German military administration in occupied France during World War II
The Military Administration in France was an interim occupation authority established by Nazi Germany during World War II to administer the occupied zone in areas of northern and western France. This so-called zone occupée was renamed zone nord in November 1942, when the unoccupied zone in the south known as zone libre was occupied and renamed zone sud, its role in France was governed by the conditions set by the Second Armistice at Compiègne after the blitzkrieg success of the Wehrmacht leading to the Fall of France. For instance, France agreed that its soldiers would remain prisoners of war until the cessation of all hostilities. Replacing the French Third Republic that had dissolved during France's defeat was the "French State", with its sovereignty and authority limited to the free zone; as Paris was located in the occupied zone, its government was seated in the spa town of Vichy in Auvergne, therefore it was more known as Vichy France. While the Vichy government was nominally in charge of all of France, the military administration in the occupied zone was a de facto Nazi dictatorship.
Its rule was extended to the free zone when it was invaded by Germany and Italy during Case Anton on 11 November 1942 in response to Operation Torch, the Allied landings in French North Africa on 8 November 1942. The Vichy government remained in existence though its authority was now curtailed; the military administration in France ended with the Liberation of France after the Normandy and Provence landings. It formally existed from May 1940 to December 1944, though most of its territory had been liberated by the Allies by the end of summer 1944. Alsace-Lorraine, annexed after the Franco-Prussian war in 1871 by the German Empire and returned to France after the First World War, was re-annexed by the Third Reich The departments of Nord and Pas-de-Calais were attached to the military administration in Belgium and Northern France, responsible for civilian affairs in the 20-kilometre wide zone interdite along the Atlantic coast. Another "forbidden zone" were areas in north-eastern France, corresponding to Lorraine and about half each of Franche-Comté, Champagne and Picardie.
War refugees were prohibited from returning to their homes, it was intended for German settlers and annexation in the coming Nazi New Order. The occupied zone consisted of the rest of northern and western France, including the two forbidden zones; the southern part of France, except for the western half of Aquitaine along the Atlantic coast, became the zone libre, where the Vichy regime remained sovereign as an independent state, though under heavy German influence due to the restrictions of the Armistice and economical dependency on Germany. It constituted a land area of 246,618 square kilometres 45 percent of France, included 33 percent of the total French labor force; the demarcation line between the free zone and the occupied zone was a de facto border, necessitating special authorisation and a laissez-passer from the German authorities to cross. These restrictions remained in place after Vichy was occupied and the zone renamed zone sud, placed under military administration in November 1942.
The Italian occupation zone consisted of small areas along the Alps border, a 50-kilometre demilitarised zone along the same. It was expanded to all territory on the left bank of the Rhône river after its invasion together with Germany of Vichy France on 11 November 1942, except for areas around Lyon and Marseille, which were added to Germany's zone sud, Corsica; the Italian occupation zone was occupied by Germany and added to the zone sud after Italy's surrender in September 1943, except for Corsica, liberated by the landings of Free French forces and local Italian troops that had switched sides to the Allies. After Germany and France agreed on an armistice following the defeats of May and June, Marshal Wilhelm Keitel and General Charles Huntzinger, representatives of the Third Reich and of the French government of Marshal Philippe Pétain signed it on 22 June 1940 at the Rethondes clearing in Compiègne Forest; as it was done at the same place and in the same railroad carriage where the armistice ending the First World War when Germany surrendered, it is known as the Second Compiègne armistice.
