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Sweden national football team

The Sweden national football team represents Sweden in men's international football and it's controlled by the Swedish Football Association, the governing body of football in Sweden. Sweden's home ground is Friends Arena in Solna and the team is coached by Janne Andersson. From 1945 to late 1950s, they were considered one of the greatest teams in Europe. Sweden has made twelve appearances at the World Cup with their first coming in 1934, they have made six appearances at the European Championship. Sweden finished second at the 1958 FIFA World Cup, third in both 1950 and 1994. Sweden's other accomplishments include a gold medal at the 1948 Summer Olympics, bronze medals in 1924 and 1952, they reached the semi-finals at UEFA Euro 1992. Sweden has traditionally been a strong team in international football, with 12 World Cup appearances and 3 medals in the Olympics; the Swedish team finished second in the 1958 World Cup, when it was the host team, being beaten by Brazil 5–2 in the final. Sweden has finished third twice, in 1950 and 1994.

In 1938, they finished fourth. Sweden played its first international game against Norway on 12 an 11 -- 3 victory. Other matches in 1908 were played against Great Britain, the Netherlands and Belgium. In the same year, Sweden competed in the 1908 Summer Olympics for the first time. Sweden, lost a game in the Olympics against the Great Britain 1–12, the biggest loss in the Swedish national team's history. In 1916, Sweden defeated Denmark for the first time. Sweden played in the 1912 Olympics, the 1920 Olympics, in the 1924 Olympics, where Sweden took the bronze and their first medal ever; the 1938 World Cup was Sweden's second qualification for the World Cup. In the first round, they were scheduled to play against Austria, but after Germany's occupation of Austria, the Austrian team could not continue playing in the tournament. Instead, Sweden went straight to the quarter-finals match against Cuba, they beat Cuba 8 -- 0 with both Harry Gustav Wetterström scoring hat-tricks. In the semi-final match against Hungary, Sweden lost 1–5.

Sweden's next match was the third-place match against Brazil. In that game the Swedes lost 2–4, ended in fourth place for the first and only time in Swedish football history. In the first round, Sweden played against Austria; the Austrian team had qualified without their professional players, a surprise since the Austrian league had many professional players who were allowed to play in the tournament. The match was played at White Hart Lane in London and Sweden won 3–0. In the second game, Sweden played against Korea and won 12–0, one of the two largest margin wins Sweden has had. In the semi-final Sweden met their archrivals from Denmark beating them 4–2; the final was played at legendary Wembley Stadium in London. The attendance was around 40,000 people, high for a football game in those days. Sweden took on Yugoslavia in the final and won 3–1, with goals by Gunnar Gren, Stjepan Bobek and Gunnar Nordahl; this was Sweden's first championship win in any international football tournament. In the 1950 World Cup, the Swedish football association did not allow any professional Swedish football players to take part.

Sweden only fielded amateur players during the tournament. Qualifying for the tournament as one of six European national teams, Sweden played in the same group as Italy and Paraguay. In the first match, Sweden beat Italy 3–2 in São Paulo; the second match was a 2–2 draw against Paraguay. With the most points in the group, Sweden advanced to the next round, their first game in the second stage – a group format – was against the hosts Brazil. It was played at the Maracanã Stadium with a total attendance of more than 138,000, to this day the record attendance for the Swedish national team; the game ended 7–1 to Brazil and it is rumored that everyone in the Brazilian audience waved the Swedes goodbye with their scarfs. The next game was against Uruguay, who Sweden played against for the first time in World Cup history. Played in São Paulo, Uruguay won the game 3 -- 2; the final game for Sweden in the tournament was played against Spain. Sweden won 3 -- 1 with goals by Bror Mellberg and Karl-Erik Palmér.

Sweden took their first World Cup medal. As Sweden was the best placed European team, Sweden was, as the time, regarded "unofficial European champions". At the Summer Olympics in 1952 in Helsinki, Sweden continued to achieve success and won an Olympic bronze; the following year, the Football Association decided not to allow foreign professionals to play in the national team and the team failed to qualify for the World Championships in Switzerland in 1954 when Sweden only came second in their qualifying group behind Belgium. In 1956, the Swedish football federation allowed the professional footballers to play for the national team again, giving Swedish football fans hope for the 1958 FIFA World Cup. Sweden, the host nation, were in the same group as Mexico and Wales; the first game, Sweden vs Mexico, was played at Sweden's national stadium, Råsunda Stadium and was attended by around 32,000 people. Sweden won the game 3–0, taking the lead in Group 3; the next match was against Hungary, who had finished 2nd in the 1954 World Cup in Switzerland and were the 1952 Olympic Champions.

