Mark "Mickey" Appleman is an American professional poker player, sports bettor, sports handicapper now living in Fort Lee, New Jersey. His poker accomplishments include winning four WSOP bracelets, all in different variations of poker and four top 25 finishes in the WSOP Main Event. Appleman was born on July 1945 in Brooklyn, New York to parents of Ashkenazi Jewish descent, he grew up in Long Island, where he was strong in both academics. He received his undergraduate degree in Mathematics from Ohio State University where he was a member of Alpha Epsilon Pi, he earned an MBA in statistics from Case Western University. Appleman moved to Washington, D. C. where he worked as a coordinator in a drug rehabilitation clinic. He taught math in public schools. Appleman used money he had made from sports betting to fund his early poker career, he began playing at the World Series of Poker in 1975, he was a regular player at the Mayfair Club in New York City where he played against some of the now famous and successful poker players like Dan Harrington, Howard Lederer, Erik Seidel.
In his long career as a professional poker player, he has won four bracelets and has finished in the money of the $10,000 no limit hold'em main event in 1987, 1989, 1990, 2000. In 2008, Appleman appeared on NBC's Poker After Dark show in the episode "Mayfair Club." The other players were the former owner of the club, Mike Shictman, professional poker players Howard Lederer, Dan Harrington, Steve Zolotow, Jay Heimowitz who won the tournament and the $120,000 cash prize. Appleman finished the tournament in third place; as of 2015, his total live tournament winnings exceed $1,787,000. His 47 cashes at the WSOP account for $1,185,861 of those winnings. Mickey has a son, born in 1987. Interview by Nolan Dalla Hendon Mob tournament results The Jesus of Handicapping by Michael Kaplan Personal Website
Paul Clark (poker player)
Robert Paul "Eskimo" Clark was an American professional poker player who lived in Las Vegas, Nevada. Robert Paul Clark grew up in one of seven brothers and sisters. Before turning to poker, Eskimo Clark was a veteran of the Vietnam War, where he worked as a dental assistant. Clark first finished in the money at the World Series of Poker in the 1988 limit omaha event, he has made money finishes in the $10,000 No Limit Hold'em main event in 1997 and 1998 where he was eliminated with pocket aces. In 2003, Clark won the $1,500 No Limit Hold'em event of the Bellagio's Five Diamond World Poker Classic, earning a $160,095 prize by defeating a final table including Erik Seidel, Chris Karagulleyan, Dave "Devilfish" Ulliott, Johnny Chan and Huck Seed. Clark began playing the World Poker Tour during its second season, his second-place finish in the World Poker Challenge $5,000 No Limit Hold'em event earned him $310,403. Clark's last cash at the World Series of Poker was in 2007, his total career winnings exceeded $2,700,000.
His 20 cashes at the WSOP account for $632,005 of those winnings. Outside of poker, Clark's hobbies included baseball, he died on April 15, 2015 in Las Vegas, Nevada at age 67. Poker Player profile World Poker Tour profile
Nevada is a state in the Western United States. It is bordered by Oregon to the northwest, Idaho to the northeast, California to the west, Arizona to the southeast and Utah to the east. Nevada is the 7th most extensive, the 32nd most populous, but the 9th least densely populated of the U. S. states. Nearly three-quarters of Nevada's people live in Clark County, which contains the Las Vegas–Paradise metropolitan area where three of the state's four largest incorporated cities are located. Nevada's capital, however, is Carson City. Nevada is known as the "Silver State" because of the importance of silver to its history and economy, it is known as the "Battle Born State", because it achieved statehood during the Civil War. Nevada is desert and semi-arid, much of it within the Great Basin. Areas south of the Great Basin are within the Mojave Desert, while Lake Tahoe and the Sierra Nevada lie on the western edge. About 86% of the state's land is managed by various jurisdictions of the U. S. federal government, both civilian and military.
