Piha Surf Life Saving Club
Piha Surf Life Saving Club is a surf lifesaving club for the southern section of Piha, on the west coast of Auckland, New Zealand, some 45 km from Auckland City centre. The patrol was featured in the TVNZ reality show Piha Rescue; the club is the best-known of 17 surf lifesaving clubs in the Northern Region of New Zealand, one of the best-known surf lifesaving clubs in the entire country. Its high-profile is being due to its participation in the television series and through its location on one of the country's most-popular surfing beaches; the beach is a regular venue for the annual "Piha Big Wave Surf Boat Classic". The club was founded in January 1934 by, Frank Ross, Cliff Holt, Bert Holt, Stan Holt, Laurie Wilson, as such is the oldest club on Auckland's West Coast; the club colours were chosen as black and green. Black for the iron sands of the West Coast, red for the sunsets above the Tasman Sea to the West, green for the forest clad Waitakere Ranges that separate Piha from Auckland City.
Piha has been the home club of many national champions in surf life saving and other sports, among them former Commonwealth Games swimming gold medallist Dave Gerrard, national boxing champion Jackie Jenkins, the champion swimmer Buddy Lucas. The table below give a summary of the Patrol statistics for the Volunteer Lifeguards of Piha SLSC; this table excludes the statistics for the paid Regional Lifeguards who use Piha Surf Life Saving Club's equipment and facilities. Lifeguard: Don Wright Lifeguard: Murray Bray Lifeguards: Murray Bray & George Thomson Lifeguards: Nick Kinghorn and Graham Valentine. Awarded to Piha and United North Piha Life Guards for their combined rescue and advanced scene management. Life Guards involved: Abbi Manley, Cali Manley, Liz Manley, Vanda Karolczak, Paul Picot, Gary Turton, Ukiah Brown, Tony Featherstone, Paul Downey, Jason Anderson, Merrin O'Brien, Jess Hosking, Jonathon Webber, Geoff Calvert, Hayley Seymour, Leif Neilson, Brent Airey. Lifeguards: Duncan Clarke, Geoff Calvert and Rob Wakelin.
Lifeguards involved: Jonathon Webber, Greg Wilson, Anna Schubert, Murray Bray, Mike Wood, Chase Cahalane. Regional Lifeguards Involved: Logan Adams, Kris O'Neill, Duncan Buchanan, Tommy Cantrell, Sam Bassett, Aaron Young, Anaru Clarke, Tom Jacka, Sam Jenkins. Lifeguards involved: Paul Picot, Alice Seagar, Paul Downey, Jason Anderson, Tony Featherstone, Tony Adams, Olivia Adams, Christian Robertson, Vanda Karolczak, Mikaela Ryan, Anna Karolczak Young, Roger Wallis, Jordan Pope, Eric Morighan and Ukiah Brown. Lifeguards involved: Duncan Clarke, Aramis Goodwin and Geoff Calvert; the reel line and belt method of surf rescue was developed by clubbies at Australia. The first belts were fitted with cork floats that limited the swimmers ability to dive under approaching waves; the Ross Safety Belt which had a pin that could be pulled in an emergency to release the swimmer was introduced to Piha in 1947. During a rescue, the swimmer donned the belt and headed into the surf, the reel was carried to near the waters edge and the reel-man and the lines-men paid out the line as the swimmer headed towards the patient.
The best swimmers in the club were used as belt-men, as towing the line was like swimming whilst towing a bucket on a rope. If there was a sideways rip and too much line was payed out the swim became arduous. Once the patient had been reached and secured the belt-man raised his arm to signal that he was ready to be pulled in; the linesmen hauled hand over hand on the line as the reel man wound in the line. Piha Surf Life Saving Club pioneered the use of surf rescue boats in New Zealand, with the country's first surf boat, launched in 1936. On 9 April 1939 the first surf boat race held in New Zealand took place at Piha Beach with Piha winning against Wainui Club. In 1940 a Piha crew comprising. In 1967 Sir Jack Butland of Butland Industries provided the surf boat Piha built by Bailey Bros of Sydney to the club. In 1971 Sir Jack provided the club with Miss Chesdale. Another boat Ches'n' Dale was dedicated in 1979. More Ches'n'Dale boats followed, with numbers three and four donated in 1985. Piha won the gruelling Tuakua Sands River Race - from Tuakau to Port Waikato in 1983, 1984, 1985 and 1986.