Played at Råsunda, this game ended 2–1 to Sweden, with both goals scored by Kurt Hamrin. In the next match, against Wales, Sweden drew 0–0. Making it through to the quarter-finals, playing at Råsunda for the fourth time in this tourn

Ropalomeridae

The Ropalomeridae are a family of acalyptrate flies. Ropalomeridae are robust flies of 6–12 mm body length, with a superficial resemblance to the Sarcophagidae in terms of body colour; the hind femora are conspicuously enlarged and the hind tibia is laterally flattened and broadened and with broad, excavated vertex. The biology of ropalomerid flies is little known, although they are thought to associated with rotting wood; the Ropalomeridae comprise about 30 species distributed in 9 genera. Ropalomera is with 15 known species; these nine genera belong to the family Ropalomeridae: Acrocephalomyia Ibáñez-Bernal & Hernández-Ortiz, 2012 g Apophorhynchus c g Dactylissa c g Kroeberia c g Lenkokroeberia c g Mexicoa i c g Rhytidops Lindner, 1930 i c g b Ropalomera i c g Willistoniella i c gData sources: i = ITIS, c = Catalogue of Life, g = GBIF, b = Bugguide.net The Ropalomeridae are predominantly Neotropical, found from the southern United States to northern Argentina, with a single species known from the Nearctic region.

Most species occur in the central portion of South America. Family Ropalomeridae at EOL bizarre sap flow fly - Rhytidops floridensis

Rape in English law

Rape is a statutory offence in England and Wales. According to the law, rape is sexual penetration of the vagina, anus, or mouth of another person, with or without force, by a sex organ, other body part, or foreign object, without the consent of the victim. If a victim is forcefully penetrated with an object, this is classed as "Assault by Penetration". If the victim is made to penetrate another, the act can be prosecuted as "Causing a person to engage in sexual activity without consent"; the offence is created by section 1 of the Sexual Offences Act 2003: See Intention See section 79. See sections 79 and This expression is defined by section 74; the evidential and conclusive presumptions created by sections 75 and 76 apply to this offence. They must be read with section 77; the term "rape by deception" covers cases where sexual activity was procured by deceit, the question of when deceit is substantial enough to mitigate consent. In English law, the basis for such claims is "very narrow", as ruled by the Court of Appeal in R v Linekar 3 All ER 69 73.

Cases demonstrating the law on consent as set out in the 2003 Sexual Offences Act include R v Assange, R v DPP, R - v - McNally. The Sexual Offences Act 1956 contained a ground of "procuring intercourse by false pretences" but this was abolished in the 2003 Act. A paper on website The Student Lawyer examined the basis for fraud as grounds for negating consent, it concluded that the issues which might arise if this was a legal basis to negate consent, could be far wider than might be first appreciated. Examples given by the author included sex in the following circumstances: "Andrew is secretly having an affair but denies this to his wife... Barney exaggerates his financial success and pretends to like the same music and films as his date in order to impress her... Charlie dyes his hair and pretends to be in his mid-30s on a dating website when he is in his 50s... Derek is considering whether to leave his wife. In these examples, the sexual partner in each case would not have consented had all matters to be relevant to their decision been disclosed, a reasonable person might be expected to realise this.

A high profile and unusual case where this issue arose, was the 2011 UK undercover policing relationships scandal in which police officers obtained sex by deceiving as to their identity, as part of their duties. Crown Prosecutors declined to prosecute on the basis that the actions would not constitute rape as consent to the act itself was informed and the grounds for rape by deceit as to identity was limited. A man or woman assisting another man to commit a rape can be prosecuted for the crime as an accessory. Rape is an indictable-only offence. A man guilty of rape is liable on conviction for any shorter term. For further information, see the Crown Prosecution Service prosecution guidance. R v Billam 8 Cr App R 48 R v Millberry EWCA Crim 2891, Crim LR 207, 2 Cr App R 31, 2 All ER 939, 2 Cr App R 31, 1 WLR 546, 1 Cr App R 25. R v Corran and others 2 Cr App R 73, 2 Cr App R 73, EWCA Crim 192 R v Abokar Ahmed Ismail 2 Cr App R 88 A-Gs Reference No. 86 of 2005 2 Cr App R In R v Millberry, the Court of Appeal held that "there are, three dimensions to consider in assessing the gravity of an individual offence of rape.

The first is the degree of harm to the victim. Subsequently, the court held in Attorney General's Reference that these three dimensions can be applied to sentencing for other categories of sexual offences. In September 2019, serial rapist Jason Lawrance appealed against one of his convictions, in which he had told a victim he had had a vasectomy, prior to sex, but admitted afterwards that this was untrue; the conviction for rape by deception, the appeal, are believed to be the first of their kind in the UK. This is a statutory offence created by section 5 of the Sexual Offences Act 2003. Any consent of the complainant is of no relevance if she is under the age of thirteen. No person is liable in tort under the law of England and Wales- to a parent on the ground only of his having deprived the parent of the services of his or her child by raping that child. Rape was classified as a felony; the common law defined rape as "the carnal knowledge of a woman forcibly and against her will." The common law defined carnal knowledge as the penetration of the female sex organ by the male sex organ.

The crime of rape was unique in the respect that it focused on the victim's state of mind and actions in addition to that of the defendant. The victim was required to prove a continued state of physical resistance, consent was conclusively presumed when a man had intercourse with his wife. "One of the most oft-quoted passages in our jurisprudence" on the subject of rape is by Lord Chief Justice Sir Matthew Hale from the 17th century, "rape...is an a