Before European contact, Native Americans of the Paiute and Washoe tribes inhabited the land, now Nevada. The first Europeans to explore the region were Spanish, they called the region Nevada because of the snow. The area formed part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain, became part of Mexico when it gained independence in 1821; the United States annexed the area in 1848 after its victory in the Mexican–American War, it was incorporated as part of Utah Territory in 1850. The discovery of silver at the Comstock Lode in 1859 led to a population boom that became an impetus to the creation of Nevada Territory out of western Utah Territory in 1861. Nevada became the 36th state on October 31, 1864, as the second of two states added to the Union during the Civil War. Nevada has a reputation for its libertarian laws. In 1940, with a population of just over 110,000 people, Nevada was by far the least-populated state, with less than half the population of the next least-populated state. However, legalized gambling and lenient marriage and divorce laws transformed Nevada into a major tourist destination in the 20th century.
Nevada is the only U. S. state where prostitution is legal, though it is illegal in Clark County, Washoe County and Carson City. The tourism industry remains Nevada's largest employer, with mining continuing as a substantial sector of the economy: Nevada is the fourth-largest producer of gold in the world; the name "Nevada" comes from meaning "snow-covered", after the Sierra Nevada. Most Nevadans pronounce the second syllable of their state name using the TRAP vowel. Many from outside the Western United States pronounce it with the PALM vowel. Although the latter pronunciation is closer to the Spanish pronunciation, it is not the pronunciation preferred by most Nevadans. State Assemblyman Harry Mortenson proposed a bill to recognize the alternate pronunciation of Nevada, though the bill was not supported by most legislators and never received a vote; the Nevadan pronunciation is the de facto official one, since it is the one used by the state legislature. At one time, the state's official tourism organization, TravelNevada, stylized the name of the state as "Nevăda", with a breve mark over the a indicating the locally preferred pronunciation, available as a license plate design.
Nevada is entirely within the Basin and Range Province, is broken up by many north-south mountain ranges. Most of these ranges have endorheic valleys between them, which belies the image portrayed by the term Great Basin. Much of the northern part of the state is within the Great Basin, a mild desert that experiences hot temperatures in the summer and cold temperatures in the winter. Moisture from the Arizona Monsoon will cause summer thunderstorms; the state's highest recorded temperature was 125 °F in Laughlin on June 29, 1994. The coldest recorded temperature was −52 °F set in San Jacinto in 1972, in the northeastern portion of the state; the Humboldt River crosses the state from east to west across the northern part of the state, draining into the Humboldt Sink near Lovelock. Several rivers drain from the Sierra Nevada eastward, including the Walker and Carson rivers. All of these rivers are endorheic basins, ending in Walker Lake, Pyramid Lake, the Carson Sink, respectively. However, not all of Nevada is within the Great Basin.
Tributaries of the Snake River drain the far north, while the Colorado River, which forms much of the boundary with Arizona, drains much of southern Nevada. The mountain ranges, some of which have peaks above 13,000 feet, harbor lush forests high above desert plains, creating sky islands for endemic species; the valleys are no lower in elevation than 3,000 feet, while some in central Nevada are above 6,000 feet. The southern third of the state, where the Las Vegas area is situated, is within the Mojave Desert; the area is closer to the Arizona Monsoon in the summer. The terrain is lower below 4,000 feet, creating conditions for hot summer days and cool to chilly winter nights. Nevada and California have by far the longest diagonal line as a state boundary at just over 400 miles; this line begins in Lake Tahoe nearly
Doyle F. Brunson is a retired American poker player who played professionally for over 50 years, he is a two-time World Series of Poker Main Event champion, a Poker Hall of Fame inductee, the author of several books on poker. Brunson was the first player to earn $1 million in poker tournaments and has won ten WSOP bracelets throughout his career, tied with Johnny Chan and Phil Ivey for second all-time, behind Phil Hellmuth's fifteen bracelets, he is one of only four players to have won the Main Event at the World Series of Poker multiple times, which he did in 1976 and 1977. He is one of only two players, along with Bill Boyd, to have won WSOP tournaments in four consecutive years. In addition, he is the first of six players to win both the WSOP Main Event and a World Poker Tour title. In January 2006, Bluff Magazine voted Brunson the most influential force in the world of poker. On June 11, 2018, Brunson announced; that day, he entered the $10,000 2-7 Single Draw at the 2018 WSOP and came in sixth place, earning $43,963.
