Carol Emshwiller was an American writer of avant garde short stories and science fiction who has won prizes ranging from the Nebula Award to the Philip K. Dick Award. Ursula K. Le Guin has called her "a major fabulist, a marvelous magical realist, one of the strongest, most complex, most feminist voices in fiction." Among her novels are Carmen Dog and The Mount. She has written two cowboy novels called Ledoyt and Leaping Man Hill, her most recent novel, The Secret City, was published in April 2007. She was the widow of artist and experimental filmmaker Ed Emshwiller and "regularly served as his model for paintings of beautiful women." Their daughter Susan Emshwiller co-wrote the movie Pollock. Their son Peter Emshwiller is an actor, artist and novelist, their daughter Eve is a ethnobotanist at the University of Wisconsin -- Madison. Emshwiller was born in Michigan, she lived in New York City most of the year, spent her summers in Owens Valley and has used this setting in her stories. In 2005, she was awarded the World Fantasy Award for Life Achievement.
Her short story, "Creature" won the 2002 Nebula Award for Best Short Story and "I Live With You" won the 2005 Nebula Award in the same category. In 2009, she donated her archive to the department of Rare Books and Special Collections at Northern Illinois University, she died on February 2, 2019 in Durham, North Carolina, where she was living with her daughter Susan. Joy in Our Cause: Short Stories Carmen Dog Verging on the Pertinent The Start of the End of It All Ledoyt Leaping Man Hill Report to the Men's Club and Other Stories The Mount Mister Boots I Live With You The Secret City The Collected Stories of Carol Emshwiller In The Time Of War & Master Of the Road To Nowhere Official website Carol Emshwiller at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database Carol Emshwiller on IMDb 2011 radio interview at The Bat Segundo Show Carol Emshwiller at Library of Congress Authorities, with 13 catalog records PELT, reprint at Library of America. Includes a biographical sketch, a 1957 portrait by Ed Emshwiller.
Episode 6 of the podcast Buxom Blondes with Ray Guns features two 1957 stories by Carol Emshwiller
Michael Bruce Sterling is an American science fiction author known for his novels and work on the Mirrorshades anthology. This work helped to define the cyberpunk genre. Sterling is one of the founders of the cyberpunk movement in science fiction, along with William Gibson, Rudy Rucker, John Shirley, Lewis Shiner, Pat Cadigan. In addition, he is one of the subgenre's chief ideological promulgators; this has earned him the nickname "Chairman Bruce". He was one of the first organizers of the Turkey City Writer's Workshop, is a frequent attendee at the Sycamore Hill Writer's Workshop, he won Hugo Awards for his novelettes Taklamakan. His first novel, Involution Ocean, published in 1977, features the world Nullaqua where all the atmosphere is contained in a single, miles-deep crater; the story concerns a ship sailing on the ocean of dust at the bottom, which hunts creatures called dustwhales that live beneath the surface. It is a science-fictional pastiche of Moby-Dick by Herman Melville. From the late 1970s onwards, Sterling wrote a series of stories set in the Shaper/Mechanist universe: the solar system is colonised, with two major warring factions.
The Mechanists use a great deal of computer-based mechanical technologies. The situation is complicated by the eventual contact with alien civilizations; the Shaper/Mechanist stories can be found in the collection Crystal Express and the collection Schismatrix Plus, which contains the original novel Schismatrix and all of the stories set in the Shaper/Mechanist universe. Alastair Reynolds identified Schismatrix and the other Shaper/Mechanist stories as one of the greatest influences on his own work. In the 1980s, Sterling edited the science fiction critical fanzine Cheap Truth under the alias of Vincent Omniaveritas, he wrote. He contributed a chapter to Sound Unbound: Sampling Digital Music and Culture edited by Paul D. Miller a.k.a. DJ Spooky, he contributed, along with Lewis Shiner, to the short story "Mozart in Mirrorshades". From April 2009 through May 2009, he was an editor at Cool Tools. Since October 2003 Sterling has blogged at "Beyond the Beyond", hosted by Wired, his most recent novel is Love, a Paranormal Romance.
