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Swimming at the 1896 Summer Olympics

At the 1896 Summer Olympics, four swimming events were contested, all for men. They were organized by the Sub-Committee for Nautical Sports. All events took place on 11 April in the Bay of Zea. There was a total of 13 participants from 4 countries competing; these medals are retroactively assigned by the International Olympic Committee. A total of 19 swimmers from 4 nations competed at the Athens Games: Austria Greece Hungary United States Prince George of Greece, president Pavlos Damalas, secretary Dimitrios Kriezis Konstantinos Sachtouris Georgios Koundouriotis Dimitrios Argyropoulos Konstantinos Kanaris K. Argyrakis

Mat Rempit

A Mat Rempit is a Malaysian term for "an individual who participates in immoral activities and public disturbance with a motorcycle as their main transport" involving underbone motorcycles, colloquially known as Kapcai, or scooters. Mat Rempits are not involved in street racing but rather go against each other for cheap thrills and to rebel against authorities while some of them perform stunts for fun, such as the wheelie, superman and scorpion; the word "Rempit" comes from "ramp--it". According to Kamus Dewan, the definition of "Rempit" is "the act of whipping with a cane". An alternative source of the word is derived from the noise made by a 2-stroke motorcycle. "Mat" is a Malay slang term used to address or to refer to a male person, of Malay descent but is used derogatorily. Mat Rempits travel in groups and create disturbance in bustling city centres on weekend nights. Mat Rempits are associated with gangsterism, gang robbery, street fighting, vandalism and bullying. Most motorcycles used by the Mat Rempits do not meet standard specifications, or have been modified extensively for greater speed, or just to make the exhaust noisier.

Additionally, most Mat Rempits do not have valid motorcycle licenses, do not pay road taxes, ride stolen motorcycles. A growing number of housing estates have been turned into racing tracks, it is estimated. In April 2009, Malaysia's Inspector-General of Police Tan Sri Musa Hassan said that the Mat Rempit had become violent and brazen instead of just being a public nuisance, he said "We have to come down hard on the Mat Rempit who have started to become involved in robberies, snatch thefts and are attacking innocent road users and we need to use harsh tactics to catch the Mat Rempit that try to runaway from the roadblocks." He added that "Parents must be more responsible and should not allow their underage children to drive cars or ride motorcycles" Mat Rempits end up being hospitalised after they fail to perform their actions or stunts such as'superman','spider' and many more. Every weekend, around 10 people are hospitalised after being involved in accidents when riding motorcycles at high speed.

According to Selangor police chief Datuk Tun Hisan Tun Hamzah, it was the parents who are the ones who should be blamed on this and while Kuala Lumpur deputy police chief, Datuk Amar Singh said that it was due to lack of parents' attention, Amar pointed out that when they are in a big group, they would act beyond the limit by attacking the authorities and challenging traffic laws indiscriminately, further pointed out that their peers will challenge them to do something outrageous like assaulting police officers and challenging road rules, just to prove that they're not cowards." The widespread phenomenon of the subculture has driven some politicians in Malaysia to voice out concern and need to help rehabilitate the people involved in activities pertaining to that culture. Khairy Jamaluddin and Abdul Azeez Abdul Rahim as he was mat rempit. Khairy says" should become the "Eyes and Ears" of Malaysian"In 2006, a Member of Parliament representing Jenderak, Pahang suggested that the Mat Rempit should be accepted and guided to save them from indulging in dangerous activities.

In 2008, newspaper Kosmo! reported that the Mat Rempit in the state of Kelantan would be allowed to show off their skills at a special track to be built by the state government in Tanah Merah. The then-Menteri Besar, Datuk Nik Abdul Aziz Nik Mat said amidst the criticism that the track was not a waste of money, stating: A similar approach had been taken note of by neighbourly state Kedah, where its state government is looking into the possibility of building such an infrastructure, to "overcome the menace", saying another option was to create more job opportunities for them as most of them were jobless; the former state's Chief Minister Azizan Abdul Razak said: On 3 May 2009, the Bukit Aman Traffic Division of the Royal Malaysian Police, together with the Road Transport Department, have launched a major integrated operation to crack down on both car and Mat Rempit motorcycle illegal racing. More than 115 motorcycles were impounded in the major operation, held in Kuala Lumpur, Selangor and Negeri Sembilan.

The subculture surrounding the Mat Rempit has been the focus of numerous films and songs in Malaysia. Film depictions of the subculture began in 1984 with Gila-Gila Remaja, Ali Setan, Litar Kasih, KL Menjerit and its prequel KL Menjerit 1, REMP-IT, Bohsia: Jangan Pilih Jalan Hitam, Adnan Semp-It and V3 Samseng Jalanan. Kazar – Memburu Impian Spider – Salut Namewee – Kawanku Yazer featuring Doul – Rempit Ustaz Akhil Hayy Rawa – Relaku Rempit JJ and Rudy from – Not So Furious Fairuz Hafeez – Kisah Mat Rempit / Mat Rempit Jatuh TergolekDeejays JJ and Rudy from radio station have made a parody of Teriyaki Boyz's called We're Not So Furious, designed to mock Mat Rempit culture. Mat Rempit was the main influence for the song "Salut" by the Malaysian band, Spider, in their album Bintang 12 Street racing Kapcai, Mat Rempit's common bike types Tafheet Bōsōzoku: Mat Rempit's origin, Japanese counterpart List of subcultures Ah Beng: the Chinese counterpart to the Mat Rempit, who sometimes drives a bespoilered hot hatch.

