Measham is a large English village in Leicestershire close to the borders with Derbyshire and Warwickshire. It lies just off the A42, 4.5 miles south of Ashby-de-la-Zouch, within the National Forest. In Derbyshire, it was part of an enclave absorbed into Leicestershire in 1897; the name of the village is thought to mean homestead on the River Mease. The village name Meas-Ham suggests it was founded in the Saxon period between AD 350 and 1000. Just before the Norman Conquest of 1066, the village belonged to "Earl Algar"; the Domesday Book of 1086 has it as belonging directly to the King, as part of a royal estate centred at Repton. Its taxable value as assessed at a mere 2 geld units, containing land for three ploughs, 20 acres of meadow, a square furlong of woodland; the manor passed from the crown to the Earls of Chester. In 1235 it was in widow of Ranulf de Blondeville, 6th Earl of Chester. Measham Museum states that the manor belonged to the De Measham family, which held it until 1308. Given the ownership by the crown and the Earls of Chester, neither resident, it appears the De Measham family held the manor as feudal tenants, rather than formal owners in return for military service.
By the 13th century, the rights to the church appear to have passed to Repton Priory, as in 1272 King Henry III issued a charter including Measham among the several church and chapelries it possessed. The original chapel of ease dated from 1172, but the present St Laurence's Church was built in 1340, under the auspices of Repton Priory. On 24 March 1311, King Edward II granted two charters to William de Bereford, Lord of the Manor of Measham, to hold a market and a fair; the charters allowed for a market on Tuesdays and an annual three-day fair around the festival of the Translation of St Thomas the Martyr. By 1817 both market and fair had ceased; this medieval settlement is thought to have been agricultural, but coal mining is known to have taken place as early as the 13th century. Indeed William De Bereford died getting coal. 4d a year. In 1355, Edmund de Bereford, son of William, died leaving the manor of Measham to three heirs: Joan de Ellesfield, John de Maltravers and Margaret de Audley.
During the 15th century, the manor came into the hands of 1st Baron Mountjoy. In 1454, the manor was in the possession of Sir William Babington at the time of his death. In 1596 Measham was dismissed by William Wyrley as "a village belonging to Lord Shefield, in which are many coal mines, little else worthy of remembrance." It was omitted altogether from Richard Blome's gazetteer of market towns in 1673. In 1563 the manor belonged to 1st Baron Mountjoy. However, by 1616 it had passed to Sir Francis Anderson, only to return to the Sheffield family, as it was owned by Edmund Sheffield, 2nd Duke of Buckingham and Normanby in 1712; the manor found its way to William Wollaston, who sold it to Joseph Wilkes in 1780 for £50,000. In 1767, William Abney Esq. built an alternative manor house at Measham Field, which by 1817 had passed to his son, Edward Abney Esq. This was what would become known as a seven-bay mid-Georgian stately home. However, the site became used for coal mining; the Hall suffered from subsidence and was demolished by the National Coal Board in 1959.
By the early 19th century, Measham church was still associated with Repton parish, as a "parochial chapelry". Around the time of Joseph Wilkes, Measham went through a prosperous period associated with the Industrial Revolution; this growth lasted into the 20th century. At the beginning of the 19th century, Ashby Canal was built through the village; the Ashby and Nuneaton Joint Railway followed. The village was on the main road between Birmingham and Nottingham, it became a hub of local industry, famous for its brickwork and Joseph Wilkes' "Jumb Bricks". Other village industry included banking, breweries and brick-making, a tramway, boot, cotton and bleach mills. A market hall was said to have been built by Wilkes about the turn of the 19th century, but by 1817 the market had ceased to operate and the market-house was being converted into a dwelling; this became known as Cross House, at 58 High Street. The village Baptist chapel was built in 1811, although Baptist ministers had been active in the village since the 1730s.
