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Swiss railway clock

The Swiss railway clock was designed in 1944 by Hans Hilfiker, a Swiss engineer and SBB employee, together with Moser-Baer, a clock manufacturer, for use by the Swiss Federal Railways as a station clock. In 1953, Hilfiker added a red second hand in the shape of the baton used by train dispatch staff. Since it has become a Swiss national icon, included among examples of outstanding 20th-century design by both the Design Museum in London and the Museum of Modern Art in New York City, its clockface design is licensed for use on certain Apple devices such as iPads and iPhones. Apple was accused of using the clock design without permission. Although the exact details of the licensing agreement are confidential, it was reported that Apple paid Swiss national rail operator SBB about CHF 20M to license the use of the clock design. Apple removed the design from its operating system with iOS 7; the clock owes its technology to the particular requirements of operating a railway. First, railway timetables do not list seconds.

Secondly, all the clocks at a railway station have to run synchronously in order to show reliable time for both passengers and railway personnel anywhere on or around the station. The station clocks in Switzerland are synchronized by receiving an electrical impulse from a central master clock at each full minute, advancing the minute hand by one minute; the second hand is driven by an electrical motor independent of the master clock. It requires only about 58.5 seconds to circle the face the hand pauses at the top of the clock. It starts a new rotation as soon; this movement is emulated in some of the licensed timepieces made by Mondaine. Mondaine Station clock YouTube video of distinctive clock motion

Johannesburg Zoo

The Johannesburg Zoo is a 55-hectare zoo in Johannesburg, South Africa. The zoo is dedicated to the accommodation, enrichment and medical care of wild animals, houses about 2000 individuals of 320 species. Established in 1904, it has traditionally been operated by the Johannesburg City Council. However, it has been turned into a corporation and registered as a Section 21 non-profit organisation; the Johannesburg Zoo has its origins as part of the Braamfontein farm, owned by Hermann Eckstein. He had bought the farm to explore it for minerals and when he failed to find any, the land was converted as a timber plantation in 1891 called Sachsenwald after Otto von Bismarck. In August 1903, the Mayor of Johannesburg, W. St. John Carr, received a letter from Wernher Beit & Co and Max Michaelis with an offer of 200 acres of freehold ground in the Sachsenwald plantation to the Johannesburg Town Council for recreational use by the people of Johannesburg with the park being named the Herman Eckstein Park to honour the man of the same name.

This park would become Zoo Lake, the Johannesburg Zoo and the South African National Museum of Military History. The land was transferred to the Johannesburg Town Council on 22 March 1904. Sir Percy Fitzpatrick would donate the first animals to the zoo, his own small private collection of African wildlife and would continue to source animals for the zoo until 1912; the zoo's first enclosures housed a leopard. In 1910 a bandstand was constructed for bass band music. After 1912 the zoo expanded into land, allocated in trust for a war memorial, the Rand Regiments Memorial for soldiers that died during the Second Anglo-Boer War. Between 1913 and 1915, a rhino and elephant house were built and an Asian elephant and a camel were imported and trained for rides. Due to requirements in the Deed of Gift under which the land for the Johannesburg Zoo and the neighbouring Zoo Lake was acquired, the zoo, neighbouring park, is one of few public areas, never segregated during Apartheid in South Africa. In the 1960s the zoo would evolve from concrete cages into open and landscaped enclosures.

From 1994 onwards, the zoo like others in South Africa begun to lose their government grants and so in 2000, the Johannesburg City Council corporatised the zoo and it became the Johannesburg Zoo Company with the Council as its main shareholder and by 2007 was expected to generate 75% of its own budget. The zoo has 326 species consisting of 2096 specimens housed consisting of 20 species of frogs, 5 of spiders, 128 of birds, 47 of reptiles, 25 of fish and 101 of mammals, it was home to Africa's last polar bear until 2014. It is one of the few places in the world with white lions, has had considerable success in their breeding; the Johannesburg Zoo is the only zoo in South Africa to have bred Siberian tigers, the largest cats in the world. "Twist" the male Siberian, weighs 320 kg, is the father of all the Siberian tigers to be found in South Africa. Max the gorilla was the zoo's best known resident; the zoo is open. Tours and excursions around the zoo are offered under the auspices of the zoo's education department.