France was divided into an occupied northern zone and an unoccupied southern zone, according to the armistice convention "in order to protect the interests of the German Reich". The French colonial empire remained under the authority of Marshall Pétain's Vichy regime. French sovereignty was to be exercised over the whole of French territory, including the occupied zone and Moselle, but the third article of the armistice stipulated that French authorities in the occupied zone would have to obey the military administration and that Germany would exercise rights of an occupying power within it: In the occupied region of France, the German Reich exercises all of the rights of an occupying power; the French government undertakes to facilitate in every way possible the implementation of these rights, to provide the assistance of the French administrative services to that end. The French government will direct all off
Warner Bros. Entertainment Inc. referred to as Warner Bros. and abbreviated as WB, is an American entertainment company headquartered in Burbank, California and a subsidiary of AT&T's WarnerMedia. Founded in 1923, it has operations in film and video games and is one of the "Big Five" major American film studios, as well as a member of the Motion Picture Association of America; the company's name originated from the four founding Warner brothers: Harry, Albert and Jack Warner. Harry and Sam emigrated as young children with their parents to Canada from Krasnosielc, Poland. Jack, the youngest brother, was born in Ontario; the three elder brothers began in the movie theater business, having acquired a movie projector with which they showed films in the mining towns of Pennsylvania and Ohio. In the beginning and Albert Warner invested $150 to present Life of an American Fireman and The Great Train Robbery, they opened their first theater, the Cascade, in New Castle, Pennsylvania, in 1903. When the original building was in danger of being demolished, the modern Warner Bros. called the current building owners, arranged to save it.
The owners noted people across the country had asked them to protect it for its historical significance. In 1904, the Warners founded the Pittsburgh-based Duquesne Amusement & Supply Company, to distribute films. In 1912, Harry Warner hired. By the time of World War I they had begun producing films. In 1918 they opened the first Warner Brothers Studio on Sunset Boulevard in Hollywood. Sam and Jack produced the pictures, while Harry and Albert, along with their auditor and now controller Chase, handled finance and distribution in New York City. During World War I their first nationally syndicated film, My Four Years in Germany, based on a popular book by former ambassador James W. Gerard, was released. On April 4, 1923, with help from money loaned to Harry by his banker Motley Flint, they formally incorporated as Warner Bros. Pictures, Incorporated; the first important deal was the acquisition of the rights to Avery Hopwood's 1919 Broadway play, The Gold Diggers, from theatrical impresario David Belasco.
However, Rin Tin Tin, a dog brought from France after World War I by an American soldier, established their reputation. Rin Tin Tin debuted in the feature; the movie was so successful. Rin Tin Tin became the studio's top star. Jack nicknamed him "The Mortgage Lifter" and the success boosted Darryl F. Zanuck's career. Zanuck became a top producer and between 1928 and 1933 served as Jack's right-hand man and executive producer, with responsibilities including day-to-day film production. More success came. Lubitsch's film The Marriage Circle was the studio's most successful film of 1924, was on The New York Times best list for that year. Despite the success of Rin Tin Tin and Lubitsch, Warner's remained a lesser studio. Sam and Jack decided to offer Broadway actor John Barrymore the lead role in Beau Brummel; the film was so successful. By the end of 1924, Warner Bros. was arguably Hollywood's most successful independent studio, where it competed with "The Big Three" Studios. As a result, Harry Warner—while speaking at a convention of 1,500 independent exhibitors in Milwaukee, Wisconsin—was able to convince the filmmakers to spend $500,000 in newspaper advertising, Harry saw this as an opportunity to establish theaters in cities such as New York and Los Angeles.
As the studio prospered, it gained backing from Wall Street, in 1924 Goldman Sachs arranged a major loan. With this new money, the Warners bought the pioneer Vitagraph Company which had a nationwide distribution system. In 1925, Warners' experimented in radio, establishing a successful radio station, KFWB, in Los Angeles. Warner Bros. was a pioneer of films with synchronized sound. In 1925, at Sam's urging, Warner's agreed to add this feature to their productions. By February 1926, the studio reported a net loss of $333,413. After a long period denying Sam's request for sound, Harry agreed to change, as long as the studio's use of synchronized sound was for background music purposes only; the Warners signed a contract with the sound engineer company Western Electric and established Vitaphone. In 1926, Vitaphone began making films with music and effects tracks, most notably, in the feature Don Juan starring John Barrymore; the film was silent. To hype Don Juan's release, Harry acquired the large Piccadilly Theater in Manhattan, New York City, renamed it Warners' Theatre.