In various competitions during 1987 Piha accumulated 2 seconds. In 1985 at Mount Maunganui a Piha crew comprising Steve Booten, Mike MacDonald, Peter Digan, Mark McCarthny and Mike Zainey as sweep became the first New Zealand "Test" Crew to beat Australia; the first attempt at rowing a surf boat from Onehunga to Piha over the unpredictable and treacherous Manukau Heads Bar was made in April 1971. It was decided to negotiate the north channel as the safer south channel used by shipping would have added another seven kilometers to the row; as the crew comprising Andy Sekula, Mike Zainey, Ray Markham, Brian Sullivan and Alan Foubister rowed down the narrow northern channel with big dumping surf on either side, huge swells came up and the channel petered out leaving the boat in the suf zone. There was no route to get through the surf line leaving no option but to wait for a lull and head for the beach on a wave; the boat hit the beach with such force that the keel was split in half and all the ribs in the boat were broken.
Despite the boat being a write off, sposorship for the row and publicity gained about $2,000 for the club. The feat of getting all the way to Piha was not accomplished until 1992 with a crew comprising George Thompson, Brett Sullivan, Martin Wienk, Johan Broekhuizen, Duane Rice and Geoff Calvert rowing Lend Lease all t
New Zealand is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. The country geographically comprises two main landmasses—the North Island, the South Island —and around 600 smaller islands. New Zealand is situated some 2,000 kilometres east of Australia across the Tasman Sea and 1,000 kilometres south of the Pacific island areas of New Caledonia and Tonga; because of its remoteness, it was one of the last lands to be settled by humans. During its long period of isolation, New Zealand developed a distinct biodiversity of animal and plant life; the country's varied topography and its sharp mountain peaks, such as the Southern Alps, owe much to the tectonic uplift of land and volcanic eruptions. New Zealand's capital city is Wellington. Sometime between 1250 and 1300, Polynesians settled in the islands that were named New Zealand and developed a distinctive Māori culture. In 1642, Dutch explorer Abel Tasman became the first European to sight New Zealand. In 1840, representatives of the United Kingdom and Māori chiefs signed the Treaty of Waitangi, which declared British sovereignty over the islands.
In 1841, New Zealand became a colony within the British Empire and in 1907 it became a dominion. Today, the majority of New Zealand's population of 4.9 million is of European descent. Reflecting this, New Zealand's culture is derived from Māori and early British settlers, with recent broadening arising from increased immigration; the official languages are English, Māori, NZ Sign Language, with English being dominant. A developed country, New Zealand ranks in international comparisons of national performance, such as quality of life, education, protection of civil liberties, economic freedom. New Zealand underwent major economic changes during the 1980s, which transformed it from a protectionist to a liberalised free-trade economy; the service sector dominates the national economy, followed by the industrial sector, agriculture. Nationally, legislative authority is vested in an elected, unicameral Parliament, while executive political power is exercised by the Cabinet, led by the prime minister Jacinda Ardern.
Queen Elizabeth II is the country's monarch and is represented by a governor-general Dame Patsy Reddy. In addition, New Zealand is organised into 11 regional councils and 67 territorial authorities for local government purposes; the Realm of New Zealand includes Tokelau. New Zealand is a member of the United Nations, Commonwealth of Nations, ANZUS, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, ASEAN Plus Six, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, the Pacific Community and the Pacific Islands Forum. Dutch explorer Abel Tasman sighted New Zealand in 1642 and named it Staten Land "in honour of the States General", he wrote, "it is possible that this land joins to the Staten Land but it is uncertain", referring to a landmass of the same name at the southern tip of South America, discovered by Jacob Le Maire in 1616. In 1645, Dutch cartographers renamed the land Nova Zeelandia after the Dutch province of Zeeland. British explorer James Cook subsequently anglicised the name to New Zealand. Aotearoa is the current Māori name for New Zealand.
