San Antonio the City of San Antonio, is the seventh-most populous city in the United States, the second-most populous city in both Texas and the Southern United States, with more than 1.5 million residents. Founded as a Spanish mission and colonial outpost in 1718, the city became the first chartered civil settlement in present-day Texas in 1731; the area was still part of the Spanish Empire, of the Mexican Republic. Today it is the state's oldest municipality; the city's deep history is contrasted with its rapid recent growth during the past few decades. It was the fastest-growing of the top ten largest cities in the United States from 2000 to 2010, the second from 1990 to 2000. Straddling the regional divide between South and Central Texas, San Antonio anchors the southwestern corner of an urban megaregion colloquially known as the "Texas Triangle". San Antonio serves as the seat of Bexar County. Since San Antonio was founded during the Spanish Colonial Era, it has a church in its center, on the main civic plaza in front, a characteristic of many Spanish-founded cities and villages in Spain and Latin America.
As with many other urban centers in the Southwestern United States, areas outside the city limits are sparsely populated. San Antonio is the center of the San Antonio–New Braunfels metropolitan statistical area. Called Greater San Antonio, the metro area has a population of 2,473,974 based on the 2017 U. S. census estimate, making it the 24th-largest metropolitan area in the United States and third-largest in Texas. Growth along the Interstate 35 and Interstate 10 corridors to the north and east make it that the metropolitan area will continue to expand. San Antonio was named by a 1691 Spanish expedition for Saint Anthony of Padua, whose feast day is June 13; the city contains five 18th-century Spanish frontier missions, including The Alamo and San Antonio Missions National Historical Park, which together were designated UNESCO World Heritage sites in 2015. Other notable attractions include the River Walk, the Tower of the Americas, SeaWorld, the Alamo Bowl, Marriage Island. Commercial entertainment includes Morgan's Wonderland amusement parks.
According to the San Antonio Convention and Visitors Bureau, the city is visited by about 32 million tourists a year. It is home to the five-time NBA champion San Antonio Spurs, hosts the annual San Antonio Stock Show & Rodeo, one of the largest such events in the U. S; the U. S. Armed Forces have numerous facilities around San Antonio. Lackland Air Force Base, Randolph Air Force Base, Lackland AFB/Kelly Field Annex, Camp Bullis, Camp Stanley are outside the city limits. Kelly Air Force Base operated out of San Antonio until 2001, when the airfield was transferred to Lackland AFB; the remaining parts of the base were developed as Port San Antonio, an industrial/business park and aerospace complex. San Antonio is home to six Fortune 500 companies and the South Texas Medical Center, the only medical research and care provider in the South Texas region. At the time of European encounter, Payaya Indians lived near the San Antonio River Valley in the San Pedro Springs area, they called the vicinity Yanaguana, meaning "refreshing waters".
In 1691, a group of Spanish explorers and missionaries came upon the river and Payaya settlement on June 13, the feast day of St. Anthony of Padua, they named the river "San Antonio" in his honor. It was years. Father Antonio de Olivares visited the site in 1709, he was determined to found a mission and civilian settlement there; the viceroy gave formal approval for a combined mission and presidio in late 1716, as he wanted to forestall any French expansion into the area from their colony of La Louisiane to the east, as well as prevent illegal trading with the Payaya. He directed the governor of Coahuila y Tejas, to establish the mission complex. Differences between Alarcón and Olivares resulted in delays, construction did not start until 1718. Olivares built, with the help of the Payaya Indians, the Misión de San Antonio de Valero, the Presidio San Antonio de Bexar, the bridge that connected both, the Acequia Madre de Valero; the families who clustered around the presidio and mission were the start of Villa de Béjar, destined to become the most important town in Spanish Texas.
