Swallow's Nest

The Swallow's Nest is a decorative castle located at Gaspra, a small spa town between Yalta and Alupka, in the Crimean Peninsula. It was built between 1911 and 1912, on top of the 40-metre high Aurora Cliff, in a Neo-Gothic design by the Russian architect Leonid Sherwood for the Baltic German businessman Baron von Steingel; the castle overlooks the Cape of Ai-Todor on the Black Sea coast and is located near the remains of the Roman castrum of Charax. The Swallow's Nest is one of the most popular visitor attractions in Crimea, having become the symbol of Crimea's southern coastline; the building is compact in size, measuring only 20 m long by 10 m wide. Its original design envisioned a foyer, guest room, stairway to the tower, two bedrooms on two different levels within the tower; the interior of the guest room is decorated with wooden panels. An observation deck rings the building, providing a view of the sea, Yalta's distant shoreline; the first building on the Aurora Cliff was constructed for a Russian general circa 1895.

The first structure he built was a wooden cottage romantically named the "Castle of Love." On, the ownership of the cottage passed to A. K. Tobin, a court doctor to the Russian Tsar. In 1911, Baron von Steingel, a Baltic German noble who had made a fortune extracting oil in Baku, acquired the timber cottage and within a year had it replaced with the current building called Schwalbennest; the Scots Baronial and Moorish Revival styles had been introduced in the Crimea in the 1820s by Edward Blore, the architect of the Vorontsov Palace. Compared to the Alupka and Koreiz palaces, the Swallow's Nest is closer in style to various German fairy-tale inspired castle follies, such as Lichtenstein Castle, Neuschwanstein Castle and Stolzenfels Castle, although its precarious seaside setting on the cliffs draws parallels with the Belém Tower in Portugal, or Miramare Castle on the Gulf of Trieste outside Trieste, Italy. In 1914, von Steingel sold the building to P. G. Shelaputin to be used as a restaurant.

For a short time after the 1917 Russian Revolution, the building was used only as a tourist attraction. In 1927, the Swallow's Nest survived a serious earthquake rated at 6 to 7 on the Richter scale; the building was not damaged apart from some small decorative items that were thrown into the sea along with a small portion of the cliff. However, the cliff itself developed a huge crack. In the 1930s, the building was used by a reading club from the nearby "Zhemchuzhina" resort, however it was closed shortly thereafter as a safety precaution due to the damage it had suffered in the quake, remaining closed for the next 40 years. Renovation and restoration of the building was started only in 1968; the project involved the restoration of a small portion of the castle and the addition of a monolithic console concrete plate to strengthen the cliff. Since 1975, a restaurant has operated within the building. In 2011, the Swallow's Nest was closed for three months due to major restoration work estimated to cost 1,200,000 hryvnias.

Owing to its important status as the symbol of the Crimea's southern coast, the Swallow's Nest was featured in several Soviet films. It was used as the setting of Desyat Negrityat, the 1987 Soviet screen version of Agatha Christie's And Then There Were None; the building was featured in the 1983 Soviet-Polish children's film Mister Blot's Academy as well as in Mio in the Land of Faraway, a 1987 joint production by Swedish and Soviet film companies. Tsar's Path, scenic pathway located near the Swallow's Nest Foros Church located attraction overlooking the Black Sea littoral near Yalta Belém Tower, similar structure in Lisbon, Portugal Notes Footnotes Bibliography Official website "Welcome". Restaurant "Lastochkino gnezdo". Archived from the original on June 12, 2011. Retrieved 3 July 2011. "palace "Swallow's Nest", Gaspra: palaces". Encyclopedia of Sights. Retrieved 2011-07-04

Jonathan Browne

Jonathan Browne was an Anglican clergyman, Dean of Hereford from 1637 until his death. Browne was educated at Gloucester Hall, matriculating on 13 October 1620, aged 19, graduating BCL, DCL, he held the following church preferments: Rector of Shelley, Essex Rector of St Faith's, London Rector of Hertingfordbury, Hertfordshire President of Sion College Canon of Hereford Cathedral Dean of Hereford Canon of Westminster Abbey He died on 19 December 1643, was buried at Hertingfordbury, without any memorial. His will was proved on 8 April 1645. On 20 January 1631, Browne married Anne Lovelace née Barne, daughter of Sir William Barne, widow of Sir William Lovelace, mother by her first marriage of Richard Lovelace the poet and Francis Lovelace, colonial Governor of New York. Browne's daughter Anne married Herbert Croft, who succeeded Browne as Dean of Hereford became Bishop of Hereford. Browne's grandson was Sir Herbert Croft

Richard Southwell (courtier)

Sir Richard Southwell PC was an English Privy Councillor. He was born at Windham Manor in Norfolk, the son of Francis Southwell, an auditor of the exchequer, Dorothy. Richard's father died in 1512, he inherited the estate. Less than two years he was to inherit the estate of his uncle Robert Southwall who had served as chief butler to Henry VII. In 1515 he became the ward of William Wootton. In 1519 Thomas Wyndham acquired the wardship. Wyndham married Southwell to his stepdaughter Thomasin, the daughter of Roger Darcy of Danbury and sister of Thomas Darcy, they had a daughter. He married Mary, the daughter of Thomas Darcy of Danbury, the widow of Robert Leeche of Norwich, Norfolk, they had two illegitimate sons and two illegitimate daughters. In 1526 he entered Lincoln's Inn, he became tutor to son of Thomas. For some period Gregory lived with Southwell in Woodrising Manor in Norfolk, which Southwell had inherited from his uncle. In 1531 Southwell became a Justice of the Peace for Suffolk. In the same year, he was involved in the murder of Sir William Pennington and the following year he paid a fine of £1000 to obtain a pardon.

From 1534 to 1535, Southwell was High Sheriff of Suffolk. It was in 1536, he was a witness in the trial of Sir Thomas More, where he claimed not to have heard the details of the damning conversation between Richard Rich and the accused. He was elected to the House of Commons in 1539 as knight of the shire for Norfolk and knighted in 1540. After the death of James V of Scotland, Southwell went to Edinburgh in January 1543 to negotiate with the Scottish lords. Southwell was a principal accuser of Henry Howard, earl of Surrey, arrested in December 1546 on charges of threatening the succession of Prince Edward by displaying the lions of England in his personal coat of arms. Following the arrest of Surrey's father, Thomas Howard, third duke of Norfolk, Southwell was one of three royal commissioners sent to seize and inventory the Howards' possessions, he was one of the assistants to the executors of the will of Henry VIII. Southwell was one of the signatories of The Will of King Edward the Sixth, His Devise for the Succession to the Crown.

He was appointed to the Privy Council on 12 March 1547, although he was removed from the full council the following year. He was reappointed by Mary I of England. Southwell was described as the driving force behind the plan to marry Elizabeth I of England to Edward Courtenay, 1st Earl of Devon, he was re-elected to represent Norfolk again in 1542, 1553 and twice in 1554. He was Master of the Armoury from 1554 to 1559. Lehmberg, Stanford. "Southwell, Sir Richard". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Biography, details of which are taken from the History of Parliament Holbein's drawing of Sir Richard in Windsor Holbein's painting of Sir Richard in Uffizi Edward VI's Will and Device for Succession ODNB entry