It is unknown whether Māori had a name for the whole country before the arrival of Europeans, with Aotearoa referring to just the North Island. Māori had several traditional names for the two main islands, including Te Ika-a-Māui for the North Island and Te Waipounamu or Te Waka o Aoraki for the South Island. Early European maps labelled the islands North and South. In 1830, maps began to use North and South to distinguish the two largest islands and by 1907 this was the accepted norm; the New Zealand Geographic Board discovered in 2009 that the names of the North Island and South Island had never been formalised, names and alternative names were formalised in 2013. This set the names as North Island or Te Ika-a-Māui, South Island or Te Waipounamu. For each island, either its English or Māori name can be used. New Zealand was one of the last major landmasses settled by humans. Radiocarbon dating, evidence of deforestation and mitochondrial DNA variability within Māori populations suggest New Zealand was first settled by Eastern Polynesians between 1250 and 1300, concluding a long series of voyages through the southern Pacific islands.
Over the centuries that followed, these settlers developed a distinct culture now known as Māori. The population was divided into iwi and hapū who would sometimes cooperate, sometimes compete and sometimes fight against each other. At some point a group of Māori migrated to Rēkohu, now known as the Chatham Islands, where they developed their distinct Moriori culture; the Moriori population was all but wiped out between 1835 and 1862 because of Taranaki Māori invasion and enslavement in the 1830s, although European diseases contributed. In 1862 only 101 survived, the last known full-blooded Moriori died in 1933; the first Europeans known to have reached New Zeala
Auckland Rescue Helicopter Trust
The Auckland Westpac Rescue Helicopter is a New Zealand accident and emergency rescue and transport service operated by the Auckland Rescue Helicopter Trust. The trust operates two BK117 helicopters on behalf of the helicopter owners—the greater Auckland community. There are four "Westpac Rescue Helicopter" services in New Zealand, but they are all separate entities and only linked by the same major sponsor; the aircraft and crew are trained and equipped to operate day and night, their missions range from emergency/accident casualty transport, to medical transfers, rescue searches and airlifts. The service flew 1065 missions in 2017; the trust added specialist emergency medicine critical care doctors to the crew line-up in September 2011 when it commenced a two-year HEMS pilot study in partnership with Auckland District Health Board. The project received additional funding to continue for a further three years in mid 2013; the Auckland Rescue Helicopter Service was started by the Auckland Surf Life Saving Association leasing a Hiller 12E helicopter from Alexander Helicopters Ltd for six summer weekends of 1970/1971, becoming the world's first civilian rescue helicopter service.
The helicopter flown by George Sobiecke was based on the hill behind the Piha Surf Life Saving Club. From 1971 on, the rescue helicopter service operated during the surf life saving club patrolling season from Labour Weekend to Easter. A Rescue Helicopter Squad of 32 specially trained lifeguards from the various clubs affiliated to the Auckland Surf Life Saving Association was formed. Pilot George Sobieke departed in 1972 to be replaced by Sam Anderson. Surf reports were radioed from the helicopter for live broadcast over Radio Hauraki. In January 1973 the Hiller 12E was replaced by a jet engine powered Hiller FH1100. Apart from weekends this helicopter was used during the summer school holidays and had one of the helicopter squad members working as a paid helicopter lifeguard for this period. Money raised from surf reports provided by the duty helicopter lifeguards was used to purchase and redecorate a batch opposite the toilet block on the middle beach at Piha; this became the summer base for the rescue helicopter crew with a landing pad to the north of the Piha Middle Beach toilet block.
In 1977 Keith McKenzie replaced Sam as the pilot. On 8 January 1977 the prime minister Robert Muldoon, at Piha for the re-opening of the Piha Surf Life Saving club house after the Project 40 rebuild, joined the helicopter lifeguards to jump into the surf and be lifted out of the water and be transported back to the beach slung under the helicopter using the rescue strop connected into the cargo hook; the trust operates two BK117 helicopters. These can attain cruising speeds of around 200 km/h, have a range of about 500 km, carrying 605 litres internally and a further 300 litres with auxiliary fuel tanks, their registrations are ZK-HLN and ZK-HKZ, callsigns Westpac Rescue 1 and Westpac Rescue 2. A leased Auckland service model was replaced in 2007 by a second-hand model of the same make, equipped with extended night-flying gear, weather radar and better internal configuration; the new helicopter cost $3.3 million NZD, compared with a yearly lease of NZ$1 million for the previous model. A second machine was purchased in 2010, providing better coverage to the more than 1.5 million population of the serviced region.