On May 1, the governor transferred ownership of the Mission San Antonio de Valero to Fray Antonio de Olivares. On May 5, 1718 he commissioned the Presidio San Antonio de Béxar on the west side of the San Antonio River, one-fourth league from the mission. On February 14, 1719, the Marquis of San Miguel de Aguayo proposed to the king of Spain that 400 families be transported from the Canary Islands, Galicia, or Havana to populate the province of Texas, his plan was approved, notice was given the Canary Islanders to furnish 200 families. By June 1730, 25 families had reached Cuba, 10 families had been sent to Veracruz before orders from Spain came to stop the re-settlement. Under the leadership of Juan Leal Goraz, the group marched overland from Veracruz to the Presidio San Antonio de Béxar, where they arrived on March 9, 1731. Due to marriages along the way, the party now included a total of 56 persons, they joined the military community established in 1718. The immigrants f
A Floorless Coaster is a type of steel roller coaster manufactured by Bolliger & Mabillard where riders sit with no floor underneath them allowing their feet to swing just above the track. Development of the Floorless Coaster began between 1995 and 1996 with Medusa at Six Flags Great Adventure opening on April 2, 1999, making it the world's first Floorless Coaster. Floorless Coasters tend to have 3 to 7 inversions incorporated in the layout of the coaster. Bolliger & Mabillard have used floorless trains on their Dive Coasters, such as Griffon and SheiKra. Though they contain floorless trains, the coasters are still not considered Floorless Coasters as B&M classifies them as another model. Maurer Söhne have designed their own version of the Floorless Coaster, a variant of their X-Car called X-Car Floorless, but do not have any installations. According to Walter Bolliger, development of the Floorless Coaster began between 1995 and 1996. In 1999, the world's first Floorless Coaster opened at Six Flags Great Adventure as Medusa.
In 2009, the coaster was renamed Bizarro and re-themed. After the success of Bolliger & Mabillard's prototype Floorless Coaster, SeaWorld, Cedar Fair, Six Flags, independent parks, Janfusun Fancyworld, Parque Warner Madrid, Tivoli Gardens, Ocean Park Hong Kong have built other coasters of this model at their parks. There are 14 Floorless Coasters in operation with Dominator being the only one relocated to another park; the design of a Floorless Coaster has one main difference from traditional steel roller coasters around the world: it has no floors between the seats. While a train is in the station, a floor is used only for unloading purposes; because the front row has nothing in front of it to stop riders from walking over the edge of the station, a gate is placed in front of the train to prevent this from happening. Once all the over-the-shoulder restraints are locked, the floor separates into several pieces and moves underneath the station; the gate opens, allowing the train to move forward.
When the train returns to the station, the floor is brought back up and the gate is closed as the next riders board the roller coaster. Aside from the station, a Floorless Coaster has several inversions similar to B&M's Sitting Coasters. Bolliger & Mabillard has built thirteen Floorless Coasters with three additional roller coasters converted from stand-up roller coasters; the roller coasters are listed in order of opening dates. Note: Although some Dive Coasters feature floorless trains, they are not considered Floorless Coasters. Maurer Söhne, a German roller coaster and steel manufacturer, has developed their own version of the Floorless Coaster called the X-Car Floorless; the car is the same as the original X-Car with the only difference being that there is no floor during the ride. As of 2012, no X-Car Floorless roller coasters have been manufactured. Dive Coaster, a type of roller coaster designed by Bolliger & Mabillard, that feature floorless trains on some models. Bolliger & Mabillard's Floorless Coaster
Six Flags Magic Mountain
Six Flags Magic Mountain is a 262-acre theme park located in the Santa Clarita, neighborhood of Valencia, 35 miles northwest of downtown Los Angeles. It opened on May 1971, as Magic Mountain, a development of the Newhall Land and Farming Company. In 1979, Six Flags added the name "Six Flags" to the park's title. With 19 roller coasters, Six Flags Magic Mountain holds the world record for most roller coasters in an amusement park. In 2017, the park had an estimated 3.3 million visitors, ranking it sixteenth in attendance in North America. When the park opened, there were 500 employees and 33 attractions, many of which were designed and built by Arrow Development Co. which designed and built many of the original attractions at Disneyland. The admission price in 1971 was $5 for adults, $3.50 for children between the ages of 3 and 12. Because the park was in a remote part of Los Angeles County, the Greyhound bus line provided bus service to and from the park and Los Angeles, as well as from Northern California, optionally allowed purchase of park admission at the time the bus ticket was purchased.
