Swan 65

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Swan65 Desperado GBR1665 2011 Euros2.jpg
Development
Designer Sparkman & Stephens
Year 1971–1989
No. built 41
Brand Swan
Builder(s) OY Nautor AB
Boat
Boat weight 31,800 kg (70,100 lb)
Draft 2.9 m (9.5 ft)
Air draft 80 ft 0 in (24.38 m)
Hull
Type Monohull
Construction GRP
LOH 19.68 m (64.6 ft)
LWL 14.334 m (47.03 ft)
Beam 3.96 m (13.0 ft)
Engine type Volvo Penta MD32 89 hp
Perkins H6.354M 115 hp
TMD41A, 148 hp
Hull appendages
Ballast 10,400 kg (22,900 lb) -
13,900 kg (30,600 lb)
Rig
Rig type Sloop or Ketch
I (foretriangle height) 24.38 m (80.0 ft) Sloop
22.83 m (74.9 ft) Ketch
J (foretriangle base) 7.73 m (25.4 ft) Sloop
7.38 m (24.2 ft) Ketch
P (mainsail luff) 22.25 m (73.0 ft) Sloop
20.64 m (67.7 ft) Ketch
E (mainsail foot) 7.01 m (23.0 ft) Sloop
5.58 m (18.3 ft) Ketch
Rig other 13.73 m (45.0 ft) Mizzen P
3.68 m (12.1 ft) Mizzen E
Sails
Mainsail area 839.5 sq ft (77.99 m2)
Spinnaker area 3,652 sq ft (339.3 m2)
← N/A

Swan 65 is a large, GRP constructed, fin keeled masthead ketch or sloop rigged sailing yacht manufactured by Nautor’s Swan. It was introduced as the new flagship of Nautor in 1973. Swan 65 is in many respect a remarkable piece of engineering as at the time of its launch it was the largest GRP constructed yacht in the market and because of its excellent racing history, one of the most famous Swan models ever built, the first 65-footers were delivered to owners in 1973, and the production continued until 1989 with 41 hulls being built in total. The yacht was designed by Sparkman & Stephens[1] which was considered by many, the number one yacht design company at the time. Swan 65 was designed to I.O.R Mk III to fulfil the continuously increasing demand for bigger sailing/racing yachts in the market. In order meet this demand Nautor had asked Olin Stephens to design a beautiful, fast and safe sailing yacht to continue the development of Swan range. Stephens combined the requested characteristics in a fiberglass hull together with a luxurious interior and technical features that were then current in successful racing boats, its main dimensions are length overall LOA 19,9 m, Length of waterline LWL 14,33 m Beam 4,98 m. Up until the hull #019, the displacement was 31800 kg of which 10400 kg was ballast. From the hull #020 onwards the ballast was increased to 13900 kg resulting to a displacement of 35300 kg. Therefore, for the first 19 hulls the ballast to weight ratio was 31% which was then increased to 39% for the rest of the production, although it replaced Swan 55 as the flagship of Nautor, the yacht has no actual predecessor in the Nautors own range and according to the designers comments the design is based on a successful American aluminium yacht Dora IV.[2]

After the breakthrough in 1968 Cowes Week, Swans continued to score famous victories in the early seventies by winning several famous races including the Bermuda Race in 1972 and 1992 by Swan 48 [3][4] and most notably in 1973–1974, when a brand new ketch rigged Swan 65 by the name Sayula II won the first ever Whitbread Round the World Race (Currently known as the Volvo Ocean Race) skippered by Ramon Carlin.[5][6][7] It took 133 days and 13 hours for Sayula II to sail the full race distance of 32,500 nautical miles;[8] in 2016, this adventure will be presented in a documentary film called The Weeked Sailor.[9]