Don Juan premiered at the Warners' Theatre in New York on August 6, 1926. Throughout the early history of film distribution, theater owners hired orchestras to attend film showings, where they provided soundtracks. Through Vitaphone, Warner Bros. produced eight shorts in 1926. Many film production companies questioned the necessity. Don Juan did not recoup its production cost and Lubitsch left for MGM. By April 1927, the Big Five studios had ruined Warner's, Western Electric renewed Warner's Vit
A biography, or bio, is a detailed description of a person's life. It involves more than just the basic facts like education, work and death. Unlike a profile or curriculum vitae, a biography presents a subject's life story, highlighting various aspects of his or her life, including intimate details of experience, may include an analysis of the subject's personality. Biographical works are non-fiction, but fiction can be used to portray a person's life. One in-depth form of biographical coverage is called legacy writing. Works in diverse media, from literature to film, form the genre known as biography. An authorized biography is written with the permission, at times, participation of a subject or a subject's heirs. An autobiography is written by the person himself or herself, sometimes with the assistance of a collaborator or ghostwriter. At first, biographical writings were regarded as a subsection of history with a focus on a particular individual of historical importance; the independent genre of biography as distinct from general history writing, began to emerge in the 18th century and reached its contemporary form at the turn of the 20th century.
One of the earliest biographers was Cornelius Nepos, who published his work Excellentium Imperatorum Vitae in 44 BC. Longer and more extensive biographies were written in Greek by Plutarch, in his Parallel Lives, published about 80 A. D. In this work famous Greeks are paired with famous Romans, for example the orators Demosthenes and Cicero, or the generals Alexander the Great and Julius Caesar. Another well-known collection of ancient biographies is De vita Caesarum by Suetonius, written about AD 121 in the time of the emperor Hadrian. In the early Middle Ages, there was a decline in awareness of the classical culture in Europe. During this time, the only repositories of knowledge and records of the early history in Europe were those of the Roman Catholic Church. Hermits and priests used this historic period to write biographies, their subjects were restricted to the church fathers, martyrs and saints. Their works were meant to be inspirational to the people and vehicles for conversion to Christianity.
One significant secular example of a biography from this period is the life of Charlemagne by his courtier Einhard. In Medieval Islamic Civilization, similar traditional Muslim biographies of Muhammad and other important figures in the early history of Islam began to be written, beginning the Prophetic biography tradition. Early biographical dictionaries were published as compendia of famous Islamic personalities from the 9th century onwards, they contained more social data for a large segment of the population than other works of that period. The earliest biographical dictionaries focused on the lives of the prophets of Islam and their companions, with one of these early examples being The Book of The Major Classes by Ibn Sa'd al-Baghdadi, and began the documentation of the lives of many other historical figures who lived in the medieval Islamic world. By the late Middle Ages, biographies became less church-oriented in Europe as biographies of kings and tyrants began to appear; the most famous of such biographies was Le Morte d'Arthur by Sir Thomas Malory.
The book was an account of his Knights of the Round Table. Following Malory, the new emphasis on humanism during the Renaissance promoted a focus on secular subjects, such as artists and poets, encouraged writing in the vernacular. Giorgio Vasari's Lives of the Artists was the landmark biography focusing on secular lives. Vasari made celebrities of his subjects, as the Lives became an early "bestseller". Two other developments are noteworthy: the development of the printing press in the 15th century and the gradual increase in literacy. Biographies in the English language began appearing during the reign of Henry VIII. John Foxe's Actes and Monuments, better known as Foxe's Book of Martyrs, was the first dictionary of the biography in Europe, followed by Thomas Fuller's The History of the Worthies of England, with a distinct focus on public life. Influential in shaping popular conceptions of pirates, A General History of the Pyrates, by Charles Johnson, is the prime source for the biographies of many well-known pirates.