The trust planned to replace its helicopters with AgustaWestland AW169s in 2018 following a public fundraising campaign. The helicopters have numerous financial supporters in the community and corporate sectors as they are only Government funded; the main naming rights sponsor is the Australasian bank Westpac. The sponsorship began in 1981. Northland Emergency Services Trust Otago Rescue Helicopter Trust Piha Surf Life Saving Club Life Flight Westpac Life Saver Rescue Helicopter Service Official website
Auckland Marine Rescue Centre
The Auckland Marine Rescue Centre is the control centre for the Coastguard Northern Region and Surf Lifesaving Northern Region, New Zealand. It houses other marine services such as the Harbourmaster and the Maritime Police, it is located in Mechanics Bay/Parnell, Auckland City, at the eastern end of the Ports of Auckland container terminal. The facilities of the Auckland Marine Rescue Centre were built with a donation by the Auckland Harbour Board and were first brought into operation in 1991; the operation of the centre is paid for by donations of its 11,000 volunteer members paying an annual NZ$115 subscription fee. The circular centre building centre houses a marine communications centre, operational 24/7/365 and fields over 100,000 calls per year, from trip reports to emergency calls; these calls are via VHF marine radio or cell phone. The radio room as well as the emergency craft of the Coastguard are manned by volunteers. A heliport is located directly next to the centre, with a hangar housing the Westpac Rescue Helicopter.
Directly attached to the north of the centre is a small artificial harbour sheltering the craft of the rescue, police and customs services. Several meeting rooms for events and functions are available, cater for education services such as water safety
Karioitahi Beach is a black sand beach located in the southwest of the Auckland region, on the west coast of New Zealand's North Island. It is a rugged and windswept environment used for beach activities such as surfing, horse riding, off-road motorcycling and, most notably, paragliding; this provides lifeguards with a large variety of potential hazards to mitigate and situations to deal with as detailed as the location for 3 Rescue of the Month awards from Surf Life Saving New Zealand in two seasons In 1950 Land Information New Zealand designated "Karioitahi" to be the official name, replacing an older spelling "Kariotahi". However, "Kariotahi" is still used; the local surf club uses yet another spelling: "Kariaotahi". The local surf club named'Kariaotahi Surf Life Saving Patrol Inc' and renamed in 2006 to be'Surf Life Saving Kariaotahi Inc', was founded in 1969. Patrols operate on all weekends and public holidays from Labour Weekend in October to March or early April, with minimum patrolling hours being 1100 hrs–1600 hrs Oct/Nov/March/April and 1100 hrs–1700 hrs Dec/Jan/February.
Weekday patrols are run from mid-December until late January. SLS Kariaotahi has been recognised with several club and individual awards over its history: Voted Best Patrolled Beach in Northern Region for the 2003, 2005, 2006, 2008 and 2012 seasons. Senior Lifeguard Dean Lawrence, awarded Surf Life Saving Northern Region, Contribution to Powercraft 2006 Long standing club member Judith Coe, awarded Surf Life Saving Northern Region, Volunteer of the Year 2006 Senior Lifeguard Mike Lawrence, awarded Surf Life Saving Northern Region, Surf Lifeguard of the Year and finalist Surf Life Saving New Zealand Surf Lifeguard of the Year 2006 Senior Lifeguard Chris Parker was awarded Surf Life Saving New Zealand Rescue Of The Year and Northern Regional Lifeguard of the Year for the 2009/10 season. Surf Life Saving Northern Region and Surf Life Saving New Zealand Rescue of the Month Winner, February 2011 Surf Life Saving Northern Region and Surf Life Saving New Zealand Rescue of the Month Winner, Winter/November 2011 Surf Life Saving Northern Region Rescue of the Month Winner, April 2012 SLS Kariaotahi used to be identified at competitions by an orange and chocolate-brown quarter-cap but has since adopted the colours of red and black, in line with other sports teams from the region, such as the Counties-Manukau Steelers.
