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Survey township

Survey township, sometimes called Congressional township, as used by the United States Public Land Survey System, refers to a square unit of land, nominally six miles on a side. Each 36-square-mile township is divided into 36 one-square-mile sections, which can be further subdivided for sale, each section covers a nominal 640 acres; the townships are referenced by a numbering system that locates the township in relation to a principal meridian and a base line. For example, Township 2 North, Range 4 East is the 4th township east of the principal meridian and the 2nd township north of the base line. Township lines were surveyed and platted by the US General Land Office using contracted private survey crews. Survey crews subdivided the townships into sections lines. All lands covered by this system were sold according to those boundaries and are marked on the U. S. Geological Survey topographic maps. Prior to standardization, some of the Ohio Lands were surveyed into townships of 5 miles on each side.

These are known as Congressional Townships. Sections are divided into quarter-sections of 160 acres each and quarter-quarter sections of 40 acres each. In the Homestead Act of 1862, one quarter-section of land was the amount allocated to each settler. Stemming from that are the idiomatic expressions, "the lower 40", the 40 acres on a settler's land, lowest in elevation, in the direction towards which water drains toward a stream, the "back forty", the portion farthest from the settler's dwelling. Survey townships are distinct from civil townships. A survey township is used to establish boundaries for land ownership, while a civil township is a form of local government. In states with civil townships, the two types of townships coincide. County lines in western states follow survey township lines, leading to the large number of rectangular counties in the Midwest, which are agglomerations of survey townships. In western Canada, the Dominion Land Survey adopted a similar format for survey townships, which do not form administrative units.

These townships have the area of 36 square miles. Public Land Survey System Township Township Civil township Paper township Dominion Land Survey

Samuel Cabot III

Samuel Cabot III was an American physician and ornithologist, as well as a member of the wealthy and prominent Cabot family. Samuel Cabot III was born in Boston, Massachusetts on September 20, 1815 to Samuel Cabot, Jr. and Elizabeth Perkins. Cabot graduated from Harvard University in 1836, proceeded to get his medical degree at Harvard Medical School in 1839. After this, Dr. Cabot went to France for further studies, he returned to Boston in July 1841, but joined a group of academic explorers in the Yucatan in 1842, serving as their physician. In 1844, he set up his own medical and surgical practice in Boston, which he maintained for the rest of his life. Additionally, he was employed by the Massachusetts General Hospital. Politically, Cabot was an abolitionist and, volunteered himself as surgeon during the American Civil War, he was ordered to inspect army hospitals in 1863. Cabot was a noted ornithologist, he collected many birds from his trip to the Yucatan in 1842, including many that were first described by him.

At one time he was the curator for the Boston Society of Natural History, which during the early years had a smaller collection of birds than Cabot's personal collection. Cabot published many ornithological papers, until he had to retire as an ornithologist in the 1850s to focus on his medical career, his bird and egg collection was given to the Boston Society of Natural History after his death in Boston in 1885. The Chinese pheasant, Cabot's tragopan, was named after him. In 1844, Cabot married Hannah Lowell Jackson. Together, they had eight children, including industrialist Godfrey Lowell Cabot and artist Lilla Cabot Perry, his father, Samuel Cabot, Jr. and his grandfather, Thomas Handasyd Perkins, were two of the wealthiest men in 19th century Boston. Two of his brothers include philosopher James Elliot Cabot and architect and artist Edward Clarke Cabot

Beer Lovers Party (Belarus)

Beer Lovers Party of Belarus, or BLP was one of several Beer Lovers Parties created in some post-Soviet states, including Belarus. It was registered on December 30, 1993. According to its statute, "the major goal of the BLP is the struggle for the cleanness and quality of the national beer, state independence and the neutrality of Belarus, freedom of economic relations, personal inviolability and the inviolability of private property" The Chairman was Andrej Ramašeŭski. In 1995 Ramašeŭski was arrested and imprisoned for burning the flag of the Byelorussian SSR in public in protest against the change of national symbols by Belarusian President Lukashenka after a controversial referendum, he was detained for hooliganism, after 3 months of imprisonment, on July 19, 1996 he received suspended sentence for two years of prison. Ramašeŭski denies, he emigrated first to Poland and to the Czech Republic and became a Czech citizen and a member of Czech Pirate Party. After that the affairs of the party went into a disarray.

