John Peter Kaj Harryson is a Swedish actor and entertainer. He is the son of actor John Harryson. From 1994 until 2001, Harryson played antagonist Pehr Silver in the soap opera Rederiet, he is known from hosting the game show Så ska det låta. In the 1980s, he worked extensively. Two of his most famous roles are that of pilot Roy Focker in the Swedish dub of the classic anime film Macross: Do You Remember Love? and Shaggy Rogers in the Scooby-Doo-series. Peter Harryson on IMDb
Kungliga Dramatiska Teaterns Elevskola known as Dramatens elevskola, was the acting school of Sweden's national stage, The Royal Dramatic Theatre, for many years seen as the foremost theatre school and drama education for Swedish stage actors. It was established in 1787 by the theatre and art loving King Gustav III and was for many years under the protection of the Swedish royal family; the school was founded in 1787. Actors had been educated as personal students of individual actors at the theatre, but it was decided that a school was necessary for a more secure succession of the profession and to teach children in the profession from the start from examples made by the continent. In 1788, it was called The Children's Theatre, teaching children between the ages of 9-14; the school is noted to have performed a play for the royal court. One of the first students known was Lars Hjortsberg, who performed at this occasion and became one of the stars of Swedish theatre history; the school was re-organised in 1793 by Anne Marie Milan Desguillons and her spouse, two actors from the French Theatre in Bollhuset in Stockholm.
The students was used in small parts by the royal theatre and in student performances. The instructors were actors from the royal theatre; the quality of the drama school was considered to be one of Europe's greatest and up until 1964 it still featured traditional fencing, ballet-training, recital- and voice-training and teachings of skilled masking techniques - everything much the same since the 18th Century. The education was one year long, but in the end of the 1910s became two years and in 1930s extended to three years. In the 1960s, Sweden - as many other countries - was influenced by new theatre traditions; the International Theatre Institute arranged several symposia in Europe, which both students and teachers attended and the debate grew. This was the 1960s and in the early days of the great emerging liberation movement through the world and soon with student revolts all over Europe; the opinion in Sweden was strong to make the acting school a national, non-traditional, independent theatre school governed by the state.
The old education and teaching methods were questioned, it was soon decided by the Swedish government that the school was to be separated from the Royal Dramatic Theatre and become independent. It was the then-managing director of the Royal Dramatic Theatre, Ingmar Bergman, who in 1964 initiated the final decision of separation. However, he came to regret this decision, bitterly calling it "the most stupid thing I've done in my entire life" as he felt that the long inherited theatre tradition was lost within the Dramaten building. For better or worse can always be debated. Looking back, many in Sweden now believe that the 1964 separation affected negatively on the quality of theatre training and acting education in the country; the last class of Dramatens elevskola was the class of 1967. Famous students at Dramatens elevskola include: Signe Hasso, Greta Garbo, Gunnar Björnstrand, Ingrid Bergman, Max von Sydow, Stellan Skarsgård, Jan Malmsjö, Nils Asther, Gunn Wållgren, Inga Tidblad, Börje Ahlstedt, Bibi Andersson, Eva Dahlbeck, Ingrid Thulin, Stig Järrel, Gerda Lundequist and Lars Hanson, a.o.
Hanna Brooman Charlotta Eriksson Julie Alix de la Fay Johann Christian Friedrich Hæffner Signe Hebbe Carolina Kuhlman Bertha Tammelin Hilda Borgström Gabriel Alw Renée Björling Gerda Lundequist Hjördis Petterson Ingrid Luterkort Lisa Steier 1790–1793 Francois Marie Moussé Félix 1793–1800 Joseph Sauze Desguillons 1793–1800 Anne Marie Milan Desguillons 1804–1812 Sofia Lovisa Gråå 1812–1815 Caroline Halle-Müller 1819–1823 Maria Franck 1828–1831 Gustav Åbergsson 1831–1834 Karolina Bock 1834–1840 Nils Almlöf 1840–1841 V. Svensson 1841–1856 Karolina Bock 1856–1857 V. Svensson 1857–1868 J. Jolin 1868–1874 Frans T. Hedberg 1874–1877 Knut Almlöf 1874–1877 Betty Almlöf 1877–1886 A. Willman 1877–1886 Hedvig Willman 1889–1890 E. Hillberg 1892–1898 N. Personne 1898–1904 A. Örtengren 1948–1953 Olle Hilding Bollhuset For further information on national Swedish drama education and see: National Academy of Mime and Acting. Om igen, herr Molander! by Ingrid Luterkort, Stockholmia Förlag, Borås, Sweden, 1998.