Other activities offered include overnight sleepovers. In August 2017, a new R45 million parkade replaced the old 200 vehicle carpark with one holding 700 cars and 15 busses. National Zoological Gardens of South Africa Media related to Johannesburg Zoo at Wikimedia Commons Official website

Geac Computer Corporation

Geac Computer Corporation, Ltd was a producer of enterprise resource planning, performance management, industry specific software based in Markham, Ontario. It was acquired by Golden Gate Capital's Infor unit in March 2006 for US$1 billion. Geac was incorporated in March 1971 by Robert Angus German. Geac started with a contract with the Simcoe County Board of Education to supply onsite accounting and student scheduling, they programmed inexpensive minicomputers to perform tasks that were traditionally done by expensive mainframe computers. Geac designed additional hardware to support multiple simultaneous terminal connections, with Dr Michael R Sweet developed its own operating system and own programming language resulting in a multi-user real-time solution called the Geac 500; the initial implementation of this system at Donlands Dairy in Toronto led to a contract at Vancouver City Savings Credit Union in Vancouver, British Columbia, to create a real-time multi-branch online banking system.

Geac developed hardware and operating system software to link minicomputers together, integrated multiple-access disk drives, thereby creating a multi-processor minicomputer with a level of protection from data loss. Subsequently, Geac replaced the minicomputers with a proprietary microcoded processor of its own design, resulting in vastly improved software flexibility, reliability and fault tolerance; this system, called the Geac 8000 was introduced in 1978. Geac introduced its library management software in 1977, a number of well-known libraries adopted it; these included the US Library of the Bibliothèque Nationale de France. In the mid-1980s, it released a suite of office automation apps running on the 8000; this application suite was piloted by the federal Office for Regional Development and still was used by the NAFTA Trade Negotiations Office. Compared to similar LAN-based office initiatives of the same period, Geac's multi-user minicomputer-based offering provided higher availability.

And its software developers were exemplary in fixing bugs promptly and responding to requests for enhancements. During the 1990s the company embarked on an aggressive acquisition strategy led by Steve Sadler, CEO, expanded into a wide range of vertical markets, including newspaper publishing, health care, property management, others, its 1999 acquisition of JBA Holdings PLC by the new leader, Doug Bergeron, Geac CEO, doubled the size of the company, but became a financial disaster. Geac's acquisitions were not aligned to any customer focused strategy: they covered a wide range of products and geographies, many analysts accused Geac of "financial engineering". In the early 2000s, the company faced significant financial issues: in April 2001, the company's US$225 million credit line was in default, during FY2001, Geac posted a loss of US$169 million on revenues of US$552 million. Geac updated some of its legacy software replaced its management team tapping its chairman, Charles S. Jones, to be the CEO, Donna DeWinter to be the CFO, made Craig Thorburn the Senior Vice President of Acquisitions.

Geac paid off its bank loans, improved its profit margins, its stock began to increase. It listed on the NASDAQ, it embarked on a strategy of establishing a single focus for its software products around selling software to the Chief Financial Officer of client organizations. It profitably divested its real estate software operations after making it profitable and a growing business, acquired two business performance management companies: Comshare and Extensity. Geac obtained a $150 million credit line and fended off a proxy fight brought by Crescendo Partners. In March 2006, the company was acquired by Infor Global Solutions for US$1 billion, or $11.10 per share, compared to US$1.12 five years earlier, providing the investors a 10x return. In Fiscal 2001, the company posted a US$169.1 million loss, in fiscal 2005, Geac posted net income of US$77 million. After it was acquired, several executives of Geac, including CEO Charles S. Jones, left the company to form Bedford Funding, a private equity fund that invests in software companies.

While Geac was headquartered in Canada, Mr. Jones lived in Westchester County, NY, served on the board of the Westchester Land Trust, to which he donated over $100,000 in 2006. Mr. Jones would later donate $100,000 to Iona Preparatory School. Bedford Funding would make investments in several IT companies, including MDLIVE. Geac invented ZOPL |url=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ZOPL They did NOT invent OPL |url=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open_Programming_Language They did not invent the Psion Organiser Programming Language, it is different. They did however at a date use Psion Organizer devices in conjunction with their library management systems. Which is. Geac Corporation's Own Programming Language found uses in: as a language embedded in the British user-programmable Psion Organiser, a 1980s pocket organizer. A 1970s high-level minicomputer language on Hewlett Packard systems conventional business-applications on minicomputers Geac Corporation's Operating System was named Geac. Between 1971 and 1977, four Geac minicomputers were introduced: Geac 150 Geac 500 Geac 800 Geac 8000 The 8000 had 300 MB disk