He has been the instigator of three projects which can be found on the Web - The Dead Media Project - A collection of "research notes" on dead media technologies, from Incan quipus, through Victorian phenakistoscopes, to the departed video game and home computers of the 1980s. The Project's homepage, including Sterling's original Dead Media Manifesto can be found at http://www.deadmedia.org The Viridian Design Movement - his attempt to create a "green" design movement focused on high-tech and ecologically sound design. The Viridian Design home page, including Sterling's Viridian Manifesto and all of his Viridian Notes, is managed by Jon Lebkowsky at http://www.viridiandesign.org. The Viridian Movement helped to spawn the popular "bright green" environmental weblog Worldchanging. WorldChanging contributors include many of the original members of the Viridian "curia". Embrace the Decay - a web-only art piece commissioned by the LA Museum of Contemporary Art in 2003. Incorporating contributions solicited through The Viridian Design'movement', Embrace the Decay was the most visited piece/page at LA MOCA's Digital Gallery, included contributions from Jared Tarbell of levitated.net and co-author of several books on advanced Flash programming, Monty Zukowski, creator of the winning'decay algorithm' sponsored by Bruce.
Sterling has a habit of coining neologisms to describe things that he believes will be common in the future items which exist in limited numbers. In the December 2005 issue of Wired magazine, Sterling coined the term buckyjunk. Buckyjunk refers to difficult-to-recycle consumer waste made of carbon nanotubes. In his 2005 book Shaping Things he coined the term design fiction which refers to a type of speculative design which focuses on world building. In July 1989, in SF Eye #5, he was the first to use the word "slipstream" to refer to a type of speculative fiction between traditional science fiction and fantasy and mainstream literature. In December 1999 he coined the term "Wexelblat disaster", for a disaster caused when a natural disaster triggers a secondary, more damaging, failure of human technology. In his book Zeitgeist, he introduced the term major consensus narrative as an explanatory synonym for truth. In August 2004 he suggested a type of technological device that, through pervasive RFID and GPS tracking, can track its history of use and interact with the world.
In the speech where he offered "spime", he noted that the term "blobject", with which he is sometimes credited, was passed on to him by industrial designer Karim Rashid. The term may have been coined by Steven Skov Holt, he discussed and expanded on Sophia Al Maria's neologism "Gulf Futurism" in his column for Wired Magazine "Beyond The Beyond" In childhood, Sterling spent several years in India and has a fondness for Bollywood films. In 2003 he was appointed Professor at the European Graduate School where he is teaching summer intensive courses on media and design. In 2005, he became "visionary in residence" at Art Center College of Design in California, he lived in Belgrade with Serbian author and film-maker Jasmi
Science fiction is a genre of speculative fiction dealing with imaginative and futuristic concepts such as advanced science and technology, space exploration, time travel, extraterrestrials in fiction. Science fiction explores the potential consequences of scientific other various innovations, has been called a "literature of ideas." "Science fiction" is difficult to define as it includes a wide range of concepts and themes. James Blish wrote: "Wells used the term to cover what we would today call'hard' science fiction, in which a conscientious attempt to be faithful to known facts was the substrate on which the story was to be built, if the story was to contain a miracle, it ought at least not to contain a whole arsenal of them."Isaac Asimov said: "Science fiction can be defined as that branch of literature which deals with the reaction of human beings to changes in science and technology." According to Robert A. Heinlein, "A handy short definition of all science fiction might read: realistic speculation about possible future events, based solidly on adequate knowledge of the real world and present, on a thorough understanding of the nature and significance of the scientific method."Lester del Rey wrote, "Even the devoted aficionado or fan—has a hard time trying to explain what science fiction is," and that the reason for there not being a "full satisfactory definition" is that "there are no delineated limits to science fiction."
Author and editor Damon Knight summed up the difficulty, saying "science fiction is what we point to when we say it." Mark C. Glassy described the definition of science fiction as U. S. Supreme Court Justice Potter Stewart did with the definition of pornography: "I know it when I see it." Science fiction had its beginnings in a time when the line between myth and fact was arguably more blurred than the present day. Written in the 2nd century CE by the satirist Lucian, A True Story contains many themes and tropes that are characteristic of contemporary science fiction, including travel to other worlds, extraterrestrial lifeforms, interplanetary warfare, artificial life; some consider it the first science-fiction novel. Some of the stories from The Arabian Nights, along with the 10th-century The Tale of the Bamboo Cutter and Ibn al-Nafis's 13th-century Theologus Autodidactus contain elements of science fiction. Products of the Age of Reason and the development of modern science itself, Johannes Kepler's Somnium, Francis Bacon's New Atlantis, Cyrano de Bergerac's Comical History of the States and Empires of the Moon and The States and Empires of the Sun, Margaret Cavendish's "The Blazing World", Jonathan Swift's Gulliver's Travels, Ludvig Holberg's Nicolai Klimii Iter Subterraneum and Voltaire's Micromégas are regarded as some of the first true science-fantasy works.
