled Olympia Deux Mille Trois. Lavoine's ninth album L'Heure d'été, included singles "Je me sens si seul", "Toi mon amour" and "J'espère", a duet with Belgian singer of Vietnamese descent Quynh Anh, he wrote the song "Bonjour Vietnam" as a gift for Quynh Anh. On 26 May 1995 he married Princess Sarah Poniatowski. Marc Lavoine has a son, from his previous marriage to ex-Vogue model Denise Pascale, he now has put out numerous albums along with several movies. Lavoine is a member of the Les Enfoirés charity ensemble since 1996, he has no other known charitable interests. 1985: Marc Lavoine 1987: Fabriqué 1989: Les Amours du dimanche 1991: Paris 1993: Faux rêveur 1996: Lavoine Matic 1999: 7e ciel 2001: Marc Lavoine 2005: L'Heure d'été 2009: Volume 10 2012: Je descends du singe 2018: Je reviens à toi Live Olympia Deuxmilletrois 85-95 C'est ça Lavoine: L'essentiel 1984–1999 Les Duos de Marc Les Solos de Marc La Collection de Marc 1984: Frankenstein 90 1994: L'Enfer 1995: Fiesta 1996: Les Menteurs 1998: Cantique de la racaille 1999: Le double de ma moitié 2001: Déception 2001: My Wife Is an Actress 2002: Blanche 2003: Le coeur des hommes 2002: The Good Thief 2003: Les clefs de bagnole 2006: Toute la beauté du monde 2006: Arthur and the Minimoys 2007: Le cœur des hommes 2 2007: Si c'était lui... 2009: Korkoro 2013: Crossing Lines 2014: Papa was not a rolling stone Biography of Marc Lavoine, from Radio France Internationale Marc Lavoine on IMDb
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti