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Swimming at the 2008 Summer Olympics

The swimming competitions at the 2008 Summer Olympics took place from 9 to 17 August 2008 at the Beijing National Aquatics Centre. The newly introduced open water marathon events were held on 20 and 21 August 2008 at Shunyi Olympic Rowing-Canoeing Park. Swimming featured 34 events, including two 10 km open-water marathons; the remaining 32 were contested in a 50 m long course pool within the Olympic Park. United States claimed a total of 31 medals in the leaderboard to maintain its standings as the most successful nation in swimming. A stellar performance in the pool made an Olympic history for Michael Phelps, who captured eight gold medals to break Mark Spitz's 1972 record, a total of seven, at a single Games. Despite the male swimmers failing to attain a single gold in swimming, Australia managed to repeat a second-place effort on its third consecutive Olympics with 20 medals. Meanwhile, Great Britain finished third with a total of six medals by the benefit of a sterling long-distance freestyle double from Rebecca Adlington.

A total of 25 world records and 65 Olympic records were set during the competition. All the swimming, synchronized swimming, diving events of the 2008 Olympics were held at the Beijing National Aquatics Center, claimed to be built to increase the speed of the swimmers; the main pool is about 10 feet deep, 3 feet deeper than any other Olympic pool. The lane lines, nicknamed "wave eaters", buffer; the technological advances of the pool were enhanced by several advantages inherent to an indoor swimming venue, namely: temperature and lighting control. The wide decks were built to help give the swimmers a sense of space; the swimming program for 2008 was expanded from 2004, with the addition of the 10 km marathon open water swimming events, bringing the total number of events to 34. The following events were contested: Freestyle: 50, 100, 200, 400, 800, 1,500. For the pool events, prelims were held in the evening, with semifinals and final in the following morning session, spanning a day between semifinals and finals in those events with semifinals.

The shift of the normal morning prelims and evening finals occurred for these Games because of the prior request made by US broadcaster NBC, so that the finals from the event could be shown live in the United States. A National Olympic Committee may enter up to 2 qualified athletes in each individual event if both meet the A standard, or 1 athlete per event if they meet the B standard. An NOC may enter a maximum of 1 qualified relay team per event. NOCs may enter swimmers regardless of time. A total of 1,026 swimmers from 162 nations would compete in swimming events at these Olympic Games. American Samoa, Comoros, Congo Democratic Republic, Cook Islands, Marshall Islands, Tanzania made their official debut in swimming. Meanwhile, Dominican Republic, Netherlands Antilles, Tajikistan returned to the sport after an eight-year absence. Nations with swimmers at the Games are: Retrieved from 2008 NBC Olympics website. * Swimmers who participated in the heats only and received medals. * Swimmers who participated in the heats only and received medals.

At the 2008 Summer Olympics, new world records were set 25 times and new Olympic records were set 65 times and one other was equalled. Only Ian Thorpe's 3:40.59 in the 400 metres freestyle and Inge de Bruijn's 56.61 in the 100 metres butterfly, both set in Sydney, remained Olympic records. Michael Phelps of the United States broke the record for the most gold medals won by an Olympian with a total of 14. * World record split from the 4 × 100 m freestyle relay Note: At the 4 × 100 m freestyle relay final, anchor Jason Lezak swam the fastest 100 m split. Another big change to swimming occurred when Speedo launched the LZR Racer swim suits on February 13, 2008; the suits, developed by the Australian Institute of Sport, were designed to repel water, allow oxygen to flow to the muscles, hold the body in a more hydrodynamic position. The suits had been proven to give the swimmer a lower time by 1.9 to 2.2%. Due to the advantage provided by the suits, some swimmers complained about the fairness in its use, because some people used multiple swimsuits to improve buoyancy and compressing of body.

In response to these complai

Ancient Evenings

Ancient Evenings is a 1983 historical novel by American author Norman Mailer. Set in ancient Egypt and dealing with the lives of the characters Menenhetet One and Meni, the novel received mixed reviews. Reviewers noted the historical research that went into writing it and considered Mailer successful at conveying the nature of ancient Egyptian life. However, they criticized the novel's narration and questioned its literary merit. Ancient Evenings has been compared to the work of the poet James Merrill and the novelist Thomas Pynchon, as well as to Mailer's novel Harlot's Ghost; some have suggested. Ancient Evenings served as an inspiration for the artist Matthew Barney's operatic film River of Fundament. Ancient Evenings is set in ancient Egypt; the novel opens with the reflections of a person who does not know what he was. Its characters include Menenhetet One and Meni living in the rule of Ramesses IX An unnamed narrator finds himself inexplicably and painfully thrust into the burial chambers of Pharaoh Khufu.

