The Opel Corsa is a supermini car engineered and produced by the German automobile manufacturer Opel since 1982. It has been sold under a variety of other brands and spawned various derivatives in different markets, its current fifth generation is built in Germany. However, despite its global presence, it has never been sold in the United States or Canada; the front-wheel drive Opel Corsa was first launched in September 1982. Built in Zaragoza, the first Corsas were three door hatchback and two door saloon models, with four door and five door versions arriving in 1984. In mainland Europe, the saloon versions were known as the "Corsa TR" until May 1985; the saloons did not sell well in most of Europe but were popular in Spain and Portugal, among other markets. While only taking ten per cent of French Corsa sales during the car's first half year, in Spain, the TR represented half of all Corsas sold; the basic trim level was called just the Corsa, followed by the Corsa Luxus, Corsa Berlina and the sporty Corsa SR.
The SR receives a spoiler which surrounds the rear window, alloy wheels, checkered sport seats, a somewhat more powerful 70 PS engine. Six years the Corsa received a facelift, which included a new front fascia and some other minor changes; the models were called LS, GL, GLS and GT. The Corsa A was known in the United Kingdom market as the Vauxhall Nova, where it was launched in April 1983, following a seven month long union dispute due to British workers being angry about the car not being built there. Whilst British built cars were subject to huge import tariffs in Spain prior to its entry into the European Community, it replaced the ageing Chevette, which finished production in January 1984. Nearly 500,000 versions of the Nova were sold in Britain over the next ten years, but by February 2016, only 1,757 were still on the road. In its best year, 1989, it was Britain's seventh best selling car with more than 70,000 sales. Power first came from 1.4 L 75 hp petrol engines. The engines were based on the well proven Family II design, except for the 1.0 L and early 1.2 L engines, which were based on the OHV unit from the Kadett C.
There was an Isuzu built, 50 PS 1.5 L diesel engine available, used in the Isuzu Gemini at around the same time. The diesel joined the line up at the Frankfurt Motor Show, along with the sporty GSi; the engines and most of the mechanical componentry were derived from those used in the Astra/Kadett. A rare "Sport" model was produced in 1985 to homologate for the sub 1,300 cc class of Group A for the British Rally Championship; these sport models were white and came with unique vinyl decals, a 13SB engine with twin Weber 40 DCOE carburettors, an optional bespoke camshaft, a replacement rear silencer, few luxuries. This gave a top speed of 112 mph with a 0 -- 60 mph time of 8.9 seconds. These are by far the rarest models and thus acquire a high market price if one does become available. A 1.6 L multi point fuel-injected engine with 101 PS at 5,600 rpm and capable of 186 km/h was added to the Corsa/Nova at the 1987 Frankfurt Motor Show, giving decent performance and being badged as a GSi. The GSi's engine mapping had been carried out by Opel tuning specialists Irmscher.
A model with the 82 PS 1.4 L multi point fuel injected engine, otherwise mechanically identical to the GSi became available as the Nova SRi in the United Kingdom. In January 1988, a turbocharged version of the Isuzu diesel engine was introduced, with power increased to 67 PS; the design was freshened in September 1990, with new bumpers, headlights and interior, but it was recognisable as a gentle makeover of an early 1980s design, when it had to compete with the latest two all new superminis in Europe – the Peugeot 106 and the Renault Clio. The Corsa A was rebadged as the "Vauxhall Nova" between 1983 to 1993 for the United Kingdom, it replaced the ageing Vauxhall Chevette. All Nova models were manufactured in Spain, with the first customers in the United Kingdom taking delivery of their cars in April 1983, it gave Vauxhall a much needed modern competitor in the supermini market in the United Kingdom, as the Chevette was older than the majority of its main competitors which consisted of the Ford Fiesta and the Austin Metro.