SLS Kariaotahi lifeguards compete in canoe racing and IRB racing, which are team events. Both disciplines produced medal-winning performances at the 2011 Northern Region District Championships held at Ruakaka; the southern end of the beach and cliff, known as Maioro, is used for by local paragliding schools for training beginner pilots. Qualified paraglider pilots are advised against flying in the area, thus leaving it safe and clear for beginners
Surf Life Saving New Zealand
Surf Life Saving New Zealand is the national association representing 74 Surf Life Saving clubs in New Zealand. The organisation's motto is'In it for Life'; this refers to both the long relationship many members have with the organisation, as well as to the organisation's purpose of preventing drowning and injury, thereby saving lives. Specific New Zealand beaches are patrolled by qualified Surf Lifeguards from mid October until April each year. Red and Yellow flags indicate; the area of water in between these flags is designated as the safest place to swim on the beach, as well as showing where Surf Lifeguards are patrolling. It is publicised that beachgoers should "Swim Between the Flags" in order to be safe while swimming in the ocean. Surf lifeguards are identifiable by red shorts. Surf Life Saving New Zealand is sponsored chiefly by TSB, DHL and Lotto. In the early years of the 20th century, the New Zealand Amateur Swimming Association controlled the limited amount of life saving activity by explaining resuscitation methods and providing demonstrations at swimming club carnivals.
The next step occurred in 1912 when the Royal Life Saving Society was formed during a conference, called by Canterbury, of all the head centres. The RLSS remains there to this day; the first surf clubs began in the years 1909-1910 leading off with: Castlecliff, Lyall Bay, New Brighton and Worser Bay Wellington. Over the next few years other clubs formed, around five regions: Wellington, Dunedin, Gisborne/Napier/New Plymouth and Wanganui. In the Northern Region, Piha Surf Life Saving Club was founded in 1934, as such is the oldest club on Auckland's West Coast and is the home of Piha Rescue. Soon after the clubs were formed, rivalries developed and this led to the formation of competitions between the clubs and regions. By early 1912 competitions were being organised by Wellington's Maranui Club, with male members competing in squads of 8; the competitions consisted of a land drill and'reel test'. The first national champs where clubs were able to compete was held in 1922. Surf Life Saving in New Zealand continues to grow in size and there are now 74 affiliated surf clubs.
Surf Life Saving New Zealand is the national association representing 74 Surf Life Saving Clubs in New Zealand. Around 19,000 people are members of SLSNZ; the 74 clubs are grouped for consultation and programme delivery purposes into local regions, are supported by Surf Life Saving New Zealand staff. These new groupings were an outcome of the membership voting in a new and bold constitution in September 2009. In New Zealand, surf lifesaving is both a community service. To participate in either facet it is necessary to be a member of a club, to have the ‘entry level’ qualification - the Surf Lifeguard Award the Bronze Medallion. There are a range of other surf lifeguard and surf related qualifications available through the SLSNZ structure, including more advanced lifesaving certificates, Inflatable Rescue Boat qualifications, VHF radio and first aid qualifications. Volunteer lifeguards patrol beaches and work with the public to prevent people getting in trouble. In the summer of 2016 volunteers performed over 107,000 preventative actions during 222,000 hours of beach patrols.
Sport events are held at club and national level, in the age categories of Under 16, Under 19 and Open. Events span the range of rescue skills and test competitors’ strength and agility in swimming, paddling a surf ski, board or canoe or rowing a surf boat. Racing Inflatable Rescue Boats is an popular part of the sport. SLSNZ's income is $6m a year derived from sponsorship, gaming machine grants and The NZ Lottery Grants Board; the organisation's total income is $13m. SLSNZ does not charge a national membership levy, instead providing programmes and distributing over $2m each year to clubs. For the 2016/17 Season, Surf Lifeguards attended the following incidents:Surf Life Saving New Zealand Totals Hours worked: 223,019 Lives saved: 1,796 First aid actions: 2,443 Searches completed: 290 Preventative actions: 74,621 Royal Life Saving Society Australia SLSNZ website SLS Centenary website
Surf lifesaving is a multifaceted movement that comprises key aspects of voluntary lifeguard services and competitive surf sport. Originating in early 20th century Australia, the movement has expanded globally to other countries including New Zealand, South Africa, the United Kingdom. Surf lifesavers in Australia are colloquially known as "Clubbies". Surf lifesaving originated in Australia in 1907 in response to drownings at local beaches in Sydney; such groups became necessary following the relaxing of laws prohibiting daylight bathing on Australian beaches. Volunteer groups of men were trained in life saving methods and patrolled the beaches as lifesavers looking after public safety. There had been some debate between Manly Life Saving Club, Bronte Surf Lifesaving Club and Bondi Surf Bathers' Life Saving Club as to, formed first. After a panel of SLSA historians reviewed all the documentation provided by each club in 2005, SLSA agreed that they recognise Bondi as the first surf life saving club.