A Temperance Hall built in 1852 now serves as the Age Concern building. In 1839 the village received an official visit from Queen Adelaide, who in her widowhood visited the area, staying at nearby Gopsall Park, home of her previous Lord Chamberlain, The Earl of Howe. Queen Street was named in her honour after her visit. By 1848 the population had swollen to 1615. A further chapel was constructed for the Methodists, a Catholic church was built, financed by a local lady aristocrat; the latter has since been demolished for housing. Measham continued to grow industrially in the 20th and 21st centuries. Large-scale council and private housing estates were built and the population swelled to 4,849 in 2001. Development of a British Car Auctions site in the south-west of the village after World War Two prompted further industrial development, which has grown into the Westminster Industrial Estate; the 20th century
Castle Donington is a small market town and civil parish in Leicestershire, England, on the edge of the National Forest close to East Midlands Airport. King's Mill, the nearby crossing on the River Trent, is mentioned in a charter issued by Æthelred the Unready in 1009 regarding the boundaries of Weston-on-Trent. Dunintune or Dunitone is mentioned twice in the Domesday Book of 1086 as having land belonging to Countess Ælfgifu and land assigned to Earl Hugh, it is called Castoldonyngtoin in a duchy of Lancaster warrant of 1484. In 1278, King Edward I granted a charter for an annual Wakes Fair; the Fair continues in Borough Street for three days each October. Lace-making was an important industry up until the 1850s, when a sharp decline in the population is recorded; the population did not recover to the same level until a century when in 1950 over 3,000 people are recorded as living in the village. Bondgate, Borough Street and Clapgun Street formed the nucleus of the historic village, with the Castle standing at the eastern end of Borough Street on Castle Hill.
It was abandoned and its stone used to build Donington Hall within Donington Park. The early 1960s local councils from Derby and Leicester were seeking a suitable site to build an airport for the region; the former RAF Castle Donington, to the south of the village, was chosen and land purchased in the parishes of Kegworth and Lockington to form an enclosed site now forming East Midlands Airport. The airport opened in 1965 and is now the tenth largest airport in the UK, the second largest in terms of freight and cargo; the airport site is now an important economic center, a major employer in the area. Castle Donington Power Station was built in 1958 as one of the largest coal-fired power stations in Europe, it was closed in September 1994 and demolished in 1996. Castle Donington has two primary schools, St Edwards and Orchard Primary School, each serving one half of the town. Castle Donington College, which celebrated its 50th anniversary on 10 September 2007, takes students from ages 11-16. Castle Donington stands on the former Nottingham to Birmingham trunk road.
The town is a mix of the old and new, with modern shops mixed with dignified Georgian and Regency houses. Several timber framed houses dating from the 17th century and earlier survive along the main road; the town has no rail station, but East Midlands Parkway opened early in 2008 at Ratcliffe-on-Soar providing links on the Midland Main Line. In 1868 the Midland Railway opened the Castle Donington Line, which included Castle Donington and Shardlow railway station, on the northern edge of the town; the station was closed to regular passenger traffic in 1930, closed and demolished in 1968. The access driveway still exists but for pedestrians only, is the start of a footpath to Hemington, running past the site of the old goods yard, now a scrap yard; the railway remains open for substantial flows of freight traffic as an alternative to the route via Derby. East Midlands Airport is served by several airlines including flyBE, bmi regional, Jet2. Com, Thomson Airways and Thomas Cook Airlines; the express parcels company DHL has a base at the airport.
The airline flybmi had its head office at Pegasus Business Park on the airport grounds. Donington Park motor racing circuit is located to the south east of the village; the site of the former power station has been redeveloped in to a major retail distribution hub and warehousing area. The principal tenant is Spencer. Since 2013 Norton Motorcycles has its head office in Donington Hall. BMI, an airline, was headquartered in Donington Hall; the airline moved its headquarters to Donington Hall in 1982. The subsidiary bmibaby had its head office in Donington Hall; the annual May Bank Holiday Medieval Market takes place in Borough Street and includes local stalls selling various kinds of produce and goods accompanied by dancing and music. On the second Saturday of every month a farmers market is held at Castle Donington Community Hub in the site of the former public house "The Tudor". Donington Park was the original venue for the Monsters of Rock festivals through the 1980s and 1990s, is now the home of the annual Download Festival.
It hosted a Formula One Grand Prix – The European Grand Prix – in April 1993, won by Ayrton Senna. It was set to be the home of the British Grand Prix from 2010 for at least 10 years, but the agreement was cancelled due to financial problems; the circuit hosts the Donington Grand Prix Collection, the world's largest collection of Formula One and Grand Prix vehicles. Brian Henton, an F1 driver, was born in Castle Donington. Castle Donington Town Football Club, who won the Leicestershire County Cup in the 2005–06 season. Castle Donington Cobras Football Club, winners of the Derbyshire FA Sunday Junior Cup in the 2014-15 season, 2015-16 season Castle Donington Football Club Runners up in the North Leicestershire League, Division 1 2014-15 season playing in the Premier League. Castle Donington Town Cricket Club Castle Donington Rugby Union Football Club Donington Park is a site near Castle Donington in North West Leicestershire, England. Part of the Donington Hall estate, it is leased by Donington Ventures Leisure Ltd from owner Tom Wheatcroft.