At its 1971 opening, the rides and attractions included a steel coaster. There were four transportation rides to the peak: Funicular, a cable railway or funicular renamed Orient Express; the Showcase Theater, was part of the original park and featured Barbra Streisand as the first of many headline performers who would appear at Magic Mountain over the years. In the 1971 season, Magic Mountain obtained permission from Warner Bros. to use Looney Tunes characters. However, they did not continue using the characters after their first year. In 1972, they began using trolls as the park mascots; the trolls King Blop known as King Troll, Bleep and the Wizard became recognizable symbols of Magic Mountain. All King Productions, a contractor, provided the entertainers wearing the costumes until December 31, 1972, when Magic Mountain took on that role; the characters were used until 1985. In 1972, a second flume ride named Jet Stream was added. In 1973 the park added its second roller coaster, the Mountain Express, a compact Schwarzkopf Wildcat model steel coaster.
In 1974 the park installed a new complex of spinning rides in what would be known as Back Street. The new additions consisted of the Himalaya, Electric Rainbow, Tumble Drum. In 1975, the Grand Centennial Railway opened in the Back Street, it took riders on a train journey to back. With the opening of Great American Revolution in 1976, Magic Mountain became the first park in the world to have a modern, 360-degree steel looping coaster; when it was built, there was little in the way of surrounding brush. Now, the tracks are surrounded by trees and bushes, which prevents the riders from knowing the track layout beforehand. Universal filmed a major movie at Magic Mountain with the Revolution as its centerpiece called Rollercoaster in 1977. In 1978, Colossus, at the time the fastest, largest dual-tracked wooden coaster, opened. Following its first season, it was extensively redone; when it reopened, it was a much smoother ride. In 1991, the camel hump before the last, or third, turn was replaced by a block brake.
Though it decreased the speed of the ride after this particular brake, it did allow three trains to run per side at a time increasing capacity. One of the trains sometimes ran backwards for a few years in the mid-80s. However, until the late 1990s this kind of ride was no longer possible due to the newer ride system in place, as well as different trains. During Fright Fest, the park runs one side backwards using a set of trains acquired from the now demolished Psyclone, located on the other side of the park. In 2015, the coaster was re-tracked with steel tracking and several inversions were added to the coaster, it was subsequently rebranded "Twisted Colossus". This renovation was completed by Rocky Mountain Construction. In 1979 the park was sold to Six Flags and became known as Six Flags Magic Mountain in 1980. In 1981, Six Flags Magic Mountain introduced a ride, on the west coast for the first time called Roaring Rapids, it was developed by Intamin in conjunction with the now defunct Six Flags Astroworld, which had opened a similar ride in 1979.
Along with Rapids came the completion of the midway near Spillikin Corners to link with Revolution's area. A complete circuit could be made around the park, it was designed as a dual-sided station, but only one was developed, all that exists of the possible second side is a few supports. It uses large pumps to circulate water, each of the two pumps can circulate 88,500 gallons per minute; the reservoir can hold 1.5 million gallons of water, one of the innovations used on it was the introduction of guide boards to help eliminate jam ups. In 1982 the attraction Freefall was added. Built by Intamin, it was considered a cutting edge drop tower ride, if not a "roller coaster." It ascends the tower and drops down, with the track curving to horizontal, leaving riders on their backs. Others were built for other parks. Today, most of these rides
Six Flags Great Adventure
Six Flags Great Adventure is an amusement park located in Jackson, New Jersey, owned by Six Flags Entertainment Corp. Situated between New York City and Philadelphia, the park complex contains the Hurricane Harbor water park; the park opened in 1974 under restaurateur Warner LeRoy. Six Flags took over ownership of the park in 1977. Today, the park contains eleven themed areas. On August 30, 2012, Six Flags combined its 125-acre Great Adventure Park with its 350-acre Wild Safari animal park to form the 475-acre Six Flags Great Adventure & Safari park, making it the second-largest theme park in the world, after Disney's Animal Kingdom. In 1972, entrepreneurial businessman Warner LeRoy developed concept plans for the Great Adventure entertainment complex, proposing seven parks be built within the complex: An amusement park, a safari park, a show park, a floral park, a sports complex, a shopping district, a campground with beach/waterpark and stables, his proposal included plans for hotels, which were connected to the parks and could be reached by boats, buses, a sky ride and/or a monorail.