Indeed, Isaac Asimov and Carl Sagan considered Somnium the first science-fiction story. Following the 18th-century development of the novel as a literary form, Mary Shelley's books Frankenstein and The Last Man helped define the form of the science-fiction novel. Brian Aldiss has argued. Edgar Allan Poe wrote several stories considered science fiction, including "The Unparalleled Adventure of One Hans Pfaall" which featured a trip to the Moon. Jules Verne was noted for his attention to detail and scientific accuracy Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea which predicted the contemporary nuclear submarine. In 1887, the novel El anacronópete by Spanish author Enrique Gaspar y Rimbau introduced the first time machine. Many critics consider H. G. Wells one of science fiction's most important authors, or "the Shakespeare of science fiction." His notable science-fiction works include The Time Machine, The Island of Doctor Moreau, The Invisible Man, The War of the Worlds. His science fiction imagined alien invasion, biological engineering and time travel.
In his non-fiction futurologist works he predicted the advent of airplanes, military tanks, nuclear weapons, satellite television, space travel, something resembling the World Wide Web. In 1912, Edgar Rice Burroughs published A Princess of Mars, the first of his three-decade-long planetary romance series of Barsoom novels, set on Mars and featuring John Carter as the hero. In 1926, Hugo Gernsback published the first American science-fiction magazine, Amazing Stories, in which he wrote: By'scientifiction' I mean the Jules Verne, H. G. Wells and Edgar Allan Poe type of story—a charming romance intermingled with scientific fact and prophetic vision... Not only do these amazing tales make tremendously interesting reading—they are always instructive, they supply knowledge... in a palatable form... New adventures pictured for us in the scientifiction of today are not at all impossible of realization tomorrow... Many great science stories destined to be of historical interest are still to be written...
Posterity will point to them as having blazed a new trail, not only in literature and fiction, but progress as well. In 1928, E. E. "Doc" Smith's first published work, The Skylark of Space, written in collaboration with Lee Hawkins Garby, appeared in Amazing Stories. It is called the first great space opera; the same year, Philip Francis Nowlan's original Buck Rogers story, Armageddon 2419 appeared in Amazing Stories. This was followed by the first serious science-fiction comic. In 1937, John W. Campbell became editor of Astounding Science Fiction, an event, sometimes conside
Tor Books is the primary imprint of Tom Doherty Associates, a publishing company based in New York City. It publishes science fiction and fantasy titles, publishes the online science fiction magazine Tor.com. Tor was founded by Tom Doherty in 1980. Tor is a word from Old English meaning the peak of a rocky hill or mountain, as depicted in Tor's logo. Tor Books was sold to St. Martin's Press in 1987. Along with St. Martin's Press. Tor is the primary imprint of Tom Doherty Associates. There is the Forge imprint that publishes an array of fictional titles, including historical novels and thrillers. Tor Books publishes two imprints for young readers: Starscape and Tor Teen. Tor Books has the Tor.com imprint that focuses on short works such as novellas, shorter novels and serializations. A United Kingdom sister imprint, Tor UK exists and specializes in science fiction and horror, while publishing young-adult crossover fiction based on computer-game franchises. Tor UK maintained an open submission policy, which ended in January 2013.
Orb Books publishes science-fiction classics such as A. E. Van Vogt's Slan. Tor Teen publishes young-adult novels such as Cory Doctorow's Little Brother and repackages novels such as Orson Scott Card's Ender's Game for younger readers. Tor Labs produces podcasts. A German sister imprint, Fischer Tor, was founded in August 2016 as an imprint of S. Fischer Verlag, it publishes international titles translated into German, as well as original German works. Fischer Tor publishes the German online magazine Tor Online, based on the same concept as the English Tor.com online magazine, but has its own independent content. Authors published by Tor and Forge include Kevin J. Anderson, Steven Brust, Orson Scott Card, Jonathan Carroll, Charles de Lint, Philip K. Dick, Cory Doctorow, Steven Erikson, Terry Goodkind, Steven Gould, Brian Herbert, Glen Hirshberg, Robert Jordan, Andre Norton, Harold Robbins, Brandon Sanderson, John Scalzi, V. E. Schwab, Skyler White, Gene Wolfe. Tor UK has published authors such as Douglas Adams, Rjurik Davidson, Amanda Hocking, China Miéville, Adam Nevill, Adrian Tchaikovsky.
Tor publishes a range of its works as e-books and, in 2012, Doherty announced that his imprints would sell only DRM-free e-books by July of that year. One year Tor stated that the removal of DRM had not harmed its e-book business, so they would continue selling them DRM-free. In July 2018, Macmillan Publishers and Tor announced that Tor's e-books would no longer be made available for libraries to purchase and lend to borrowers, via digital distribution services such as OverDrive, until four months after their initial publication date; the company cited the "direct and adverse impact" of electronic lending on retail eBook sales, but suggested that the change was part of a "test program" and could be reevaluated. Tor won the Locus Magazine poll for best science fiction publisher in 29 consecutive years from 1988 to 2016 inclusive. In March 2014, Worlds Without End listed Tor as the second-most awarded and nominated publisher of science fiction and horror books, after Gollancz. At that time, Tor had received 316 nominations and 54 wins for 723 published novels, written by 197 authors.
In the following year, Tor surpassed Gollancz to become the top publisher on the list. By March 2018, Tor's record had increased to 579 nominations and 111 wins, across 16 tracked awards given in the covered genres, with a total of 2,353 published novels written by 576 authors. Official website Official website Official website Tor.com community site Tor Online community site Tor Books profile at Reason, December 2008
Constance Elaine Trimmer Willis known as Connie Willis, is an American science fiction and fantasy writer. She has won eleven Hugo Awards and seven Nebula Awards for particular works—more major awards than any other writer—most the "Best Novel" Hugo and Nebula Awards for Blackout/All Clear, she was inducted by the Science Fiction Hall of Fame in 2009 and the Science Fiction Writers of America named her its 28th SFWA Grand Master in 2011. Several of her works feature time travel by history students at a faculty of the future University of Oxford—sometimes called the Time Travel series, they are the short story "Fire Watch", the novels Doomsday Book and To Say Nothing of the Dog, as well as the two-part novel Blackout/All Clear. All four won the annual Hugo Award but Doomsday Book and Blackout/All Clear won both the Hugo and Nebula Awards. Willis is a 1967 graduate of Colorado State College, now the University of Northern Colorado, where she completed degrees in English and Elementary Education.
She lives in Greeley, with her husband Courtney Willis, a former professor of physics at the University of Northern Colorado. They have Cordelia. Willis's first published story was "The Secret of Santa Titicaca" in Worlds of Fantasy, Winter 1970. At least seven stories followed before her debut novel, Water Witch by Willis and Cynthia Felice, published by Ace Books in 1982. After receiving a National Endowment for the Arts grant that year, she left her teaching job and became a full-time writer. Scholar Gary K. Wolfe has written, "Willis, the erstwhile stand-up superstar of SF conventions – having her as your MC is like getting Billy Crystal back as host of the Oscars – and the author of some of the field's funniest stories, is a woman of greater complexity and gravity than her personal popularity reflects, for all her facility at screwball comedy knock-offs and snappy parody, she wants us to know that she's a writer of some gravity as well."Willis is known for writing "romantic'screwball' comedy in the manner of 1940s Hollywood movies."Much of Willis's writing explores the social sciences.
She weaves technology into her stories in order to prompt readers to question what impact it has on the world. For instance, Lincoln's Dreams plumbs not just the psychology of dreams, but their role as indicators of disease; the story portrays a young man's unrequited love for a young woman who might or might not be experiencing reincarnation or precognition, whose outlook verges on suicidal. Bellwether is exclusively concerned with human psychology. Other Willis stories explore the so-called "hard" sciences, following in the classic science fiction tradition. "The Sidon in the Mirror" harks back to the interplanetary and interstellar romanticism of the 1930s and 1940s. "Samaritan" is another take on the theme of Heinlein's "Jerry Was a Man", while "Blued Moon" is reminiscent of Heinlein's "The Year of the Jackpot". At the 2006 Hugo Awards ceremony, Willis presented writer Harlan Ellison with a special committee award; when Ellison got to the podium Willis asked him "Are you going to be good?"
