Suraxanı raion

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Coordinates: 40°25′13″N 50°00′17″E / 40.42028°N 50.00472°E / 40.42028; 50.00472

Suraxanı is located in Azerbaijan
Coordinates: 40°25′13″N 50°00′17″E / 40.42028°N 50.00472°E / 40.42028; 50.00472
Country  Azerbaijan
City Baku
Population (2010)[citation needed]
 • Total 196,700
Time zone AZT (UTC+4)
 • Summer (DST) AZT (UTC+5)

Suraxanı (also, Surakhany, Ssurachany and Surakhani) is a settlement and raion of Baku, Azerbaijan. It has a population of 196,700.

The raion is best known for the Fire Temple of Baku on the northern edge of town, a castle-like temple and monastery complex known locally as the Ateşgah or Ateshgyakh. It was a Zoroastrian temple, the complex was built on a pocket of natural gas that once produced a flame from natural gas seepage.

The local Tat name of the raion is said to related to "the Persian words 'Surakh' (hole) or Surkh/ Sorkh (red) and 'khani' (source or fountain). According to historical sources, before the construction of the Parsi Temple Of Fire (Atashgah) in Surakhani at the end of the 18th [century], the local people also worshipped at this site because of the 'seven holes with burning flame'. And thus the name 'Surakhani' - holes with burning fountains."[1]

The township itself is poor and surrounded by the decaying petrochemical industry facilities that are endemic to the Abşeron Peninsula and the lasting legacy of the Soviet era.


  1. ^ Alakbarov, Farid (2003). "Azerbaijan - Land of Fire".