The success of Swan 65 in the Whitbread Round the World Race didn't end there as in the next Whitbread Round the World Race in 1977–1978 Swan 65 scored 2nd, 4th (Disque d’Or), and 5th positions, this time the best result was presented by a sloop called Kings' Legend (Time 121 days and 11 hours) skippered by Nick Ratcliffe and Skip Novak as the navigator, which finished in second place getting narrowly defeated by Conny van Rietschotens Flyer which was a 65 ft S & S designed purpose built racing yacht manufactured by Royal Huisman.[10][11] In the same year Clare Francis the first female skipper to compete in the race, finished fifth in her Swan 65 ADC Accutrac (Time 126 days 20 hours).[12][13][14] In 1981–1982 edition of the race Swan 65 made one final appearance at the top end of the round the world race scoreboard with Xargo III finishing sixth and this time beating also a boat called Alaska Eagle (Originally called Flyer).[15][16] Therefore, the total score of Swan 65 in three different editions of Whitbread Around the World Race are positions 1st,2nd,4th,5th and 6th.

Later on Swan 65 also won a number of less famous trans ocean races such as the Parmelia Race in 1979 when Independent Endeavour Skippered by Skip Novak took the line honours and the overall win,[17] this racing success combined with the earlier achievements of Swan 36 significantly increased the Swan brand awareness around the world and secured its place as a successful Finnish industrial product. The legacy of Swan 65 was continued in 1982 by its German Frers designed successor Swan 651 which finished third (Fazer Finland) in 1985–86 Whitbread Round the World Race.[18][19]

Spars and Rigging[edit]

Swan 65 Sloop Kings Legand
Swan 65 Sloop Kings Legand NED6572 at the 2011 Swan Europeans in Cowes (GBR) held by the Royal Yacht Squadron
Swan 65-024 ketch - GBR 1665 - Desperado at the 2011 Swan Europeans in Cowes (GBR) held by the Royal Yacht Squadron

Ketch or Sloop rig with aluminum spars and stainless steel standing and running rigging. Main (24m) mast has double aluminum in line spreaders and mizzen mast is with single spreaders. Standing rig with stainless steel wire rope with Norseman swageless terminals and consists of headstay, main backstay, the mizzen forward support is done using intermediate shrouds or a triatic stay, mizzen backstay, single upper shrouds and double lowers on main, single uppers and lowers on mizzen. Main, mizzen and spinnaker booms are aluminum, the original winches were manufactured by Lewmar and Barlow.[20] Swan 65 has two spinnaker poles because gybeing large spinnakers by dipping the pole is considered too dangerous, with only one spinnaker pole operational ADC Accutrac performed gybes by lowering the spinnaker, repacking it and hoisting it up again on the other side. (Clare Francis 1978)

Construction and Main Equipment[edit]

Molded polyester fiberglass hull with no core. Hull is hand laid woven rowing, mat and fiberglass cloth. Deck and deckhouse are foam cored sandwich structure between layers of glass and polyester resin. Additional reinforcement is provided through the use of fiberglass stiffeners. All construction was made according to Lloyd’s Register,[21] because the boat was in production for such a long time the type of engine had to be changed three times. The first hulls were equipped with a Volvo MD32 engine which was soon changed to Perkins H6.354M. This type was used until the production of the engine was discontinued and the engine was changed back to Volvo but this time type was TMD41A. Much of the deck gear, blocks and fittings were manufactured in-house by Nautor simply because most of the parts available in the market were designed for much smaller boats and there were very little deck gear and other equipment available for a boat of this size.

Accommodation[edit]

Swan 65 Odile Marie Saloon
Swan 65 Odile Marie Pentry
Swan 65 Odile Marie Aft Cabin
Swan 65 Odile Marie Port Cabin
Odile Marie front head
Odile Marie aft head