LeRoy wanted his parks to flow through the forest and lakes, capitalizing on the back-to-nature movement of the era. He chose a property owned by the Switlik family, in an area centrally located between the New York City and Philadelphia regions; the property on CR 537 had easy access to the newly constructed Interstate 195, which connected central New Jersey to the New Jersey Turnpike and would connect to the Garden State Parkway. LeRoy collaborated with Hardwicke Industries, who built safari parks in Canada and Europe. Together, they set out to open the seven parks in stages over a 5-year period. After a 4,500 invitation-only guest opening on June 30, 1974, the Great Adventure entertainment complex opened to the general public on July 1, 1974, at a price tag of $10 million. At the time of the opening, only the Enchanted Forest and Safari parks were operational, with elements from five of the other planned parks being used to create the Enchanted Forest; the Enchanted Forest was built to look bigger-than-life.
A Big Balloon was a tethered hot-air balloon that loomed over the park's entrance and was the biggest of its kind in the world. The Log Flume was the longest log ride constructed in the world at that time and it was accompanied by a giant "Conestoga Wagon", an over-sized log cabin restaurant called "Best of the West" and a huge Western Fortress, in the park's Rootin' Tootin' Rip Roarin' section; the Giant Wheel the tallest Ferris wheel in the world, the Freedom Fountain the largest spraying fountain in the world, were located on the opposite end of the park. One of the few smaller-than-real life attractions was an outdoor walk-through attraction called the Garden of Marvels, it used working G-scale LGB trains and boats amongst models of American landmarks and 1/25-scale recreations of European castles. This miniature village was an idea taken from LeRoy's proposed Over the Rainbow floral park. A tree filled with snakes, a carousel, antique cars, koi pond, children's playground, petting zoo and a restaurant named Gingerbread Fancy were borrowed from the floral park concept to create a section of The Enchanted Forest.
This section created the park's main midway named Dream Street. Shoppe Lane was named after a proposed "shopping extravaganza" park, which LeRoy had designed for the property, it lent huge fountain, street performers and shops to the Enchanted Forest. Fairy Tales was the name of a shop that opened with the park in one of the park's over-sized bazaar tents, it sold stuffed toys, including Superman. Other influences from LeRoy's proposal would surface in the years to come. Neptune's Kingdom was a concept for a aquatic show park. From its design came Aqua Spectacle, the home for dolphin performances and high dive shows. Today, the stadium is now known as Fort Independence. Neptune's Kingdom was designed to run the length from Runaway Train to Northern Star Arena, but most of its influences appear in the park's Lakefront area. Rootin' Tootin' Ready for shootin' opened with Runaway Mine Train on the grand opening on Independence Day. A small compact coaster named Big Fury opened in the season; the Sky Ride connected two ends of the park with stations in Rootin' Tootin' Ready for shootin and Dream Street.
The double sky ride ran at the 1964–'65 New York World's Fair. The Great Train Ride was a small train ride that brought guests through a loop of the woods, rather than to a destination of another gate. A small handful of spin rides were located in the Strawberry Fair section and were as close to any thematic journey as the guests were going to take; the Fantasy Fling is older than the park and is the only survivor of these spin rides in 2008. The Fun Fair area debuted in 1975 with several new spinning rides, a smaller Ferris wheel, a Schwarzkopf Jumbo Jet roller coaster; the coaster never was removed at the end of the season. A second flume called, it was built on the opposite end of the park and the station turntable is used for the stage of the Wiggles show today. The Fortune Festival was a new game section, located where the Boardwalk section exists today. LeRoy's original vision for the amusement park featured many dark rides. Although "Man and Space", "The Keystone Cops" and " Down the Wishing Well" never came to be, the Haunted Castle Across the Moat, added a few years took i
Samsung Gear VR
The Samsung Gear VR is a virtual reality head-mounted display mount developed by Samsung Electronics, in collaboration with Oculus VR, manufactured by Samsung. The headset was released on November 27, 2015; when in use, a compatible Samsung Galaxy device acts as the headset's display and processor, while the Gear VR unit itself acts as the controller, which contains the field of view, as well as a custom inertial measurement unit, or IMU, for rotational tracking, which connects to the smartphone via USB-C or micro-USB. The Gear VR headset includes a touchpad and back button on the side, as well as a proximity sensor to detect when the headset is on; the Gear VR was first announced on September 3, 2014. To allow developers to create content for the Gear VR and to allow VR and technology enthusiasts to get early access to the technology, Samsung had released two innovator editions of the Gear VR before the consumer version; the Samsung Gear VR is designed to work with Samsung’s flagship smartphones.