Sales in the United Kingdom were strong right up to the end, but by the time the last Nova was built in the beginning of 1993, it was looking dated in comparison to more modern rivals like the Peugeot 106 and the Renault Clio. Vauxhall dropped the "Nova" name in 1993 when their version of the Opel Corsa B made its debut, models were sold as the "Vauxhall Corsa" instead; this was the second Vauxhall to adopt the same model name as the Opel version, the first being the Senator. A television advert in 1986 featured the Ritchie Valens hit "La Bamba" playing in the background CGI allowed a Nova to drive over vehicles in a busy city. Another advert from 1990 featured a Nova as a pet, CGI allowing it to jump through a traffic jam and play a hotrod whilst stopped at traffic lights; the end featured a homage with the Nova laughing like Muttley. This advert featured Angus Deayton. Famous former owners of the Nova include: former rally driver Colin McRae and actor Sean Bean. In April 1993, the Corsa B was unveiled and in the United Kingdom Vau
The Renault Clio is a supermini car, produced by the French automobile manufacturer Renault. It was launched in 1990, was in its fourth generation in 2012; the Clio has had substantial critical and commercial success, being one of Europe's top-selling cars since its launch, it is credited with restoring Renault's reputation and stature after a difficult second half of the 1980s. The Clio is one of only three cars, the others being the Volkswagen Golf and Opel Astra, to have been voted European Car of the Year twice, in 1991 and 2006; the Clio is sold as the Renault Lutécia in Japan because Honda retains the rights to the name Clio after establishing the Honda Clio sales channel in 1984. Lutecia is derived from the word Lutetia, a former Roman city, now known as Paris; the Renault Lutecia was available through Yanase Co. Ltd. but in 1999 Renault purchased a stake in Japanese automaker Nissan. Following Renault's takeover, distribution rights for the Lutecia were handed over to Nissan locations in 2000.
Renault had replaced its R5 supermini with a redesigned model in 1984, but soon afterwards began working on an all-new supermini to take the company into the 1990s. It was decided that the new car would feature a name designation, rather than the numeric model designations which Renault had traditionally used. Cars like the Fuego coupe had been an exception to this rule, the last "numeric" Renault was the 19, launched in 1988, by the end of 1996 the numeric model designations had disappeared from the Renault range; the Clio was introduced at the Paris Motor Show in June 1990 and sales in France and the rest of the continent began although sales on the right-hand drive Britain did not begin until March 1991. The Clio was the replacement to the hugely successful Renault 5, although this car remained in production until 1996 at a factory in Slovenia, where some versions of the Clio were built; the Clio's suspension and floorpan were the same as the R5, derived from the R9 saloon of 1981 and R11 hatchback of 1983 - not that of the original 1972 Renault 5, despite the R5 visually resembling the original model.
The suspension uses half-width torsion bars with trailing arms at the rear, coil sprung MacPherson struts, attached to a thick pressed steel subframe at the front. The engine range available at launch included 1.2 L and 1.4 L E-type "Energy" petrol inline-four engines and 1.7 L and 1.9 L diesel engines, both based on the F-type unit. The petrol engines had their carburettors replaced with electronic fuel injection systems by the end of 1992, in order to conform to stricter pollutant emission regulations brought in by the EEC. A minor trim facelift occurred after only a year of being on sale. A new "smooth" version of the Renault diamond badge and a new front seat design were the only changes; the altered design did not constitute a new "phase". In March 1994, the phase two model was launched, with small updates to the exterior and interior of the Clio. Most noticeable was the change in the front grille from two metal ribs to a single colour-coded slat; the bump strips were made larger and rounder and had the car's trim level badge incorporated into them.
The badges on the tailgate strip were moved up onto the tailgate itself and the tailgate strip was given a carbon fibre look. The rear light clusters were given a more rounded bubble shape, giving the Clio a more modern look; the clusters, are physically interchangeable with phase ones'. In May 1996, with the arrival of the phase three facelifted Clio, the 1.2 L Energy engine was replaced by the 1,149 cc D7F MPi DiET engine, first used in the Renault Twingo. The cylinder head design on the 1.4 L E-type was slightly altered for the phase three models in a bid for better fuel economy. This resulted in the engines producing less power than their earlier versions; the phase three Clios have a more noticeable update than the phase twos. The phase three has different, more rounded headlights, incorporating the turn signal in the unit with the headlight, the bonnet curves more around the edges of the lights; the tailgate incorporates a third brake light and a new script "Clio" name badge, following the same typeface as contemporary Renaults.
