Larry La Trobe
Larry La Trobe is the name given to a popular, cast bronze statue of a dog situated on the northern end of Melbourne’s City Square. Along with the Burke and Wills monument, the statue is one of only two free standing art works in the City Square precinct; the statue now located in the square is the second statue of'Larry', the original having been stolen. Melbourne artist Pamela Irving created the statue as a result of a commission from the Melbourne City Council in 1992 and it was the first sculpture for Melbourne’s Open Air Sculpture Museum. Based on her own dog, the statue is not representative of any particular breed but was crafted to generate a sense of Australian larrikinism in the viewer. Irving named the statue after her uncle Larry and the surname'La Trobe' was appended to represent the relationship with Melbourne and the state of Victoria. Charles La Trobe was the first Lieutenant-Governor of the state of Victoria. Despite being anchored by 30 cm bolts, the statue was stolen on the night of 30/31 August 1995.
It was thought to have been melted down. A campaign was started by a weekly city newspaper, to recover Larry; the publicity generated by this campaign captured the imagination of the public. A two metre high likeness of Larry was created for the 1996 Moomba Parade to create additional publicity that might lead to the return of the statue. Although the subject of a significant publicity and media campaign, the original statue has never been recovered and nobody has been apprehended for the theft. In 1996, Peter Kolliner, previous owner of the foundry where Larry was cast, paid for a casting of a new statue; the new statue was cast in the same mould as the original but Irving reddened the casting material to provide the second ‘Larry’ with a unique identity. The second Larry was reinstalled in the City Square and unveiled on 16 September 1996 by Melbourne Lord Mayor, Councillor Ivan Deveson; the two-metre high replica of the statue used in the Moomba Parade was taken to Osaka, Japan, a sister city of Melbourne, in 1997 for the Midosuji Parade, where it was awarded the prize for Best Float.
The statue is 70 cm high and cast from bronze. Although it has been likened to a'dingo type dog', the model for the statue is a composite that does not represent any one breed in particular; the image of Larry was one of the features of the 1999 Melbourne Comedy Festival. Ceramic sculptures of Larry in comedic parodies of famous international and Australian artists’ works were displayed in the windows of Myer on Melbourne’s Bourke Street Mall. A sculpture of ‘Larry’ riding Phar Lap and titled ‘Phar Larry’ was created by Irving for the 1999 Melbourne Cup; the location and popularity of the statue have resulted in it becoming one of Melbourne's most photographed statues. Pamela Irving Burke and Wills City Square, Melbourne Collins Street Swanston Street Kineally, Susan. Pamela Irving: Happy as Larry, CD-ROM, Susan Kineally and Pamela Irving, 2008 Lunney, Darren. ‘Come home Larry – all is forgiven.’ Caulfield Leader, March 1996 Lyon, Karen. ‘Looking for lovable, lost Larry’, Melbourne Times, March 1996 Lyon, Karen.
` Larry return but this time he's on Melbourne Times, August 1996 Lyon, Karen. ‘Our city’s prodigal dog returns as square’s faithful retainer’, Melbourne Times, September 1996 Rados, Alen. ‘Larry licked but never beaten’, The Herald Sun, 17 September 1996 Williams, Linda.'Reshaping Melbourne', Art and Australia, December 2000/January 2001, Vol. 38, No. 2 pp. 326 – 328 Public Art Around the World: Larry La Trobe Statue Pamela Irving Website
Flinders Street, Melbourne
Flinders Street is a notable street in Melbourne, Australia. Running parallel to the Yarra River, Flinders Street forms the southern edge of the Hoddle Grid, it is 1 mi in length and one and a half chains in width. It is named for the explorer Matthew Flinders, erroneously credited with discovering Port Phillip at the time of its naming, it extends eastwards as far as Spring Street and the Treasury Gardens and westwards past Batman's Hill to the Melbourne Docklands. As the closest street to the river, Flinders Street serviced Melbourne's original river port. Customs House, now the site for Victoria's Immigration Museum, is on Flinders Street; the street is home to Flinders Street station, the central station in Melbourne's suburban rail network. Tram routes 70 and 75, as well as the City Circle route, run along Flinders Street, the Flinders Street Viaduct runs parallel to the street, linking the city's two major railway stations. Other landmarks on Flinders Street include Federation Square, St Paul's Cathedral and Jackson Hotel, the Banana Alley Vaults, the old Herald and Weekly Times building, Melbourne Aquarium and Batman Park, which adjoins the Yarra River.