Supported are Galaxy S6, Galaxy S6 Edge, Galaxy S6 Edge+, Samsung Galaxy Note 5, Galaxy S7, Galaxy S7 Edge, Galaxy S8, Galaxy S8+, Samsung Galaxy Note Fan Edition, Samsung Galaxy Note 8, Samsung Galaxy A8/A8+ and Samsung Galaxy S9/Galaxy S9+. The device can be calibrated using the wheel at the top of the headset. A trackpad is located on the right of the device and back button is located just above it. Volume can be adjusted through the volume rockers found on the right hand side; some of the major goals Samsung set for this project regarding hardware were: that their headset could support MTP latency less than 20 ms. The lenses field of view are 96° for the first three models and 101° for the R323. Oculus Home is the main facility to download and use content on the Samsung Gear VR. Oculus Home is the main line for software distribution on the Gear VR; the primary appeal of the Gear VR is for mobile virtual-reality based gaming and simulations, recent interest is growing in the effective use of this device in science and medical education.
Although the Samsung Gear VR consumer edition was released in November 2015, Samsung had obtained a patent on a HMD in January 2005. This was one of the first ideas of using a mobile phone as the display for a HMD. However, mobile phone technology at the time the patent was submitted limited the degree of quality and performance possible. Samsung continued to research HMD internally. With the release of the Galaxy S4 in 2013, Samsung formed an official team dedicated to developing a virtual reality based device that would work with a smartphone. While this team developed multiple different prototypes, the performance and display were not yet up to standards. In 2014 Samsung partnered with Oculus to help with the development; the Samsung Gear VR was unveiled during the Samsung press conference at IFA Berlin on September 3, 2014. The first edition of Samsung's Gear VR, the SM-R320, was released in December 2014; this version was only compatible with the Galaxy Note 4. This edition was released for developers so they could get an understanding of how the device worked and so they could create content which would be ready for the official release of the consumer version of the device.
It gave the chance for VR/technology enthusiasts to gain early access to the technology. The second edition of Samsung’s Gear VR, the SM-R321, was released in March 2015; this device supports the Galaxy S6 Edge. A micro USB port is added, to provide additional power to the docked device, as well as a small fan inside to prevent the lens fogging; the next edition, SM-R322, was referred to as the Samsung Gear VR. It was released on November 20, 2015. Pre-orders for the device went live on Amazon and Samsung on November 10, 2015 and the device was sold out on the day of release; this edition has again a few minor changes compared to the previous iterations. First of all this edition supports six Samsung Galaxy devices so far: the S6, S6 edge, S6 edge+, Note 5, S7, S7 edge, it is 19% lighter than the previous Innovator Edition, it has improved ergonomics and a redesigned touchpad for easier navigation. The SM-R323 model was released alongside the Samsung Galaxy Note 7, features minor changes, including an improved field of view, increased cushioning, a flat trackpad, changes to the cover and body of the device to reduce glare.
The model utilizes USB-C connector instead of USB Micro-B so that it could be connected to the Note 7. The port is capable of data transfer. Adapters are provided for use with older devices using micro USB connectors. On October 11, 2016, in observance of a recall and discontinuation of the smartphone, the Gear VR was made incompatible with the Galaxy Note 7 for safety reasons. An updated model, SM-R324, with support for the larger Galaxy S8 was unveiled on 29 March 2017, for release alongside the phone on 21 April 2017. Samsung unveiled a handheld Gear VR Controller accessory, bundled with the updated model, will be available as a standalone accessory for existing devices, it remains compatible with existing supported devices. An updated model, SM-R325, with support for the larger Note 8 was unveiled on 15 September 2017, for release alongside the phone. Samsung unveiled a handheld Gear VR Controller accessory, bundled with the updated model, will be available as a standalone accessory for existing devices.