A notable early collection of biographies of eminent men and women in the United Kingdom was Biographia Britannica edited by William Oldys. The American biography followed the English model, incorporating Thomas Carlyle's view that biography was a part of history. Carlyle asserted that the lives of great human beings were essential to understanding society and its institutions. While the historical impulse would remain a strong element in early American biography, American writers carved out a distinct approach. What emerged was a rather didactic form of biography, which sought to shape the individual character of a reader in the process of defining national character; the first modern biography, a work which exerted considerable influence on the evolution of the genre, was James Boswell's The Life of Samuel Johnson, a biography of lexicographer and man-of-letters Samuel Johnson published in 1791. While Boswell's personal acquaintance with his subject only began in 1763, when Johnson was 54 years old, Boswell covered the entirety of Johnson's life by means of additional research.
Itself an important stage in the development of the modern genre of biography, it has been claimed to be the greatest biography writte
Joan Ann Olivier, Baroness Olivier, DBE known as Dame Joan Plowright, is a retired English actress whose career has spanned over six decades. She has won two Golden Globe Awards and a Tony Award and has been nominated for an Academy Award, an Emmy and two BAFTA Awards, she is one of only four actresses to have won two Golden Globes in the same year. Plowright was born in Brigg, the daughter of Daisy Margaret and William Ernest Plowright, a journalist and newspaper editor, she trained at the Bristol Old Vic Theatre School in London. Plowright made her stage debut at Croydon in 1948 and her London debut in 1954. In 1956 she joined the English Stage Company at the Royal Court Theatre and was cast as Margery Pinchwife in The Country Wife, she appeared with George Devine in the Eugène Ionesco play, The Chairs, Shaw's Major Barbara and Saint Joan. In 1957, she co-starred with Sir Laurence Olivier in the original London production of John Osborne's The Entertainer, taking over the role of Jean Rice from Dorothy Tutin when the play transferred from the Royal Court to the Palace Theatre.
She continued to appear in films such as The Entertainer. In 1961, she received a Tony Award for her role in A Taste of Honey on Broadway. Through her marriage to Laurence Olivier, she became associated with his work at the National Theatre from 1963 onwards. In the 1990s she began to appear more in films, including Enchanted April, for which she won a Golden Globe Award and an Academy Award nomination, Dennis the Menace, a cameo in Last Action Hero and Tea With Mussolini, she was the Nanny in 101 Dalmatians. Among her television roles, she won another Golden Globe Award and earned an Emmy Award nomination for the HBO film Stalin in 1992 as the Soviet dictator's mother-in-law. In 1994, she was awarded the Women in Film Crystal Award. In 2003, Plowright performed in the stage production Absolutely! in London. She was appointed honorary president of the English Stage Company in March 2009, succeeding John Mortimer, who died in January 2009, she was vice-president of the company. Plowright was appointed a Commander of the Order of the British Empire in the 1970 New Year Honours and was promoted to Dame Commander in the 2004 New Year Honours.
Plowright's eyesight declined during the late 2000s and early 2010s due to macular degeneration. In 2014, she announced her retirement from acting because she had become blind. Plowright was first married to Roger Gage, an actor, in September 1953, she divorced him and, in 1961, married Laurence Olivier after the ending of his 20-year marriage with the actress Vivien Leigh. The couple had three children, Hon. Richard Kerr Olivier, Hon. Tamsin Agnes Margaret Olivier and Hon. Julie-Kate Olivier. Both daughters are actresses; the couple remained married until Lord Olivier's death in 1989. Her brother, David Plowright, was an executive at Granada Television; the Plowright Theatre in Scunthorpe is named in Plowright's honour. Upon her marriage to Sir Laurence Olivier, her formal title became Lady Olivier, her husband was made so she became Baroness Olivier. Professionally, she is known as Dame Joan Plowright; as of 2004 her full and official title, as the widow of a peer and Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire, is The Right Honourable The Baroness Olivier DBE.