Some mechanical improvements were made, as well as the introduction of side impact bars and airbags, which were now common features on mainstream cars across Europe. Renault released a hot hatch version of the Clio in 1991, it was aesthetically similar, but with the addition of a 110 PS 1.8 L eight-valve engine, side skirts and disc brakes on all wheels. This, with multi-point fuel injection, was badged as the RSi. From 1991 a lighter tuned version of this 1.8 litre engine joined the earlier 1.7 used in the luxurious Baccara version, sold in some continental European markets. In addition to this reasonably powerful engine, the Baccara has a luxurious interior with lots of leather and wood, as well as power windows, etcetera; the Baccara was renamed "Initiale" in 1997, in line with other Renaults, differing from the Baccara in the wheel design. During 1991, a 1.8 L 16-valve engine producing 137 PS capable of propelling the car to 209 km/h was introduced to the Clio engine range, known as the C
The Peugeot 208 is a supermini produced by the French automaker Peugeot, unveiled at the Geneva Motor Show in March 2012. The first 208 models were three door hatchbacks produced in 2011, at the company's new plant in Slovakia. In June 2012, as five door hatchbacks became available, production of the 208 commenced at Peugeot's French plants at Mulhouse and at Poissy; the 208, developed under code name "A9", is built on the PSA PF1 platform and the weight is to be reduced by 173 kg compared with the 207 and still offer more space than the predecessor. The boot offers 285 L of space, 15 L more than the 207, the leg room in the rear seat increases 5 cm; the design was led with Sylvain Henry as exterior designer. The interior design is by Adam Bazydlo, the colour and trim is by Marie Sanou; the car features a tablet computer like screen, panoramic glass roof surrounded by LED lights. The car is aerodynamic with a drag coefficient, Cd, of 0.29. All the petrol engines comply with the Euro 5 norm and the diesel engines have CO2 emissions of 99 g/km or lower.
In addition to the four cylinder petrol engines carried over from the previous model, from September 2012, the 208 has been offered with two new three cylinder units with variable valve timing – the 1.0 VTi and 1.2 VTi. The 1.0 comes with an advertised fuel consumption of 4.3 L/100 km, a CO2 emissions value of 99 g/km. A 1.2 L 3 cylinder is available without. This engine is coupled to a six speed automatic; the 208 GTi is fitted with a 1.6 litre turbo four cylinder in line turbo petrol Prince engine producing 197 bhp at 5,800 rpm and 203 lb⋅ft of torque at 1,700 rpm, is fitted with a six speed manual transmission. This first GTi model has since been replaced by the 208 GTi by PeugeotSport, directly derived from the limited edition'30ème Anniversaire Edition' which put out 208 bhp with revised suspension and an optional two tone paint job, along with a facelift of the original bumpers and other small changes; the GTi's Prince engine is shared with various Citroëns. The range of diesel units starts with the four cylinder 1.4 e HDi unit introduced in 2010 for the 207, which provides 50 kW of power coupled, in the 208, with published fuel economy and emission figures of 3.4 L/100 km and 87 g/km.
The second generation Peugeot 208 was unveiled at the Geneva Motor Show in March 2019, is expected to go on sale across Europe over the summer. Revealed at the Geneva Motor Show was a electric version; the e-208. In April 2013, a 208 T16 was tested by Sébastien Loeb at Mont Ventoux. Loosely based on the shape and design of the production 208, the T16 is a lightweight 875 kg vehicle that uses the rear wing from the Peugeot 908, has a 3.2 litre, twin turbo V6 engine, developing 875 bhp with the aim of competing at the Pikes Peak International Hill Climb. At Pikes Peak on 30 June 2013, Sébastien Loeb used the 208 T16 to break Rhys Millen's record time, set in 2012 on the first paved roads in the history of the competition; the previous record of 9:46.164 was shattered, a new record time of 8:13.878 was set. The car won the hillclimbing race, at the 2014 Goodwood Festival of Speed in June 2014. In 2018 a Peugeot 208 GTi 30th Edition model won the overall award in the inaugural Classic Sports Car Club Turbo Tin Tops Series for forced induction front wheel drive cars.