It remains compatible
Superman The Ride
Superman The Ride is a steel roller coaster located at Six Flags New England in Agawam, Massachusetts. Built by Swiss manufacturer Intamin in 2000, it features a 208-foot lift hill, a 221-foot drop, 5,400 feet of track; the park announced plans to change the name from Bizarro to Superman The Ride for the 2016 season, as well as adding a virtual reality feature to the ride, starting June 11. Superman The Ride has been voted the number one steel roller coaster in the world in Amusement Today's Golden Ticket Awards five times since 2003 and had not been ranked lower than #2 in that same poll until it was ranked at #3 in 2016, it has swapped with Millennium Force at Cedar Point for the top position five times in the last eleven years, with Fury 325 displacing both in 2016. Since its debut, the roller coaster has undergone several safety modifications as the result of two serious incidents. Prior to the 2000 season, Six Flags New England was known as Riverside Park. Six Flags added their own DC Comics theming.
The site that Superman The Ride operates on is the former site of the Riverside Park Speedway. The Speedway was demolished after the 1999 season to make room for a new themed area, DC Superhero Adventure; as part of the $40 million expansion, the park built Superman: Ride of Steel. Six Flags worked with Intamin, to build and design the ride a year earlier; the final track piece of Superman was installed on March 2000, about 40 days before opening day. The ride opened on May 5, 2000 as the tallest and longest roller coaster on the East Coast of the United States; the entrance and station were themed to Superman with Superman logos and a picture of him located above the entrance. The second tunnel had a mist effect. Superman: Ride of Steel was re-themed as Bizarro at the start of the 2009 season. Six Flags had to work with the Zoning Board of Appeals to file a permit for the new effects because the ride sits on the Connecticut River floodplain. Although no changes were made to the track layout, a new theme highlighting Superman's evil clone, was added.
The track was repainted purple with dark blue supports, multiple special effects were added. The two trains were repainted purple with new on-board audio. Six Flags introduced an "alternate reality game" to market the newly themed ride. Bizarro opened on May 2009, at the start of Memorial Day weekend. Since the transformation, some of the effects have been removed; the fire effects were moved to the New Texas Giant at Six Flags Over Texas. On September 3, 2015, it was announced that Bizarro's theme would be restored to Superman The Ride for the 2016 season. On March 3, 2016, Six Flags announced that the ride would be one of several rides at various Six Flags parks to feature a VR system. Riders have the option of wearing a Samsung Gear VR headset, powered by Oculus to create a 360-degree, 3D experience while riding, it is themed to Superman saving a city from Lex Luthor's Lex Bots who are causing chaos with an anti-gravity ray. This theming came to the Superman: Krypton Coaster at Six Flags Fiesta Texas and Superman - Ride of Steel at Six Flags America.
Starting from July 25, 2016, the Virtual Reality experience was offered from 1 p.m. to one hour prior to park close each day. It was announced on February 18, 2017 at ACE New England's Great Nor'Easter event that VR would be removed for the 2017 season. After departing from the station, the train climbs the 208-foot -tall chain lift hill. To the left of the lift hill is the Connecticut River, parallel to much of the coaster. After reaching the top, the train drops 221 feet into a fogged headchopper tunnel; the ride reaches its top speed of 77 miles per hour. After the train exits the tunnel, it climbs a second hill at 113 feet before dropping down into a 120 degree overbanked turn to the right. Riders ride through cutouts of buildings and climb the third and fourth major hills; the third hill is. After the fourth hill, the train drops through Bizarro's S shields. Riders crest, it jumps over a bunny hill into a counter-clockwise helix. The train makes a right turn drop into a fogged tunnel followed by three bunny hills before banking right into the station.
