Supreme Head of the Church of England was a title created in 1531 for King Henry VIII of England when he first began to separate the Church of England from the authority of the Holy See and allegiance to the Pope. The Act of Supremacy of 1534 confirmed the King's status as having supremacy over the church and required the nobility to swear an oath recognising Henry's supremacy. By 1536, Henry had broken with Rome, seized the Catholic Church's assets in England and declared the Church of England as the established church with himself as its head. Pope Paul III excommunicated Henry in 1538 over his divorce from Catherine of Aragon. Henry's daughter, Queen Mary I, a staunch Catholic, attempted to restore the English church's allegiance to the Pope and repealed the Act of Supremacy in 1555, her half-sister, Elizabeth I, took the throne in 1558 and the Parliament passed the Act of Supremacy of 1558 that restored the original act. The new Oath of Supremacy that nobles were required to swear gave the Queen's title as Supreme Governor of the church rather than Supreme Head, to avoid the charge that the monarchy was claiming divinity or usurping Christ, whom the Bible explicitly identifies as Head of the Church
Barfield, Inc. is an aircraft maintenance company with a concentration in repair overhaul and support. Its services include component repair and overhaul, ground support test equipment, airline service programs. Barfield's business concentration includes support programs for regional and longer haul airlines, comprising narrow and wide body fleets, manufactures and distributes a full line of ground support test equipment. Among its other capabilities, the company manages a distribution network for OEMs; the company was founded in 1945, with the creation of the instrument and avionics facility in Miami, Florida. Additional locations were created at Tempe, Arizona in 2000 and Louisville, Kentucky in 2003. In 2003, the company was incorporated into EADS North America under the division name EADS Sogerma Barfield. EADS Barfield was bought in 2007 by the TAT Group subsidiary of Sabena technics, upon which the company returned to its original name. Since July 1, 2014, Inc. has been acquired by the Air France Industries KLM Engineering & Maintenance Group.
The Franco-Dutch group has taken full control of Barfield. Together with its sister company Aero Maintenance Group, Barfield is now part of the AFI KLM E&M network, a major MRO provider. With a workforce of 14,000, AFI KLM E&M offers technical support for airlines, ranging from airframe maintenance to engine overhaul and repair and supply of components
Sir James Flower, 2nd Baronet was a British Conservative Party politician. He sat in the House of Commons from 1842 to 1846. Flower was High Sheriff of Norfolk from 1838 to 1839. In June 1841, he was asked by some of the electors in the borough of Thetford in Norfolk to contest the seat at the imminent general election. Nominations took place on 29 June, when Flower was nominated by W. Watts Wickes. A show of hands declared to be in favour of Flower and his fellow Conservative Bingham Baring, but the third candidate and sitting Liberal MP Earl of Euston demanded a poll. Voting took place the following day, on 30 June, the result was that Flower and Euston tied for second place with 71 votes each. Amidst many challenges to the validity of votes, the mayor refused to exercise a casting vote, returned the tied result. Flower submitted a petition, When the votes were scrutinised, Euston's total was reduced by one, on 4 May 1842 he was declared unduly elected, thereby giving the seat to Flower, he did not contest the seat at the next general election, in 1847.
Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Sir James Flower