Joan Plowright on IMDb Joan Plowright at the Internet Broadway Database Joan Plowright at the Internet Off-Broadway Database Performances listed in Theatre Archive University of Bristol Joan Plowright at the BFI's Screenonline
Olga Picasso, born Olga Stepanovna Khokhlova was a Russian ballet dancer of noble descent, but better known as the first wife of Pablo Picasso, one of his early artistic muses and the mother of his son, Paulo. Olga Khokhlova was born in the town of Chernigov Governorate. Olga wanted to be a ballerina from the time she saw Madame Shroessont perform, she became a member of the Ballets Russes of Sergei Diaghilev. On May 18, 1917, Olga danced in Parade – a ballet by Sergei Diaghilev, Erik Satie and Jean Cocteau – on its opening night at the Théâtre du Châtelet. Pablo Picasso had set for the ballet. After meeting Picasso, Olga left the group, which toured South America, stayed in Barcelona with him, he introduced her to his family. At first his mother was alarmed by the idea that her son should marry a foreigner, so he gave her a painting of Olga as a Spanish girl. Olga returned with Picasso to Paris, where they began to live together on the Rue La Boétie. Olga married Picasso on July 1918, at the Russian Orthodox Cathedral at the Rue Daru.
Jean Cocteau and Max Jacob were witnesses to the marriage. She was one of his first artistic muses. In July 1919, Pablo and Olga went to London for the performance of Le Tricorne, for which Picasso again had designed costumes and stage on Diaghilev's wish; the ballet was performed at the Alhambra in Spain and was a great success at the Paris Opera in 1919. On February 4, 1921, Olga gave birth to a boy named Paulo. From on, Olga and Picasso's relationship deteriorated. In 1927, Picasso began an affair with Marie-Thérèse Walter. In 1935, Olga learned of the affair from a friend, who informed her that Walter was pregnant. Olga took Paulo, moved to the South of France and filed for divorce. Picasso refused to divide his property evenly with her as required by French law, so Olga stayed married to him until her death from cancer in Cannes, France in 1955. Paulo, who died on June 5, 1975, was married to Emilienne Lotte and divorced in 1953, they had two children: Marina. Paulo in life, married Christiane Pauplin.
The couples' only child, Bernard Ruiz-Picasso, co-founded the Picasso Museum in Malaga along with his mother. In 1990, Marina Picasso founded an orphanage in Vietnam. Named "The Village of Youth", it was funded by Marina’s inheritance from her grandfather, Pablo Picasso. Marina’s foundation has organized the digging of wells in inland Vietnam, sends regular shipments of milk to orphanages and hospitals and grants farming subsidies and scholarships. Richardson, John. A Life of Picasso: The Triumphant Years, 1917-1932. Knopf. ISBN 978-0307266651. Picasso, Marina. Picasso, My Grandfather. Riverhead Books. ISBN 978-1573221917. Biography of Olga Khokhlova Picasso and Khokhlova Retratos de Olga Khokhlova by Picasso Pictures of Picasso and Khokhlova Biography and pictures of Olga Khokhlova
Ruth Prawer Jhabvala
Ruth Prawer Jhabvala, was a German-born British and American Booker prize-winning novelist, short story writer and two-time Academy Award-winning screenwriter. She is best known for her long collaboration with Merchant Ivory Productions, made up of director James Ivory and producer Ismail Merchant. After meeting Cyrus Jhabvala in England, she married him and moved to India in 1951; the couple had three daughters. Jhabvala began to elaborate her experiences in India and wrote novels and tales on Indian subjects, she wrote a dozen novels, 23 screenplays, eight collections of short stories and was made a CBE in 1998 and granted a joint fellowship by BAFTA in 2002 with Ivory and Merchant. She is the only person to have won both an Oscar. Ruth Prawer was born in Germany to Jewish parents Marcus and Eleanora Prawer. Marcus was a lawyer who moved to Germany from Poland to escape conscription and Eleanora's father was cantor of Cologne's largest synagogue, her father was accused of communist links and released, she witnessed the violence unleashed against the Jews during the Kristallnacht.