Used as a motor racing track, it is the venue for the Download Festival. Donington Park had a contract to stage the Formula One British Grand Prix for a period of 10 years from 2010 but this was cancelled due to Donington Park's failing to secure the finances required to upgrade the track. Castle Donington Methodist Church
Leicestershire is a landlocked county in the English Midlands. The county borders Nottinghamshire to the north, Lincolnshire to the north-east, Rutland to the east, Northamptonshire to the south-east, Warwickshire to the south-west, Staffordshire to the west, Derbyshire to the north-west; the border with most of Warwickshire is Watling Street. Leicestershire takes its name from the city of Leicester located at its centre and administered separately from the rest of the county; the ceremonial county has a total population of just over 1 million, more than half of which lives in'Greater Leicester'. Leicestershire was recorded in the Domesday Book in four wapentakes: Guthlaxton, Framland and Gartree; these became hundreds, with the division of Goscote into West Goscote and East Goscote, the addition of Sparkenhoe hundred. In 1087, the first recorded use of the name was as Laegrecastrescir. Leicestershire's external boundaries have changed little since the Domesday Survey; the Measham-Donisthorpe exclave of Derbyshire has been exchanged for the Netherseal area, the urban expansion of Market Harborough has caused Little Bowden in Northamptonshire to be annexed.
In 1974, the Local Government Act 1972 abolished the county borough status of Leicester city and the county status of neighbouring Rutland, converting both to administrative districts of Leicestershire. These actions were reversed on 1 April 1997, when Rutland and the City of Leicester became unitary authorities. Rutland became a distinct Ceremonial County once again, although it continues to be policed by Leicestershire Constabulary; the symbol of the county council, Leicestershire County Cricket Club and Leicester City FC, is the fox. Leicestershire is considered to be the birthplace of fox hunting. Hugo Meynell, who lived in Quorn, is known as the father of fox hunting. Melton Mowbray and Market Harborough have associations with fox hunting, as has neighbouring Rutland. Leicestershire and Herefordshire are the only three English counties lacking a registered flag. A design was proposed for Leicestershire in 2017 based on symbols associated with the county – a fox and a cinquefoil; the River Soar together with its tributaries and canalisations constitutes the principal river basin of the county, although the River Avon and River Welland through Harborough and along the county's southern boundaries are significant.
The Soar rises between Hinckley and Lutterworth, towards the south of the county near the Warwickshire border, flows northwards, bisecting the county along its north/south axis, through'Greater' Leicester and to the east of Loughborough where its course within the county comes to an end. It continues north marking the boundary with Nottinghamshire for some 10 kilometres before joining the River Trent at the point where Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire meet; the geographical centre of England is in Leicestershire, near Fenny Drayton in the southwest of the county. In 2013, the Ordnance Survey calculated. A large part of the north-west of the county, around Coalville, forms part of the new National Forest area extending into Derbyshire and Staffordshire; the highest point of the county is Bardon Hill at 278 metres, a Marilyn. 150–200 metres and above in nearby Charnwood Forest and to the east of the county around Launde Abbey. The lowest point, at an altitude of about 20 metres, is located at the county's northernmost tip close to Bottesford where the River Devon flowing through the Vale of Belvoir leaves Leicestershire and enters Nottinghamshire.
This results in an altitude differential of around 257.5 metres and a mean altitude of 148.75 metres. The population of Leicestershire is 609,578 people; the county covers an area of 2,084 km2. Its largest population centre is the city of Leicester, followed by the town of Loughborough. Other large towns include Ashby-de-la-Zouch, Hinckley, Market Harborough, Melton Mowbray, Oadby and Lutterworth; some of the larger of villages are:Burbage Birstall, Broughton Astley, Castle Donington, Kibworth Beauchamp, Great Glen, Ibstock and Kegworth. One of the most expanding villages is Anstey, which has seen a large number of development schemes; the United Kingdom Census 2001 showed a total resident population for Leicester of 279,921, a 0.5% decrease from the 1991 census. 62,000 were aged under 16, 199,000 were aged 16–74, 19,000 aged 75 and over. 76.9% of Leicester's population claim they have been born in the UK, according to the 2001 UK Census. Mid-year estimates for 2006 indicate that the population of the City of Leicester stood at 289,700 making Leicester the most populous city in East Midlands.