Gidlunds förlag: Ny svens
Barbro Karin Viola Westerlund Larsson, better known as Babben, is a Swedish actress and comedian. Babben is recognised by her pronounced dialect. Now living in Solna with her daughter, she attended the National Academy of Dramatic Art in Stockholm in 1977–1980, she has been active in the S. U. C. K. Since 1988 and comedian group R. E. A.. She has appeared in the TV show Parlamentet and had her own talk show Babben & co in 2007, she performed as a stand up comedian in Great Britain 1996 and did a couple appearances on British television. In 2006, she was voted the most popular female comedian in Sweden in the popular TV-programme Folktoppen. In 1992, Swedish astronomer Claes-Ingvar Lagerkvist named one of the asteroids in the asteroid belt, 10795 Babben after her. Films and TV series. 1980 – Children's Island 1984 – Tryggare kan ingen vara … 1989 – Peter och Petra 1994 – Läckan 1994 – 13-årsdagen 1996 – Drömprinsen – filmen om Em 1996 – Polisen och pyromanen 1997 – Nattbuss 807 1998 – Lithivm 1999 – Sherdil 2007 – Leende guldbruna ögon 2010 – Fyra år till 2013 – Wallander – försvunnen 2014 – LasseMajas detektivbyrå – Skuggor över Valleby Babben Larsson on IMDb
Pernilla August is a Swedish actress and screenwriter. Being one of Sweden's leading actresses and a longtime collaborator with director Ingmar Bergman, she won the Best Actress Award at the 1992 Cannes Film Festival for her role in his The Best Intentions, she is best known for portraying Shmi Skywalker in Star Wars: Episode I – The Phantom Menace and Star Wars: Episode II – Attack of the Clones. August started acting at school, her professional acting career started in 1975 when director Roy Andersson cast her in a minor role in the film Giliap the same year, followed from 1979 by films by other directors, Vilgot Sjöman and Lasse Hallström. She studied acting at Swedish National Academy of Mime and Acting in Stockholm 1979–82. Before finishing her studies, she attracted the attention of Ingmar Bergman, who cast her in his film Fanny and Alexander, playing the nanny in the director's romanticised portrait of his childhood; that marked the beginning of two decades of collaboration, collecting several international awards, including television series The Best Intentions, where she portrayed Bergman's mother and met her second husband to be, director Bille August, TV-productions Private Confessions, directed by Liv Ullmann and Bergman's own In the Presence of a Clown.
She starred in Bo Widerberg's The Serpent's Way as well as his TV-production of Henrik Ibsen's The Wild Duck. Among the many Scandinavian and international films are Bille August's Jerusalem, Richard Hobert's Where the Rainbow Ends and The Birthday (2000], I Am Dina, Björn Runge's Om jag vänder mig om/If I Turn Around, Per Fly's Manslaughter, Swedish-Taiwanese Miss Kicki and Jan Troell's Truth and Consequence. At the Royal Dramatic Theatre in Stockholm, she has acted in several plays, starting 1981, several directed by Ingmar Bergman and touring internationally; these include Ophelia in William Shakespeare's Hamlet, August Strindberg's A Dream Play, Nora in Henrik Ibsen's A Doll's House, Hermione in Bergman's special version of A Winter's Tale, the title role in Schiller's Mary Stuart and Helene Alving in Ibsen's Ghosts. She worked with Russian director Jurij Ljubimov in Alexander Pushkin's A Feast in the Time of Plague. In 1983-84, she worked at Folkteatern i Gävleborg with director Peter Oskarson in Anton Chekhov's Three Sisters.
In 2008, she acted in the stage production of Steel Magnolias in Stockholm. She had appeared in two episodes of The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles in 1993. Many in the English-speaking world know her best as Shmi Skywalker, the mother of Anakin Skywalker, from Star Wars: Episode I – The Phantom Menace, its sequel Attack of the Clones, she shared the role as Virgin Mary in Mother of Jesus with Melinda Kinnaman. She played a bomber in the Swedish film Sprängaren. In 2011, she reprised her role as Shmi Skywalker in the third season of Star Wars: The Clone Wars for the episode "Overlords", which aired on 28 January. After her directorial debut with the 2005 short film Time Bomb, she debuted as feature-film director and screenwriter in 2010 with Beyond, starring Noomi Rapace and Ola Rapace; the film was selected as the Swedish entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 84th Academy Awards and was much awarded with Swedish Guldbagge Awards and more. In October 2011, August was asked to direct a new Danish drama series, Arvingerne, an offer she accepted.