Brunson was born in Longworth, Fisher County, one of three children. He was part of the All-State Texas basketball team. In the 1950 Texas Interscholastic Track Meet, he won the one-mile event with a time of 4:43. Despite receiving offers from many colleges, he attended Hardin–Simmons University in Abilene, Texas; the Minneapolis Lakers of the NBA showed interest in Brunson but a knee injury ended his hopes of becoming a professional basketball player. He still requires a crutch because of the injury. Brunson obtained a bachelor's degree in 1954 and a master's degree in administrative education the following year, he would go on to work as a school principal. Brunson had begun playing five-card draw, he played more after being injured and his winnings paid for his expenses. After graduating, he took a job as a business machines salesman. On his first day, he was invited to play in a seven-card stud game and won more than a month's salary, he soon became a professional poker player. Brunson started off by playing in illegal games on Exchange Street in Fort Worth with friend Dwayne Hamilton.
They began traveling around Texas and Louisiana, playing in bigger games, meeting fellow professionals Amarillo Slim and Sailor Roberts. The illegal games Brunson played in during this time were run by criminals who were members of organized crime, so rules were not always enforced. Brunson has admitted to having a gun that he was robbed and beaten. Hamilton moved back to Fort Worth, while the others teamed up and travelled around together, gambling on poker, golf and, in Doyle's words, "just about everything." They pooled their money for gambling and after six years, they made their first serious trip to Las Vegas and lost all of it, a six-figure amount. They remained friends. Brunson settled in Las Vegas, he has been a regular player at the World Series of Poker since its inception in 1970, playing in the Main Event nearly every year since in addition to many of the other preceding bracelet-awarding events. He made some WSOP championship event final tables before his back-to-back wins, but since this was when the event was winner-take-all, they are not counted as cashes.
Besides his two championship wins in 1976 and 1977, Brunson's other Main Event cashes are: 1972, 1980, 1982, 1983, 1997, 2004 and 2013. Brunson authored Super/System, considered to be one of the most authoritative books on poker. Self-published in 1978, Super/System was the book credited with transforming poker by giving ordinary players insight into the way that professionals such as Brunson played and won, so much so that Brunson believes that it cost him a lot of money. An updated revision, Super/System 2, was published in 2004. Besides Brunson, several top poker players contributed chapters to Super/System including Bobby Baldwin, Mike Caro, David Sklansky, Chip Reese, Joey Hawthorne; the book is subtitled "by Doyle Brunson. Brunson is the author of Poker Wisdom of a Champion published as According to Doyle by Lyle Stuart in 1984. Brunson continued to play in the biggest poker games in the world, including a $4,000/$8,000 limit mixed poker game in "Bobby's Room" at the Bellagio, he plays in many of the biggest poker tournaments around the world.
He won his ninth gold bracelet in a mixed games event in 2003, in 2004, he finished 53rd in the No Limit Texas hold'em Championship event. He won the Legends of Poker World Poker Tour event in 2004 and finished fourth in the WPT's first championship event. Early in the morning on July 1, 2005, less than a week after Chan had won his 10th gold bracelet - setting a new record - Brunson tied him at the 2005 WSOP, he is five bracelets behind Phil Hellmuth, who earned his 15th bracelet at the 2018 World Series of Poker. He cashed in the 2013 World Series of Poker $10,000 No Limit Hold'em Championship event, marking the fifth decade he has cashed in the event; as of 2018, his total live tournament winnings exceed $6,100,000. He has totaled over $3,000,000 in earnings from his 37 cashes at the WSOP. Brunson has two Texas hold'em hands named after him; the holding of ten-deuce bears his name because he won the No Limit Hold'Em event at the World Series of Poker two years in a row with a ten and a two, in both cases completing a full house.