It was once home to the Melbourne Fish Market, an ornate building constructed in 1890, covering 23,000 square metres, of similar design to Flinders Street Station. The market was demolished between 1960 after which the site became a public carpark; the site is now home to the three towers of the Northbank Place complex which includes office space, residential apartments, retail outlets and a multi-level carpark. An overpass was built over the intersection with King Street as part of the construction of Kings Way, it extended from Downie Street to just east of Custom House Lane. The overpass opened in stages with trams using it from early 1960 and other traffic from mid-1960. Many businesses and properties were overshadowed by the overpass which resulted in property values dropping and the closure of hotels and showrooms. Plans to revitalise the area in the early 1960s never eventuated. In April 2005, the State Government announced a plan to revitalise the south-west corner of the CBD with the overpass destined for demolition.
The project commenced in June and concluded in August On December 21, 2017, a driver ploughed through a crowd injuring 19 pedestrians. The perpetrator, Saeed Noori, appeared in court on 23 December, charged with 18 counts of attempted murder and one count of reckless conduct endangering life. According to Melbourne Police, Noori, a 32-year-old Australian of Afghan descent, has a history of assault, drug use and mental health issues, he was ordered to undergo a psychiatric assessment. Wailing Wall Australian Roads portal
9 by 5 Impression Exhibition
The 9 by 5 Impression Exhibition was an art exhibition in Melbourne, Australia. The exhibition was opened on 17 August 1889 in Buxton's Rooms on Swanston Street and featured 183 works; the exhibition was named for the dimensions of most of the paintings— 9 by 5 inches, the size of a cigar box lid upon which many of the works were painted— and the Impressionist inspiration for the works. The exhibition created much lively commentary at the time and is now seen as a "celebrated event in Australian art history". 9 by 5s continue to appear on the market. In 2012, to mark the 123rd anniversary of the exhibition, arts benefactor Max Carter donated four 9 by 5s to the Art Gallery of South Australia, the largest group of 9 by 5s given to an Australian public institution. Exhibition catalogue, designed by Charles Conder 9 by 5 exhibition at the Heidelberg Artists Society
Parkville is an inner-city suburb of Melbourne, Australia, 3 km north of Melbourne's Central Business District. Its local government areas are the Cities of Moreland. At the 2016 Census, Parkville had a population of 7,409. Parkville is bordered by North Melbourne to the south-west and Carlton North to the south and east, Brunswick to the north, Flemington to the west; the suburb includes the postcodes 3052 and 3010. A major feature is the neighbouring Royal Park, Melbourne, an expansive parkland, notable as home to the Royal Melbourne Zoological Gardens and was the athlete's village for the 2006 Commonwealth Games. Parkville is a major education and healthcare precinct and home to the University of Melbourne, Monash University Pharmacy faculty, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Royal Women's Hospital, Royal Children's Hospital, the Victorian Comprehensive Cancer Centre, CSL; the residential areas have a high median house price due to the proximity to the city centre and parkland, Victorian era buildings, terrace houses and tree lined streets.
Known as Park ville or Park-ville, the origins of the name are uncertain. The suburb may have been named after Royal Park. Park-ville was the name of one of the early homes along Flemington Road owned by the Ryan family in the 1870s and there was once a street in Hotham named Parkville street which may have led toward this home. Before the 1870s much of the area was known as either Hotham or Carlton and during this time Parkville was a locality of Carlton; the name Park Ville came into common use after 1875 and was shortened to its current form. The first institution of significance erected in the Parkville area was the University of Melbourne in 1853. A housing estate commenced sales in 1861 at. In 1868 further excisions from Royal Park were made for housing estates at Parkville North along Royal Parade and Parkville West near Flemington Road. By the 1870s and 1880s, Parkville was a popular area for the middle class booming with affluent terrace housing becoming the norm. During World War One and Two, Royal Park was the site of military encampments.