Swan 65 sleeps 12 in four cabin spaces - two in forecastle in pipe cots, four in two forward cabins in pilot berths, three in main cabin in pilot berths and convertible settee, and three in a single and a double berth in the aft cabin,[22] the saloon is roomy and not as dark as the narrow coach roof windows might suggest. Below the decks the sixty five offers very good combination of ocean going practicality and comfort as the berths are relatively small and secure, but the galley and chart table areas as well as the dining area are large, well equipped and very practical. A cut out in the bulkhead allows passing items and communication between the galley and the U- Shaped dining area, on some sixty fives this bulkhead is solid while on others it’s completely open with just a pillar running from the lower part of the bulkhead to the deck head. Forward of the saloon are two matching guest cabins with upper and lower single berths parallel to the centerline.[23] Two forward heads with WC lavatory and shower, the owners stateroom in the aft is very spacious, having a double and a single berth, dressing table, cupboards and wardrobes and with WC lavatory and shower. The U-Shaped galley is large, well ventilated and equipped with double stainless steel sink, pressure water system, water heater, top opening refrigerator and deep freeze range/owen and ample storage areas.[20] Throughout the history of Nautor the yard has provided their customers with a chance to choose the interior materials and lay-out to suit their liking which is why some of the interior arrangements deviate from the standard, some yachts like Sayula II has even a small workshop fitted inside the boat to make repairs at sea easier.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sparkman & Stephens: Design 2110 - Swan 65". sparkmanstephens.blogspot.fi. Retrieved 2017-01-09. 
  2. ^ "Sparkman & Stephens: Design 2089 - Dora IV". sparkmanstephens.blogspot.fi. Retrieved 2017-01-09. 
  3. ^ "Looking back on past Newport Bermuda Races". yachtsandyachting.com. Retrieved 2017-01-09. 
  4. ^ "Looking Back at Newport Bermuda Race: The academy fleet >> Scuttlebutt Sailing News". sailingscuttlebutt.com. Retrieved 2017-01-09. 
  5. ^ "Log In - New York Times". nytimes.com. Retrieved 2017-01-09. 
  6. ^ Volvo Ocean Race. "How the perfect skipper won the first race | Volvo Ocean Race". volvooceanrace.com. Retrieved 2017-01-09. 
  7. ^ "Did You Know? Mexico yachtsman won the first round-the-world yacht race : Mexico History". mexconnect.com. Retrieved 2017-01-09. 
  8. ^ "The story of Swan yachts in Finland – Yachting World". yachtingworld.com. Retrieved 2017-01-09. 
  9. ^ "The Weekend Sailor". theweekendsailor.com. Retrieved 2017-01-09. 
  10. ^ "Sparkman & Stephens: Design 2273 - Flyer". sparkmanstephens.blogspot.fi. Retrieved 2017-01-09. 
  11. ^ "Racing sail yacht Kings Legend - Swan 65". Charterworld.com. Retrieved 2014-01-10. 
  12. ^ "The Hour - Google News Archive Search". news.google.com. Retrieved 2017-01-09. 
  13. ^ http://www.kriter.tv/history/whitbread_history.pdf
  14. ^ Jourdane, J. (1992). Icebergs, Port and Starboard: The Whitbread Round the World Yacht Race. Cape Horn Press. p. 213. ISBN 9780963189608. Retrieved 2017-01-09. 
  15. ^ "Whitbread/Volvo boats - where are they now | The Daily Sail". thedailysail.com. Retrieved 2017-01-09. 
  16. ^ Yachting. p. 65. ISSN 0043-9940. Retrieved 2017-01-09. 
  17. ^ "The Sydney Morning Herald - Google News Archive Search". news.google.com. Retrieved 2017-01-09. 
  18. ^ "Nautor's Swan: Swan Heritage". nautorswan.com. Retrieved 2017-01-09. 
  19. ^ Yachting. p. 8. ISSN 0043-9940. Retrieved 2017-01-09. 
  20. ^ a b "S&S Swan Association". web.archive.org. Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2017-01-09. 
  21. ^ http://www.classicswan.org/upload/documenti_swan/36-65_t03.gif
  22. ^ http://www.classicswan.org/upload/articles_swan/2016_10_18_22_53_54-2004_yachtingworld_swan_65.pdf
  23. ^ Boating. pp. 3–57. ISSN 0006-5374. Retrieved 2017-01-09. 

Literature[edit]

  • Clare Francis, Come Wind or Weather: ADC Accutrac Races Round the World, Pelham Books, London, 1978, ISBN 978-072-07-1104-2
  • Cornelis Van Rietschoten, Barry Pickthall, Flyer: The Quest to Win the Round the World Race, W W Norton & Co Inc, 1980, ISBN 978-039-30-3248-2

External links[edit]

More information[edit]

Videos[edit]