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Swiss hip hop

The Swiss hip hop culture began in the early 1980s. The most known, active dancers and crews were: Fantastic Rockers from Zürich: Power, Fast5, Prince Crime, Sky Battle Rockers from Zürich: Charly, Csizee, Steve City Rockers from Bern: Zed & Ice, Mike, J. K. Scholl, Tweety Jam Power from Geneva: Pascal, Fred, Emilio Supreme Rockers from Lausanne: Speedy & Carlos, Nino, JP Jazzy Rockers from Biel/Bienne: Seyo, Kid Rock, Rubber Band, Chico Rock, Basel City Breakers from Basel: Melo, N-Top, Ricki, Willi & others These crews were the Swiss hip hop founders and brought the hip hop culture fundamentals and clothing styles straight from the roots and basic founders in New York City, they led the hip hop culture in Switzerland until the end of the 1980s and after. Although some of them returned to anonymity since or died young, the most of these "old schoolers" are still around, watching what's going on; some of them are still taking part of actual hip hop events and others are still active and living this culture yet in their heart with a nostalgic state of mind.

Early Swiss German rappers started rapping in English, but after the bilingual track "Murder by Dialect" by P-27 featuring Black Tiger, rappers switched to their native Swiss German dialects. Rappers from the French-speaking part and from the Italian-speaking part rap in the standard languages; the issue of language choice has become a major influence in the Swiss hip hop scene: As author Pascale Hofmeier notes, the creation of "Mundartrap" has enabled Switzerland to develop a unique scene that, due to the lingual choice, is identifiable as a distinctly Swiss product. The importance of language in Swiss hip hop can create tension, however: Although the members of the Italian-speaking group Stoffunita live in Switzerland and consider it their home, their choice of language combined with their lack of Swiss citizenship earmark them as "Secondo", a term used to indicate people of foreign descent born in Switzerland. Given Switzerland's strong opinions on, "Swiss" and, "other", it is easy to see that groups such as Stoffunita make use of the fact that hip hop "is still considered a voice for the oppressed" as hip hop scholar and author Jeff Chang notes.

The European Music Office's report on Music in Europe claimed that Switzerland's hip hop scene is "particularly innovative and advanced", featuring Unik Records. RadioIndustrie – Swiss hip hop radio Vertigo Diffusion Hip Hop – Dance Spartanic – B-Boys

Forward Montana

Forward Montana is a 5014 non-profit organization located in Missoula, Montana. It is described as a "non-profit, non-partisan organization dedicated to training and electing a new generation of progressive leaders in Montana", it was co-founded by Billings-born blogger Matt Singer, along with several members of the Montana Public Interest Research Group and The Associated Students of The University of Montana, in 2006. Forward Montana played a critical role in the 2007 municipal election in Missoula, unseating conservative incumbent Missoula City Council member Don Nicolson in a close race with progressive candidate, Pam Walzer; the organization used their Pink Bunnies campaign to register young voters, turn them out for the election. The campaign proved interesting enough to warrant Missoula Mayor John Engen to issue a proclamation, making the day before voter registration closed "Official Pink Bunny Day" citywide; the campaign registered more than 1,000 voters — more than one-third of all the city’s new registrants.

Forward Montana helped turn out hundreds of voters using candidate forums like Candidates Gone Wild, in which candidate's ideas were presented as a talent show rather than in standard Q&A style forums. After the beatings of two members of Missoula's LGBT community, Forward Montana co-organized the rally "We Are Missoula... Stand Up, Speak OUT!" The rally drew over 300 people, with help from groups like Western Montana Gay & Lesbian Community Center and the YWCA of Missoula. In 2012, Forward Montana registered more than 10,000 people to vote across the state, making it the largest third-party voter registration effort in Montana's history. Forward Montana


Cyphura is a genus of moths in the family Uraniidae. The genus was erected by William Warren in 1902; the genus includes nocturnal or crepuscular moths that are found in the Australasian tropical areas. Species have a pale or nearly-white colouration with brown or dark patterns; the larvae live in webbing of the host plant. Cyphura albisecta Warren Cyphura approximans Swinhoe, 1916 Cyphura atramentaria Warren Cyphura bifasciata Butler, 1879 Cyphura catenulata Warren, 1902 Cyphura caudiferaria Boisduval Cyphura clarissima Butler Cyphura costalis Butler Cyphura dealbata Warren Cyphura destrigata Kirsch Cyphura extensa Rothschild Cyphura falka Swinhoe Cyphura geminia Cyphura gutturalis Swinhoe, 1916 Cyphura latimarginata Swinhoe, 1902 Cyphura maxima Strand Cyphura multistrigaria Warren Cyphura mundaria Walker Cyphura pannata Felder Cyphura pardata Warren Cyphura phantasma Felder Cyphura pieridaria Warren, 1902 Cyphura reducta Joicey & Talbot Cyphura semialba Warren Cyphura semiobsoleta Warren Cyphura subsimilis Warren, 1902 Cyphura swinhoei Joicey, 1917 Cyphura urapteroides Joicey Media related to Cyphura at Wikimedia Commons Uraniidae - Yale University


Two-Fisted is a 1935 American comedy film directed by James Cruze, written by Sam Hellman, Francis Martin and Eddie Moran, starring Lee Tracy, Roscoe Karns, Gail Patrick, Kent Taylor, Grace Bradley and Billy Lee. The film was released on October 1935, by Paramount Pictures. Lee Tracy as Hap Hurley Roscoe Karns as Chick Moran Gail Patrick as Sue Parker Kent Taylor as Clint Blackburn Grace Bradley as Marie Billy Lee as Jimmy Parker G. P. Huntley as Major Fitz-Stanley Akim Tamiroff as Taxi Driver Gordon Westcott as George Parker Samuel S. Hinds as Mr. Pritchard Sarah Edwards as Abigail Adams Lillian Leighton as Mrs. Mason Ferdinand Munier as Jerry Mason Irving Bacon as Brick Briggs T. M. P. of The New York Times said, "Masquerading as Two Fisted in its second cinema reincarnation, "Is Zat So?", the farce by James Gleason and Richard Taber, seems just a trifle too antiquated to merit more than an affectionate pat on the back, so to speak. Coming from the Paramount workshop, it bears the stamp of James Cruze's sprightly direction, but otherwise illustrates that what was hilariously comic ten years back is no more than mildly amusing a decade later.