Camp Pell in Royal Park was the temporary military camp for United States forces during the Second World War. During the post war era, Melbourne Hospital was moved to Parkville. In the 1960s, Parkville became the new, current home of the Victorian College of Pharmacy, on Royal Parade, now a campus of Monash University; the Athlete's Village for the 2006 Commonwealth Games was built on the grounds of the former Royal Park Psychiatric Hospital located in Parkville. The Athlete's Village has since been converted into a residential area known as Parkville Gardens. In the 2016 Census, there were 7,409 people in Parkville. 50.1% of people were born in Australia. The next most common countries of birth were China 7.1%, Malaysia 3.7%, England 2.7%, New Zealand 2.3% and India 2.2%. 58.2% of people only spoke English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Mandarin 9.1%, Cantonese 2.8%, Spanish 1.4% and Italian 1.4%. The most common response for religion was No Religion at 45.2%. The residential part of Parkville South, commenced in 1861 is a Conservation Area under the Register of the National Estate and contains all of the suburb's housing.
University of Melbourne and associated residential colleges. University High School Monash University Parkville Campus Turana Youth Training Centre, a youth corrections facility, is located in Parkville. Ridley Melbourne - Mission & Ministry College Royal Melbourne Hospital Royal Children's Hospital Commonwealth Serum Laboratories where vaccines and medicines are discovered and produced. Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research Murdoch Childrens Research Institute Monash Institute of Pharmaceutical Science Part of Monash Universities Parkville Campus Victorian Comprehensive Cancer Centre accommodating the relocated Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre that opened in 2016; the main arterial road is Elizabeth Street, which becomes Royal Parade before becoming Sydney Road and the Hume Highway, the main highway heading towards Sydney. Royal Park railway station is the main railway station in Parkville, located in Royal Park to the north adjacent the zoo and is on the Upfield railway line, serviced by Metro Trains Melbourne.
The planned Melbourne Metro Rail Project tunnel will have an underground Parkville railway station. Royal Park, which Parkville was named after is the largest of Melbourne's inner city parks and is home to the Royal Melbourne Zoological Gardens; the park is home to a wide range of sports and wildlife. Royal Park is home to Parkville District Cricket Club. Royal Park Golf Course is north of the Zoological Gardens. Australian Places - Parkville
University of Melbourne
The University of Melbourne is a public research university located in Melbourne, Australia. Founded in 1853, it is the oldest in Victoria. Melbourne's main campus is located in Parkville, an inner suburb north of the Melbourne central business district, with several other campuses located across Victoria. Melbourne is a sandstone university and a member of the Group of Eight, Universitas 21 and the Association of Pacific Rim Universities. Since 1872 various residential colleges have become affiliated with the university. There are 10 colleges located on the main campus and in nearby suburbs offering academic and cultural programs alongside accommodation for Melbourne students and faculty. Melbourne comprises 11 separate academic units and is associated with numerous institutes and research centres, including the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, Florey Institute of Neuroscience and Mental Health, the Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research and the Grattan Institute.
Amongst Melbourne's 15 graduate schools the Melbourne Business School, the Melbourne Law School and the Melbourne Medical School are well regarded. Times Higher Education ranked Melbourne 32nd globally in 2017-2018, while the Academic Ranking of World Universities places Melbourne 38th in the world, in the QS World University Rankings 2019 Melbourne ranks 39th globally and ranked sixth in the world according to the 2019 QS Graduate Employability Rankings. Four Australian prime ministers and five governors-general have graduated from the University of Melbourne. Ten Nobel laureates have been the most of any Australian university; the University of Melbourne was established by Hugh Childers, the Auditor-General and Finance Minister, in his first Budget Speech on 4 November 1852, who set aside a sum of £10,000 for the establishment of a university. The university was established by Act of Incorporation on 22 January 1853, with power to confer degrees in arts, medicine and music; the act provided for an annual endowment of £9,000, while a special grant of £20,000 was made for buildings that year.