Team Peugeot-Hansen won the manufacturers title at the FIA World Rallycross Championship in November 2015. Jérôme Grosset-Janin was runner up in the FIA European Rallycross Championship in the same year. Juha Salo won the Finnish Rally Championship in 2015 and 2016. Peugeot announced the 300,000th 208 was produced in February 2013. Official website Peugeot 208 design story Peugeot 208 Official UAE Website
A custom car is a passenger vehicle, either altered to improve its performance by altering or replacing the engine and transmission. A desire among some automotive enthusiasts in the United States is to push "styling and performance a step beyond the showroom floor - to craft an automobile of one's own." A custom car in British according to Collins English Dictionary is built to the buyer's own specifications. Although the two are related, custom cars are distinct from hot rods; the extent of this difference has been the subject of debate among customizers and rodders for decades. Additionally, a street rod can be considered a custom. Custom cars are not to be confused with coachbuilt automobiles rolling chassis fitted with luxury bodywork by specialty body builders. A development of hot rodding, the change in name corresponded to the change in the design of the cars being modified; the first hot rods were pre-World War II cars, with running boards and simple fenders over the wheels. Early model cars were modified by removing the running boards and either removing the fenders or replacing them with light cycle fenders.
Models had fender skirts installed. The "gow job" morphed into the hot rod in the early to middle 1950s. Typical of builds from before World War II were 1935 Ford wire wheels. Many cars were "hopped up" with engine modifications such as adding additional carburetors, high compression heads, dual exhausts. Engine swaps were done, with the objective of placing the most powerful engine in the lightest possible frame and body combination; the suspension was altered by lowering the rear end as much as possible using lowering blocks on the rear springs. Cars were given a rake job by either adding a dropped front axle or heating front coil springs to make the front end of the car much lower than the rear. Postwar, most rods would change from mechanical to hydraulic brakes and from bulb to sealed-beam headlights; the mid-1950s and early 1960s custom Deuce was fenderless and steeply chopped, all Ford. Reproduction spindles, brake drums, backing based on the 1937s remain available today. Aftermarket flatty heads were available from Barney Navarro, Vic Edelbrock, Offenhauser.
The first intake manifold. Front suspension hairpins were adapted from sprint cars, such as the Kurtis Krafts; the first Jimmy supercharger on a V8 may have been by Navarro in 1950. Much rods and customs swapped the old solid rear axle for an independent rear from Jaguar. Sometimes the grille of one make of car replaced another. In the 1950s and 1960s, the grille swap of choice was the 1953 DeSoto; the original hot rods were plainly painted like the Model A Fords from which they had been built up, only begun to take on colors, fancy orange-yellow flamed hoods or "candy-like" deep acrylic finishes in the various colors. With the change in automobile design to encase the wheels in fenders and to extend the hood to the full width of the car, the former practices were no longer possible. In addition, tremendous automotive advertising raised public interest in the new models in the 1950s. Thus, custom cars came into existence, swapping headlamp rings, bumpers, chrome side strips, taillights as well as frenching and tunnelling head- and taillights.
The bodies of the cars were changed by cutting through the sheet metal, removing bits to make the car lower, welding it back together, adding lead to make the resulting form smooth has since replaced lead. Chopping made the roof lower. Channeling was cutting notches in the floorpan where the body touches the frame to lower the whole body. Fins were added from other cars, or made up from sheet steel. In the custom car culture, someone who changed the appearance without substantially improving the performance was looked down upon. Juxtapoz Magazine, founded by the artist Robert Williams, has covered Kustom Kulture art. Certain linguistic conventions are followed among rodders and customizers: The model year is given in full, except when it might be confused, so a 1934 model is a'34, while a 2005 might be an'05 or not. A'32 is a Deuce and most a roadster, unless coupé is specified, always a Ford, now on A frame rails. A 1955, 1956, or 1957 is a Chevrolet. A 1955, 1956, or 1957 Chevrolet is called a Tri-Five.