Poker is a family of card games that combines gambling and skill. All poker variants involve betting as an intrinsic part of play, determine the winner of each hand according to the combinations of players' cards, at least some of which remain hidden until the end of the hand. Poker games vary in the number of cards dealt, the number of shared or "community" cards, the number of cards that remain hidden, the betting procedures. In most modern poker games the first round of betting begins with one or more of the players making some form of a forced bet. In standard poker, each player bets according to the rank they believe their hand is worth as compared to the other players; the action proceeds clockwise as each player in turn must either match the maximum previous bet, or fold, losing the amount bet so far and all further involvement in the hand. A player who matches a bet may "raise" the bet; the betting round ends when all players folded. If all but one player folds on any round, the remaining player collects the pot without being required to reveal their hand.
If more than one player remains in contention after the final betting round, a showdown takes place where the hands are revealed, the player with the winning hand takes the pot. With the exception of initial forced bets, money is only placed into the pot voluntarily by a player who either believes the bet has positive expected value or, trying to bluff other players for various strategic reasons. Thus, while the outcome of any particular hand involves chance, the long-run expectations of the players are determined by their actions chosen on the basis of probability and game theory. Poker has increased in popularity since the beginning of the 20th century and has gone from being a recreational activity confined to small groups of enthusiasts to a popular activity, both for participants and spectators, including online, with many professional players and multimillion-dollar tournament prizes. Poker was developed sometime during the early 19th century in the United States. Since those early beginnings, the game has grown to become an popular pastime worldwide.
In the 1937 edition of Foster's Complete Hoyle, R. F. Foster wrote: "the game of poker, as first played in the United States, five cards to each player from a twenty-card pack, is undoubtedly the Persian game of As-Nas." By the 1990s some gaming historians including David Parlett started to challenge the notion that poker is a direct derivative of As-Nas. Developments in the 1970s led to poker becoming far more popular. Modern tournament play became popular in American casinos after the World Series of Poker began, in 1970. In casual play, the right to deal a hand rotates among the players and is marked by a token called a dealer button. In a casino, a house dealer handles the cards for each hand, but the button is rotated clockwise among the players to indicate a nominal dealer to determine the order of betting; the cards are dealt clockwise around one at a time. One or more players are required to make forced bets either an ante or a blind bet; the dealer shuffles the cards, the player on the chair to his or her right cuts, the dealer deals the appropriate number of cards to the players one at a time, beginning with the player to his or her left.
Cards may be dealt depending on the variant of poker being played. After the initial deal, the first of what may be several betting rounds begins. Between rounds, the players' hands develop in some way by being dealt additional cards or replacing cards dealt. At the end of each round, all bets are gathered into the central pot. At any time during a betting round, if one player bets, no opponents choose to call the bet, all opponents instead fold, the hand ends the bettor is awarded the pot, no cards are required to be shown, the next hand begins; this is. Bluffing is a primary feature of poker, one that distinguishes it from other vying games and from other games that make use of poker hand rankings. At the end of the last betting round, if more than one player remains, there is a showdown, in which the players reveal their hidden cards and evaluate their hands; the player with the best hand according to the poker variant being played wins the pot. A poker hand comprises five cards. Poker variations are played where a "low hand" may be the best desired hand.
In other words, when playing a poker variant with "low poker" the best hand is one that contains the lowest cards. So while the "majority" of poker game variations are played "high hand", where the best high "straight, flush etc." wins, there are poker variations where the "worst hand" wins, such as "low ball, acey-ducey, high-lo split etc. game variations". To summarize, there can be variations that are "high poker", "low poker", "high low split". In the case of "high low split" the pot is divided among low hand. Poker has many variations, all following a similar pattern of play and using the same hand ranking hierarchy. There are four main families of variants grouped by the protocol of card-dealing and betting: Straight A complete hand is dealt to each player, players bet in one round, with raising and re-raising allowed; this is the oldest poker family.