The population density is 3,814/km2 and for every 100 females, there were 92.9 males. Of those aged 16–74 in Leicester, 38.5% had no academic qualifications higher than 28.9% in all of England. 23.0% of Leicester's residents were born outside of the United Kingdom, more than double than the English average of 9.2%. Engineering has long been an important part of the economy of Leicestershire. John Taylor Bellfounders co
Hemington is a village in Leicestershire, England. In 1790, the nearby Harrington Bridge was built to create a crossing of the River Trent; the new bridge was a toll bridge and everyone except locals living in Hemington or Sawley were required to pay the toll. Hemington was a chapelry in the parish of Lockington, it became a separate civil parish in 1866, but in 1936 the parish was abolished and reunited with Lockington to form the civil parish of Lockington-Hemington. Gravel quarrying at Hemington during the 1990s led to the discovery of three sets of remains from successive medieval bridges across the Trent. Although there is not a rail station in the village, East Midlands Parkway opened early in 2008 at Ratcliffe-on-Soar providing links on the Midland Main Line. Media related to Hemington at Wikimedia Commons
Ellistown is a village about 2 miles south of Coalville in North West Leicestershire, England. It is named after Colonel Joseph Joel Ellis who died in 1885; the population from the 2011 census was included in the civil parish of Battleflat. The village has a community primary school, two shops, a filling station, a village shop, a Post Office and a hairdressing salon. There is The New Ellistown Hotel public house, a working men's club, Ellistown F. C. football club and five play parks. Ellistown is just within the eastern boundary of the National Forest. Ellistown is named after Colonel Joseph Joel Ellis of London. From the 14th century it was in parish of Ibstock. Ecclesiastically the area was part of the Diocese of Peterborough from the English Reformation until 1926, when it became part of the new Diocese of Leicester; the village was developed for coal mining from the Victorian era. Around 1140 Swinfen Grange was one of two granges given by nobleman Robert Byrton to the Abbot of Garendon Abbey, near what is now Shepshed.
Swinfen was where the Abbot's bailiff lived and was only a small mud and wattle built settlement with three strip fields surrounded by Charnwood Forest. When the monasteries were dissolved for Henry VIII, Garendon Abbey surrendered its lands to the Crown which sold or let them. Swinfen Grange was let to a John Pykeringe in 1531 for £7 per year. At this point the name seems to have changed to "Pykeringe Grange" after its first lay tenant, although there is some evidence that for some times the names Swinfen Grange and Pykeringe Grange may both have been used; the area that became Ellistown was called Swinfen Rushes at the start of the 19th century, while that now called Pickering Grange seemed to extend to the crossroads where the Hugglescote to Bagworth pony track crossed Beverley’s Lane. The manorial history is shown in detail in John Nichols' History of the County of Leicester, Volume IV and by John Curtis 30 years later; the site of the medieval grange house is 1 mile south of Ellistown village.
It was a moated manor house. The western part of the present Pickering Grange Farmhouse on the site is earlier; the pony trains appear to have demised around 1810 with the coming of the canals and railways in the area. The pony trains brought coal from Ibstock Colliery, turning at the crossroads towards Bagworth to avoid the turnpikes, on to Leicester via Aylestone; the Slip Inn on Whitehill Road near where the first pit was sunk was a favoured stopping point for the pony trains. John Curtis in his account of the county in 1831 mentions Pickering's Grange as a hamlet in the parish of Ibstock; the Leicester and Swannington Railway opened in 1832. It passed less than 1 mile east of Ellistown and its nearest station was at Bardon Hill just over a mile northeast of the village; the Midland Railway took over the line in 1845, a few years realigned the railway between Merry Lees and Bardon Hill to avoid the 1 in 29 Bagworth Incline. The new alignment was west of the old route, the Midland opened a new Bagworth and Ellistown railway station at Bagworth 1.5 miles south of Ellistown.
In 1849 the Midland opened an extension from Coalville Town to Burton-on-Trent, which made the line through Bagworth and Ellistown part of its Leicester to Burton upon Trent Line. In 1873 the Ashby and Nuneaton Joint Railway opened, it had a branch from Shackerstone through Hugglescote to Coalville Town, Hugglescote railway station was only 0.5 miles north of the centre of Ellistown. Hugglescote became a junction in 1883, when the Charnwood Forest Railway opened from here to Loughborough Derby Road. On their arrival the Ellis family took over the Inn converting it into their servants' quarters and adding accommodation for themselves as well as stables and a carriage house. Around here was little in the way of buildings at this time: Johnny Battram's cottage, two farms along Whitehill Lane and the railway spur that served Ibstock Colliery. Ellistown Colliery was sunk in 1873 and two years was producing coal, it had a rail link to the Leicester to Burton upon Trent Line. Colonel Ellis had two terraces of houses built on either side of the Bagworth to Hugglescote road to house employees and this was the beginning of modern Ellistown.