The party was liquidated in 1998 by the Belarus Superior Court. The declared reason of the liquidation of BLP was failure of the party to address the request of the Belarus Ministry of Justice about the membership statistics and management structure of the party; the logo of the Party is an allusion to the "drunken hedgehog" a stereotype from Russian jokes

List of tallest buildings in Minnesota

This list of tallest buildings in Minnesota ranks skyscrapers in the state of Minnesota by tallest height of high rise. This does not include antennas; the majority of the tallest buildings in Minnesota are in Minneapolis, the largest city in the state. Other cities that have some of the state's tallest buildings include the state capital of St. Paul, South St. Paul, Golden Valley, St. Louis Park, Duluth, Brooklyn Center, St. Cloud, Maplewood, Eden Prairie, Moorhead and Bloomington. Not all buildings in Minneapolis and St. Paul are listed, due to the large number of skyscrapers and high rises in both cities. List of tallest buildings in Minneapolis List of tallest buildings in St. Paul List of tallest buildings in Rochester, Minnesota List of tallest buildings in Duluth Emporis - Minneapolis Emporis - St. Paul Emporis - Rochester Emporis - Bloomington Emporis - Duluth Emporis - Edina Emporis - St. Louis Park Emporis - Golden Valley Emporis - Richfield Emporis - Brooklyn Center Emporis - Moorhead Emporis - Maplewood Emporis - Eden Prairie Emporis - South St. Paul Emporis - Mankato Emporis - Red Wing Emporis - Robbinsdale Emporis - Bemidji Emporis - Alexandria


Vayk, is a town and the centre of the urban community of Vayk in Vayots Dzor Province at the south of Armenia. As per the 2016 official estimate, Vayk had a population of around 4,700. However, as of the 2011 census, the population of the town was 5,877, down from 6,024 reported in the 2001 census. Meaning "sorrows", the name Vayk is derived from the Vayots Dzor canton of the historic Armenian province of Syunik; the area of Vayk belongs to the Vayots Dzor canton of Syunik province. At the beginning of the 16th century, Eastern Armenia fell under the Safavid Persian rule; the territory of modern-day Vayk became part of the Erivan Beglarbegi and the Erivan Khanate. The period between the 16th and 17th centuries is considered to be the darkest period in the history of Vayots Dzor; the region was turned into a frequent battlefield between the invading troops of the Turkic and Iranian tribes. As a result, many significant monuments and prosperous villages were destroyed and the population was displaced.

In 1747, the region became part of the newly-formed Nakhichevan Khanate. As a result of the Treaty of Turkmenchay signed between the Russian Empire and Persia in 1828 following the Russo-Persian War of 1826–28, many territories of Eastern Armenia -including Vayots Dzor- became part of the Russian Empire. In 1828-30, many Armenian families from the Iranian towns of Salmas and Khoy were resettled in Eastern Armenia in the areas that became part of the Erivan Governorate in 1840; the first wave of Armenian settlers arrived in the Vayots Dzor region in 1828-29, forming the small rural community of Soylan in the area of modern-day Vayk. In 1870, it became part of the newly-founded Sharur-Daralagezsky Uyezd of Erivan Governorate. After the short-lived independence of Armenia between 1918 and 1920, the region became one of the main centres of the resistance against the Soviet rule, becoming part of the unrecognized Republic of Mountainous Armenia under the leadership of Garegin Nzhdeh. After falling to the Bolsheviks in July 1921, Soylan became part of the Armenian SSR.

In 1931, it became the centre of the newly formed Azizbekov raion. In 1956, Soylan was given the status of an urban-type settlement and renamed Azizbekov in honor of the Bolshevik revolutionary Meshadi Azizbekov. In 1973, a branch of the Jermuk Mineral Water Factory was opened in Azizbekov. Shortly before the independence of Armenia, Azizbekov was renamed Vayk on 23 November 1990. In 1995, Vayk was given the status of a town within the Vayots Dzor Province as per the newly-adopted administrative reforms; the economy of the town has declined in the post-independence period, the Vayk branch of the Jermuk Water Factory was closed. Vayk is located at a road distance of 140 km south of the capital Yerevan on way to Goris; the provincial centre Yeghegnadzor is at road distance of 20 km southeast of Vayk. With an elevation of 1300 meters above sea level, Vayk is situated on the left bank of Arpa River surrounded with the Yeghegis mountains from the northwest and Vayk range from the south; the town is characterized with cold and snowy winters, mild cool summers.