Illegal racers and spectators to face heavier fines and longer jail terms Mat Rempit re-branding futile Mat Rempit ‘untameabl


Onoguris, renamed as Stephanopolis in the Byzantine period, was a town in Lazica recorded by Byzantine historian Agathias in his narration of the Lazic War between the Byzantine Empire and the Sasanian Empire. Its exact location is still under study. Agathias derives the ancient name Onoguris from a branch of the Hunnic Onoguri, defeated in this place by the local Colchians and thus the town was named after them. According to Agathias, there was a church in the town dedicated to St Stephen, after whom the city was renamed; the Sasanian commander Mihr-Mihroe had fortified this town during his unsuccessful Siege of Archaeopolis. The Byzantines unsuccessfuly besieged the fort in 554-555. Kaukhchishvili links the name "Onoguris" with that of the Unagira Mountain and locate the town on halfway between Tsikhegoji-Archaeopolis in the west and Kutaisi in the east, he identifies the town with the fortress Ukimerion. During the Nokalakevi expedition in 1980s, archaeological excavations were undertook at the Abedati Fortress, Martvili Municipality, research papers linked it with Onoguris.

However and Lomitashvili have separately criticized this identification. Lekvinadzehas as well as Braund & Sinclair identified the town with modern Sepieti village, based on a 6th- or 7th-century Greek inscription addressing Saint Stephen in a basilica there. Pailodze reported unexcavated remains on the hill at Khuntsi, suggested them to be possible remains of Onoguris. There is a river nearby, the Nogela River. In 2015, a small team from the Anglo-Georgian Expedition to Nokalakevi undertook an excavation of the site which they called Khuntsistsikhe which strengthen the identification, though they say more studies are needed to reach a conclusion

Gencay Gürün

Şekibe Gencay Gürün is a Turkish female art director and politician. Gencay Gürün was born to Fahri and his spouse Naime in İstanbul in 1932, she graduated from Lycée Français Sainte Pulchérie Istanbul, Lycée Notre Dame de Sion Istanbul and the School of Law of Ankara University. She went to England for a Master's degree in International relations and Diplomacy at the London School of Economics, she began serving in the Foreign Ministry. She served in the Common Market Department and was appointed consul in Paris, France. In 1967, she abandoned her diplomatic career. Due to her husband's occupation, she stayed in Bucharest and Athens, Greece. In 1976, the couple returned to Ankara, in 1979 Gencay Gürün began serving in the Turkish State Theatres as the secretary general and the chief dramaturge. In 1984, she moved to İstanbul to serve as general art director of Istanbul City Theatres. In 1994, she retired from the public service; the next year, Gürün founded her own theatre "Tiyatro İstanbul". In her theatre, she was both director.

Gürün joined the True Path Party, by the 1995 general election held on 24 December, she was elected as a deputy from İzmir Province in the 20th Parliament. However, on 19 October 1996, she resigned from her political party. Although she joined the Democrat Turkey Party on 14 July 1997, she chose to be independent on 12 November 1998, she did not run for a seat in the parliament in the next term. Her husband died in 2004, she is a member of High Commission of the Press Council. She directed the following plays: Pierrette Bruno: Le Charimari Bernard Slade: Same Time, Next Year Pierre Barillet and Jean-Pierre Grédy: Lily & Lily Pierre Barillet and Jean-Pierre Grédy.: Peaux de vaches Oscar Wilde: An Ideal Husband Neil Simon: Chapter Two Neil Simon: The Odd Couple Jasmina Reza: Art A. R. Gurney: Sylvia Marc Camoletti: Pyjamas Pour Six Kressmann Taylor: Address Unknown Chevalier des Arts et des Lettres from the French Government Honorary doctorate from Boğaziçi University Avni Dilligil The Best Director Award The Woman of the Year by the Turkish Women Association Muhsin Ertuğrul Special Prize

Phyllis Sellick

Phyllis Sellick, OBE was a British pianist and teacher, best known for her partnership with her pianist husband Cyril Smith. Born at Ilford, Phyllis Sellick started to play the piano by ear at the age of three and had her first music lesson on her fifth birthday. Four years she won the Daily Mirror's "Pip and Wilfred" contest for young musicians and was awarded two years' private tuition with Cuthbert Whitemore, subsequently winning an open scholarship to continue her study with him at the Royal Academy of Music, she studied with Isidor Philipp in Paris. She specialised in English music, she first met Cyril Smith at a concert in London. They married in 1937 and had two children, a son, who predeceased his mother, a daughter, Claire, she and her husband performed together at The Proms in 1941, making many international tours and recordings as a duo. Composers such as Ralph Vaughan Williams and Lennox Berkeley wrote music specially for them, their career continued after Smith lost the use of his left hand following two strokes, when the couple would play specially devised material for three hands, including a concerto written for them in 1969 by Malcolm Arnold.