The series premiered on DR on 1 January 2014. Her two youngest daughters have cameos in the series. Among many international awards and nominations, at the 1992 Cannes Film Festival she won the award for Best Actress, for her role in Bille August's The Best Intentions. For the same film she won the Best Actress award at the 28th Guldbagge Awards. In 2002 she was honored with the Royal Swedish medal Litteris et Artibus for her artistic work. August was born in Stockholm, she changed her name both times. Her first marriage was in 1982 with whom she has one daughter; the second marriage was in 1991 with whom she has two daughters. She has three daughters: Agnes and Alba. Pernilla August on IMDb Pernilla August at the TCM Movie Database Pernilla August at the Swedish Film Database Pernilla August at AllMovie
Gothenburg is the second-largest city in Sweden, fifth-largest in the Nordic countries, capital of the Västra Götaland County. It is situated by Kattegat, on the west coast of Sweden, has a population of 570,000 in the city center and about 1 million inhabitants in the metropolitan area. Gothenburg was founded as a fortified Dutch, trading colony, by royal charter in 1621 by King Gustavus Adolphus. In addition to the generous privileges given to his Dutch allies from the then-ongoing Thirty Years' War, the king attracted significant numbers of his German and Scottish allies to populate his only town on the western coast. At a key strategic location at the mouth of the Göta älv, where Scandinavia's largest drainage basin enters the sea, the Port of Gothenburg is now the largest port in the Nordic countries. Gothenburg is home to many students, as the city includes the University of Gothenburg and Chalmers University of Technology. Volvo was founded in Gothenburg in 1927; the original parent Volvo Group and the now separate Volvo Car Corporation are still headquartered on the island of Hisingen in the city.
Other key companies are Astra Zeneca. Gothenburg is served by Göteborg Landvetter Airport 30 km southeast of the city center; the smaller Göteborg City Airport, 15 km from the city center, was closed to regular airline traffic in 2015. The city hosts the Gothia Cup, the world's largest youth football tournament, alongside some of the largest annual events in Scandinavia; the Gothenburg Film Festival, held in January since 1979, is the leading Scandinavian film festival with over 155,000 visitors each year. In summer, a wide variety of music festivals are held in the city, including the popular Way Out West Festival; the city was named Göteborg in the city's charter in 1621 and given the German and English name Gothenburg. The Swedish name was given after the Göta älv, called Göta River in English, other cities ending in -borg. Both the Swedish and German/English names were in use before 1621 and had been used for the previous city founded in 1604 and burned down in 1611. Gothenburg is one of few Swedish cities to still have an official and used exonym.
Another example is the province of Scania in southern Sweden. The city council of 1641 consisted of four Swedish, three Dutch, three German, two Scottish members. In Dutch, Scots and German, all languages with a long history in this trade and maritime-oriented city, the name Gothenburg is or was used for the city. Variations of the official German/English name Gothenburg in the city's 1621 charter existed or exist in many languages; the French form of the city name is Gothembourg, but in French texts, the Swedish name Göteborg is more frequent. "Gothenburg" can be seen in some older English texts. In Spanish and Portuguese the city is called Gotemburgo; these traditional forms are sometimes replaced with the use of the Swedish Göteborg, for example by The Göteborg Opera and the Göteborg Ballet. However, Göteborgs universitet designated as the Göteborg University in English, changed its name to the University of Gothenburg in 2008; the Gothenburg municipality has reverted to the use of the English name in international contexts.