Vayk is populated by ethnic Armenians who belong to the Armenian Apostolic Church. The regulating body of the church in Vayk is the Diocese of Vayots Dzor based in Yeghegnadzor; the town's Saint Trdat Church was opened in August 2000 by Catholicos Karekin II and through the donations of Armenian benefactors Caloust and Emma Soghoyan from the United States. The church is named after king Tiridates III of Armenia who proclaimed Christianity as the state religion of Armenia in 301, making the Armenian kingdom the first nation to embrace Christianity as an official state religion. Here is the population timeline of Vayk since 1897: The healthcare is provided by the Vayk Medical Association hospital operating since 1962; the remains of an old settlement dating back to the 1st millennium BC is found at the northeast of Vayk. The Vayk bridge of the 17th century spanning the Arpa River is located 1 km west of the town; the bridge was renovated during his campaign against Qajar Persia. The town of Vayk has a cultural centre with 2 theatre halls, a music academy, an art academy, a public library with more than 180,000 items.

The Karen Demirchyan public park is located at the centre of the town. The M-2 Motorway that connect Armenia from north to south, passes through the town; the town is connected with the surrounding communities through a regional networks of well-developed roads. The economy of Vayk is based on cattle-breeding; the largest industrial firm of the town is the "Vayk Group" company for wine and dried fruits, founded in 2000. Other major firms of the town include the "WCW of Vaik" building materials factory founded in 1968, the "Meg Ararat" factory for tea production founded in 2008; the town has its own central hospital since 1984. The town Vayk is home to 3 public education schools as well as to 2 pre-school kindergartens. Vayk used to have an intermediate medical college, not in operation. Vayk is home to the municipal Arevik Stadium opened with a capacity of 2,000 seats, it was renovated in 2016. However, the town is not represented by any professional football team in the domestic competitions; the town has a sports school run by the municipality.

The school is serving the young athletes of the town and the nearby villages. However, the facilities in the school are outdated needing an entire renovation process for the complex. Syunik Siunia dynasty Sharur-Daralagezsky Uyezd

Peter J. Stadelman

Peter John Stadelman was an American businessman and politician from the state of Oregon. A native of New York, he was raised in The Dalles, where he was a prominent businessman and mayor. A Republican, he served as Oregon Secretary of State during The Great Depression and in the Oregon State Senate. Peter Stadelman was born in Hempstead, New York, on October 29, 1871, to an Austrian immigrant and native New Yorker, his father, immigrated to the United States in 1869, where he married Mary Rath. He was raised near The Dalles along the Columbia River at the family's farm, which once belonged to the Catholic Mission. Stadelman received his education at the public schools in The Dalles before starting work as a paper delivery boy for The Oregonian, as an assistant at the local post office. In 1893, Stadelman began working in the ice and fruit business, which led him to start his own company in 1898, the Stadelman Fruit and Ice Company, he was married in 1904 to Mary Kelly Hicks, they would have two sons and George Peter.

Stadelman purchased the family farm with his brother in 1907 from their father. In 1920, he was a founder of the Citizen's National Bank in that city, would serve as the president of the bank. Stadelman first entered politics as a city councilor in The Dalles, serving from 1908 to 1914. In 1918, he became the mayor of the city and remained in office until 1928. On February 6, 1934, Oregon Secretary of State Hal E. Hoss died in office. Oregon Governor Julius Meier appointed the Republican Stadelman on February 9, to fill the remaining term of Hoss. Stadelman served as Secretary of State from that day until January 7, 1935, when Earl Snell took office. In 1936, he was elected to the Oregon State Senate to represent District 16 covering Wasco and Hood River counties as a Republican. Stadelman won re-election to additional four-year terms in 1940 and 1944, served through the 1947 legislative session. At one time his company had the biggest cold storage facility in the eastern portion of Oregon, his wife died on July 10, 1924.

In 1930, he sold his cold storage company to his sons, moved to Yakima, Washington. Peter John Stadelman died on January 10, 1954, at the age of 82