The family was among the last group of refugees to flee the Nazi regime in 1939, emigrating to Britain. Her elder brother, Siegbert Salomon Prawer, an expert on Heinrich Heine and horror films, was fellow of The Queen's College and Taylor Professor of German Language and Literature at the University of Oxford. During World War II, Prawer lived in Hendon in London, experienced the Blitz and began to speak English rather than German. Charles Dickens' works and Margaret Mitchell's Gone With the Wind kept her company through the war years and the latter book she read while taking refuge in air raid shelters during the Luftwaffe's bombing of London, she became a British citizen in 1948. The following year, her father died by suicide after discovering that 40 members of his family had died during the Holocaust. Prawer attended Hendon County School and Queen Mary College, where she received an MA in English literature in 1951. Jhabvala lived in India for 24 years from 1951, her first novel, To Whom She Will, was published in 1955.
It Get Ready for Battle. The Householder, with a screenplay by Jhabvala, was filmed in 1963 by Ivory. During her years in India she wrote scripts for the Merchant-Ivory duo for The Guru and The Autobiography of a Princess, she collaborated with Ivory for the screenplays for Bombay Talkie and ABC After-school Specials: William - The Life and Times of William Shakespeare. In 1975, she won the Booker Prize for her novel Heat and Dust, adapted into a movie; that year, she moved to New York. Jhabvala "remained ill at ease with India and all that it brought into her life." She wrote in an autobiographical essay, Myself in India that she found the "great animal of poverty and backwardness" made the idea and sensation of India intolerable to her, a "Central European with an English education and a deplorable tendency to constant self-analysis." Her early works in India dwell on the themes of romantic love and arranged marriages and are portraits of the social mores and chaos of the early decades of independent India.
Writing of her in the New York Times, novelist Pankaj Mishra observed that "she was the first writer in English to see that India's Westernizing middle class, so preoccupied with marriage, lent itself well to Jane Austenish comedies of manners." Jhabvala moved to New York in 1975 and lived there until her death in 2013, becoming a naturalised citizen of the United States in 1986. She continued to write and many of her works including In Search of Love and Beauty, Three Continents, Shards of Memory and East Into Upper East: Plain Tales From New York and New Delhi portray the lives and predicaments of immigrants from post-Nazi and post-World War Europe. Many of these works feature India as a setting where her characters go in search of spiritual enlightenment only to emerge defrauded and exposed to the materialistic pursuits of the East; the New York Times Review of Books chose her Out of India. In 1984, she was awarded a MacArthur Fellowship. In 2005 she published My Nine Lives: Chapters of a Possible Past with illustrations by her husband and the book was described as "her most autobiographical fiction to date".
Her literary works were well received with C. P. Snow, Rumer Godden and V. S. Pritchett describing her work as "the highest art", "a balance between subtlety and beauty" and as being Chekhovian in its detached sense of comic self-delusion. Salman Rushdie described her as a "rootless intellectual" when he anthologised her in the Vintage Book of Indian Writing while John Updike described her an "initiated outsider". Jhabvala was assumed to be an Indian among the reading public because of her perceptive portrayals of the nuances of Indian lifestyles; the revelation of her true identity led to falling sales of her books in India and made her a target of accusations about "her old-fashioned colonial attitudes". Jhabvala's last published story was "The Judge's Will", which appeared in The New Yorker on 25 March 2013. In 1963, Jhabvala was approached by James Ivory and Ismail Merchant to write a screenplay for their debut black-and-white feature The Householder based on her 1960 novel. During their first encounter, Merchant said Jhabvala, seeking to avoid them, pretended to be the housemaid when they visited.
The film, released by Merchant Ivory Productions in 1963 and starring Sh
Arianna Stassinopoulos Huffington is a Greek-American author, syndicated columnist, businesswoman. She is the founder of The Huffington Post, the founder and CEO of Thrive Global, the author of fifteen books. In May 2005, she launched a news and blog site. In August 2016, she launched Thrive Global, a corporate and consumer well-being and productivity platform, she has been named to Time Magazine's list of the world’s 100 most influential people and the Forbes Most Powerful Women list. From Greece, she moved to England when she was 16 and graduated from Girton College, where she earned a B. A. in economics. At 21, she became president of the Cambridge Union, she serves on numerous boards, including Uber and Global Citizen. Her last two books, Thrive: The Third Metric to Redefining Success and Creating a Life of Well-Being and Wonder and The Sleep Revolution: Transforming Your Life, One Night At A Time, both became instant international bestsellers. Huffington, the former wife of Republican congressman Michael Huffington, co-founded The Huffington Post, now owned by AOL.