The roller coaster features two fiberglass trains with stadium-style seating. Each train has nine cars with two rows of paired seats per car; when the ride was re-themed in 2009, onboard audio was added to the trains. On each one, the two rear seats of the fifth car have speakers mounted in the headrests of the seats that play a soundtrack; this reduced the capacity of the trains from 36 to 34. Upon reopening following the change, a recording of various film quotes played while the train was in motion, ending with a loop of Bizarro and several other people chanting his name; the audio track was switched to a compilation of clips from different rock songs, although the ending portion of the audio loop was kept due to popular demand. While on the final brake run waiting to return to the loading station, riders hear Bizarro chanting his name and "Bizarro #1"; the new trains paint scheme was changed from red to purple. Each seat had an individual hydraulic T-shaped lap bar restraints, but after several safety modifications, the restraints now consist of two metal bars on each side.
The steel track is 5,400 feet in length and the height of the lift is 208 feet. The t
Bizarro (roller coaster)
Bizarro is a steel floorless roller coaster built by Bolliger & Mabillard at Six Flags Great Adventure in Jackson Township, New Jersey, United States. The ride debuted as Medusa on April 1999 as the world's first floorless roller coaster; the ride was reopened in 2009 as Bizarro. Medusa was part of a $42 million expansion at Six Flags Great Adventure for the 1999 season, it was one of three roller coasters introduced in the expansion. The ride opened on April 2, 1999 as the first Floorless Coaster in the world. On October 23, 2008, Six Flags announced that Medusa would be re-designed for the 2009 operating season. On April 1, 2009, Six Flags announced the details of Bizarro. Although no changes were made to the track layout, a new theme highlighting Superman's evil clone, was added; the track was repainted blue with dark purple supports and multiple special effects were added such as rings in the shape of Bizarro's S shield that the train passes through, flame effects. The three trains received on-board audio.
Six Flags introduced an "alternate reality game" to market the re-themed ride. Bizarro opened on May 2009, at the start of Memorial Day weekend. Once the train is loaded and secured, the floor drops and the front bars that block the train from leaving while loading, open. After leaving the station, the train makes a U-turn to the left and begins to climb the 142-foot tall chain lift hill. Once riders reach the top, they go through a small pre-drop before dropping 132 feet to the left at a 55-degree angle; the train reaches a top speed of 61 miles per hour and passes through several fogged Bizarro's S shields. Riders enter the 114-foot vertical loop followed by a turn to the right into the 96-foot diving loop. Upon exiting the diving loop there is a burst of fire shot out on each side of the track. After the diving loop, the train goes through a Zero G roll; the train goes through the 78-foot cobra roll. Riders enter the mid-course brake run, located next to the lift hill. Similar to the first drop, the train drops to the left and enters a 270-degree helix followed by the two Interlocking corkscrews.
The corkscrews interlock around a mist. Riders go through a small dip enter the final brake run before returning to the station. Once returned, the floors go back up and the bars close back up enabling riders to unload and next ones to load. Following the conclusion of the ride, guests can purchase an on-ride photo, taken between the cobra roll and zero-g roll. Bizarro operates with three steel and fiberglass trains; each train has eight cars. When the ride was re-themed, the middle two seats of the last row were removed on each train to install a computer and power module for the on-board audio; this reduced the capacity of the trains from 32 to 30 riders per train. Each seat on every train has a speaker to the right of the rider. A recording of a montage of movie quotes is played for the duration of the ride. While the train is braked, waiting to enter the station platform, riders hear Bizarro chanting his name and "Bizarro #1". For the 2013 season the on-board audio speakers and the computer module were removed, this returned the train's capacity back to 32.
By the end of the 2013 season, Six Flags proposed that the audio equipment would be given to Six Flags America so that the park's stand-up roller coaster Apocalypse could be fitted with an audio track for the 2014 season. The steel track is 3,985 feet in length and the height of the lift is 142 feet; the first drop is 132 feet. The track is blue and its supports are purple; the track was painted in a lime green. Scream, a floorless roller coaster at Six Flags Magic Mountain, it is a mirror image of Bizarro Medusa, a floorless roller coaster at Six Flags Discovery Kingdom Six Flags Great Adventure Medusa ride page Bizarro at the Roller Coaster DataBase Google Video - Medusa Front Row video