Time and the absence of James Gleason in the role of Hap Hurley are the chief reasons why the new film at the Brooklyn Strand only managed to provoke a few polite laughs from an early audience yesterday." Two-Fisted on IMDb

Light-front quantization applications

The light front quantization of quantum field theories provides a useful alternative to ordinary equal-time quantization. In particular, it can lead to a relativistic description of bound systems in terms of quantum-mechanical wave functions; the quantization is based on the choice of light-front coordinates, where x + ≡ c t + z plays the role of time and the corresponding spatial coordinate is x − ≡ c t − z. Here, t is the ordinary time, z is one Cartesian coordinate, c is the speed of light; the other two Cartesian coordinates, x and y, are untouched and called transverse or perpendicular, denoted by symbols of the type x → ⊥ =. The choice of the frame of reference where the time t and z -axis are defined can be left unspecified in an soluble relativistic theory, but in practical calculations some choices may be more suitable than others; the basic formalism is discussed elsewhere. There are many applications of this technique; the analysis of any relativistic quantum system can benefit from the use of light-front coordinates and the associated quantization of the theory that governs the system.

The light-front technique was brought into nuclear physics by the pioneering papers of Frankfurt and Strikman. The emphasis was on using the correct kinematic variables in making correct treatments of high-energy nuclear reactions; this sub-section focuses on only a few examples. Calculations of deep inelastic scattering from nuclei require knowledge of nucleon distribution functions within the nucleus; these functions give the probability that a nucleon of momentum p carries a given fraction y of the plus component of the nuclear momentum, P, y = p + / P +. Nuclear wave functions have been best determined using the equal-time framework, it therefore seems reasonable to see if one could re-calculate nuclear wave functions using the light front formalism. There are several basic nuclear structure problems which must be handled to establish that any given method works, it is necessary to compute the deuteron wave function, solve mean-field theory for infinite nuclear matter and for finite-sized nuclei, improve the mean-field theory by including the effects of nucleon-nucleon correlations.

Much of nuclear physics is based on rotational invariance, but manifest rotational invariance is lost in the light front treatment. Thus recovering rotational invariance is important for nuclear applications; the simplest version of each problem has been handled. A light-front treatment of the deuteron was accomplished by Cooke and Miller, which stressed recovering rotational invariance. Mean-field theory for finite nuclei was handled Blunden et al. Infinite nuclear matter was handled within mean-field theory and including correlations. Applications to deep inelastic scattering were made by Smith; the principal physics conclusion is that the EMC effect cannot be explained within the framework of conventional nuclear physics. Quark effects are needed. Most of these developments are discussed in a review by Miller. There is a new appreciation that initial and final-state interaction physics, not intrinsic to the hadron or nuclear light-front wave functions, must be addressed in order to understand phenomena such as single-spin asymmetries, diffractive processes, nuclear shadowing.

This motivates extending LFQCD to the theory of reactions and to investigate high-energy collisions of hadrons. Standard scattering theory in Hamiltonian frameworks can provide valuable guidance for developing a LFQCD-based analysis of high-energy reactions. One of the most important areas of application of the light-front formalism are exclusive hadronic processes. "Exclusive processes" are scattering reactions in which the kinematics of the initial state and final state particles are measured and thus specified. Prime examples are the elastic and inelastic form factors measured in the exclusive lepton-hadron scattering processes such as e p → e ′ p ′. In inelastic exclusive processes, the initial and final hadrons can be different, such as e p → e ′ Δ +. Other examples of exclusive reactions are Compton scattering γ p → γ ′ p ′, pion photoproduction γ p → π + n and elastic hadron scattering such as π + p → π + ′ p

Seed (upcoming video game)

Seed is an upcoming massively multiplayer sandbox simulation video game in development by Klang Games, which began initial production in October 2016. According to Klang Games, the game is not connected to, or a remake of, developed by Runestone Game Development, which closed in 2006. Players are tasked with colonizing a large-scale, exoplanet through collaboration and other player-to-player interaction. Players must manage multiple colonists and create their routines, allowing them to develop their community and progress on their own organically; each AI-controlled colonist can be given various tasks for survival. Players can collaborate with one other to form larger colonies; these large colonies can form their own governments, rules, or taxes, become cities. When a player is logged off, their colonists will still function within the game. However, players will have the ability to defer the control of their characters to other players. In May 2016, it was announced that the Professor of Law at Harvard Law School, Lawrence Lessig, is working with Klang to create the game's political structure.

Professor Lessig is creating a platform where players can choose from different forms of governance to apply to a player colony. The options range from simple forms of government to a monarchy or different forms of complex democracies. Lessig noted. In addition, Lessig noted. Klang is utilizing the cloud-based operating system created by Improbable, SpatialOS, which allows Seed to be a persistent, continuously running simulation, with all Seed game logic running and living on a single shard server; the game's low polygon art style direction is led by 3D animator Eran Hilleli. Seed has been described by Rock, Shotgun as “'RimWorld but multiplayer or maybe'The Sims but on another planet where the other Sims families don’t like you'.” Official website