All but one of these terraces have now been demolished. Towards the end of their history Ellistown West Terraces had a great deal of iron banding and brick supports attached to them to resist the effect of mining subsidence that prevails in this area; the South Leicestershire Coal Company opened its colliery in 1874 northeast of the crossroads. Like Ellis it built terraces for its workers on the lane leading to South Street; the colliery was linked to the Nuneaton Joint Railway. In 1881 the Church of England built a day school which served as a mission church; the Church of England parish church of Saint Christopher was built in 1895–96 from local brick, with Gothic Revival windows in a Perpendicular style. The foundation stone was laid in October 1895 by the wife of Mandell Creighton, Bishop of Peterborough, the Bishop consecrated the church on 25 April 1896, it was built of Ellistown Red Tapped bricks from the Ellistown Pipe Company. The Rev. Mr. Terry was made the first vicar of the Parish. In 1911 a vicarage was built next to the church for the Rev. Mr. Boothby: before this Broughton Villa on Whitehill Road served as the vicarage.
St. Christopher's is now part of a combined benefice with the parishes of Snibston. At the same time the Methodists were having a chapel built by the original Ellistown Terraces and the Wesleyans had theirs built opposite what came to be known
Belton is a small village and civil parish in the North West Leicestershire district of Leicestershire, England. The village is located 2 miles northwest of the town of Shepshed, 5.5 miles west-northwest of Loughborough, 6 miles northeast of Ashby-de-la-Zouch. According to the 2011 Census, the parish had a population of 734. "The Parish Church of Belton is a 14th century structure with a perpendicular tower and roof. It contains the recumbent effigy tomb of Lady Roesia de Verdun, foundress of the nearby Grace Dieu Priory, Frances Beaumont, Justice of the Common Pleas, was buried in the church on 22nd April 1598; the registers go back to 1538."Belton has a Church of England Primary school which caters for children aged between 4 and 10. The original school was founded in 1843 and the present school was built in 1976. Situated on Sadlers Wells in the center of the village; the local football team, Belton Villa FC, play in Division Two of the North Leicestershire Football League. The village is home to a doctors surgery, situated at number 1 Mill Lane.
Belton has one of the few remaining free-standing maypoles in the country. The village is home to The Queens Head, a gastro pub and restaurant situated in the heart of the village. A former coaching inn, it was turned into a public house in the 1800s; the earliest occupational data for Belton is from 1881. The stacked bar chart presents a simplified version of the 1881 occupational data, using the'Orders' used in the published reports for 1881, plus an'Unknown' category. Many of these categories combine'Workers and Dealers' in different commodities, therefore it is hard to distinguish workers in manufacturing and services; the most common occupational area of the time was agriculture. This is more than due to the surroundings of Belton; this factor, along with the fact that jobs today may not have existed back meant there was a limited number of professions to go into. Agriculture, was dominated by males at the time, whereas many of the women's occupation were unknown, or in domestic services; the Occupational data here from the 2011 Census shows us the change over time in all different manner of occupations.
The most popular is professional occupations, with around 71 and just under 20% of the economically active residents, followed by managers and senior officials, where there are around 54, just under 15% of the economically active population. Of the 734 residents of Belton, there are 358 out of a possible 365 who are economically active between the ages of 16 and 74; this breaks down in employment. Around 15% of the village are retired and the remainder of the village fall under; the earliest record of population in Belton was in 1801, when there was a total of 586 residents in the area. This increased for 50 years to 751. However, a gap in the dataset from 1851 to 1881 shows there was a significant drop between here to 645. From 1881 there was a steady decline until 1911, where after that there has been a steady increase to a current population of 734; this could be down to the boundary changes that happened between 1931 and 1934 which changed the acreage and population of Belton. The 2011 census recorded that 49% of the village was male and 51% female which suggests the gender distribution is rather well balanced.
The 2011 census noted that of the 734 residents, 712 classed themselves as White. This gives the impression of a monocultured society. More information showed. Which isn't surprising. A further 20 % stated 9 % didn't state theirs; this information isn't unsurprising as due to the low population and the Parish is based around a church, with a Church of England school at the heart. The likelihood is. Housing in Belton has fluctuated through the 20th century dropping to 126 houses in 1921 and rising to 184 houses in 1961. Since there has been a steady increase up to the current number of 315 houses recorded from the last census; the current make up of households are built up of Married/Same sex partnerships without children, followed by Married/Same sex partnerships with children. Media related to Belton, Leicestershire at Wikimedia Commons