A 3- or 5-window is a Ford, unless specified. A flatty is a flathead V8. A hemi is always a 426. See baby hemi. A 392 is an early hemi. A 331 or 354 is known to be an hemi, but referred to as such A 270 "Jimmy" was a 270 cubic inch GMC truck engine used to replace a smaller displacement Chevrolet six cylinder. Units are dropped, unless they are unclear, so a 426 cubic inch displacement engine is referred to as a 426, a 5-liter displacement engine is a 5.0, a 600 cubic feet per minute carburetor is a 600. Engin
A luxury vehicle is intended to provide passengers with increased comfort, a higher level of equipment and increased perception of quality than regular cars for an increased price. The term is subjective and can be based on either the qualities of the car itself or the brand image of its manufacturer. Luxury brands are considered to have a higher status than premium brands, however there is no fixed differentiation between the two. Traditionally, luxury cars have been large vehicles, however contemporary luxury cars range in size from compact cars to large sedans and SUVs; some car manufacturers market their luxury models using the same marque as the rest of their models. Other manufacturers market their luxury models separately under a different marque, for example Lexus and Bentley. A luxury car is sold under a mainstream marque and is re-branded under a specific luxury marque. For mass-produced luxury cars, sharing of platforms or components with other models is common, as per modern automotive industry practice.
Several car classification schemes which include a luxury category, such as: Australia: Since the year 2000, the Federal Government's luxury car tax applies to new vehicles over a certain purchase price, with higher thresholds applying for cars considered as fuel efficient. As of 2019, the thresholds were AU$66,000 for normal cars and AU$76,000 for fuel efficient cars. Europe: Luxury cars are classified as F-segment vehicles in the European Commission classification scheme. France: The term "voiture de luxe" is used for luxury cars. Germany: The term German: Oberklasse is used for luxury cars. Russia: The term (автомобиль представительского класса is used for luxury cars. Rental cars: The ACRISS Car Classification Code is a system used by many car rental companies to define equivalent vehicles across brands; this system includes "Luxury" and "Luxury Elite" categories. The criteria for a vehicle to be considered "luxury" is not published; the premium compact class is the smallest category of luxury cars.
It became popular in the mid-2000s, when European manufacturers— such as Audi, BMW and Mercedes-Benz— introduced new entry level models that were smaller and cheaper than their compact executive models. Examples include the Alfa Romeo Giulietta, Audi A3, Buick Verano, BMW 1 Series, Lexus CT 200h, Infiniti Q30, Mercedes-Benz A-Class, Mercedes-Benz B-Class, Volvo C30, Volvo V40, BMW i3. Premium compacts compete with well-equipped mid-size cars, optioned premium compact cars can have pricing and features that operlaps with compact executive cars. A compact executive car is a premium car smaller than an executive car. In European classification, compact executive cars are part of the D-segment. In North American terms, close equivalents are "compact premium car", "compact luxury car", "entry-level luxury car" and "near-luxury car". Executive car is a British term for an automobile larger than a large family car. In official use, the term is adopted by Euro NCAP, a European organization founded to test for car safety.
It is a passenger car classification defined by the European Commission. The next category of luxury cars is known in Great Britain as a luxury saloon or luxury limousine, is known in the United States as a full-size luxury sedan or large luxury sedan, it is the equivalent of the European German Oberklasse segment. Many of these luxury saloons are the flagship for the marque and therefore include the newest automotive technology. Several models are available in long-wheelbase versions, which provide additional rear legroom and a higher level of standard features. Examples of luxury saloons / full-size luxury sedans include the BMW 7 Series, Cadillac CT6 Genesis G90, Mercedes-Benz S-Class, Lexus LS, Porsche Panamera. Luxury cars costing over US$100,000 can be considered as "ultra-luxury cars". Examples include Maybach 57 and Bentley Arnage. Exotic cars which are targeted towards performance rather than luxury are not classified as ultra-luxury cars when their cost is greater than US$100,000. Several entry-level models from low-volume luxury car manufacturers, such as the Bentley Continental GT and the Rolls-Royce Ghost have been described as "entry-opulent" cars.
Many ultra-luxury cars are produced by brands with a long history of manufacturing luxury cars. The history of a brand and the exclusivity of a particular model can result in price premiums compared to luxury cars with similar features from less prestigious manufacturers. V12 engines are common in ultra-luxury cars. Long before the luxury SUV segment became popular in the 1990s, the vehicle in this segment was the 1966 Jeep Super Wagoneer, marketed at the time as a station wagon, it was the first off-road SUV to offer a V8 engine, automatic transmission, luxury car trim and equipment. Standard equipment included bucket seating, a center console, air conditioning, seven-position tilt steering wheel, a vinyl roof and gold colored trim panels on the body sides and tailgate. By the late 1970s, optional equipment included an electric sunroof, The 1978 Jeep Wagoneer Limited was the spiritual successor to the Super Wagoneer and was the first four-wheel drive car to use leather upholstery. Another precursor to the luxury SUV is the Range Rover, released in 1970.