They stated “A hardly perennial in surf lifesaving history is the question of the first surf club — Bondi or Bronte. As this study has shown, the first group of organised lifesavers formed on Manly Beach in 1899. While moves on Bondi and Manly in early 1907 saw the organisation of irregulars, it was the surf bathers of Bondi who first organised themselves as a formal club in February 1907.” The Bondi Surf Bathers' Life Saving Club was established on February 21, 1907 at the Royal Hotel in Bondi - as was recorded in the newspaper The East Sydney Argus, in the Waverley Council Minutes acknowledging receipt of a letter from the newly formed group. On October 10, 1907 the Surf Bathing Association of NSW was founded – with 9 clubs and affiliated associations ); the first club outside of Sydney was Kiama Surf Bather's Club, founded in 1908. The first New Zealand Surf Lifesaving Clubs began in the years 1909-1910 leading of with: Castlecliff, Lyall Bay, New Brighton and Worser Bay. Within the next few years other clubs started forming around five regions: Wellington, Dunedin, Gisborne/Napier/New Plymouth and Wanganui.
In the Northern Region, Piha Surf Life Saving Club was founded in 1934, as such is the oldest club on Auckland's West Coast and is the home of Piha Rescue. Soon after the New Zealand clubs were formed, rivalry began to take place which created the forming of competition between the clubs and regions. By early 1912 competitions were being organised by Wellington's Maranui Club, with male members competing in squads of 8; the competitions consisted of a land drill and'reel test'. The first New Zealand National Champs where clubs were able to compete was held in 1922; the Surf Life Saving Great Britain organisation was formed in 1955. Volunteer clubs patrolled beaches at Bude and St Agnes in Cornwall and Brighton, their aim to protect and resuscitate bathers. Voluntary organisations exist in Germany, such as Wasserwacht. Lifesavers are volunteers that patrol in groups under a patrol captain for a given period of time on weekend and public holidays under a roster system. In order to be a surf lifesaver a person must hold a Bronze Medallion or a Surf Rescue Certificate and pass an annual proficiency test.
Life savers who are on patrol wear yellow cloth caps on the head. While not performing rescues they are required to wear long-sleeve yellow shirts and red shorts to provide protection against the sun. Support Operations Lifesavers are required to wear the appropriate functional attire; this includes wetsuits for RWC drivers, JRB/ORB crew and high visibility tabards for Duty Officers who liaise with other emergency services at major incidents. The crews of various Lifesaver helicopter services over the country wear appropriate aviation equipment; each surf life saving club has a competition cap with distinct colours or patterns. These are worn for training on the beach; the patrolled area of the beach is marked out with flags and beachgoers are encouraged to swim between the flags. Those wishing to use surfcraft are required to remain outside the flags. In the UK, SLSGB has a long history of voluntary members patrolling local beaches, offering advice, first aid and rescue services; this is a vital service to the community.
Many local authorities provide a lifeguard service from May to September on popular beaches. In some areas Royal National Lifeboat Institution Lifeguards operate on behalf of the local authority; the other key part of surf life saving is the competitive sport which evolved from the training activities of lifesavers at Australian and New Zealand surf beaches, though most events share little with modern Inflatable Rescue Boat based surf rescue techniques. The sport is still based on the volunteer clubs which perform the rescue duty, from the children in the "nippers" through to professional elite circuits that have been established for the high-profile "ironman" events; the sport is still confined to Australia and New Zealand, although the Nova Scotia Lifeguard Service in Canada has run the Nova Scotia Surf League competitions every summer since 2000, competition programs exist in 5 regions of Canada. In Europe the sport is