She was a popular conservative commentator in the mid-1990s, after which, in the late-1990s, she offered liberal points of view in public, while remaining involved in business endeavors. In 2003, she ran as an independent candidate for governor in the California recall election and lost. In 2009, Huffington was #12 in Forbes's first-ever list of the Most Influential Women In Media, she has moved up to #42 in The Guardian's Top 100 in Media List. As of 2014, she is listed by Forbes as the 52nd Most Powerful Woman in the World. In 2011, AOL acquired The Huffington Post for US$315 million, made Huffington the President and Editor-in-chief of The Huffington Post Media Group, which included The Huffington Post and then-existing AOL properties including AOL Music, Patch Media, StyleList. On August 11, 2016, it was announced that she would step down from her role at The Huffington Post to devote her time to a new startup, Thrive Global, focused on health and wellness information. Huffington was born Ariadnē-Anna Stasinopoúlou in Athens, the daughter of Konstantinos and Elli Stasinopoulou, is the sister of Agapi.
She moved to the United Kingdom at the age of 16 and studied economics at Girton College, where she was the first foreign, third female President of the Cambridge Union. She told IANS in an email interview "India has long held a special place in my heart, from the time I went to study comparative religion at Visva-Bharati University". In 1971, Huffington appeared in an edition of Face the Music along with Bernard Levin. A relationship developed, of which she wrote, after his death: "He wasn't just the big love of my life, he was a mentor as a writer and a role model as a thinker." Huffington began writing books with editorial help from Levin. The two traveled to music festivals around the world for the BBC, they spent summers patronizing three-star restaurants in France. At the age of 30, she remained in love with him but longed to have children. Huffington concluded that she had to break away and moved to New York in 1980. From March - April 1980, Huffington joined Bob Langley as the co-host of BBC1's late night talk and entertainment show Saturday Night At The Mill, appearing in just 5 editions before being dropped from the programme.
She was replaced permanently by Jenny Hanley In 1973, Arianna wrote a book titled The Female Woman, attacking the Women's Liberation movement in general and Germaine Greer's 1970 The Female Eunuch in particular. In the book she wrote, "Women's Lib claims that the achievement of total liberation would transform the lives of all women for the better; the words for the album were co-written by Arianna Stassinopoulos. In the late 1980s, Huffington wrote several articles for National Review. In 1981, she wrote a biography of Maria Callas, Maria Callas – The Woman Behind the Legend, in 1989, a biography of Pablo Picasso, Picasso: Creator and Destroyer. Huffington rose to national U. S. prominence during the unsuccessful Senate bid in 1994 by her husband, Michael Huffington, a Republican. She became known as a reliable supporter of conservative causes such as Newt Gingrich's "Republican Revolution" and Bob Dole's 1996 candidacy for president, she teamed up with liberal comedian Al Franken as the conservative half of "Strange Bedfellows" during Comedy Central's coverage of the 1996 U.
S. presidential election. For her work and the writing team of Politically Incorrect were nominated for a 1997 Emmy for Outstanding Writing for a Variety or Music Program; as late as 1998, Huffington still aligned herself with Republicans. During that year, she did a weekly radio show in Los Angeles called "Left, Right, & Center", that "match her, the so-called'right-winger', against self-described centrist policy wonk Matt Miller, veteran'leftist' journalist Robert Scheer." In an April 1998 profile in The New Yorker, Margaret Talbot wrote that "Most she has cast herself as a kind of Republican Spice Girl – an endearingly ditzy right wing gal-about-town, a guilty pleasure for people who know better." Huffington described herself by side-stepping the traditional party divide, saying "the right/left divi