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Ban Mo, Bangkok

Ban Mo is the name of a street and its corresponding neighbourhood in Bangkok's Wang Burapha Phirom Subdistrict, Phra Nakhon District. It is located just outside the old inner moat in the historic Rattanakosin Island area; the road runs a short distance of 0.6 kilometres from Si Kak Phraya Si Intersection, where it meets Charoen Krung and Fueang Nakhon roads, to meet Chak Phet Road in the Pak Khlong Talat area. It passes the beginning of Phahurat Road at Ban Mo Intersection, it can be considered a road with one-way traffic management. The area was settled during the Thonburi period by Mon and Vietnamese settlers, whose primary trade was pottery; the area thus became known as Ban Mo, meaning "pottery village". The trade shifted to goldworking, as well as diamond jewellery. Today, the neighbourhood has become a well known centre of shops specialising in electronics and audio equipment. At present, remaining evidence of pottery is a pot sculpture on the gable of the entrance gate Ban Mo Market. Moreover, Ban Mo was site the first headquarters of Siam Commercial Bank in 1904 as Book Club before moving to Talat Noi in Yaowarat neighbourhood soon after.

Today's Talat Noi Branch. And home to the San Chao Por Ban Mo Lao Pun Tao Kong, Teochew's joss house is believed to be the oldest in Bangkok established since 1816

Bana Kingdom

The Banas were a dynasty of South India, who claimed descent from the asura Mahabali. The dynasty takes its name from the son of Mahabali; the Banas faced opposition from several neighbouring dynasties and served some major dynasties such as the Cholas and Pandyas as feudatories, sometimes after they were subjugated by them. They served as Samantas to some dynasties such as Chalukyas; the Banas had their capital at various places including Kolar and Gudimallam. The earliest mention of the Banas in authentic historical records is in the middle of the fourth century AD, as the feudatories of the Satavahana and early Pallavas; the Bana Kingdom was made up of various regions at different points in time and was known by the following names: Perumbanappadi, of the Sangam Period. It is the Tamil equivalent of the'Country of Brihad-Bana' or'country of the Brihad Bana'. Perumbanappadi was a large tract of land, it had Punganur and Srisailam in the west and Sholingur in the east, while the river Palar formed its Southern boundary.

Its capital was Thiruvallam known as Vanapuram. Perumbanappadi formed a part of the province of Jayakonda Sola Mandalam and represented the north-western portions of Thondai-Mandalam. Balikula Nadu, it was made up of parts of modern Chittor and Cuddapah districts. A portion of Balikula Nadu included parts of Nellore; the Banas were located in the said regions as early as the 7th century AD and were affiliated with the Tamil Cholas. Andhrapatha traditionally between the Godavari and Krishna rivers; this Bana Kingdom known as Andhrapatha extended as far as Kalahasti in the west and covered the whole of present-day North Arcot district. It included present day Guntur and flourished under the Satavahanas. Andhrapatha was known to the Tamils as Vadugavalli, Vadugavalli Merku or Vadugavalli 12,000. Andhrapatha was developed into Andhramandala by a grant given by the Bana king, Vadhuvallaba Malladeva Nandivarman in AD 338. Andhrapatha was ruled by Ikshvaku kings, such as Virapurshadatta; the Ganga king, Prithivipati II was conferred the title "lord of the Banas" by Parantaka I Chola after he defeated the Banas.

After the Chola King, Parantaka I deprived the Banas of their Andhrapatha kingdom between 909-916 AD, the Banas were subsequently found ruling various parts, such as Nellore and Anantapur, as chieftains in medieval Andhra. An inscription found in Sannamur brought to light a Bana family ruling in the north of Nellore district in the 11th century AD; the Bana king's name was Aggaparaju. Aggappa claimed descent from Mahabali, lordship over Paravipura and Nandagiri. Nothing is known of his predecessors. Aggappa may have ruled as a feudatory of Vimaladitya. Churrabali I or Churaballiraja I of the Banas was ruling in Konidena in the 12th century AD. Churaballi II alias Churabbiraju II, served as a Mahamandaleshwara and bore a long prasasti and titles similar to that of Aggapparaju. Hence it is suggested. Churabbiraju's only record from Konidena dated 1151 AD mentions him as "Mahamandalesvara Berbaha Churraballi Raju", his epithets mention. He ruled in a part of Kammanadu. Chittarasa, figuring in a record of 1122 AD record of Anantapur, was of Bana lineage.

In the time of Prataparudra of the Kakatiya Dynasty, some Banas are heard of in the Telugu country. They have been mentioned in the work'Prataparudra Yashobhushana' written by Vidyanatha. Trivikramadeva flourished in the 15th Century, he wrote a work on Prakrit grammar. The last date for the Vijayanagar Viceroys of Madurai claiming a Bana descent is 1546 AD. Based on the copper plates of Jayavarman Brihat-Phalayana, it has been suggested that Brihat-Phala means the same as Brihad-Bana, where'phala' and'bana' both have the same meaning as'arrowhead'; the Brihat-phalayanas ruled in regions around Masulipatnam around the 3rd century AD. Additionally, the Saka Mahakshatrapas of Ujjain claimed Brihatphala gotra and were linked with the Ikshvakus. A record of the Ikshvakus of the Guntur-Krishna region mentions that a queen named Varma Bhatarika, the wife of Maharaja Ehuvula Chantamula, daughter-in-law of Maharaja Chantamula, is said to have belonged to Bahapala gotra and is said to have been the daughter of a Mahakshatrapa.

It may therefore be surmised that Brihatphala was used as a gotra name to indicate descent from Brihad-Bana. Some Bana kings mentioned in various historical sources are: Jayanandivarman Vijayaditya I, Son of Jayanandivarman Malladeva, Son of Vijayaditya I Bana Vidhyadhara, son of Malladeva Prabhumerudeva, son of Banavidhyadhara Vikramaditya I, Son of Prabhumerudeva Vikramaditya II or Pugalvippavar-Ganda, Son of Vikramaditya I Vijayabahu Vikramaditya II, Son of Vikramaditya II Aragalur Udaiya Ponparappinan Rajarajadevan alias Magadesan of Aragalur An ancient Tamil poem of the Sangam period, describes a scene in front of a Vanar Palace as below: Poets are leaving the palace with plenty of gifts from the King, while the arrested rulers of smaller regions of the Kingdom, who have failed to pay tribute to the King and waiting for the King's pardon happen to see the poets leaving with expensive gifts which are things seized by the King from them. One of them, seeing the gifts, says that it is his horse that one the poet takes aw