Lyle Arnold Berman is a professional poker player and business executive. Berman grew up in Minnesota and attended the University of Minnesota where he was graduated in 1964 with a degree in business administration, he went to work for his father's leather business, Berman Buckskin. When the business was sold to W. R. Grace in 1979, he stayed on as president and CEO; the company was later sold to the Melville Corporation where it became Wilsons Leather. From 1994 to 2000 he was the chairman and CEO of the Rainforest Cafe chain of restaurants and retail stores. Berman played an important role in gaming companies. In 1990 he was a co-founder of Grand Casinos, a company that sought to create gambling establishments outside of Las Vegas and Atlantic City. Grand Casinos' Native American casino holdings were spun off into a new company, Lakes Entertainment, Berman was named CEO. Additionally, Berman is the chairman of the board of the World Poker Pokertek, he won the B'nai B'rith Great American Traditions award in 1995 and the Gaming Executive of the Year award in 1996.
Berman was one of the many investors victimized by the massive Ponzi scheme of Bernie Madoff, though his actual losses are unknown. Berman is a member of the Poker Hall of Fame. In 2005, Lyle Berman competed in the National Heads Up Championship, he finished in fifth place losing to eventual champion Phil Hellmuth Jr. in the quarterfinals. Although he prefers high-stakes cash games, he has as of 2009 won over $2,500,000 in live poker tournaments, his 16 cashes at the WSOP account for $1,446,317 of those winnings. He was inducted into the Poker Hall of Fame in 2002. According to the James McManus book Positively Fifth Street, Berman has bankrolled T. J. Cloutier in numerous poker tournaments, including the 2000 WSOP main event, where he finished 2nd; the book All-In is about Berman's life. Berman resides in Plymouth and has 4 children. Berman co-authored I'm All In: Lyle Berman and the Birth of the World Poker Tour with Marvin Karlins; the autobiography details Berman's life from his childhood to his life as an adult, covering his business ventures, his opinions on poker and Las Vegas, his experiences with designing and developing the World Poker Tour into what it is today.
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Billy Baxter (poker player)
William E. Baxter, Jr. is an American professional poker player and sports bettor. He has won numerous tournament titles in his career as a professional poker player, including seven World Series of Poker bracelets, he was inducted into the Poker Hall of Fame in 2006. Born in Augusta, Baxter started his gambling career like many others of his age by gambling in the pool halls. At the age of 14, he discovered. At the age of 16, Baxter had saved $5,000 from his hustling money. At the age of 18, he was old enough to head to the taverns. In 1975, he took a honeymoon trip to Hawaii and ended up in the Las Vegas Valley, Nevada on the way back, he and his new bride lived in a hotel there for nine months. It was there that he met fellow legends Doyle Brunson, Puggy Pearson and Stu Ungar. Baxter has won seven World Series of Poker bracelets. All of Baxter's bracelets are in lowball games, notably Deuce-to-Seven and California Lowball, he ranks second all-time in non-Hold'em bracelets behind Phil Ivey. Baxter is known for staking Stu Ungar to the buy-in for Ungar's victory in the Main Event of the 1997 WSOP.
Thereafter, he entered into an arrangement to stake Ungar in tournaments, but this was cut short by Ungar's continuing personal problems which led to the latter's death in 1998. As of 2017, his total live tournament winnings exceed $2,600,000, his 35 cashes at the WSOP account for $1,093,044 of those winnings. Although Baxter is best known for his on-table poker accomplishments and staking Stu Ungar, he is known for the case of William E. Baxter Jr. vs. the United States. It was the judge's ruling that Baxter's poker winnings should be classified as "earned income", contrary to its previous classification of "unearned income", taxable up to 70 percent. Thus, in the process, Baxter's victory in this case has helped all American poker players by providing equal tax status to those earning a living as professional poker players