It was the first road-going vehicle to have a permanent four-wheel drive system, split
In automotive usage, a lead sled is a standard production automobile with a body modified in particular ways. Period auto body repair, by an auto body mechanic used to be achieved through a combination of re-shaping sheet metal using specialist hand tools and the application of molten lead to damaged body panels, fulfilling the role of more modern polyester fillers / bondo; the same techniques were used in high end low volume car production and adopted for aftermarket hot rodding body panel modifications. In order to be classified as a “lead sled”, the vehicle was subjected to most, if not all, of the following body style modifications: Chopped: cutting off the roof, shortening the pillars, re-welding the roof back onto the car body Channeled: cutting the underside of the body to lower the entire body on the frame Sectioned: cutting a horizontal piece cut out of the body lengthwise, to reduce the beltline height Frenched: recessing headlights, tail lights, license plates, radio antennae into the body for an exotic look.
Emblem removal: all original manufacturer's emblems were removed as these were considered to detract from the vehicle. The thought was "anything that produces a hiccup, a bulge or extrudes from the body is not aerodynamic and detracts from the smooth appearance of the vehicle." The object of the builder is to make the body as smooth and sexy as possible. Dechromed: all factory trim was removed as these dressings detracted from the lines of the car. Drip rail removal: rain drip rails were removed from the roof as they detracted from the smoothness of the vehicle. Shaved: door handles and locks were removed, because they detracted from the smoothness of the vehicle. Electric solenoids and switches were installed in inconspicuous places under the rocker panels or side mirrors, to provide alternate means for opening the doors; the entire process of removing badges and doorhandles was referred to as "shaving". Grill modifications: the original grill was modified, or substituted with the grill from a different make and year car.
In the late 1940s and 1950s, plastic body filler and fiberglass did not exist. Instead, bar lead was used as a body filler. A true craftsman pulled and pushed out dents with body spoons and dollies until the sheet metal was as straight as they could get it. Any sheet metal, still wavy, the bodyman heated bars of lead and flowed the lead onto the body with an oxygen-acetylene torch similar to work done by a tin smith; the bars of lead were what we today call “solder” but were not the wire material we are familiar with today sold for electrical or plumbing repairs. The lead bars or strips ranged anywhere from a quarter of an inch to one inch in width and several inches in length. Lead craftsman call the process of melting the lead “running lead” and this is a specialized ancient trade passed from a master craftsman to an apprentice. An apprentice bodyman would remove the body part from the car and place it on a bench so as to have a flat surface to flow the lead horizontally onto the body. In contrast, the master craftsman could control the heat of the lead in a vertical position without having to remove the body part, thereby saving time in performing the repair.
An apprentice bodyman most would have to grind and hand file the lead to a smooth finish for repainting. The master craftsman on the other hand did not have to grind and only had to hand file, if he had to perform any smoothing at all; the true craftsman controlled the flow of lead with his torch and most times could produce a satin finish without filing. “Lead” referred to the body material used and the extra weight added by the repair material. "Sled” referred to the lowering of the vehicle, giving these vehicles the appearance that they were “slip sliding” down the highway. As time progressed, plastics such as'Bondo' were introduced to the market; these plastic body fillers are easier to work with and replaced the use of lead in body repair. Some common late model lead sleds are the 1949 Mercury, 1949 Ford, the 1959 Cadillac. Aircraft nicknames - "lead sled" has been used as a nickname for a variety of US military aircraft, including the F3H Demon, F-84 Thunderjet, F-105 Thunderchief, SR-71 Blackbird.