He leaves the pharaoh’s tomb, recognizes the tomb of Menenhetet Two, enters to find it in disarray. In Menenhetet Two’s chambers, he details the stages of death and names the seven lights and shadows: Ren, Khu, Ba, Ka, Sekhu. Toward the end of this book, the unnamed narrator discovers he is Menenhetet Two, his corpse occupies the tomb he’s exploring, his great-grandfather and the origin of his name, Menenhetet One, appears. Not knowing his great grandfather in life, Meni fears the man who appears dressed as a High Priest. Menenhetet mentors and guides his grandson’s journey into the afterlife. Menenhetet and Meni continue their journey together in "The Book of the Gods", Menenhetet teaching Meni the history of the gods to prepare him for possible encounters in the Land of the Dead. Menenhetet starts with the marriage of Ra, his wife Nut, Nut’s lover Geb. Nut subsequently borne five children, who were all attributed to Ra: Osiris, Set and Nephthys. Menenhetet continues, detailing the lives and histories of Nut’s five children, their unions, resulting children and encounters.

All the while, Meni is discovering his great-grandfather. Throughout, the fluidity of the experiences shift from an earthly realm to a spiritual one. Meni receives these lessons through face-to-face discussions with Menenhetet and through Menenhetet's visits from within his thoughts. Others, like Ra add to the lessons through spiritual methods; the affair between Isis and Horus is absent from the lessons of this book, Menenhetet and Meni continue their journey into the next book by transporting from the tomb to Necropolis. Ancient Evenings was first published in the United Kingdom in 1983 by Macmillan London Limited. Ancient Evenings received positive reviews from the critic Harold Bloom in The New York Review of Books and the critic George Stade in The New Republic, mixed reviews from Earl Rovit in Library Journal, the critic Richard Poirier in The Times Literary Supplement, D. Keith Mano in National Review, negative reviews from the journalist James Wolcott in Harper's Magazine and Gary Giddens in The Nation.

Time listed it as a must-read. It was reviewed by the novelist Benjamin DeMott in The New York Times Book Review, discussed by the journalist Christopher Hitchens in The Times Literary Supplement, Tara Marvel in Art Times, Sonia Campagnola in Flash Art International, Joshua Mack in ArtReview, Livia Tenzer in Provincetown Arts, Lisa Havilah in Art Monthly Australasia; the artist Matthew Barney and the curator Okwui Enwezor discussed the novel in an interview with Modern Painters. Bloom compared the novel to the work of the poet James Merrill, noting that both were influenced by the poet W. B. Yeats, he wrote that while it "defies usual aesthetic standards" it showed "spiritual power". He considered it superior to Mailer's previous novel The Executioner's Song and believed that it rivaled Thomas Pynchon's Gravity's Rainbow as an exercise in "monumental sado-anarchism." He suggested that it had an underlying motive similar to that of D. H. Lawrence's The Plumed Serpent. Stade praised the opening passage of the novel, writing that its language was "powerful and disorienting".

He described the novel as "exhilarating" and credited Mailer with developing its narrative with "patient and masterful skill" and presenting "fully and rigorously a form of consciousness that will seem at once alien and familiar to the modern reader." He criticized some parts of the novel for their "unintentional comedy", but believed that they did not undermine the work as a whole. He considered it better in some respects than Lawrence's Women in Love, concluded that it was a "permanent contribution to the possibilities of fiction and our communal efforts at self-discovery." Rovit wrote that while the novel contained "richly realized characters" and showed "the sensuous texture of ancient Egyptian life", the tone of its narration, along with other features of it, tended to "drain the action of political and psychological complexity while denying the suspense inherent in the story-line" and that there was sometimes "too much information."Poirier described the novel as "the strangest of Norman Mailer's books" and "at once his most accomplished and his most problematic work."

He noted that American reviewers of the novel "found things to make fun of". He compared it to the work of Pynchon, suggesting that Mailer found it difficult to "resist displays of his encyclopedic researches", he compared it to Joseph Conrad's Nostromo, though he considered Mailer less successful than Conrad at "creating suspense and expectation" and suggested that many readers would feel "disaffection or impatience"


Loreclezole is a sedative and an anticonvulsant which acts as a GABAA receptor positive allosteric modulator. The binding site of loreclezole has been shown experimentally to be shared by valerenic acid, an extract of the root of the valerian plant. Structurally, loreclezole is a triazole derivative. In animal seizure models, loreclezole is protective against pentylenetetrazol seizures but is less active in the maximal electroshock test. In addition, at low, nontoxic doses, the drug has anti-absence activity in a genetic model of generalized absence epilepsy. Loreclezole has a profile of activity similar to that of benzodiazepines. A potential benzodiazepine-like interaction with GABA receptors is suggested by the observation that the anticonvulsant effects of loreclezole can be reversed by benzodiazepine receptor inverse agonists; the benzodiazepine antagonist flumazenil, fails to alter the anticonvulsant activity of loreclezole, indicating that loreclezole is not a benzodiazepine receptor agonist.