She and Smith were awarded OBEs in 1971. After Smith's death in 1974, Sellick continued a long and successful career as a teacher at the Royal College of Music, where her husband had taught, she continued to work into her 90s, despite her failing eyesight and loss of her playing ability in her left hand following an accident. In 2002 she appeared on the BBC radio programme Desert Island Discs. One of her choices was Sergei Rachmaninoff's Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini to which she added "I would like Cyril to play it". Phyllis Sellick continued to work into her 10th decade, she died at age 95 in 2007 and was survived by her daughter, Claire Sellick, a photographer

Occupy movement

The Occupy movement was an international progressive socio-political movement that expressed opposition to social and economic inequality and to the perceived lack of "real democracy" around the world. It aimed to advance social and economic justice and new forms of democracy; the movement had many different scopes, since local groups had different focuses, but its prime concerns included how large corporations control the world in a way that disproportionately benefited a minority, undermined democracy and caused instability. It formed part of what Manfred Steger called the "global justice movement"; the first Occupy protest to receive widespread attention, Occupy Wall Street in New York City's Zuccotti Park, began on 17 September 2011. By 9 October, Occupy protests had taken place or were ongoing in over 951 cities across 82 countries, in over 600 communities in the United States. Although the movement became most active in the United States, by October 2011 Occupy protests and occupations had started in dozens of other countries across every inhabited continent.

For the first month, overt police repression remained minimal, but this began to change by 25 October 2011, when police first attempted to forcibly remove Occupy Oakland. By the end of 2011 authorities had cleared most of the major camps, with the last remaining high-profile sites – in Washington, D. C. and in London – evicted by February 2012. The Occupy movement took inspiration in part from the Arab Spring, from the 2009 Iranian Green Movement, from the Spanish Indignados Movement, as well as from the overall global wave of anti-austerity protests of 2010 and following; the movement uses the slogan "We are the 99%" and the #Occupy hashtag format. According to The Washington Post, the movement, which Cornel West described as a "democratic awakening", is difficult to distill to a few demands. On 12 October 2011 Los Angeles City Council became one of the first governmental bodies in the United States to adopt a resolution stating its informal support of the Occupy movement. In October 2012, the Executive Director of Financial Stability at the Bank of England stated that the protesters were right to criticise and had persuaded bankers and politicians "to behave in a more moral way".

In 2009 and 2010, students across the University of California occupied campus buildings in protest against budget cuts, tuition hikes, staff cutbacks that had resulted from the Great Recession of 2008. According to Dissent Magazine, "It was in the context of the California student movement that the slogan'Occupy Everything, Demand Nothing' first emerged." The Huffington Post noted that "During one incident in March of 2010, 150 protesters were arrested for trying to occupy part of Interstate 80 in protest of the budget cuts and tuition hikes, displaying a banner that read'Occupy everything,' while shutting down the roadway for an hour, were crushed by the same kind of overwhelming police force, mobilized against Occupy encampments across the country." Adbusters editor Micah White, who designed the original Occupy Wall Street concept, traveled to California for the protests and took part in the occupation of Wheeler Hall. He wrote enthusiastically for Adbusters about the "revolutionary potential of struggle".

The Spanish Indignados movement began with camps at Madrid and elsewhere. According to sociologist Manuel Castells, by the end of the month there were hundreds of camps around Spain and across the world. For some journalists and commentators the camping in Spain marked the start of the global occupy movement, though it is much more said to have begun in New York during September. On 30 May 2011, a leader of the Indignados, inspired by the Arab Spring, 5.18 Movement of 1980, June Democracy Movement of 1987 called for a worldwide protest on 15 October. In mid-2011, the Canadian-based group Adbusters Media Foundation, best known for its advertisement-free anti-consumerist magazine Adbusters, proposed a peaceful occupation of Wall Street to protest corporate influence on democracy, address a growing disparity in wealth, the absence of legal repercussions behind the recent global financial crisis. Adbusters co-founder Kalle Lasn registered the web address on 9 June. According to Micah White, the senior editor of the magazine, " floated the idea in mid-July into our and it was spontaneously taken up by all the people of the world, it just kind of snowballed from there."One of the inspirations for the movement was the Democracy Village set up in 2010, outside the British Parliament in London.

The protest received additional attention when the internet hacker group Anonymous encouraged its followers to take part in the protests, calling protesters to "flood lower Manhattan, set up tents, peaceful barricades and Occupy Wall Street". They promoted the protest with a poster featuring a dancer atop Wall Street's iconic Charging Bull; the first protest was held at Zuccotti Park in New York City on 17 September 2011, the tenth anniversary of the re-opening of Wall Street trading after the 11 September 2001 attacks. The protests were preceded by a similar Occupy Dataran movement in Kuala Lumpur in July, seven weeks before Occupy Wall Street; the phrase "The 99%" is a political slogan used by participants in the Occupy movement. It was launched as a Tumblr blog page in late August 2011, it refers to the concentration of wealth among the top 1% of income earners compared to the other 99 percent. The report was released just as concerns of the Occupy