In particular these airplanes tend to be large, heavy or fast. Despite this, the airplane's maneuverability is poor; the F-105 gained this nickname during the Vietnam War. While the plane was fast in straight lines it was not maneuverable, rendering it vulnerable to enemy weapons. Shooting Sports - "Lead Sled" is the registered trademark name of a device made by Caldwell Shooting Supplies. Resembling a snow sled or toboggan, lead or cast iron weights can be added to increase stability; the user places the device on a bench or table, adds weight for stability, uses the device's fixtures to secure a firearm in the "sled" for firing. The purpose of the device is to remove human error from the process of adjusting the firearm's sights or determining the accuracy of the firearm and reduce felt recoil to the shooter. Custom car Lowrider The Auto Channel - Car Speak-To-English Glossary of Terms
Subcompact car is the American classification for small cars, broadly equivalent to the B-segment or supermini classifications. According to the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency car size class definition, the subcompact category sits between minicompact and compact categories; the EPA definition of a subcompact is a passenger car with a combined interior and cargo volume of between 85–99 cubic feet. Current examples of subcompact cars are the Ford Chevrolet Sonic; the smaller cars in the A-segment / city car category are sometimes called subcompacts in the U. S. because the EPA's name for this smaller category— minicompact— is not used by the general public. The prevalence of small cars in the United States increased in the 1960s increased imports of cars from Europe and Japan. Widespread use of the term subcompact coincided with the early 1970s increase in subcompact cars built in the United States. Early 1970s subcompacts include Chevrolet Vega and Ford Pinto; the term subcompact originated during the 1960s, however it came into popular use in the early 1970s, as car manufacturers in the United States began to introduce smaller cars into their line-up.
Cars in this size were variously categorized, including "small cars" and "economy cars". Several of these small cars were produced in the U. S. in limited volumes, including the 1930 American Austin and the 1939 Crosley. From the 1950s onwards, various imported small cars were sold in the U. S. including the Nash Metropolitan, Volkswagen Beetle and various small British cars. Due to the increasing populary of small cars imported from Europe and Japan during the late 1960s, the American manufacturers to began releasing competing locally-built models in the early 1970s; the AMC Gremlin was described at its April 1970 introduction as "the first American-built import" and the first U. S. built subcompact car. Introduced in 1970 were the Chevrolet Vega and Ford Pinto. Sales of American-built "low weight cars" accounted for more than 30% of total car sales in 1972 and 1973, despite inventory shortages for several models; the Gremlin and Vega were all rear-wheel drive and available with four-cylinder engines.
The Pontiac Astre, the Canadian-born re-badged Vega variant was released in the U. S. September 1974. Due to falling sales of the larger pony cars in the mid-1970s, the Vega-based Chevrolet Monza was introduced as an upscale subcompact and the Ford Mustang II temporarily downsized from the pony car class to become a subcompact car for its second generation; the Monza with its GM variants Pontiac Sunbird, Buick Skyhawk, Oldsmobile Starfire, the Mustang II continued until the end of the decade. The Chevrolet Chevette was GM's new entry-level subcompact introduced as a 1976 model, it was an ` Americanized' design from GM's German subsidiary. And there were subcompacts that were imported but sold through a domestic manufacturers dealer network Captive imports, the Renault Le Car and the Ford Fiesta In 1977, the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency began to use a new vehicle classification system, based on interior volume instead of exterior size; this resulted in cars classified as subcompact now being classified as compact cars, a smaller group of cars now being classified as subcompact.
In 1978, Volkswagen began producing the "Rabbit" version of the Golf— a modern, front-wheel drive design— in Pennsylvania. In 1982, American Motors began manufacturing the U. S. Renault Alliance— a version of the Renault 9— in Wisconsin. Both models benefiting from European designs and experience. To replace the aging Chevette in the second half of the 1980s, Chevrolet introduced marketed imported front-wheel drive subcompact cars: the Suzuki Cultus and the Isuzu Gemini. During the 1990s GM offered the Geo brand featuring the Suzuki-built Metro subcompact; because of consumer demand for fuel-efficient cars during the late-2000s, sales of subcompact cars made it the fastest growing market category in the U. S; as of 2016, numerous models of subcompacts are sold in North America. As of 2012, the Chevrolet Sonic was the only subcompact assembled in the United States. Imported subcompact cars include Korean models such as Hyundai Accent, Kia Rio along with Japanese models such as Honda Fit, Mazda 2, Nissan Micra, Scion xD, Suzuki Swift, Toyota Yaris and Toyota Prius C.
Car classification Mini SUV Economy car