Using native rat and cloned human GABA-A receptors, loreclezole potentiated GABA-activated chloride current. However, activity of the drug did not require the presence of the γ-subunit and was not blocked by flumazenil, confirming that loreclezole does not interact with the benzodiazepine recognition site

Iván Camus

Iván Camus Cáceres is a former professional tennis player from Chile. Camus specialised in doubles and made only one Grand Prix appearance as a singles player, at the 1981 Chilean Open, he lost in the first round to Sergio Casal, a Spaniard who he partnered with to make his only Grand Prix final, the Aix-en-Provence Open in 1983. All of his Grand Slam appearances were at the French Open, he first played in the 1982 French Open, with Gabriel Urpí in the men's doubles, for an opening round exit. At the 1983 French Open he featured in both mixed doubles draws. In the men's doubles he and partner Ricardo Acuña lost in the first round to the fourth seeds, but he reached the second round in the mixed doubles, with American Mary-Lou Piatek, he won two Challenger titles, both on the clay courts of Italy, in Parioli in 1982 and Brescia in 1983. Iván Camus at the Association of Tennis Professionals Iván Camus at the International Tennis Federation

War for the Overworld

War for the Overworld is a real-time strategy video game developed by Subterranean Games, which changed its name to Brightrock Games based in Brighton, UK. The game started as a crowdfunding campaign on Kickstarter, which ran from November 29, 2012, to January 3, 2013. In the game, players build dungeons containing deadly traps to kill adventuring heroes; the game is inspired by Dungeon Keeper, StarCraft and Evil Genius. It includes a campaign, sandbox mode, online multiplayer. In the game, players assume the role of an Underlord tasked with building dungeons that contain deadly traps and enemies to kill wandering heroes; the game starts with a blank slate and lets players choose where to "dig and build" to create their dungeon. The game is played in real time, with the player making decisions while fighting occurs. Armies of minions can be trained and commanded to vanquish foes, spells are available which can injure enemies or assist minions during battle; the game requires micromanagement to keep minions working, supplying them with gold.

War for the Overworld started development in 2009 as a fan-made sequel to Dungeon Keeper and Dungeon Keeper 2. Taking its name from the subtitle of the defunct Dungeon Keeper 3, the game went through several incarnations, starting with a version based on a custom OpenGL engine, Unreal Development Kit, it was announced in November 2011 that a decision had been made to leave the Dungeon Keeper IP and the team settled on using the Unity Engine, announcing the change in June 2012. Subterranean games went on to join with another indie developer called Rise Games, working on Epoch Saga: Shattered Shores, a role-playing game set in Atlantis. Announcing the collaboration September 2012. On November 29, 2012, Subterranean Games launched a Kickstarter campaign for their game with a £150,000 goal set for January 3, 2013. For every £75,000 the campaign receives, the developers plan to release one of twelve flex goals determined by vote; these goals offer extra content for the game including more multiplayer and co-op content and a dungeon crawl mode which lets players be the hero in the dungeon scenario.

Backers—people that pledge during the campaign—are given rewards based on the size of their pledge. Rewards include beta access, a digital copy of the game, a copy of the game's soundtrack. If the campaign reaches its base goal, the developers plan to release the game on Microsoft Windows, OS X, Linux on August 30, 2013, they would additionally release a modding tool to the community. Called the Dungeoneer, it would allow users to create new maps and game modes. On December 22, 2012 Dungeon Keeper creator Peter Molyneux praised Subterranean Games passion and strategy in making the game and asked people to pledge to the Kickstarter campaign. By December 29, 2012 the £150,000 target was made through Kickstarter pledges. A total of £211,371 was reached at the end of the Kickstarter campaign on January 3, 2013. Further pledges via PayPal increased the amount to over £225,000 on January 6, 2013 securing the first flex goal of Richard Ridings as narrator. An Alpha version of the game, dubbed Bedrock Beta, was released on May 15, 2013, allowing players to experience the game during development, as well as assist in development by reporting bugs and giving feedback on their experience.

On February 5, 2014, Subterranean Games sent out an update regarding the delayed delivery date, stating they "were naive with our initial estimate as to how long it would take to release the game", without issuing a new release date, instead turning to Steam Early Access. The game was released on April 2, 2015. A four level expansion, Heart of Gold, was released on May 27, 2016. An "enhanced sandbox" expansion, My Pet Dungeon, was released on April 3, 2017; the game has a score of 65% on Metacritic. Official website

Michael Harwood (author)

Michael Harwood was a naturalist and author. Harwood received his secondary education from The Putney School in Vermont and graduated from Harvard University in 1956, he became the third husband of the author Mary B. Durant in 1966, he was a co-winner of the 1981 John Burroughs Medal for On the Road With John James Audubon, which he co-authored with his wife Mary Durant. The book is organized as a travel journal which recounts how the two authors spent more than a year camping along the various North American itineraries recorded in Audubon's journals. Harwood attended the 1974 foundational meeting and was a president of the Hawk Migration Association of North America, he was a member of the board of the Hawk Mountain Sanctuary at Pennsylvania. In the shadow of presidents: the American Vice-Presidency and succession system. Philadelphia: Lippincott. 1966. Games to play in the car. NY: Meredith Press. 1967. The view from Hawk Mountain. NY: Scribner. 1973. With Mary B. Durant: A country journal. NY: Dodd, Mead.

1974. With Eliot Porter: Moments of discovery. NY: Dutton. 1977. NY: Dutton. 1978. With Mary B. Durant: On the road with John Audubon. NY: Dodd, Mead. 1980. The curious country: Badlands National Park. Badlands National History Association. 1988