When she asked the question a second time, Ellison put the microphone in his mouth, to the crowd's laughter. He momentarily put his hand on her left breast. Ellison subsequently complained. Willis is a Christian. In 1996, Willis wrote, "I sing soprano in a Congregationalist church choir, it is my belief that everything you need to know about the world can be learned in a church choir." Wins Fire Watch: novelette: 1983 The Last of the Winnebagos: novella: 1989 Doomsday Book: novel: 1993 Even the Queen: short story: 1993 Death on the Nile: short story: 1994 The Soul Selects Her Own Society: Invasion and Repulsion: A Chronological Reinterpretation of Two of Emily Dickinson's Poems: A Wellsian Perspective: short story: 1997 To Say Nothing of the Dog: novel: 1999 The Winds of Marble Arch: novella: 2000 Inside Job: novella: 2006 All Seated on the Ground: novella: 2008 Blackout/All Clear: novel: 2011Nominations Daisy, In the Sun: short story: 1980 The Sidon in the Mirror: novelette: 1984 Blued Moon: novelette: 1985 Spice Pogrom: novella: 1987 At the Rialto: novelette: 1990 Time-Out: novella: 1990 Cibola: short story: 1991 In the Late Cretaceous: short story: 1992 Jack: novella: 1992 Miracle: novelette: 1992 Remake: novel: 1996 Passage: novel: 2002 Just Like the Ones We Used to Know: novella: 2004 Wins Fire Watch: novelette: 1983 A Letter from the Clearys: short story: 1983 The Last of the Winnebagos: novella: 1988 At the Rialto: novelette: 1990 Doomsday Book: novel: 1993 Even the Queen: short story: 1993 Blackout/All Clear: novel: 2010Nominations The Sidon in the Mirror: novelette: 1984 Schwarzschild Radius: novelette: 1988 Jack: novella: 1992 Death on the Nile: novelette: 1994 Bellwether: novel: 1998 To Say Nothing of the Dog: novel: 1999 Passage: novel: 2002 Just Like the Ones We Used to Know: novella: 2005 Wins Doomsday Book: SF novel: 1993 To Say Nothing of the Dog: SF Novel: 1999 Passage: SF novel: 2001 Blackout/All Clear: novel: 2010Nomination Lincoln's Dreams: Fantasy Novel: 1988 Nominations Doomsday Book: SF novel: 1993 Passage: SF novel: 2001 Nominations Chance: novella: 1987 The Winds of Marble Arch: novella: 2000 Win Lincoln's Dreams: 1988 Nomination Doomsday Book: SF novel: 1993 Lifetime achievement, 2011, presented at the Nebula Awards banquet, May 2012 Water Witch – with Cynthia Felice Lincoln's Dreams – John W. Campbell Memorial Award winner, Locus Fantasy Award nomine
North Carolina is a state in the southeastern region of the United States. It borders South Carolina and Georgia to the south, Tennessee to the west, Virginia to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the east. North Carolina is the 28th-most extensive and the 9th-most populous of the U. S. states. The state is divided into 100 counties; the capital is Raleigh, which along with Durham and Chapel Hill is home to the largest research park in the United States. The most populous municipality is Charlotte, the second-largest banking center in the United States after New York City; the state has a wide range of elevations, from sea level on the coast to 6,684 feet at Mount Mitchell, the highest point in North America east of the Mississippi River. The climate of the coastal plains is influenced by the Atlantic Ocean. Most of the state falls in the humid subtropical climate zone. More than 300 miles from the coast, the western, mountainous part of the state has a subtropical highland climate. Woodland-culture Native Americans were in the area around 1000 BCE.