In 2009, the city council launched a new logotype for Gothenburg. Since the name "Göteborg" contains the Swedish letter "ö" the idea was to make the name more international and up to date by "turning" the "ö" sideways; as of 2015, the name is spelled "Go:teborg" on a large number of signs in the city. In the early modern period, the configuration of Sweden's borders made Gothenburg strategically critical as the only Swedish gateway to the North Sea and Atlantic, situated on the west coast in a narrow strip of Swedish territory between Danish Halland in the south and Norwegian Bohuslän in the north. After several failed attempts, Gothenburg was founded in 1621 by King Gustavus Adolphus; the site of the first church built in Gothenburg, subsequently destroyed by Danish invaders, is marked by a stone near the north end of the Älvsborg Bridge in the Färjenäs Park. The church was built in 1603 and destroyed in 1611; the city was influenced by the Dutch and Scots, Dutch planners and engineers were contracted to construct the city as they had the skills needed to drain and build in the marshy areas chosen for the city.
The town was designed like Dutch cities such as Amsterdam and New Amsterdam. The planning of the streets and canals of Gothenburg resembled that of Jakarta, built by the Dutch around the same time; the Dutchmen won political power, it was not until 1652, when the last Dutch politician in the city's council died, that Swedes acquired political power over Gothenburg. During the Dutch period, the town followed Dutch town laws and Dutch was proposed as the official language in the town. Robust city walls were built during the 17th century. In 1807, a decision was made to tear down most of the city's wall; the work started in 1810, was carried out by 150 soldiers from the Bohus regiment. Along with the Dutch, the town was influenced by Scots who settled down in Gothenburg. Many became people of high-profile. William Chalmers, the son of a Scottish immigrant, donated his fortunes to set up what became the Chalmers University of Technology. In 1841, the Scotsman Alexander Keiller founded the Götaverken shipbuilding company, in business until 1989.
His son James Keiller donated Keiller Park to the city in 1906. The Gothenburg coat of arms was based on the lion of the coat of arms of Sweden, symbolically holding a shield w
Berit Elisabeth Andersson, known professionally as Bibi Andersson, is a Swedish actress. Andersson was born in Kungsholmen, the daughter of Karin, a social worker, Josef Andersson, a businessman, she studied acting at the Terserus Drama School and at the legendary Royal Dramatic Theatre School in Stockholm. After completing school, she agreed to join the Royal Dramatic Theatre in Stockholm, which she was associated with for 30 years, her first collaboration with Ingmar Bergman was in 1951, when she participated in his production of an advertisement for the detergent "Bris". In the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s, she starred in more than ten Bergman-directed pictures, including The Seventh Seal, Wild Strawberries, Brink of Life, The Magician, The Passion of Anna, The Touch and Persona. In 1963 at the 13th Berlin International Film Festival, Andersson won the Silver Bear for Best Actress award for her role in Vilgot Sjöman's film The Mistress, her intense portrayal of the nurse Alma in the 1966 film Persona led to an increase in the number of cinematic roles offered her, she appeared that same year opposite James Garner and Sidney Poitier in the violent western Duel at Diablo.
For her role in Persona, she won the award for Best Actress at the 4th Guldbagge Awards. More Bergman collaborations followed, she worked with John Huston and Robert Altman, she made her debut in American theatre in 1973 with a production of Erich Maria Remarque's Full Circle. Her most famous American film is I Never Promised You a Rose Garden, that starred Kathleen Quinlan. In 1990, she worked as a theatre director in Stockholm. In the late 1980s and early 1990s, Andersson worked in television and as a theatre actress, working with Bergman among others, she was a supervisor for the humanitarian project Road to Sarajevo. In 1996, she published her autobiography Ett ögonblick, she has been married to the director Kjell Grede with whom she has a daughter, and, secondly, to the politician and writer Per Ahlmark. Since 29 May 2004, Andersson has been married to Gabriel Mora Baeza. In 2009 she suffered a massive stroke. An article from 2010 says, unable to speak. 2006: Ibsen Centennial Commemoration Award Bibi Andersson at Encyclopædia Britannica Bibi Andersson on IMDb Bibi Andersson at the Swedish Film Database Bibi Andersson at the TCM Movie Database Bibi Andersson at the Internet Broadway Database
Gustav III of Sweden
Gustav III note on dates was King of Sweden from 1771 until his assassination in 1792. He was the eldest son of Adolf Frederick, King of Sweden and Queen Louise Ulrika, a first cousin of Empress Catherine the Great of Russia by reason of their common descent from Christian August of Holstein-Gottorp, Prince of Eutin, his wife Albertina Frederica of Baden-Durlach. Gustav was a vocal opponent of what he saw as the abuse of political privileges seized by the nobility since the death of King Charles XII. Seizing power from the government in a coup d'état, called the Swedish Revolution, in 1772 that ended the Age of Liberty, he initiated a campaign to restore a measure of Royal autocracy, completed by the Union and Security Act of 1789, which swept away most of the powers exercised by the Swedish Riksdag during the Age of Liberty, but at the same time it opened up the government for all citizens, thereby breaking the privileges of the nobility. A bulwark of enlightened despotism, Gustav spent considerable public funds on cultural ventures, which were controversial among his critics, as well as military attempts to seize Norway with Russian aid a series of attempts to re-capture the Swedish Baltic dominions lost during the Great Northern War through the failed war with Russia.