The foundation stone was laid on 3 July 1854, on the same day the foundation stone for the State Library Classes commenced in 1855 with three professors and sixteen students. The original buildings were opened by the Lieutenant Governor of the Colony of Victoria, Sir Charles Hotham, on 3 October 1855; the first chancellor, Redmond Barry, held the position until his death in 1880. The inauguration of the university was made possible by the wealth resulting from Victoria's gold rush; the institution was designed to be a "civilising influence" at a time of rapid settlement and commercial growth. In 1881, the admission of women was a seen as victory over the more conservative ruling council; the university's 150th anniversary was celebrated in 2003. The Melbourne School of Land and Environment was disestablished on the first of January, 2015, its agriculture and food systems department moved alongside veterinary science to form the Faculty of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences, while other areas of study, including horticulture, forestry and resource management, moved to the Faculty of Science in two new departments.
As of May 2009 the university "suspended" the Bachelor of Music Theatre and Puppetry courses at the college and there were fears they may not return under the new curriculum. A 2005 heads of agreement over the merger of the VCA and the university stated that the management of academic programs at the VCA would ensure that "the VCA continues to exercise high levels of autonomy over the conduct and future development of its academic programs so as to ensure their integrity and quality" and that the college's identity will be preserved. New dean Sharman Pretty outlined drastic changes under the university's plan for the college in early April 2009; as a result, it is now being called into question. Staff at the college responded to the changes, claiming the university did not value vocational arts training, voicing fears over the future of quality training at the VCA. Former Victorian arts minister Race Mathews has weighed in on the debate expressing his hope that, "Melbourne University will not proceed with its proposed changes to the Victorian College of the Arts", for'good sense' to prevail.
In 2011, the Victorian State Government allocated $24 million to support arts education at the VCA and the faculty was renamed the Faculty of the Victorian College of the Arts and the Melbourne Conservatorium of Music. The Parkville Campus is the primary campus of the university. Established in a large area north of Grattan Street in Parkville, the campus has expanded well beyond its boundaries, with many of its newly acquired buildings located in the nearby suburb of Carlton; the university is undertaking an'ambitious infrastructure program' to reshape campuses. Melbourne University has 10 residential colleges in total, seven of which are located in an arc around the cricket oval at the northern edge of the campus, known as College Crescent; the other three are located outside of university grounds. The residential colleges aim to provide accommodation and holistic education experience to university students. Most of the university's residential colleges admit students from RMIT University and Monash University, Parkville campus, with selected colleges accepting students from the Australian Catholic University and Victoria University.
Several of the earliest campus buildings, such as the Old Quadrangle and Baldwin Spencer buildings, feature period architecture. The new Wilson Hall replaced th
State Library Victoria
State Library Victoria is the central library of the state of Victoria, located in Melbourne. It was established in 1854 as the Melbourne Public Library, making it Australia's oldest public library and one of the first free libraries in the world; the Library's vast collection includes over two million books and 350,000 photographs, manuscripts and newspapers, with a special focus on material from Victoria, including the diaries of the city's founders, John Batman and John Pascoe Fawkner, the folios of Captain James Cook. It houses some of the original armour of Ned Kelly; the Library is located in the northern centre of the central business district, on the block bounded by Swanston, La Trobe and Little Lonsdale streets. In 1853, the decision to build a combined library and gallery was made at the instigation of Lieutenant-Governor Charles La Trobe and Mr Justice Redmond Barry, Q. C.. A competition was held, won by the arrived architect Joseph Reed, whose firm and its successors went on to design most of the extensions, as well as numerous 19th-century landmarks such as the Melbourne Town Hall, the Royal Exhibition Building.