During this time, important buildings were constructed as flat-topped buildings. By 1550, many groups of American Indians lived in present-day North Carolina, including Chowanoke, Pamlico, Coree, Cape Fear Indians, Waxhaw and Catawba. Juan Pardo explored the area in 1566–1567, establishing Fort San Juan in 1567 at the site of the Native American community of Joara, a Mississippian culture regional chiefdom in the western interior, near the present-day city of Morganton; the fort lasted only 18 months. A expedition by Philip Amadas and Arthur Barlowe followed in 1584, at the direction of Sir Walter Raleigh. In June 1718, the pirate Blackbeard ran his flagship, the Queen Anne's Revenge, aground at Beaufort Inlet, North Carolina, in present-day Carteret County. After the grounding her crew and supplies were transferred to smaller ships. In November, after appealing to the governor of North Carolina, who promised safe-haven and a pardon, Blackbeard was killed in an ambush by troops from Virginia.
In 1996 Intersal, Inc. a private firm, discovered the remains of a vessel to be the Queen Anne's Revenge, added to the US National Register of Historic Places. North Carolina became one of the English Thirteen Colonies and with the territory of South Carolina was known as the Province of North-Carolina; the northern and southern parts of the original province separated in 1729. Settled by small farmers, sometimes having a few slaves, who were oriented toward subsistence agriculture, the colony lacked cities or towns. Pirates menaced the coastal settlements. Growth was strong in the middle of the 18th century, as the economy attracted Scots-Irish, Quaker and German immigrants. A majority of the colonists supported the American Revolution, a smaller number of Loyalists than in some other colonies such as Georgia, South Carolina, New York. During colonial times, Edenton served as the state capital beginning in 1722, New Bern was selected as the capital in 1766. Construction of Tryon Palace, which served as the residence and offices of the provincial governor William Tryon, began in 1767 and was completed in 1771.
In 1788 Raleigh was chosen as the site of the new capital, as its central location protected it from coastal attacks. Established in 1792 as both county seat and state capital, the city was named after Sir Walter Raleigh, sponsor of Roanoke, the "lost colony" on Roanoke Island; the population of the colony more than quadrupled from 52,000 in 1740 to 270,000 in 1780 from high immigration from Virginia and Pennsylvania plus immigrants from abroad. North Carolina made the smallest per-capita contribution to the war of any state, as only 7,800 men joined the Continental Army under General George Washington. There was some military action in 1780–81. Many Carolinian frontiersmen had moved west over the mountains, into the Washington District, but in 1789, following the Revolution, the state was persuaded to relinquish its claim to the western lands, it ceded them to the national government so that the Northwest Territory could be organized and managed nationally. After 1800, cotton and tobacco became important export crops.
The eastern half of the state the Tidewater region, developed a slave society based on a plantation system and slave labor. Many free people of color migrated to the frontier along with their European-American neighbors, where the social system was looser. By 1810, nearly 3 percent of the free population consisted of free people of color, who numbered more than 10,000; the western areas were dominated by white families Scots-Irish, who operated small subsistence farms. In the early national period, the state became a center of Jeffersonian and Jacksonian democracy, with a strong Whig presence in the West. After Nat Turner's slave uprising in 1831, North Carolina and other southern states reduced the rights of free blacks. In 1835 the legislature withdrew their right to vote. On May 20, 1861, North Carolina was the last of the Confederate states to declare secession from the Union, 13 days after the Tennessee legislature voted for secession; some 125,000 North Carolinians served in the military.
Clarion is a six-week workshop for aspiring science fiction and fantasy writers. An outgrowth of Damon Knight and Kate Wilhelm's Milford Writers' Conference, held at their home in Milford, United States, it was founded in 1968 by Robin Scott Wilson at Clarion State College in Pennsylvania. Knight and Wilhelm were among the first teachers at the workshop. In 1972, the workshop moved to Michigan State University, it moved again, to the University of California, San Diego. Independently-operated workshops which share the Clarion name and follow its founding principles include: Clarion West Writers Workshop, founded in Seattle, Washington in 1971 by Vonda N. McIntyre, it has been held annually since 1984. Clarion South Writers Workshop was held at Griffith University in Australia, it ran biennially. In 2009, Clarion South lost its venue. In March 2011, Clarion South organizers announced that future workshops were "on hold indefinitely." List of Clarion Writers Workshop Instructors List of Clarion Writers Workshop alumni List of Clarion South Writers Workshop Instructors Knight, Damon.
"I Remember Clarion". Isaac Asimov's Science Fiction Magazine. 14: 20–28. Clarion official website Clarion Science Fiction and Fantasy Workshop: Archive of Stories by Participants MSS 681. Special Collections & Archives, UC San Diego Library