Nonetheless, his successful leadership in the Battle of Svensksund averted a complete military defeat and signified that Swedish military might was to be countenanced. An admirer of Voltaire, Gustav legalized Catholic and Jewish presence in Sweden and enacted wide-ranging reforms aimed at economic liberalism, social reform and the restriction, in many cases, of torture and capital punishment; the much-praised Freedom of the Press Act of 1766 was curtailed, however, by amendments in 1774 and 1792 extinguishing independent media. Following the uprising against the French monarchy in 1789, Gustav pursued an alliance of princes aimed at crushing the insurrection and re-instating his French counterpart, King Louis XVI, offering Swedish military assistance as well as his leadership, he was mortally wounded by a gunshot in the lower back during a masquerade ball as part of an aristocratic-parliamentary coup attempt, but managed to assume command and quell the uprising before succumbing to septicemia 13 days a period during which he received apologies from many of his political enemies.
Gustav's immense powers were placed in the hands of a regency under his brother Prince Carl and Gustaf Adolf Reuterholm until his son and successor Gustav IV Adolf reached adulthood in 1796. The Gustavian autocracy thus survived until 1809, when his son was ousted in another coup d'état, which definitively established parliament as the dominant political power. A patron of the arts and benefactor of arts and literature, Gustav founded the Swedish Academy, created a national costume and had the Royal Swedish Opera built. In 1772 he founded the Royal Order of Vasa to acknowledge and reward those Swedes who had contributed to advances in the fields of agriculture and commerce. In 1782, Gustav III was the first formally neutral head of state in the world to recognize the United States during its war for independence from Great Britain. Swedish military forces were engaged in the thousands on the side of the colonists through the French expedition force. Through the acquisition of Saint Barthélemy in 1784, Gustav enabled the restoration, if symbolic, of Swedish overseas colonies in America, as well as great personal profits from the transatlantic slave trade.
Gustav III was known in Sweden and abroad by his Royal Titles, or styles: Gustav, by the Grace of God, of the Swedes, the Goths and the Vends King, Grand Prince of Finland, Duke of Pomerania, Prince of Rügen and Lord of Wismar, Heir to Norway and Duke of Schleswig-Holstein and Dithmarschen, Count of Oldenburg and Delmenhorst, etc. etc. Gustav was born in Stockholm, he was placed under the tutelage of Hedvig Elisabet Strömfelt until the age of five educated under the care of two governors who were among the most eminent Swedish statesmen of the day: Carl Gustaf Tessin and Carl Fredrik Scheffer. Nonetheless, he owed most of what shaped him during his early education to the poet and historian Olof von Dalin. State interference with his education as a young child caused significant political disruptions within the royal family. Gustav's parents taught him to despise the governors imposed upon him by the Riksdag, the atmosphere of intrigue and duplicity in which he grew up made him precociously experienced in the art of dissimulation.
His most hostile teachers were amazed by his combination of natural gifts. Moreover, he possessed as a boy the charm of manner, to make him so fascinating and so dangerous in life, coupled with a strong dramatic instinct that won him an honourable place in Swedish literature. On the whole, Gustav can not be said to have been well educated, his enthusiasm for the ideas of the French enlightenment was as sincere as that of his mother, if more critical. Gustav married Princess Sophia Magdalena, daughter of King Frederick V of Denmark, by proxy in Christiansborg Palace, Copenhagen, on 1 October 1766 and in person in Stockholm on 4 November 1766. Gustav was first impressed by Sophia Magdalena's beauty, but her silent nature made her a disappointment in court life; the match was not a happy one, owing to an incompatibility of temperament, but still more to the interference of Gustav's jealous mother, Queen Louisa Ulrika. The marriage produced two children: Crown Prince Gustav Adolf, Prince Carl Gustav, Duk