On 3 July 1854, the inaugurated Governor Sir Charles Hotham laid the foundation stone of both the new library complex and the University of Melbourne. The library was the first stage opened in 1856, with a collection of 3,800 books chosen by Mr Justice Barry, the President of Trustees. Augustus H. Tulk, the first librarian, was appointed three months after the opening; the Melbourne Public Library as it was known was one of the first free public libraries in the world, open to anyone over 14 years of age, so long as they had clean hands. The complex of buildings that now house the Library were built in numerous stages, housing various library spaces, art galleries and museum displays filling the entire block in 1992; the first stage was the centre of the front block, opened in 1856, with most of the front wing, along with the floor Queen's Reading Room complete in 1864 by Abraham Linacre. Other wings were built are various time, such as Barry Hall, along Little Lonsdale Street, in 1886, McCoy Hall, built for the Museum in 1892, Baldwin Spencer Hall facing Russell Street in 1909, the McAllan Gallery on the LaTrobe Street side, built in 1932.
Temporary buildings were built in 1866 for the Intercolonial Exhibition of Australasia just behind the front wing, which remained in use until 1909, when work began on the library's famed Domed Reading Room, opened in 1913, designed by Bates and Smart, the successor to Reed's firm, now known as Bates Smart. In 1959, the dome's skylights were covered in copper sheets due to water leakage, creating the dim atmosphere that characterised the Library for decades; the National Gallery of Victoria moved to new buildings in St Kilda Road in 1968, the Melbourne Museum moved to the Carlton Gardens in 2000. The library underwent major refurbishments between 1990 and 2004, designed by architects Ancher Mortlock & Woolley; the project cost A$200 million. The reading room closed in 1999 to allow for renovation; the renamed La Trobe Reading Room reopened in 2003. The redevelopment included the creation of a number of exhibition spaces, some of which are used to house permanent exhibitions The Mirror of the World: Books and Ideas and The Changing Face of Victoria as well as a display from the Pictures Collection in the Cowen Gallery.
As a result of the redevelopment, State Library Victoria can now be considered one of the largest exhibiting libraries in the world. In February 2010, the southern wing of the library on Little Lonsdale Street was reopened as the Wheeler Centre, part of Melbourne's city of literature initiative. In 2015 the Library embarked on a five-year, $88.1 million redevelopment project, Vision 2020, to transform its public spaces and facilities to better meet the changing needs of the community. On 29 April 2015 the Minister for Creative Industries Martin Foley announced that the 2015–16 State Budget would provide $55.4 million towards the redevelopment of State Library Victoria, including the restoration of the Queen’s Hall, the creation of a rooftop garden terrace, a dedicated children’s and youth space, the opening up 40 percent more of the building to the public. In late 2017, the library's contribution of $27 million from donations was raised. In September 2018, the main Swanston Street entrance is temporarily closed and replaced by the newly refurbished Russell Street and La Trobe Street entrances.
The grassy lawn in front of the library's grand entrance on Swanston Street is a popular lunch-spot for the city's workers and students at the adjacent RMIT University. Enclosed by a picket fence by a wrought iron fence and gates in the 1870s, the space was opened up with the removal of the fence and the creation of diagonal paths in 1939; the forecourt includes a number of statues. A pair of bronze lions flanked the entry from the 1860s until they were removed in 1937 due to deterioration. A memorial statue of Mr Justice Sir Redmond Barry, Q. C. by James Gilbert and built by Percival Ball was installed on the central landing of the main stairs in 1887. Flanking the entrance plaza are Saint George and the Dragon, by the English sculptor Sir Joseph Edgar Boehm, installed in 1889 and Jeanne d'Arc, a replica of the statue by French sculptor Emmanuel Frémiet, installed in 1907. WW1 commemorative statues ‘Wipers’ and ‘The Driver’ were at the centre points of the 1939 diagonal paths were relocated to the ground of the Shrine of Remembrance in 1998.
A statue of Charles La Trobe, by Australian sculptor Peter Corlett, was installed in 2006 in the